Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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6
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1answer
262 views

Has AKP ever failed to pass any bill after losing majority in Turkish Parliament?

In the 2018 Turkish parliamentary election, Justice and Development Party (AKP) won 295 seats out of 600 and lost majority in the Turkish Parliament. On the other hand, the People's Alliance they ...
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0answers
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Has an MP ever made use of the House of Lords Precedence Act to sit in the House of Lords?

During Business Questions on December 2nd, the Lord President of the Council - Jacob Rees-Mogg - was teased by the SNP's Pete Wishart about an alleged £6 million loan from his company Saliston Ltd, as ...
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1answer
70 views

Has the Swiss Federal Council recommended differently than the Parliament in any popular votes?

In Switzerland (at least in recent times), the Federal Council issues explanatory booklets for matters subject to popular votes (e.g. constitutional amendments and initiatives, referendums against ...
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2answers
421 views

"But not legislation enacted by the UK Parliament"?

What does footnote 119 mean? 5.10 Some conclusions on the rule of law We end this discussion of the rule of law with the point with which it began— that the meaning of the concept cannot be ...
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0answers
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How did Denmark manage to create multiple strong and enduring political parties despite having a 2% electoral threshold?

The current Folketing (Danish Parliament) has a 2% electoral threshold for its levelling seats. This means that any party that has received 2% of the national vote share can get into the Parliament. ...
5
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1answer
349 views

What defence did the British MP, Owen Paterson, have?

Owen Paterson has vociferously protested his innocence of the breach of Parliamentary standards, found against him by the House of Commons Standards Committee. In his speech in the debate, Chris ...
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0answers
86 views

When was the last defeat by filibuster of a government-backed bill in the UK?

Let's define defeat as the bill not passing that session. Wikipedia lists a number of successful filibusters but most (if not all in that list) appear to be on private bills or advanced by a minority ...
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1answer
215 views

What happens if some folks can prove that the election is rigged in Iraq?

As the election of Iraq was held two days ago and initial results are calculated, Muqtada al-Sadr had won the election, but some parties have strongly criticized the election and called it a "...
21
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1answer
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How does Germany regularly elect judges onto Federal Constitutional Court despite needing two-thirds majority vote?

In Germany, the judges on Federal Constitutional Court are elected by the federal parliament with two-thirds majority vote. Throughout its history, the parliament was able to elect new judges without ...
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2answers
323 views

Writings or public statements advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
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2answers
582 views

Has there ever been a situation in a modern Westminster parliament where there have been more independents than members of the second largest party?

Has there ever been a situation where a modern Westminster parliament (national/federal/state/provincial) has ended up with more independent lower house MPs than MPs belonging to the second-largest ...
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3answers
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How do the Ausgleichsmandate in Germany's Bundestag election work?

I'm aware of How does the German Bundestag election system work? but it seems rather broad and none of the answers go into detail about the Ausgleichsmandate (or leveling seats as Wikipedia translates ...
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Does the Brexit deal being voted down imply that Brexit is not going to happen?

Just looking at the TV and I am seeing that the British Parliament rejected the Brexit deal (cannot find an online source yet for this, although multiple sources show this vote result as very ...
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1answer
95 views

How was the ACT party's 2005 proposal to repeal the nuclear propulsion ban in New Zealand defeated?

I was able to find a proposal from 2005 of the ACT party that would have repealed the nuclear propulsion ban in New Zealand's waters. I'm fairly sure this proposal/repeal was defeated, but how did ...
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1answer
183 views

How often do opposition amendments pass?

Opposition parties often submit amendments to bills, but it seems like they usually fail since the government uses its majority to vote against them. How often do opposition amendments succeed?
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2answers
144 views

Assigning fractional seats in a parliament

In proportional party-list voting systems, each party is entitled to a fraction of the seats in proportion to its vote count. This fraction is always rounded up or down according to some rule of "...
4
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1answer
106 views

Who would investigate whether the UK PM broke the ministerial code?

My understanding is that if it is in the public knowledge that someone is suspected to be committing a crime/fraud, they will at least get investigated, and then brought to justice if enough evidence ...
3
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1answer
198 views

Can a parliament pass laws that constrain the scope of future legislation? [closed]

For example, can a parliament pass a law that says: "Any future budget bill must contain a section that explains the estimated carbon emission this spending may lead to in the next 10 years."...
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2answers
189 views

Merging and splitting in apportionment

This question is about rules for apportionment of parliament seats among parties. Many such rules have the property, that a party may gain a seat by splitting into two parties, or two parties may gain ...
3
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1answer
166 views

Has the UK gone forward with its plan to designate northern Syria a "no-go" zone?

News from July was that The Home Office revealed in May that it planned to designate northern Syria a “no-go area” and that British citizens would have 28 days to leave or face a 10-year prison ...
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2answers
3k views

Has a former Prime Minister ever broken a three-line whip before?

On July 13th, 2021, MPs voted against returning the budget for international aid to 0.7% after it was cut to 0.5% in the November Spending Review. Notably, several Conservative MPs voted against the ...
13
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1answer
899 views

Ballot anonymity at UK polling stations

When voting at the parliamentary election polling station I noticed the following practice mentioned in the Electoral Commission's Polling station handbook: UK Parliamentary election (PDF) Stage ...
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3answers
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Why has no party ever won a majority in Israel?

From this answer on this question (Emphasis mine): The change in leadership, in this case, is coming about after an election. Legislative elections were held in March 2021, but no party reached the ...
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4answers
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How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

How does the Israel Constitution work in relation to the forming of a government? According to the Washington Post and the Times of Israel, Yair Lapid is supposedly creating a new government, and ...
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0answers
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Examples of unchallenged repetition in a Commons filibuster

In a BBC article explaining the Private Members' Bill ballot, the "art of filibustering" is described. It differs from a filibuster in the US Senate in that participants must actually talk ...
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2answers
907 views

What happens in the event of a tie in the Welsh Senedd?

The results of the recent UK elections have confirmed the continuation of a Labour government in the Senedd, winning 30 out of 60 seats. This is one seat short of a majority, so what happens in the ...
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Voting system with two votes as a defense against fear of voting for a loser - is it anywhere in the world?

In some countries there is a big fear among voters of voting for a party that doesn't end up in the parliament because they didn't reach the minimum threshold of votes, making their votes go in vain. ...
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2answers
113 views

Must Scottish voters cast both constituency and regional votes for their vote to be valid?

Scottish voters are heading to the polls on the 6th of May to elect 129 MSPs to a new term in the Scottish parliament at Holyrood. Each voter gets to cast two votes. Their first vote is a local ...
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4answers
763 views

How does nobility status affect modern Britain's social and power structures?

Unlike most other European countries, Britain had no noble-destroying revolutions in history, so its noble class appears to be present. But are there limits based on noble/not noble in modern Britain? ...
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3answers
880 views

In open-list voting systems, how do political parties ensure their leaders (and key figures) get elected?

In open-list voting systems, voters are free to select any candidate they prefer on the party list. The number of votes each candidate receives determines their rank within the list, and the higher ...
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1answer
442 views

Has New Zealand announced any investigation or punishment/censure for MP Swarbick for her saying "OK, boomer"?

Have any authorities in New Zealand, e.g. some Parliamentary discipline/ethics committee or even the justice authorities launched any investigation or punishment attempt against MP Chlöe Swarbrick who ...
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2answers
155 views

What is the ethnic composition of the two houses of the Dutch parliament?

The Dutch Parliament has two houses, the "first" (higher) and "second" (lower). How many of the members of each house are ethnically Dutch (for whatever reasonable definition of ...
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1answer
228 views

Is it legal to talk about former Chief Justice of India (CJI) in the Parliament of India?

On 8 February 2021, Mahua Moitra said the following in her speech in Lok Sabha during the discussion on motion of thanks on the President's address: The sacred cow that was the judiciary is no longer ...
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3answers
435 views

What are the arguments for having a democratically-elected, ceremonial President?

Some countries, particularly those governed by the parliamentary system, tend to have a ceremonial head of state. In constitutional monarchies, those tend to be Kings or Queens. But in parliamentary ...
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3answers
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Can members of nobility get elected to the House of Commons in theory and practice?

Are there any restrictions, legal or social, on nobility being members of the House of Commons in the United Kingdom? The section on qualifications mentions that sitting members of the House of Lords ...
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2answers
2k views

House of Commons clarification on clapping

From my current understanding, MP's are not allowed to clap in the House of Commons. Instead, they say (or shout) "hear" to express themselves. However, after having watched this video, I've ...
6
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1answer
374 views

What does defeat on the Address mean?

What's the "Address"? Queen’s Speech | The Institute for Government It is rare for the government to be defeated on the address in the Commons – as governments usually have a majority in ...
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2answers
271 views

Do the Italians usually choose external PMs?

Italian PM Giuseppe Conte resigned on Jan. 26 (but is still in office until a successor is chosen). I was surprised to see on his Wikipedia page (emphasis mine): Following the 2018 general election, ...
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1answer
113 views

Why was the Union Budget presented in the Lok Sabha (lower house) instead of the Rajya Sabha (upper house)?

Why was the Union Budget presented in the Lok Sabha (lower house) instead of the Rajya Sabha (upper house)? Recently The Union Budget of India for 2021–2022 was presented by the Finance Minister, ...
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1answer
170 views

What will happen to MLAs who were missing for the Karnataka CM HD floor test?

On the floor test day BJP garnered 105 votes of the required 103 since only 205 MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly), out of the full capacity of 222 MLAs, were present on the floor. What will ...
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1answer
191 views

What exactly does the collocation "pull the vote" mean?

Does it mean to give up and not organize the voting? Is there an opposite such as push (for) the vote? (I am an English learner/translator.) This is a context: "A ring-round of Cabinet on Friday ...
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1answer
6k views

In the UK parliament, how much of Prime Minister's Questions is pre-planned?

So I was watching PMQs today and realised that almost everyone, certainly the party leaders, refers to notes during their time to talk. Is the PM given a list of questions beforehand? However during ...
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2answers
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Why is the Speaker of the House of Commons (UK) elected by secret ballot?

In the UK, parliamentary votes are usually public, so that MPs remain accountable for their actions. Since 2009, votes to choose the Speaker of the House of Commons have been taken by secret ballot. I ...
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5answers
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Why do non-federations need bicameral parliaments?

Federations often have a bicameral parliament: one house speaks for the nation itself, whereas the other one speaks for the subjects within the federation (it could be summoned by the means of the ...
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1answer
140 views

Is there a country with a bipartisan Parliament formed in a proportional election?

An idea of a bipartisan Parliament formed in a proportional election seems quite interesting to me. On one hand, in a proportional system, we vote for a party, knowing which ideas it would go forward ...
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3answers
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What is the point of asking the Prime Minister about their engagements for the rest of the day?

Every week (or so it seems) the Prime Minister is asked the same meaningless question and gives the same meaningless answer. For example: Huw Merriman (Bexhill and Battle) (Con) Q1. If she will list ...
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6answers
1k views

Is regular Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs) something unique to the Westminister system?

I've noticed that Prime Ministers in Westminister systems (i.e. United Kingdom, Scotland, Wales, Australia, New Zealand, etc.) are expected to answer questions in Parliament on a regular basis. This ...
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8answers
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Is a consitutional monarchy really a democracy?

According to Wikipedia, the United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with a parliament. Basically meaning a monarchy that is restrained by constitution with a parliament that makes the rules, as ...
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2answers
431 views

In parliamentary systems, why are Speakers of Parliament often granted special independence, despite no such protection is required in Constitution?

In parliamentary systems, the Speaker (once elected by the Parliament) usually cannot be removed by a decision of Parliament, which grants them special independence to act impartially. However, most ...
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1answer
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Why is the current Presiding Officer in Scottish Parliament a member of Labour Party, and not the Scottish National Party?

As of 2016, the Presiding Officer (i.e. Speaker) in the Scottish Parliament is Ken Macintosh. The curious thing is that Macintosh is a former member of the Labour Party (Presiding Officers are ...

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