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Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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How do Whips enforce control over MPs in the UK Parliament?

Whips are often used to 'persuade' MPs in their party to vote the way the Party wishes them to vote. What power, or powers, do Whips have over backbench MPs to enforce this wish?
BeaglesEnd's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
700 views

Is there a legal way to postpone or call off a general election in the UK due to concerns one way or another?

I'm asking this as a follow up question after this one when Steve Melnikoff raised an interesting point in the comments as to whether there was a legal mechanism to postpone or call off a general ...
SleepingGod's user avatar
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34 votes
2 answers
9k views

Why don't Sinn Féin take their seats in the UK parliament?

It seems that whatever happens (or happened) in a UK general election, the Irish nationalist party, Sinn Féin, will presumably always be in opposition. This means that the British government - ...
komodosp's user avatar
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31 votes
7 answers
8k views

In parliamentary systems, why does the ruling party bother debating any legislation if they have enough votes to pass whatever they please?

As an example, in the UK the parliament gathers to debate legislation even if the ruling party has 50%+1 votes, which is sufficient to pass any legislation they please. In this scenario, what makes ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
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24 votes
5 answers
6k views

Is there an optimal size of a parliament?

Are there any studies that have been done correlating size of the electorate (or in general the population) to size of parliament and stability criteria? I was wondering which size of a parliament is ...
Sven Clement's user avatar
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20 votes
5 answers
7k views

If the UK government doesn't ask for article 50 extension, can parliament do it instead?

The Guardian reported under the headline "Brexit: Gove refuses to rule out ignoring any law passed to stop no deal": Michael Gove has repeatedly refused to rule out the possibility that the ...
user24343's user avatar
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16 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can the Queen refuse to suspend the Parliament?

According to BBC in Government asks Queen to suspend Parliament: The government has asked the Queen to suspend Parliament just days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks before ...
fedorqui's user avatar
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15 votes
3 answers
3k views

What is a Hung Parliament?

How is the Labour Party, with 57 fewer seats, able to still be in power in government? Did the Labour Party hang Parliament?
Frank Cedeno's user avatar
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15 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the limits of parliamentary privilege?

From what I understand, parliamentary privilege affords MPs and Lords freedom of speech without fear of prosecution within their respective Houses of Parliament. I’ve only seen it come up into ...
CDJB's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
625 views

If Parliament were prorogued for a long period, how would the government raise funds?

It is reported tonight that Dominic Raab, in his campaign to become leader of the Conservative Party, has indicated he would be prepared to prorogue Parliament. Presumably the purpose would be to ...
WS2's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
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How does the German Bundestag election system work?

Can someone describe for me if this election system is a majoritarian system or a system of proportional representation? And how does it work?
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27 votes
2 answers
52k views

Why do members in the British parliament yell "whooo....." during debates?

I sometimes watch BBC channel and see heavy debate in the British parliament. What interests me is, when one politician speaks about one policy and expresses his own view on something, some other ...
Julia's user avatar
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24 votes
4 answers
4k views

What does "direct Spanish rule over Catalonia" actually mean?

According to the Independent: Spain has announced it will impose direct rule over Catalonia, after the region's leaders failed to meet a deadline to withdraw a declaration of independence. ...
Alexei's user avatar
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21 votes
9 answers
9k views

Has a party that won an election ever lost its leader in the process?

In a Parliamentary democracy, general elections appoint constituency representatives. Most such appointees are members of parties with internally determined leaders. One or more parties then form a ...
J.G.'s user avatar
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19 votes
1 answer
701 views

Is there a precedent indicating what happens when a UK Prime Minister advises a monarch not to give Royal Assent to legislation passed by Parliament?

A report from Buzzfeed claims that Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government is: Exploring what the consequences would be if Johnson advised the Queen not to give royal assent to any legislation ...
Duck Hunt Duo's user avatar
18 votes
3 answers
3k views

How do the Ausgleichsmandate in Germany's Bundestag election work?

I'm aware of How does the German Bundestag election system work? but it seems rather broad and none of the answers go into detail about the Ausgleichsmandate (or leveling seats as Wikipedia translates ...
JJJ's user avatar
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17 votes
4 answers
5k views

Why is proportional representation not considered in any of the US states?

While the Americans agree that the current two-party system is broken, I have not heard any real voices on changing it in any State. States like California, New York or Texas, which send large ...
user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
567 views

Aren't, in practice, the executive and legislative powers oftentimes nearly unified?

As far as I'm aware, according to the theory of separation of powers, which is considered one of the foundations of democracy, prescribes the three government powers: executive, legislative, judiciary ...
gaazkam's user avatar
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8 votes
7 answers
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How can some politicians become cabinet ministers without winning elections in India?

Smriti Irani and Arun Jaitley both lost the elections in the recent Lok Sabha elections in India, so how can they become cabinet ministers if they didn't even win the election? Mustn't one be a member ...
abkds's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
424 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
Pelinore's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
902 views

Could a Conservative leader who loses the party's confidence vote refuse to resign as Prime Minister?

At time of writing, a vote of no-confidence in Boris Johnson is due to happen on the evening of 2022-06-06 between 1800 and 2000, as more than 54 letters (15% of all Conservative MPs) have been ...
bertieb's user avatar
  • 594
6 votes
2 answers
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For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
QuestionOverflow's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
335 views

Was there a formal rebuke of NATO's expansion by the Russia Duma, before 2004?

The NYT took note in 2004 that parliamentary opposition to NATO's expansion was growing in Russia While Russia has resigned itself to NATO's expansion, albeit grudgingly, the reality of NATO forces ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
729 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
Johny T Koshy's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
276 views

What is the purpose of initiating the recent changes in the Russian Federation resulting in the "Russian Government Resigning"?

Recently (mid January 2020), there has been much press about the government of the Russian Federation "resigning". From what I understand, these changes were initiated by current Russian Federation ...
End Antisemitic Hate's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
522 views

Writings or public statements advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
uhoh's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
259 views

Could the UK Parliament change the rules on prorogation by voting in a new law?

Boris Johnson controversially scheduled a prorogation of 34 days recently, which means that the UK Parliament won't be able to pass new laws at a critical time when the UK is about to leave the ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
430 views

How are the members of the Indian upper house elected?

How are members of the upper house of the Indian parliament, the Rajya Sabha, elected or selected? Are they elected by the direct vote of people? Or are they elected by the vote of lower house members?...
user366312's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
6k views

Is there a minimum time frame that a Prime Minister may set an early election for?

I know that the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 says that Early elections can be held only: if a motion for an early general election is agreed either by at least two-thirds of the whole ...
Machavity's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
151 views

Do smaller parties have front- and backbenchers?

Are MPs belonging to parties that are neither in government, nor in Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition, divide their MPs between frontbanchers and backbenchers? Or are essentially all the MPs for ...
gerrit's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Are all EP plenary vote results publically accessible? Where?

Recently I struggled to find the EP vote results in case of this regulation. Although it's marked as adopted on the EUR-LEX website, none of the related votes I could find on VoteWatch ended up ...
Probably's user avatar
  • 1,529
2 votes
1 answer
718 views

Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament?

On December 12, 2019, UK will hold a general election. As stated in Wikipedia's 2019 United Kingdom general election: The election is to be contested under the same boundaries for 650 ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 1,806
41 votes
3 answers
15k views

Does the Brexit deal being voted down imply that Brexit is not going to happen?

Just looking at the TV and I am seeing that the British Parliament rejected the Brexit deal (cannot find an online source yet for this, although multiple sources show this vote result as very ...
Alexei's user avatar
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38 votes
4 answers
7k views

How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

How does the Israel Constitution work in relation to the forming of a government? According to the Washington Post and the Times of Israel, Yair Lapid is supposedly creating a new government, and ...
user avatar
35 votes
12 answers
11k views

Why do most countries have so many members of parliament?

The US House of Representatives consists of 435 members; the UK parliament has 650 members; the Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad has 300 members, etc. Why so many people? Anyone who's, e.g., tried to ...
Allure's user avatar
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32 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why is the new German parliament 12 % bigger?

Before the German federal election in September 2017, the parliament (Bundestag) had 631 members; now it has 709 . How did this come about? Does it matter, or is it a second-order effect? See also: ...
denis's user avatar
  • 421
31 votes
6 answers
12k views

What does the British parliament hope to achieve by requesting a third Brexit extension?

It appears that the UK will indeed ask for another extension in the Brexit process, as mandated by the Benn act. But what is the purpose of asking for another extension? Does Parliament expect the EU ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 50.9k
30 votes
2 answers
7k views

Why can a bill be blocked by one MP saying the word "object"?

In regards to this story "New upskirting law blocked by Tory MP" A single MP in the Houses of Parliament can say the word “object” and prevent a bill being passed. Why can one MP block proposed ...
AJFaraday's user avatar
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26 votes
2 answers
5k views

What power does the Queen have in the event of a Hung Parliament?

Media reports that Mrs. May (Conservatives) is heading to the Queen soon requesting to form a government, even though her party has no majority. Corbyn & McDonnell (Labour Party) also want to ...
gerrit's user avatar
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26 votes
2 answers
5k views

What does Nicholas Watt mean that May has “enough tellers for her Brexit vote”?

From journalist Nicholas Watt on Twitter: With two Tory MPs supporting Theresa May’s deal she has one breakthrough: enough tellers for her #Brexit vote I believe this is a reference to some system ...
gerrit's user avatar
  • 48.5k
22 votes
3 answers
8k views

How does a British Prime Minister 'sack' Ministers?

I was reading another question and it got me thinking: Are ministers protected by laws against unfair dismissal? Under what circumstances can the PM 'sack' members of their cabinet? What happens to a ...
Pharap's user avatar
  • 537
21 votes
3 answers
3k views

What happens if nobody can form a government in Israel?

It looks like nobody won a plurality in the latest round Benny Gantz's Kahol Lavan is ahead of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's Likud Party, according to official election results released on ...
Machavity's user avatar
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20 votes
2 answers
5k views

In the UK, what is pairing?

In The Guardian on July 19 2018 I found this under the headline "Tory MP casts doubt on claim pairing breach was honest mistake as row escalates - Politics live". Up to five Tory MPs were told to ...
Jens's user avatar
  • 1,113
18 votes
1 answer
4k views

Where can I find which MEP voted for which laws?

As the title says. Specifically I am interested to know if my local Member of the European Parliament voted in favor or against the controversial copyright law that was rejected, but their personal ...
Ander Biguri's user avatar
17 votes
3 answers
6k views

Are there restrictions in the UK against calling politicians liars?

In the comedic New York Times video Jonathan Pie: 'Boris Johnson Is a Liar' | NYT Opinion at about 00:45 the character (speaking to a fictional New York Times interviewer) says: Actually I can't say ...
uhoh's user avatar
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15 votes
2 answers
4k views

Will the British Parliament prevent "Brexit"?

So today, the High Court ruled that the Parliament has to approve the British exit of the European Union. From what I see, this is their possibility to prevent Brexit and remain in the European Union -...
NikxDa's user avatar
  • 297
14 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can the UK parliament just declare Rwanda a safe-country for asylum purposes?

Earlier today (15 Nov 2023) a UK Supreme Court ruling declared that the government policy of relocating asylum seekers to Rwanda was not permissible, due to the risk of relocation back to the ...
Neil Tarrant's user avatar
  • 1,655
13 votes
3 answers
2k views

Have there ever been Members of Parliament who weren't UK citizens?

According to the UK Parliament website the requirements for becoming an MP are extremely lax: People wishing to stand as an MP must be over 18 years of age, be a British citizen or citizen of a ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 50.9k
12 votes
2 answers
848 views

Can UK MPs vote on the same motion twice?

In this BBC News article, my attention was drawn to a footnote in a figure summarising a vote result: Source: BBC News The footnote says: Final numbers include one Conservative MP voting in both ...
gerrit's user avatar
  • 48.5k
12 votes
2 answers
591 views

Why did the Knesset vote to dissolve itself after Netanyahu failed to form a majority coalition?

After the latest Knesset (Israeli parliament) elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was given the first chance to try to form a coalition government. However, he failed to do so by the deadline:...
ruakh's user avatar
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