Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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What is the purpose of initiating the recent changes in the Russian Federation resulting in the “Russian Government Resigning”?

Recently (mid January 2020), there has been much press about the government of the Russian Federation "resigning". From what I understand, these changes were initiated by current Russian Federation ...
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Parliament and US regulation of profits from railways [closed]

The Beeching line railway closures refers to a restructuring of British Railways during the 60's Britain railways developed as a result of these changes in law that were peculiar in a few ways: ...
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Are there any legislature that has a seat-switch system similar to the NI Assembly?

The Northern Ireland Assembly has a "seat-switch system" (co-option) that allows for MLAs to be replaced without holding by-elections. As the BBC explains: Co-option is the only option when there ...
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Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
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What are Australian parliament's rules on the use of props?

NPR's recent news item and podcast Australians Debate What To Do About Climate Change contains the following from NPR's Jason Beaubien reporting from Sydney. Question: What are Australian parliament'...
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Brighton Pavilion and the Green Party

The sole Green Party MP in the House of Commons is Caroline Lucas, who has continuously represented the seat of Brighton Pavilion since 2010, prior to which it was held by Labour. East Sussex, like ...
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Role of Speakers and Deputy Speakers in voting

In the UK House of Commons, the Speaker can only vote to break ties. The Deputy Speakers do not take part in partisan politics either, and can only raise constituency concerns. Now, suppose the ...
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Speakers and Constituency Concerns [duplicate]

The current Speaker's seat in the UK House of Commons is Chorley. As the Speaker does not take part in debate at all, how can he hope to resolve any concerns regarding his constituents?
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Does the Tenth schedule of the Indian Constitution mean that MPs are not allowed a free vote?

According to Schedule X of the Indian Constitution Members of Parliament can be disqualified under the following condition: (b) if he votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any ...
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What will happen to MLAs who were missing for the Karnataka CM HD floor test?

On the floor test day BJP garnered 105 votes of the required 103 since only 205 MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly), out of the full capacity of 222 MLAs, were present on the floor. What will ...
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What other countries besides the US have mechanics that allow the minority to block legislation? [duplicate]

Filibustering gives disproportionate leverage to minorities in the Senate. These, in turn, lead to bills not passing or often not even getting past subcommittees. Are there any other instances of this ...
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How does taking the Chiltern Hundreds to resign work?

Recently I posted the question Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament? and got a reference to: So if the Conservatives win a majority but Johnson loses his ...
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What systems help to keep MPs independent from their party (leader)? [duplicate]

How can a parliamentary democracy prevent parties from becoming too de facto powerful at the expense of the de jure independent MPs making up parliament? In parliamentary systems, the government ...
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Do Lords in the Cabinet have to answer questions in the House of Commons?

Nicky Morgan has been retained as Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. However, she is no longer an MP, but has been given a peerage instead. As Cabinet members ordinarily answer ...
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Are party leaders typically from safe seats?

In the UK Parliament, the 2015 election results for party leaders going into the 2017 election were: Theresa May, Conservative Party, Maidenhead, 65.8%. Next party is Labour Party at 11.9%. Chance ...
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If this UK parliament runs its full term, will the next general election be in December? [duplicate]

If this parliament runs its full term, does the fixed term parliament act mean that the next general election will be in December?
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For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
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Ballot anonymity at UK polling stations

When voting at the parliamentary election polling station I noticed the following practice mentioned in the Electoral Commission's Polling station handbook: UK Parliamentary election (PDF) Stage ...
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Why does the number of votes not correspond to the number of elected MPs?

I understand the first past the post system in that the candidate with the most votes in a constituency is elected as the MP for their particular party, but what I don't understand why the SNP can get ...
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Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament?

On December 12, 2019, UK will hold a general election. As stated in Wikipedia's 2019 United Kingdom general election: The election is to be contested under the same boundaries for 650 ...
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Are letters from MPs to other MPs on the internet?

I read a letter from the Prime Minister to another MP on some website, and I want to read the MPs letter in response (if there was one). Is there a database of letters that MPs send to each other? I'm ...
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What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
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Why do we need the Rajya Sabha?

I was reading about how the Indian parliament works, and after reading some articles, a question arose in my mind: why do we need the Rajya Sabha? We have the Lok Sabha, whose members are directly ...
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Why are “formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation” unknown?

I don't grok the boldening. Why Unknown? Because no parliamentarian ever tried to impose "formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation"? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and ...
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What does it mean to protect parliamentary papers if published ‘bonâ fide and without malice’? [duplicate]

In other words how can you publish Parlimentary Papers WITHOUT bona fide and WITH malice? Why not protect in this case?       Two other aspects of parliamentary privilege should be ...
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“But not legislation enacted by the UK Parliament”?

What does footnote 119 mean? 5.10 Some conclusions on the rule of law We end this discussion of the rule of law with the point with which it began— that the meaning of the concept cannot be ...
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What is a constituency in the Georgian political system?

I want to try alternative voting systems and wanted to take Georgia as my mock example as their political elections data is very granular as one can see here. Georgian has a unicameral parliament, ...
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Robert's Rules Regarding False Statements

In a recent assembly of delegates, an amendment was made/carried to a resolution that was subsequently adopted. The problem I have is that this now puts in our organization's core beliefs section a ...
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What happens if they run out of space on the Government benches in the House of Commons?

As far as I’m aware, the House of Commons chamber is symmetrical, which begs the question - what happens if the Government wins, say, a majority of 220; as one of the most recent (and optimistic) ...
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What executive powers does the Prime Minister have?

In a presidential republic like, say, America, there are executive powers afforded to the President; for example the power to veto legislation. In the United Kingdom, as I understand it, the powers of ...
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What are the limits of parliamentary privilege?

From what I understand, parliamentary privilege affords MPs and Lords freedom of speech without fear of prosecution within their respective Houses of Parliament. I’ve only seen it come up into ...
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Can the UK general election be cancelled? [duplicate]

The sh*t hits the fan. The Russia scandal blows up. Boris Johnson is photographed handing a suitcase of money to Nigel Farage. Vast swathes of the country is under water. A yellow weather warning is ...
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Do parliamentary republics have constitutions?

I was looking at the CIA World Factbook and I came across the government type of a parliamentary republic. This is obviously not the same thing as a constitutional republic. I was wondering about the ...
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Is it possible for the UK Parliament to create a legally binding referendum?

Throughout the Brexit saga, one thing I’ve heard repeatedly is that due to the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, referendums are not legally binding: Parliamentary sovereignty is a principle ...
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Why do EU members have single or multiple parliamentary constituencies?

EU Member states can choose whether they want to have multiple constituencies for elections to the European Parliament, or not. Many EU member states have a single national constituency (like Germany)...
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Has New Zealand announced any investigation or punishment/censure for MP Swarbick for her saying “OK, boomer”?

Have any authorities in New Zealand, e.g. some Parliamentary discipline/ethics committee or even the justice authorities launched any investigation or punishment attempt against MP Chlöe Swarbrick who ...
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Can the United Kingdom Legislature legislate anything it wants?

This question arises from an answer to a question here regarding Parliamentary Sovereignty. If the UK Parliament was to legislate for something, assuming it didn't violate international treaties etc., ...
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Does New Zealand's parliament have rules for expelling members?

It's been reported that a New Zealand parliament member used the phrase "OK, boomer" in the direction of another parliament member on November 6th, 2019. Some people described this as an "ageist slur"....
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Have there been cases in New Zealand in which the consequences for unparliamentary speech have been more than a (forced) apology?

In an exchange in New Zealand's Parliament from 2017, the following record has been kept: Hon STEVEN JOYCE: Grumpy old prick. Grant Robertson: I raise a point of order, Mr Speaker. I know ...
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Why is the Speaker of the House of Commons (UK) elected by secret ballot?

In the UK, parliamentary votes are usually public, so that MPs remain accountable for their actions. Since 2009, votes to choose the Speaker of the House of Commons have been taken by secret ballot. I ...
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Is this a Maori interlocution at the beginning of Chlöe Swarbrick's speech? What is its significance?

At the beginning of a speech that became notorious for an entirely different reason, MP Chlöe Swarbrick appears to say something unintelligible in English, which I presume could be a Maori ...
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Is it known what the intervening MP was saying when Swarbrick retorted “OK, boomer”?

In relation to another question of mine, New Zealand Green Party MP said that "Today I have learnt that responding succinctly and in perfect jest to somebody heckling you about your age as you ...
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How did British Parliament Speaker John Bercow change the pace of debate in the House of Commons?

The Washington Post's British Parliament Speaker John Bercow bellows ‘Orrrrder!’ for the last time says: (Boris) Johnson, the prime minister, in his farewell this week, said Bercow had “done more ...
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What is the significance of the restrictions on the Speaker in the Programme Motion for the Early Parliamentary Election Bill

See the Programme Motion Paragraph (3)(b) States: When the Bill has been read a Second Time the Speaker shall leave the Chair whether or not notice of an Instruction has been given. Paragraph (7) ...
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What does “2 fingers to Scotland” mean in Peter Grant's statement about Johnson not listening to the SNP's Westminster leader speeches?

SNP MP Peter Grant accuses Boris Johnson of walking out of the chamber while his party's Westminster leader Ian Blackford was still speaking. In a tweet, he claims it is the "third or fourth time ...
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Are there reoccurring taunts or put downs within UK Parliament?

This Powerline article alludes to a certain heckle, "Who Are You?" directed at UK Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn and that Nigel Farage employs to much less success at the EU as sort of a mainstay ...
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Who voted for the Brexit deal bill but against the timetable?

Breaking news is that the Brexit deal bill passed its 2nd reading, but the timetable ("program motion", which would have allowed Brexit by the 31st) failed. So who voted for the 2nd reading but ...
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(UK) EU Withdrawl Act & The EU

I was reading somewhere that if the Withdrawal Act gets amended too much it's got to be referred back to the EU. Is there an arbitrary limit to the number of amendments that can be made before it has ...
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Has the UK gone forward with its plan to designate northern Syria a “no-go” zone?

News from July was that The Home Office revealed in May that it planned to designate northern Syria a “no-go area” and that British citizens would have 28 days to leave or face a 10-year prison ...
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What “king emperor” is Rees-Mogg referring to?

Responding to complaints about the tight schedule for the Brexit bill, Rees-Mogg said "A king emperor left in 24 hours, and we are removing an imperial yoke in over a week," he added. Clearly the "...