Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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517 views

In Muslim-minority countries, is it unusual for Muslim MPs or lawmakers to vote in favour of gay marriage or related legislation?

In Did all of Germany's Muslim MPs voted in favor of same-sex marriage? on Skeptics.SE, someone was surprised by a claim that Germany's Muslim MPs voted in favour of gay marriage. I wasn't that ...
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1answer
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Is there a recommended number of representatives in European democratic countries?

In 2009, Romania had a referendum for reducing the Parliament size to a maximum of 300 seats. However, it was never implemented and in fact, the number of the seats increased to nearly 600. This ...
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Why don't Sinn Féin take their seats in the UK parliament?

It seems that whatever happens (or happened) in a UK general election, the Irish nationalist party, Sinn Féin, will presumably always be in opposition. This means that the British government - ...
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Where can I find what MEPs were attending a plenary session?

Mr. Juncker complained that only 30 or so out of 751 MEPs turned up for a debate. Where can I find a list of who those are?
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Why do many Parliamentary democracies require the formal consent of the Head of State for governmental appointments?

As an example, in Germany the President appoints and dismisses the remaining members of the Federal Government upon the proposal of the Chancellor. The President doesn't have a say in the process and ...
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Robert's Rules Regarding False Statements

In a recent assembly of delegates, an amendment was made/carried to a resolution that was subsequently adopted. The problem I have is that this now puts in our organization's core beliefs section a ...
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2answers
308 views

Do Opposition amendments to the Queen's Speech amount to no-confidence motions?

In the UK Parliament, the Queen's Speech is generally seen as a confidence motion: if the government can't pass it, they don't have enough support in the House of Commons and will probably have to ...
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1answer
335 views

Can the UK Parliament introduce a constitution that would be legally binding to future parliaments? [duplicate]

As far as I understand, the UK does not have a constitution of any kind and the parliament is fully sovereign. But is there currently any mechanism in place to change the system and somehow introduce ...
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Is the Fixed-term Parliaments Act binding upon the UK parliament?

As far as I understand, the UK does not have a constitution of any kind and the parliament is fully sovereign. However the Fixed-term Parliaments Act looks like a piece of binding legislature, since ...
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1answer
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Does representativeness in a political system come at the cost of inherent complexity?

Alright, this is something I've thought about for a while with respect to comparisons between the German and British or Australian and Estonian electoral systems. Some of these are fairly simple to ...
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Why do members of parliament address the speaker instead of speaking normally?

This seems to be a common tradition across many legislatures and houses of parliament, there is a "speaker" (a bit of a misnomer as this person is more of a listener), and the actual person doing the ...
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Why is a hung parliament in the UK a bad thing?

Why is a parliamentary majority so important? Is it really of benefit?
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Is Japan unique in allowing for a 牛歩 or “ox walk” filibuster?

In the Japanese Diet (or at least in its upper chamber) you can perform a kind of filibuster known as a 牛歩 (gyūho), or "ox walk", by walking SUPER SLOWLY (like an ox) to cast your vote. I'm not 100% ...
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1answer
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Can Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition be a coalition?

When no party has a majority, a group of parties may form a majority coalition to form a government together. Under such circumstances, the opposition never has a majority, but Her Majesty's Most ...
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1answer
121 views

Do smaller parties have front- and backbenchers?

Are MPs belonging to parties that are neither in government, nor in Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition, divide their MPs between frontbanchers and backbenchers? Or are essentially all the MPs for ...
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Why is the result if Macron's party's at the first round of French parlamentary elections “historical”?

"Historical", "a tsunami" -- these are the headlines one can read or hear at all French mainstream media. They are about the victory of La République en Marche at the first round of French ...
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Has a party that won an election ever lost its leader in the process?

In a Parliamentary democracy, general elections appoint constituency representatives. Most such appointees are members of parties with internally determined leaders. One or more parties then form a ...
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Can members of nobility get elected to the House of Commons in theory and practice?

Are there any restrictions, legal or social, on nobility being members of the House of Commons in the United Kingdom? The section on qualifications mentions that sitting members of the House of Lords ...
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Intensity of whipping in Westminster style parliaments with party systems [closed]

Which Westminster style parliaments with party systems have the most intense whipping? Which have the least?
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1answer
168 views

Is it still possible for Labour to run the government?

At the moment, the UK has a hung parliament from the recent election. The Conservatives and the DUP are now having a discussion to work with each other in order to run the government. If the ...
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What is a Hung Parliament?

How is the Labour Party, with 57 fewer seats, able to still be in power in government? Did the Labour Party hang Parliament?
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What power does the Queen have in the event of a Hung Parliament?

Media reports that Mrs. May (Conservatives) is heading to the Queen soon requesting to form a government, even though her party has no majority. Corbyn & McDonnell (Labour Party) also want to ...
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1answer
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Can Sinn Fein join a minority coalition in a no-confidence vote?

I'm just wondering if Sinn Fein having a stated boycott, can enter parliament in a vote of no confidence. It seems to be otherwise consistent with their message. Perpetual no-confidence.
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Why are elections in the UK traditionally held on Thursdays?

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland will have parliamentary elections next Thursday, and the last presidential elections in the United States were on a Tuesday. In most other ...
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495 views

Is there a legal way to postpone or call off a general election in the UK due to concerns one way or another?

I'm asking this as a follow up question after this one when Steve Melnikoff raised an interesting point in the comments as to whether there was a legal mechanism to postpone or call off a general ...
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What powers does a Whip actually have to force MP's to vote their way? [duplicate]

In the UK especially we have a parliamentary democracy, and each of the major political parties have an officer known as the Whip/Chief Whip, who as far as I understand enforce party policy, by ...
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Is it an unfair advantage that the current Prime Minister decides when the election will be held? [closed]

This applies at least in Canada and England. Wondering what provision if any offsets this apparent advantage/disadvantage.
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Alternative voting systems in parliamentary procedure

When a body is considering a proposal and an amendment to that proposal, there are three alternatives -- original proposal, amended proposal, and status quo. The only procedure I've ever seen applied ...
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Are party leaders typically from safe seats?

In the UK Parliament, the 2015 election results for party leaders going into the 2017 election were: Theresa May, Conservative Party, Maidenhead, 65.8%. Next party is Labour Party at 11.9%. Chance ...
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Does the United Kingdom, in practice, have other constitutional principles which limit the principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty?

In the United Kingdom it seems to me that the only Constitutional principle that matters is the principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty. From that link this part sums up my reasoning quite nicely: ...
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Is there a minimum time frame that a Prime Minister may set an early election for?

I know that the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 says that Early elections can be held only: if a motion for an early general election is agreed either by at least two-thirds of the whole ...
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Do any other parliaments than the Westminster one have a culture of yelling whoooo?

British MPs have a long tradition of yelling whoooooo (see this question). Are they unique in doing so? Even the Scottish parliament seems more... conventional. Edit: I've noticed that even at ...
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What is the point of asking the Prime Minister about their engagements for the rest of the day?

Every week (or so it seems) the Prime Minister is asked the same meaningless question and gives the same meaningless answer. For example: Huw Merriman (Bexhill and Battle) (Con) Q1. If she ...
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1answer
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What changes would be necessary in the UK to force a general election if the Prime Minister resigns?

At present in the UK, should a prime minister be removed from office (either by resignation or made incapable of fulfilling the office due to injury, illness, or death) the party forming the ...
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In the UK, what provisions exist for MPs to be temporarily replaced due to illness or parental leave?

Suppose that an MP is temporarily unable to perform their duties, such as during illness or paternity. Can the MP assign a replacement to perform their role in parliament until they are able to work ...
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Do Members of Parliament have to register interests before voting?

Are Lords and Members of Parliament obliged to register an interest prior to voting on proposed UK legislation?
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About role of a minister in Parliament who is not a member of either house of Parliament. [closed]

When the house is in session what types of authorities are given to a Minister who is not a member of either house of Parliament? Is he eligible to vote on any issue which is put to vote of the house?
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Do the religious and hereditary members of the house of lords have real political power?

I recently learned that the UK House of Lords has 26 bishops as well as a number of hereditary members. Do these Lords of Parliament have real political power or are they largely symbolic like the ...
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What is the largest number of parties that ever entered a parliament in a general election?

In the Dutch general election, 2012, 11 parties entered parliament. In the opinion polls for the upcoming election, 14 parties are deemed to have a good chance to enter parliament. In the German ...
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1answer
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Can the same individual be MP in a national and the EU parliament?

Is it possible for the same person to simultaneously be a Member of Parliament in the European Parliament and in a national parliament? Are any people in both parliaments? Or are there regulations ...
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In a Westminster system, why would the PM voluntarily dissolve a majority government?

My understanding of the Westminster system is as follows: In a general election, the voters elect MPs to one or both houses of Parliament. The head of state appoints a Prime Minister who holds the ...
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1answer
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Does the Speaker of the House of Commons have the power to prevent HM Government allowing the US President to speak in the Palace of Westminster?

John Bercow, Speaker of the House of Commons, has voiced his disapproval of any invitation to Donald Trump to speak to a gathering of both Houses of Parliament. He justifies his view citing ...
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Where can I find the relationship between an Act Of Parliament and the Bill that was passed to create or amend it?

I see that the UK has bills before parliament, and in the case that they are given Royal Assent they become Acts of Parliament. However, what I can't find is the relationship between the two. Where ...
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How is the schedule for Senate Committees determined in Canada?

As I understand it, the Canadian Senate can refer bills to a Senate Committee to be studied in more detail. Once a bill is referred: How is the schedule for reviewing the bill determined? (Who makes ...
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What are the 'category' items defined in the UK government bills RSS feed?

Below is a list of bills from the 2016-2017 session before parliament. Looking at the RSS and specifically at any particular bill, there are two elements titled <category>. As the search ...
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Are there any countries that require political parties to be democratically organised (and accept members)?

In many countries, members of parliament are elected on the title of political parties. For example, in The Netherlands, 81 parties have registered for the Dutch General Election, 2017. In most of ...
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What authority does the Benelux parliament have?

Today I discovered there is such a thing as a Benelux Parliament. However, neither the Wikipedia page nor the official website (Dutch and French only) give a whole lot of information on what it ...
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How can the Indian government ban old notes without passing any bill/law?

Before making any major decisions/policy/law for the public the Indian government should pass a bill. It's usually done through the voting by the Member of Parliaments in the Parliament. After getting ...
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What are the consequences of having a name on a European joint resolution?

I'd like to know what is the meaning of the names in the European joint resolutions such us this one. Cristian Dan Preda, Elmar Brok... and many other EU politcians seem to have signed this document. ...
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Does the Polish parliament keep a compendium of its votes?

I'm looking for a website or a similar resource that could serve as a hub for records of all votes the Parliament of Poland has undertaken, at least for the past year but preferably more comprehensive....