Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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15
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1answer
3k views

How do Whips enforce control over MPs in the UK Parliament?

Whips are often used to 'persuade' MPs in their party to vote the way the Party wishes them to vote. What power, or powers, do Whips have over backbench MPs to enforce this wish?
5
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1answer
542 views

Is there a legal way to postpone or call off a general election in the UK due to concerns one way or another?

I'm asking this as a follow up question after this one when Steve Melnikoff raised an interesting point in the comments as to whether there was a legal mechanism to postpone or call off a general ...
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2answers
9k views

Why don't Sinn Féin take their seats in the UK parliament?

It seems that whatever happens (or happened) in a UK general election, the Irish nationalist party, Sinn Féin, will presumably always be in opposition. This means that the British government - ...
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3answers
3k views

What is a Hung Parliament?

How is the Labour Party, with 57 fewer seats, able to still be in power in government? Did the Labour Party hang Parliament?
15
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2answers
2k views

What are the limits of parliamentary privilege?

From what I understand, parliamentary privilege affords MPs and Lords freedom of speech without fear of prosecution within their respective Houses of Parliament. I’ve only seen it come up into ...
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5answers
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If the UK government doesn't ask for article 50 extension, can parliament do it instead?

The Guardian reported under the headline "Brexit: Gove refuses to rule out ignoring any law passed to stop no deal": Michael Gove has repeatedly refused to rule out the possibility that the ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Can the Queen refuse to suspend the Parliament?

According to BBC in Government asks Queen to suspend Parliament: The government has asked the Queen to suspend Parliament just days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks before ...
8
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3answers
589 views

If Parliament were prorogued for a long period, how would the government raise funds?

It is reported tonight that Dominic Raab, in his campaign to become leader of the Conservative Party, has indicated he would be prepared to prorogue Parliament. Presumably the purpose would be to ...
7
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3answers
691 views

How does the German Bundestag election system work?

Can someone describe for me if this election system is a majoritarian system or a system of proportional representation? And how does it work?
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2answers
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Why do members in the British parliament yell "whooo....." during debates?

I sometimes watch BBC channel and see heavy debate in the British parliament. What interests me is, when one politician speaks about one policy and expresses his own view on something, some other ...
24
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5answers
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Is there an optimal size of a parliament?

Are there any studies that have been done correlating size of the electorate (or in general the population) to size of parliament and stability criteria? I was wondering which size of a parliament is ...
24
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4answers
4k views

What does "direct Spanish rule over Catalonia" actually mean?

According to the Independent: Spain has announced it will impose direct rule over Catalonia, after the region's leaders failed to meet a deadline to withdraw a declaration of independence. ...
17
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4answers
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Why is proportional representation not considered in any of the US states?

While the Americans agree that the current two-party system is broken, I have not heard any real voices on changing it in any State. States like California, New York or Texas, which send large ...
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7answers
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How can some politicians become cabinet ministers without winning elections in India?

Smriti Irani and Arun Jaitley both lost the elections in the recent Lok Sabha elections in India, so how can they become cabinet ministers if they didn't even win the election? Mustn't one be a member ...
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9answers
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Has a party that won an election ever lost its leader in the process?

In a Parliamentary democracy, general elections appoint constituency representatives. Most such appointees are members of parties with internally determined leaders. One or more parties then form a ...
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2answers
245 views

What is the purpose of initiating the recent changes in the Russian Federation resulting in the "Russian Government Resigning"?

Recently (mid January 2020), there has been much press about the government of the Russian Federation "resigning". From what I understand, these changes were initiated by current Russian Federation ...
19
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1answer
564 views

Is there a precedent indicating what happens when a UK Prime Minister advises a monarch not to give Royal Assent to legislation passed by Parliament?

A report from Buzzfeed claims that Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government is: Exploring what the consequences would be if Johnson advised the Queen not to give royal assent to any legislation ...
9
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2answers
380 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
9
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3answers
484 views

Aren't, in practice, the executive and legislative powers oftentimes nearly unified?

As far as I'm aware, according to the theory of separation of powers, which is considered one of the foundations of democracy, prescribes the three government powers: executive, legislative, judiciary ...
5
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5answers
678 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
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3answers
250 views

Could the UK Parliament change the rules on prorogation by voting in a new law?

Boris Johnson controversially scheduled a prorogation of 34 days recently, which means that the UK Parliament won't be able to pass new laws at a critical time when the UK is about to leave the ...
4
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1answer
1k views

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
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1answer
136 views

Do smaller parties have front- and backbenchers?

Are MPs belonging to parties that are neither in government, nor in Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition, divide their MPs between frontbanchers and backbenchers? Or are essentially all the MPs for ...
3
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1answer
122 views

Are all EP plenary vote results publically accessible? Where?

Recently I struggled to find the EP vote results in case of this regulation. Although it's marked as adopted on the EUR-LEX website, none of the related votes I could find on VoteWatch ended up ...
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2answers
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Is there a minimum time frame that a Prime Minister may set an early election for?

I know that the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 says that Early elections can be held only: if a motion for an early general election is agreed either by at least two-thirds of the whole ...
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2answers
323 views

Writings or public statements advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
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12answers
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Why do most countries have so many members of parliament?

The US House of Representatives consists of 435 members; the UK parliament has 650 members; the Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad has 300 members, etc. Why so many people? Anyone who's, e.g., tried to ...
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6answers
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What does the British parliament hope to achieve by requesting a third Brexit extension?

It appears that the UK will indeed ask for another extension in the Brexit process, as mandated by the Benn act. But what is the purpose of asking for another extension? Does Parliament expect the EU ...
26
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2answers
5k views

What power does the Queen have in the event of a Hung Parliament?

Media reports that Mrs. May (Conservatives) is heading to the Queen soon requesting to form a government, even though her party has no majority. Corbyn & McDonnell (Labour Party) also want to ...
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5answers
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Could the Queen overturn the UK Supreme Court ruling regarding prorogation of Parliament? [duplicate]

A couple of days ago, the UK Supreme Court ruled that Boris Johnson's advice to the Queen, which led to the prorogation of Parliament for 5 weeks ahead of the October 31st Brexit date, was unlawful. ...
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7answers
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Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
18
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1answer
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Where can I find which MEP voted for which laws?

As the title says. Specifically I am interested to know if my local Member of the European Parliament voted in favor or against the controversial copyright law that was rejected, but their personal ...
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2answers
4k views

Will the British Parliament prevent "Brexit"?

So today, the High Court ruled that the Parliament has to approve the British exit of the European Union. From what I see, this is their possibility to prevent Brexit and remain in the European Union -...
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3answers
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Have there ever been Members of Parliament who weren't UK citizens?

According to the UK Parliament website the requirements for becoming an MP are extremely lax: People wishing to stand as an MP must be over 18 years of age, be a British citizen or citizen of a ...
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2answers
512 views

Why did the Knesset vote to dissolve itself after Netanyahu failed to form a majority coalition?

After the latest Knesset (Israeli parliament) elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was given the first chance to try to form a coalition government. However, he failed to do so by the deadline:...
12
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2answers
796 views

Can UK MPs vote on the same motion twice?

In this BBC News article, my attention was drawn to a footnote in a figure summarising a vote result: Source: BBC News The footnote says: Final numbers include one Conservative MP voting in both ...
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2answers
804 views

Have any MPs ever voted against their own government in a no confidence vote?

After Theresa May's defeat on her Brexit deal, Labour tabled a motion of no confidence. The government could have lost the vote if either DUP MPs and/or ERG/Brexiteers (these being from the ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration?

As reported in the bbc article available here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-47742395 The UK government has split the 'deal' into the actual agreement and the non-legally binding political ...
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4answers
931 views

What are the arguments in favor of the "first past the post" system?

With the election results in the UK election finishing up, a lot of people have pointed out that the number of seats some of the parties got in parliament is far disproportionate to their vote share. ...
6
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1answer
204 views

Controlling Time in the House of Representatives

During the sessions of the US House of Representatives, I noticed that a time holder can either: yield themselves as much time as they may consume to speak. (up to the limit defined) yield a ...
4
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1answer
399 views

Could (in theory) the British government or some other British entity "neuter" the British MEPs before Brexit (Spring 2019)?

http://www.lindamcavanmep.org.uk/other-issues/brexit.php says The government has decided that both British Ministers and MEPs will continue to play a full role in EU affairs up until Brexit. I was, ...
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2answers
257 views

Have there been cases in New Zealand in which the consequences for unparliamentary speech have been more than a (forced) apology?

In an exchange in New Zealand's Parliament from 2017, the following record has been kept: Hon STEVEN JOYCE: Grumpy old prick. Grant Robertson: I raise a point of order, Mr Speaker. I know there is a ...
3
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1answer
408 views

Is Samoa truly an elective monarchy?

I have read about how Samoa was created as an elective monarchy when it became independent in 1962. However, from what I read, some question whether Samoa counts as a parliamentary republic (as the ...
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1answer
253 views

Does New Zealand's parliament have rules for expelling members?

It's been reported that a New Zealand parliament member used the phrase "OK, boomer" in the direction of another parliament member on November 6th, 2019. Some people described this as an "ageist slur"....
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3answers
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Does the Brexit deal being voted down imply that Brexit is not going to happen?

Just looking at the TV and I am seeing that the British Parliament rejected the Brexit deal (cannot find an online source yet for this, although multiple sources show this vote result as very ...
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4answers
7k views

How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

How does the Israel Constitution work in relation to the forming of a government? According to the Washington Post and the Times of Israel, Yair Lapid is supposedly creating a new government, and ...
33
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3answers
7k views

Why is the new German parliament 12 % bigger?

Before the German federal election in September 2017, the parliament (Bundestag) had 631 members; now it has 709 . How did this come about? Does it matter, or is it a second-order effect? See also: ...
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2answers
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What does Nicholas Watt mean that May has “enough tellers for her Brexit vote”?

From journalist Nicholas Watt on Twitter: With two Tory MPs supporting Theresa May’s deal she has one breakthrough: enough tellers for her #Brexit vote I believe this is a reference to some system ...
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3answers
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How does a British Prime Minister 'sack' Ministers?

I was reading another question and it got me thinking: Are ministers protected by laws against unfair dismissal? Under what circumstances can the PM 'sack' members of their cabinet? What happens to a ...
21
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3answers
3k views

What happens if nobody can form a government in Israel?

It looks like nobody won a plurality in the latest round Benny Gantz's Kahol Lavan is ahead of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's Likud Party, according to official election results released on ...