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Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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6 votes
1 answer
220 views

What are the possible steps for No. 10 to remove Julian Lewis from the position of chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee?

MP Grayling was defeated in the Prime Minister's attempt to make him the chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee today. I've seen speculation (unsourced) that the Prime Minister and Number 10 ...
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

Have any MPs ever voted against their own government in a no confidence vote?

After Theresa May's defeat on her Brexit deal, Labour tabled a motion of no confidence. The government could have lost the vote if either DUP MPs and/or ERG/Brexiteers (these being from the ...
5 votes
2 answers
184 views

What are the differences between independent and party-affiliated MPs and candidates?

What rights/privileges, duties and handicaps do UK MPs and parliamentary election candidates who are affiliated with parties (Conservative, Labour, Liberal-Democrat etc.) have, which independent MPs ...
15 votes
2 answers
786 views

Are UK party leaders typically from safe seats?

In the UK Parliament, the 2015 election results for party leaders going into the 2017 election were: Theresa May, Conservative Party, Maidenhead, 65.8%. Next party is Labour Party at 11.9%. Chance ...
6 votes
1 answer
924 views

Why are there currently only 25 Lords Spiritual?

According to the Parliament.UK website, 26 bishops are granted places in the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Lords includes 26 Church of England Archbishops and Bishops who sit on an ...
3 votes
1 answer
432 views

Has a British political party ever had more women MPs than men before The Independent Group?

"The Independent Group instantly has a majority of female MPs" Esther Webber, Other than where the group of MPs is a single person (such as Caroline Lucas), has a party ever had more women MPs ...
0 votes
2 answers
271 views

Must parliamentary democracies hold a vote of confidence when choosing its Prime Minister?

While many parliamentarian systems require the parliament to hold a vote to confirm its Prime Minister (e.g. Germany, Ireland, Finland), that is not always the case. Here are some examples: Denmark: ...
4 votes
1 answer
169 views

How long has it taken each Prime Minister to appear in front of the Commons Liaison Committee?

On May 27th, Boris Johnson appeared before the Commons Liaison Committee, a Select Committee made up of the chairs of the other Select Committees. The UK parliament website describes the committee's ...
3 votes
1 answer
522 views

Is Samoa truly an elective monarchy?

I have read about how Samoa was created as an elective monarchy when it became independent in 1962. However, from what I read, some question whether Samoa counts as a parliamentary republic (as the ...
28 votes
3 answers
9k views

What is the language of the Swiss national parliament?

In the European union parliament, armies of translators translate every word into all other languages. Switzerland is a country with 3–4 official languages: French, German, Italian, and Romansh. In ...
31 votes
6 answers
12k views

What does the British parliament hope to achieve by requesting a third Brexit extension?

It appears that the UK will indeed ask for another extension in the Brexit process, as mandated by the Benn act. But what is the purpose of asking for another extension? Does Parliament expect the EU ...
8 votes
1 answer
178 views

Do MPs participating in the House of Commons virtually benefit from Parliamentary Privilege?

Parliamentary privilege refers to the lack of restrictions on what MPs and Lords can say in their respective Houses in Parliament; it grants them immunity from prosecution relating to statements made ...
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the meanings of "Kangaroo", "Guillotine", and "Fox" in the UK House of Commons?

What are these concepts in UK House of Commons? Are they some kind of MPs or are they names given to some roles while debating? What exactly are they? The Kangaroo The Guillotine The Fox
3 votes
1 answer
302 views

Are there reoccurring taunts or put downs within UK Parliament?

This Powerline article alludes to a certain heckle, "Who Are You?" directed at UK Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn and that Nigel Farage employs to much less success at the EU as sort of a mainstay ...
2 votes
1 answer
584 views

Does the Queen have the power to dissolve the UK parliament?

Half a year ago the prime minister asked the queen to suspend parliament and she approved. UK government queen suspend parliament Another new said Supreme Court said suspending parliament was ...
8 votes
7 answers
76k views

How can some politicians become cabinet ministers without winning elections in India?

Smriti Irani and Arun Jaitley both lost the elections in the recent Lok Sabha elections in India, so how can they become cabinet ministers if they didn't even win the election? Mustn't one be a member ...
10 votes
1 answer
464 views

Has a law or amendment been passed without a vote in Parliament because there were no tellers before?

If the breaking news is correct, MPs started voting on Stephen Kinnock’s amendment 6. But then, a few minutes into voting, Lindsay Hoyle, announced that the division had been called off because the ...
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why is the British Chancellor allowed to drink alcohol in the House of Commons chamber?

On the parliament.uk site's information about the annual budget, it describes the tradition of "Despatch box drinks", where the Chancellor is afforded the privilege to drink alcohol at the despatch ...
4 votes
1 answer
160 views

What is the modern role of the Serjeant at Arms?

The parliament.uk website describes the Serjeant at Arms as the official responsible for keeping order within the Commons part of the parliamentary estate. The page describes various ceremonial ...
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

Why are staggered elections only used for upper parliamentary chambers?

In the Wikipedia list of legislative bodies which use staggered elections only upper chambers of national parliaments can be found. Why? Is there a reason why staggering the elections for the lower ...
19 votes
3 answers
8k views

First non-elected person in line of succession for British Government or Parliament?

The US government has a defined order of succession should a catastrophic event take out many senior officials, but the British parliamentary system does not seem to have one. If the current Prime ...
3 votes
3 answers
507 views

Why does the number of votes not correspond to the number of elected MPs?

I understand the first past the post system in that the candidate with the most votes in a constituency is elected as the MP for their particular party, but what I don't understand why the SNP can get ...
0 votes
1 answer
537 views

If Parliament doesn't approve the use of most prerogative powers, where's the accountability?

Anne Dennett. Public Law Directions (1 ed 2019). p 269. 12.2.3 Royal prerogative The royal prerogative ‘encompasses the residue of powers which remain vested in the Crown, and they ...
4 votes
3 answers
612 views

How are levelling seats allocated in Scandinavian elections?

In Scandinavian countries such as Denmark and Sweden, their parliaments tend to be comprised of district seats (allocated based on vote count within the district) and levelling seats (allocated based ...
5 votes
1 answer
363 views

Is it unprecedented for a party to nominate someone from an opposing party to the House of Lords?

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has nominated former Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, who was previously a Conservative, to the House of Lords for the dissolution honours list. Prime Minister ...
1 vote
1 answer
190 views

UK Parliament Act Usage (Lords v Commons)

Is there a limit to the number of times that a bill can be bounced between the Commons and the Lords before the Commons are allowed to use the Parliament Act?
5 votes
2 answers
276 views

What is the purpose of initiating the recent changes in the Russian Federation resulting in the "Russian Government Resigning"?

Recently (mid January 2020), there has been much press about the government of the Russian Federation "resigning". From what I understand, these changes were initiated by current Russian Federation ...
3 votes
3 answers
300 views

Are there any legislature that has a seat-switch system similar to the NI Assembly?

The Northern Ireland Assembly has a "seat-switch system" (co-option) that allows for MLAs to be replaced without holding by-elections. As the BBC explains: Co-option is the only option when ...
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
3 votes
1 answer
745 views

What are Australian parliament's rules on the use of props?

NPR's recent news item and podcast Australians Debate What To Do About Climate Change contains the following from NPR's Jason Beaubien reporting from Sydney. Question: What are Australian parliament's ...
4 votes
1 answer
237 views

Brighton Pavilion and the Green Party

The sole Green Party MP in the House of Commons is Caroline Lucas, who has continuously represented the seat of Brighton Pavilion since 2010, prior to which it was held by Labour. East Sussex, like ...
1 vote
1 answer
146 views

Role of Speakers and Deputy Speakers in voting

In the UK House of Commons, the Speaker can only vote to break ties. The Deputy Speakers do not take part in partisan politics either, and can only raise constituency concerns. Now, suppose the ...
2 votes
1 answer
146 views

Does the Tenth schedule of the Indian Constitution mean that MPs are not allowed a free vote?

According to Schedule X of the Indian Constitution Members of Parliament can be disqualified under the following condition: (b) if he votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any ...
4 votes
3 answers
137 views

What systems help to keep MPs independent from their party (leader)? [duplicate]

How can a parliamentary democracy prevent parties from becoming too de facto powerful at the expense of the de jure independent MPs making up parliament? In parliamentary systems, the government ...
5 votes
1 answer
250 views

Do Lords in the Cabinet have to answer questions in the House of Commons?

Nicky Morgan has been retained as Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. However, she is no longer an MP, but has been given a peerage instead. As Cabinet members ordinarily answer ...
4 votes
1 answer
103 views

If this UK parliament runs its full term, will the next general election be in December? [duplicate]

If this parliament runs its full term, does the fixed term parliament act mean that the next general election will be in December?
2 votes
1 answer
717 views

Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament?

On December 12, 2019, UK will hold a general election. As stated in Wikipedia's 2019 United Kingdom general election: The election is to be contested under the same boundaries for 650 ...
1 vote
2 answers
197 views

Are letters from MPs to other MPs on the internet?

I read a letter from the Prime Minister to another MP on some website, and I want to read the MPs letter in response (if there was one). Is there a database of letters that MPs send to each other? I'm ...
10 votes
2 answers
419 views

What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
1 vote
1 answer
127 views

Why are "formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation" unknown?

I don't grok the boldening. Why Unknown? Because no parliamentarian ever tried to impose "formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation"? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and ...
0 votes
2 answers
126 views

What does it mean to protect parliamentary papers if published ‘bonâ fide and without malice’? [duplicate]

In other words how can you publish Parlimentary Papers WITHOUT bona fide and WITH malice? Why not protect in this case?       Two other aspects of parliamentary privilege should be ...
4 votes
1 answer
123 views

What is a constituency in the Georgian political system?

I want to try alternative voting systems and wanted to take Georgia as my mock example as their political elections data is very granular as one can see here. Georgian has a unicameral parliament, ...
5 votes
1 answer
572 views

Robert's Rules Regarding False Statements

In a recent assembly of delegates, an amendment was made/carried to a resolution that was subsequently adopted. The problem I have is that this now puts in our organization's core beliefs section a ...
6 votes
1 answer
948 views

What happens if they run out of space on the Government benches in the House of Commons?

As far as I’m aware, the House of Commons chamber is symmetrical, which begs the question - what happens if the Government wins, say, a majority of 220; as one of the most recent (and optimistic) ...
7 votes
1 answer
396 views

What executive powers does the Prime Minister have?

In a presidential republic like, say, America, there are executive powers afforded to the President; for example the power to veto legislation. In the United Kingdom, as I understand it, the powers of ...
15 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the limits of parliamentary privilege?

From what I understand, parliamentary privilege affords MPs and Lords freedom of speech without fear of prosecution within their respective Houses of Parliament. I’ve only seen it come up into ...
1 vote
0 answers
64 views

Can the UK general election be cancelled? [duplicate]

The sh*t hits the fan. The Russia scandal blows up. Boris Johnson is photographed handing a suitcase of money to Nigel Farage. Vast swathes of the country is under water. A yellow weather warning is ...
7 votes
3 answers
353 views

Is it possible for the UK Parliament to create a legally binding referendum?

Throughout the Brexit saga, one thing I’ve heard repeatedly is that due to the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, referendums are not legally binding: Parliamentary sovereignty is a principle ...
5 votes
2 answers
444 views

Why do EU members have single or multiple parliamentary constituencies?

EU Member states can choose whether they want to have multiple constituencies for elections to the European Parliament, or not. Many EU member states have a single national constituency (like Germany)...
5 votes
1 answer
339 views

Can the United Kingdom Legislature legislate anything it wants?

This question arises from an answer to a question here regarding Parliamentary Sovereignty. If the UK Parliament was to legislate for something, assuming it didn't violate international treaties etc., ...

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