A message from our CEO about the future of Stack Overflow and Stack Exchange. Read now.

Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
14
votes
1answer
2k views

How do Whips enforce control over MPs in the UK Parliament?

Whips are often used to 'persuade' MPs in their party to vote the way the Party wishes them to vote. What power, or powers, do Whips have over backbench MPs to enforce this wish?
5
votes
1answer
495 views

Is there a legal way to postpone or call off a general election in the UK due to concerns one way or another?

I'm asking this as a follow up question after this one when Steve Melnikoff raised an interesting point in the comments as to whether there was a legal mechanism to postpone or call off a general ...
32
votes
2answers
9k views

Why don't Sinn Féin take their seats in the UK parliament?

It seems that whatever happens (or happened) in a UK general election, the Irish nationalist party, Sinn Féin, will presumably always be in opposition. This means that the British government - ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a Hung Parliament?

How is the Labour Party, with 57 fewer seats, able to still be in power in government? Did the Labour Party hang Parliament?
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration?

As reported in the bbc article available here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-47742395 The UK government has split the 'deal' into the actual agreement and the non-legally binding political ...
20
votes
5answers
6k views

If the UK government doesn't ask for article 50 extension, can parliament do it instead?

The Guardian reported under the headline "Brexit: Gove refuses to rule out ignoring any law passed to stop no deal": Michael Gove has repeatedly refused to rule out the possibility that the ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Can the Queen refuse to suspend the Parliament?

According to BBC in Government asks Queen to suspend Parliament: The government has asked the Queen to suspend Parliament just days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks ...
24
votes
5answers
4k views

Is there an optimal size of a parliament?

Are there any studies that have been done correlating size of the electorate (or in general the population) to size of parliament and stability criteria? I was wondering which size of a parliament is ...
23
votes
4answers
4k views

What does “direct Spanish rule over Catalonia” actually mean?

According to the Independent: Spain has announced it will impose direct rule over Catalonia, after the region's leaders failed to meet a deadline to withdraw a declaration of independence. ...
16
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is proportional representation not considered in any of the US states?

While the Americans agree that the current two-party system is broken, I have not heard any real voices on changing it in any State. States like California, New York or Texas, which send large ...
8
votes
7answers
63k views

How can some politicians become cabinet ministers without winning elections in India?

Smriti Irani and Arun Jaitley both lost the elections in the recent Lok Sabha elections in India, so how can they become cabinet ministers if they didn't even win the election? Mustn't one be a member ...
20
votes
9answers
9k views

Has a party that won an election ever lost its leader in the process?

In a Parliamentary democracy, general elections appoint constituency representatives. Most such appointees are members of parties with internally determined leaders. One or more parties then form a ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the limits of parliamentary privilege?

From what I understand, parliamentary privilege affords MPs and Lords freedom of speech without fear of prosecution within their respective Houses of Parliament. I’ve only seen it come up into ...
18
votes
1answer
472 views

Is there a precedent indicating what happens when a UK Prime Minister advises a monarch not to give Royal Assent to legislation passed by Parliament?

A report from Buzzfeed claims that Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government is: Exploring what the consequences would be if Johnson advised the Queen not to give royal assent to any legislation ...
8
votes
3answers
541 views

If Parliament were prorogued for a long period, how would the government raise funds?

It is reported tonight that Dominic Raab, in his campaign to become leader of the Conservative Party, has indicated he would be prepared to prorogue Parliament. Presumably the purpose would be to ...
8
votes
3answers
356 views

Aren't, in practice, the executive and legislative powers oftentimes nearly unified?

As far as I'm aware, according to the theory of separation of powers, which is considered one of the foundations of democracy, prescribes the three government powers: executive, legislative, judiciary ...
6
votes
3answers
373 views

How does the German Bundestag election system work?

Can someone describe for me if this election system is a majoritarian system or a system of proportional representation? And how does it work?
4
votes
3answers
235 views

Could the UK Parliament change the rules on prorogation by voting in a new law?

Boris Johnson controversially scheduled a prorogation of 34 days recently, which means that the UK Parliament won't be able to pass new laws at a critical time when the UK is about to leave the ...
4
votes
1answer
943 views

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Do smaller parties have front- and backbenchers?

Are MPs belonging to parties that are neither in government, nor in Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition, divide their MPs between frontbanchers and backbenchers? Or are essentially all the MPs for ...
3
votes
2answers
189 views

Can parliament stop the PM setting a GE date after 31 October?

A bill that's passed both houses then needs Royal Assent from the Queen to pass into law & by constitutional convention the Queen always follows advice of ministers (the PM) on these matters. ...
31
votes
6answers
11k views

What does the British parliament hope to achieve by requesting a third Brexit extension?

It appears that the UK will indeed ask for another extension in the Brexit process, as mandated by the Benn act. But what is the purpose of asking for another extension? Does Parliament expect the EU ...
28
votes
2answers
46k views

Why do members in the British parliament yell “whooo…” during debates?

I sometimes watch BBC channel and see heavy debate in the British parliament. What interests me is, when one politician speaks about one policy and expresses his own view on something, some other ...
26
votes
2answers
5k views

What power does the Queen have in the event of a Hung Parliament?

Media reports that Mrs. May (Conservatives) is heading to the Queen soon requesting to form a government, even though her party has no majority. Corbyn & McDonnell (Labour Party) also want to ...
5
votes
7answers
1k views

Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
17
votes
1answer
3k views

Where can I find which MEP voted for which laws?

As the title says. Specifically I am interested to know if my local Member of the European Parliament voted in favor or against the controversial copyright law that was rejected, but their personal ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Will the British Parliament prevent “Brexit”?

So today, the High Court ruled that the Parliament has to approve the British exit of the European Union. From what I see, this is their possibility to prevent Brexit and remain in the European Union -...
11
votes
3answers
701 views

Have there ever been Members of Parliament who weren't UK citizens?

According to the UK Parliament website the requirements for becoming an MP are extremely lax: People wishing to stand as an MP must be over 18 years of age, be a British citizen or citizen of a ...
12
votes
2answers
397 views

Why did the Knesset vote to dissolve itself after Netanyahu failed to form a majority coalition?

After the latest Knesset (Israeli parliament) elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was given the first chance to try to form a coalition government. However, he failed to do so by the deadline:...
12
votes
2answers
747 views

Can UK MPs vote on the same motion twice?

In this BBC News article, my attention was drawn to a footnote in a figure summarising a vote result: Source: BBC News The footnote says: Final numbers include one Conservative MP voting in both ...
8
votes
1answer
438 views

Have own MPs ever voted against the government in a no confidence vote?

After May's defeat on her Brexit deal, Labour tabled a motion of no confidence. The government can lose the vote if either DUP and/or ERG/Brexiteers (these being from the Conservative Party) vote ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Have there been cases in New Zealand in which the consequences for unparliamentary speech have been more than a (forced) apology?

In an exchange in New Zealand's Parliament from 2017, the following record has been kept: Hon STEVEN JOYCE: Grumpy old prick. Grant Robertson: I raise a point of order, Mr Speaker. I know ...
-6
votes
1answer
217 views

Does New Zealand's parliament have rules for expelling members?

It's been reported that a New Zealand parliament member used the phrase "OK, boomer" in the direction of another parliament member on November 6th, 2019. Some people described this as an "ageist slur"....
41
votes
3answers
15k views

Does the Brexit deal being voted down imply that Brexit is not going to happen?

Just looking at the TV and I am seeing that the British Parliament rejected the Brexit deal (cannot find an online source yet for this, although multiple sources show this vote result as very ...
26
votes
2answers
5k views

What does Nicholas Watt mean that May has “enough tellers for her Brexit vote”?

From journalist Nicholas Watt on Twitter: With two Tory MPs supporting Theresa May’s deal she has one breakthrough: enough tellers for her #Brexit vote I believe this is a reference to some system ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

In the UK, what is pairing?

In The Guardian on July 19 2018 I found this under the headline "Tory MP casts doubt on claim pairing breach was honest mistake as row escalates - Politics live". Up to five Tory MPs were told to ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How does “giving way” in the UK parliament work?

In UK parliamentary debates, an MP from the Government or Opposition gives a speech on the topic (e.g. see here). Yet, frequently, the person speaking "gives way" to another MP (called "right ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Does Parliament hold absolute power in the UK?

Does Parliament hold absolute power in the UK? What I mean by absolute power is: presumably they can make illegal or legal whatever they want. Even going so far as to disenfranchise their own ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Which US-style presidential democracies have survived long-term?

In an episode of The West Wing, Toby remarks (IIRC) that "only four US-style presidential democracies have lasted longer than thirty years" -- he was arguing that a parliamentary democracy is an ...
9
votes
2answers
352 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
8
votes
2answers
604 views

Within what limits can the prime minister ask the queen to prorogue parliament?

In the UK, the Prime Minister can advise the Queen to prorogue Parliament at any time. Is there any limit on how long this prorogation may last?
8
votes
4answers
276 views

Is there any limit on how long a parliamentary session can be in the UK?

Traditionally, as I understand it the British parliament sits on annual sessions. Each one starting with a Queen's speech. After an election winning a vote on a Queen's speech is requirement for an ...
8
votes
1answer
255 views

Who voted for the Brexit deal bill but against the timetable?

Breaking news is that the Brexit deal bill passed its 2nd reading, but the timetable ("program motion", which would have allowed Brexit by the 31st) failed. So who voted for the 2nd reading but ...
7
votes
1answer
582 views

Can Boris Johnson prorogue parliament again, after it reconvenes?

Assuming Parliament won't grant on Monday the early general elections that Johnson wants, could he send the Parliament on a much longer vacation using prorogation again? E.g. could he prorogue ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there countries considered socialist that do NOT have parliaments and elections?

I know that in USSR, even during the most totalitarian times, there used to be elections and a representative legislative body (Supreme Soviet) - leaving aside the actual competitiveness of the ...
7
votes
1answer
103 views

Is there any timeframe restriction for scheduling an early election under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act?

The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 provides for two ways that an early general election can be held before the end of the five-year fixed term: A simple majority vote for a motion of no confidence (...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

What if a party loses its majority in the Commons, midway through a term?

After a general election, the party with a majority of seats in the House of Commons gets to form the next Government. With a few exceptions, elections end with one party having a majority. Usually, ...
6
votes
1answer
707 views

How many times was Standing Order 14 amended?

Standing Order 14(1) is at the center of the latest UK constitutional revolution/innovation (label depends whom you ask), which suspended for one day (today) its first (and perhaps most important) ...
6
votes
2answers
611 views

Is the Fixed-term Parliaments Act binding upon the UK parliament?

As far as I understand, the UK does not have a constitution of any kind and the parliament is fully sovereign. However the Fixed-term Parliaments Act looks like a piece of binding legislature, since ...
6
votes
3answers
404 views

What if the House of Commons votes no confidence in the Prime Minister?

If the House of Commons votes No Confidence in the government then a general election follows (IIRC the last time this happened was 1979, resulting in the election of Mrs Thatcher). But Jeremy Corbyn ...