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Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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10 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the point of Germany's 299 "party seats" in the Bundestag?

This question about Bundestag elections (How does the German Bundestag election system work?) does a good job at summarising Bundestag elections. Long story short: 299 directly-elected candidate from ...
3 votes
1 answer
497 views

Why are there no predictions of the South African parliament while the result is basically known but final results have not been announced?

As of noon UTC on the 2nd June the results of the South African election have not been officially announced but are expected imminently. The vote proportions are being reported to 3 significant ...
19 votes
0 answers
496 views

Has an MP ever made use of the House of Lords Precedence Act to sit in the House of Lords?

During Business Questions on December 2nd, the Lord President of the Council - Jacob Rees-Mogg - was teased by the SNP's Pete Wishart about an alleged £6 million loan from his company Saliston Ltd, as ...
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Has a party in the UK ever won parliament while losing the popular vote?

It is at least theoretically possible for a party to win a majority in parliament while an opposing party wins a majority of the popular vote. There are 650 seats in Commons, and an average of about ...
13 votes
7 answers
3k views

What are the arguments for allowing MPs in the UK to work second jobs?

UK parliamentarians are permitted to hold second jobs unless they are ministers. Many MPs, particularly amongst the Conservatives, have availed themselves of this opportunity. For example, Jacob Rees-...
8 votes
1 answer
381 views

Is the occurrence of sexual misdemeanors amongst the UK Conservative parliamentary party exceptional?

The 2019 intake of Conservative MPs into UK's parliament numbered 365. Since then at least 6 Tory MPs have been suspended or resigned for engaging in sexual related misconduct. These are: Julian ...
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is legal advice provided to the Government rather than to Parliament

One of the things we've all learnt over the last few years is that Parliament is Sovereign, so why (under what principle) is legal advice provided to the Government or executive rather than to ...
4 votes
0 answers
67 views

How broad was the rejection of the Ethiopia-Somaliland deal in the Somaliland parliament?

AA has a piece (from Feb) that says that legislators in the Somaliland parliament rejected the deal with Ethiopia (roughly a naval base for recognition): Lawmakers in Somalia's breakaway region of ...
7 votes
1 answer
186 views

Do some countries officially limit the number of parties that can contest elections, to a number >1?

Wikipedia says that: The constitution of Somaliland only allows for the top three political parties to contest elections, to avoid the previous proliferation of clan-based parties in the 1960s. ...
7 votes
1 answer
204 views

Is there precedent for a suspension of such a large number of MPs simultaneously?

India's parliament recently suspended over 140 opposition MPs for the remainder of the current session for causing ruckus. To quote BBC for details: The [opposition] alliance has 142 MPs in the 543-...
9 votes
1 answer
161 views

Would paying a candidate to defect to your party be bribery or break some other rule?

I'm not sure if this belongs here or over on Law.SE. There are currently rumours swirling that Reform UK have paid Lee Anderson to defect to their party. To me, this feels like it should be illegal as ...
8 votes
1 answer
987 views

Does some parliamentary convention prevent Diane Abbott from speaking at this PMQs?

Diane Abbott, MP has been in the news recently following a racist verbal attack against her by a leading Conservative donor. At Prime Minister's Questions on 13 March 2024, the Leader of the ...
5 votes
2 answers
335 views

Was there a formal rebuke of NATO's expansion by the Russia Duma, before 2004?

The NYT took note in 2004 that parliamentary opposition to NATO's expansion was growing in Russia While Russia has resigned itself to NATO's expansion, albeit grudgingly, the reality of NATO forces ...
5 votes
4 answers
689 views

Why do we need the Rajya Sabha?

I was reading about how the Indian parliament works, and after reading some articles, a question arose in my mind: why do we need the Rajya Sabha? We have the Lok Sabha, whose members are directly ...
4 votes
1 answer
430 views

How are the members of the Indian upper house elected?

How are members of the upper house of the Indian parliament, the Rajya Sabha, elected or selected? Are they elected by the direct vote of people? Or are they elected by the vote of lower house members?...
-1 votes
1 answer
106 views

How many seats of the 14th National People’s Congress belong to the Chinese Communist Party?

I am doing some research, and I need to know how many seats of the 14th National People’s Congress of China (2023 - 2028) are controlled by the Chinese Communist Party. As of now, Wikipedia lacks this ...
7 votes
2 answers
258 views

How often do opposition amendments pass?

Opposition parties often submit amendments to bills, but it seems like they usually fail since the government uses its majority to vote against them. How often do opposition amendments succeed?
2 votes
6 answers
2k views

Do any parliaments exclude the opposition?

Reading about the clashes between the governing coalition and the opposition in NZ Parliament like this makes me wonder: Since the governing coalition got the majority sufficient to make binding ...
14 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can the UK parliament just declare Rwanda a safe-country for asylum purposes?

Earlier today (15 Nov 2023) a UK Supreme Court ruling declared that the government policy of relocating asylum seekers to Rwanda was not permissible, due to the risk of relocation back to the ...
5 votes
0 answers
150 views

Are there other European parties that officially have only one member, but get a large number of parliament seats?

Wikipedia: After the creation of the association, Wilders disabled new member registration, resulting in his remaining the sole member of the party. The party is considered unique in Dutch politics ...
1 vote
0 answers
88 views

Is there a Database of votes data in world's parliaments

Following this question I was thinking if there is any "DB" official or not containing information about parliaments votes containing the subject of the vote and its results by every member. ...
7 votes
2 answers
924 views

Can a member of the royal family stand in parliamentary elections?

In monarchies where the monarch has limited power, with the government being mostly democratically elected, can a member of the royal family stand in elections to become a Member of Parliament and ...
4 votes
1 answer
226 views

What's this Algerian parliamentarian tearing up in his speech in support of Gaza/Palestine?

On Oct 31 the Algerian parliament held some symbolic support session for Gaza/Palestine. There is a summary in French of what was said. However, it doesn't explain what is the stuff that a speaker is ...
1 vote
1 answer
148 views

Why do the Canadian Liberals not designate the IRGC as a terrorist organization?

The Conservative Party of Canada (official opposition) has continuously called the Liberals (ruling party) to designate the IRGC (Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps) as a terrorist organization. The ...
2 votes
0 answers
130 views

What all has to happen in post-2023 election Thailand before it can have a new prime minister?

After some surprisingly strong support for "change" seen ...on 14 May 2023 to elect 500 members of the House of Representatives... Wikipedia's 2023 Thai general election; Government ...
5 votes
1 answer
243 views

When was the last defeat by filibuster of a government-backed bill in the UK?

Let's define defeat as the bill not passing that session. Wikipedia lists a number of successful filibusters but most (if not all in that list) appear to be on private bills or advanced by a minority ...
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

How and why has the UK been arresting anti-monarchy protestors?

The UK police have been arresting protesters for being anti-monarchy in public. What I want to know is: HOW: Can the UK justify these arrests within their own laws? Have they tried to? WHY: Has there ...
3 votes
0 answers
65 views

What will happen in case Bill is passed by the Parliament but not sent to President for approval?

Case specific to : India What is the law/rule/protocol/convention in case when a bill is passed from both Houses of Parliament and is about to be sent to the President for his approval but is held ...
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

When did a Prime Minister last miss two, consecutive Prime Minister's Questions?

Rishi Sunak was criticised at the Liaison Committee for his plans to miss two consecutive Prime Minister's Questions sessions in Parliament: Sir Chris Bryant: Remind us when a Prime Minister last ...
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Have Jonathan Pie's "allegations" been supported by the Privileges Committee report? "he lied, and did it again by denying that he’d previously lied"

The Evening Standard's June 20, 2023 MPs overwhelmingly back report finding Boris Johnson deliberately misled Parliament over Partygate begins: MPs voted by 354 to seven to accept a report finding ...
4 votes
1 answer
328 views

Why does the UK Parliament allow its members to also be in the Irish Parliament?

The House of Commons disallows its MPs to also be members of foreign legislatures except for Commonwealth countries and, since 2000, Ireland. Why is Ireland a special case here? The House of Commons ...
4 votes
2 answers
286 views

How can Herbert Kickl be "the odds-on favorite" with a "personal approval rating.. among the lowest of any Austrian politician’s"?

Politico.eu's June 6 2023 Watch out Ukraine, here comes the Hungaro-Austrian Empire begins: VIENNA — Austrian politician Herbert Kickl is a pro-Russian, anti-American conspiracy theorist who ...
4 votes
3 answers
522 views

Writings or public statements advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
13 votes
3 answers
5k views

Voting system with two votes as a defense against fear of voting for a loser - is it anywhere in the world?

In some countries there is a big fear among voters of voting for a party that doesn't end up in the parliament because they didn't reach the minimum threshold of votes, making their votes go in vain. ...
21 votes
5 answers
7k views

Why does England not have its own government?

There is the Welsh Government, The Northern Ireland Assembly, and The Scottish Government. All those countries are also under the Westminster government. Why does England not have its own devolved ...
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

What's the highest number of amendments submitted for a law proposal in France, since 1958?

According to the French press, back on Feb 2 The members of the Social Affairs commission had been meeting since Monday morning to examine the government’s proposed pension reform and the 7,000 ...
10 votes
4 answers
2k views

In a Westminster system, why would the PM voluntarily dissolve a majority government?

My understanding of the Westminster system is as follows: In a general election, the voters elect MPs to one or both houses of Parliament. The head of state appoints a Prime Minister who holds the ...
2 votes
1 answer
599 views

What does the Honorable Chairman mean?

I simply want to know what does the Honorable Chairman Nominated mean? Javed Akthar is a nominated Rajya Sabha member hence nominated, but what is that Honorable Chairman, how is that title earned. ...
9 votes
2 answers
621 views

To what extent do precedents in Westminster systems apply in other countries that use it?

There is currently discussion in the UK about the possibility of a future Prime Minister proroguing Parliament in order to prevent it from frustrating their vision of Brexit. A big part of the ...
10 votes
8 answers
2k views

Is regular Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs) something unique to the Westminster system?

I've noticed that Prime Ministers in Westminster systems (i.e. United Kingdom, Scotland, Wales, Australia, New Zealand, etc.) are expected to answer questions in Parliament on a regular basis. This ...
18 votes
2 answers
764 views

Has there ever been a situation in a modern Westminster parliament where there have been more independents than members of the second largest party?

Has there ever been a situation where a modern Westminster parliament (national/federal/state/provincial) has ended up with more independent lower house MPs than MPs belonging to the second-largest ...
21 votes
9 answers
9k views

Has a party that won an election ever lost its leader in the process?

In a Parliamentary democracy, general elections appoint constituency representatives. Most such appointees are members of parties with internally determined leaders. One or more parties then form a ...
1 vote
1 answer
63 views

Time Limitation for matters before the UK committee of privileges

can a matter before the committee of privileges in one parliamentary term move into a new parliamentary term?
0 votes
1 answer
180 views

If Turkish parliament wanted to ratify the Swedish and Finnish NATO applications, when, between now and July 1, would it be able to do so?

If Turkish parliament wanted to ratify the Swedish and Finnish NATO Accession Protocols then when, between now and July 1, would it be able to do so? Considerations include the following: Parliament ...
7 votes
1 answer
563 views

Was a Czech president ever successful in having a legislation proposal dropped after his veto or threat thereof?

The Czech constitution gives the President a veto power on legislation, but this can be overridden by 50% (+1 I assume) of the absolute number of parliamentarians, which may be slightly difficult in ...
6 votes
1 answer
155 views

Which countries allow MPs to vote by proxy?

According to this article, an MP can vote by proxy in the UK: (..) the Commons has reverted to its usual rules and processes for voting, meaning that divisions take place in person with proxy votes ...
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why are some parliaments 4 years long, whereas others are 5?

Is five years the usual length of a UK Parliament? Then why were some only four years long, such as from 1997 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2005? Did the Prime Minister call for these early elections, and ...
2 votes
3 answers
500 views

In the UK, what provisions exist for MPs to be temporarily replaced due to illness or parental leave?

Suppose that an MP is temporarily unable to perform their duties, such as during illness or paternity. Can the MP assign a replacement to perform their role in parliament until they are able to work ...
4 votes
5 answers
615 views

Why do many Parliamentary democracies require the formal consent of the Head of State for governmental appointments?

As an example, in Germany the President appoints and dismisses the remaining members of the Federal Government upon the proposal of the Chancellor. The President doesn't have a say in the process and ...
3 votes
1 answer
194 views

Are monarchies like Kuwait authoritarian, autocratic, constitutional monarchies, or mixed political systems?

I am trying to find a clear conceptual difference in terms of how different monarchies are defined or classified. For example, let's consider three countries with monarchies: Kuwait, UAE, and Norway. ...

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