Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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2
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1answer
71 views

What are the consequences of having a name on a European joint resolution?

I'd like to know what is the meaning of the names in the European joint resolutions such us this one. Cristian Dan Preda, Elmar Brok... and many other EU politcians seem to have signed this document. ...
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197 views

Does the Polish parliament keep a compendium of its votes?

I'm looking for a website or a similar resource that could serve as a hub for records of all votes the Parliament of Poland has undertaken, at least for the past year but preferably more comprehensive....
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1answer
915 views

Why does the UK Parliament still prohibit members from resigning?

Under a Resolution of the House of 2 March 1624, Members of Parliament cannot directly resign their seat. Death, disqualification and expulsion are the only means by which a Member's seat may be ...
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3answers
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Are there any other entities, apart from Flanders, whose parliament and government are located outside its territory?

The Flanders parliament and government are located outside Flanders in the Brussels capital region. That should be rather unusual, as it has no say there. Is there any other subnational entity where ...
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3answers
284 views

Taking over cellphone when texting while driving [closed]

The following appeared on the national news site of the Netherlands this morning: Minister Schultz zint op maatregelen om te voorkomen dat een automobilist onder het rijden kan appen of sms'en. De ...
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2answers
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Will the British Parliament prevent “Brexit”?

So today, the High Court ruled that the Parliament has to approve the British exit of the European Union. From what I see, this is their possibility to prevent Brexit and remain in the European Union -...
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1answer
473 views

Has there ever been a situation in a modern Westminster parliament where there have been more independents than members of the second largest party?

Has there ever been a situation where a modern Westminster parliament (national/federal/state/provincial) has ended up with more independent lower house MPs than MPs belonging to the second-largest ...
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3answers
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Which US-style presidential democracies have survived long-term?

In an episode of The West Wing, Toby remarks (IIRC) that "only four US-style presidential democracies have lasted longer than thirty years" -- he was arguing that a parliamentary democracy is an ...
14
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1answer
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How do Whips enforce control over MPs in the UK Parliament?

Whips are often used to 'persuade' MPs in their party to vote the way the Party wishes them to vote. What power, or powers, do Whips have over backbench MPs to enforce this wish?
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4answers
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Now since David Cameron is bound to leave the PM position, does he also give up his seat in the house?

I’m an American and not familiar with UK’s Parliament. However, I know that the Prime Minister is chosen from the elected MP’s in the House at a given time. When PM Cameron leaves later, does he ...
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1answer
376 views

Can you name some countries that had gone / is currently going through a change of form of government?

I'm currently researching about correlations of government types and its possible effects. As of late, I've just finished parsing some wiki pages and basically made tables of indicator rankings ...
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5answers
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Are there examples of when Parliament decided against the results of a Referendum?

For those hiding under a rock, the UK’s future in the EU is being decided right now by means of a referendum. This, coupled with the constant talk of a plebiscite for marriage equality in Australia ...
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Is a consitutional monarchy really a democracy?

According to Wikipedia, the United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with a parliament. Basically meaning a monarchy that is restrained by constitution with a parliament that makes the rules, as ...
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Why are some British politicians pushing for Brexit? What do they stand to gain from Britain's exit from the EU?

Also why are these politicians raising their voices at this point of time? What were they doing in the last 10-20 years?
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121 views

Does Westminster House of Commons have a schedule of upcoming votes?

I can see details of upcoming business in the House of Commons at http://calendar.parliament.uk/, but how does this translate to votes/divisions that subsequently take place? Is there a record of ...
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1answer
406 views

Have parliamentary democracies been known to engage in “repeal wars” after elections?

I've been trying to read up on comparative politics and noticed that laws once passed in the United States system by and large tend to stay passed for decades or longer and are only overwritten in ...
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0answers
61 views

How to determine “Most Relevant Laws”? [closed]

I was trying to apply some quantitative analysis to the laws that the Parliament voted (both approved and rejected) and tried, unsuccessfully, to determine which of those were the most relevant. So ...
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1answer
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What is Kangaroo, Guillotine,fox in UK House of Commons

What are these concepts in UK House of Commons. Are they some kind of MPs or are they names given to some roles while debating? What exactly are they? The Kangaroo The Guillotine The Fox
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Why do members in the British parliament yell “whooo…” during debates?

I sometimes watch BBC channel and see heavy debate in the British parliament. What interests me is, when one politician speaks about one policy and expresses his own view on something, some other ...
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1answer
832 views

Can an organization's presiding officer vote during their impeachment? [closed]

Members in an organization I am involved in are attempting to impeach the President of the organization for negligence of duty. The Constitution/Bylaws of this organization state the following: ...
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2answers
551 views

In a Westminster parliamentary system who would be appointed Prime Minister if all MPs were independents?

In our current system the Prime Minister is the leader of the political party with the most seats, correct? Well, if everyone threw out party politics and only elected independent local members of ...
3
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1answer
907 views

Can a member of the European Parliament be removed from office?

Can a member of the European Parliament be removed from office before end of term? If so, on what grounds and who has the power to do it? This has come up in casual conversation and my (cursory, I ...
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2answers
466 views

Suppose somebody has won the majority in the parliament, he wants to select his cabinet

Suppose, a parliamentary democracy. Unitary country has 100 seats in the parliament. Four parties contested in the election. No party won the absolute majority. Party A won 30 seats, party B won ...
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1answer
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Why do the Greens have no group in PACE?

In the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), there are five political groups: socialist/communist (Unified European Left), social-democratic (called Socialist), liberal (Alliance of ...
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1answer
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Is there a fusion of powers in parliamentary regimes?

When discussing separation of powers in my introductory political science course, the lecturer asserted that there isn't a fusion of power between the executive (prime minister + cabinet) and the ...
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1answer
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'First' and 'second' houses of parliament

In a bicameral legislature, is the first house the lower house and the second house the upper house?
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Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
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1answer
176 views

UK MPs being in the Armed Services

The BBC list of likely contenders for the upcoming Labour leadership bid says of Dan Jarvis: elected MP [...] having resigned his commission as a major in the Parachute Regiment to contest the seat.. ...
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4answers
810 views

What are the arguments in favor of the “first past the post” system?

With the election results in the UK election finishing up, a lot of people have pointed out that the number of seats some of the parties got in parliament is far disproportionate to their vote share. ...
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3answers
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What if a party loses its majority in the Commons, midway through a term?

After a general election, the party with a majority of seats in the House of Commons gets to form the next Government. With a few exceptions, elections end with one party having a majority. Usually, ...
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2answers
389 views

Why robert's rules need a second?

In executive meetings of a club I belong to, we follow robert's rules of order. That requires someone to second a motion. But considering that the group is small (5 people), one motions that we end ...
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0answers
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What is the role of Ministers and the Parliamentary Secretaries in Canada?

I need your help, I am looking to find more information or if someone can tell me more about What is the role of Ministers and the Parliamentary Secretaries in Canada? Look forward to your response. ...
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1answer
424 views

What would happen if commons and lords votes on bills were made anonymous? [closed]

In the UK and other countries it is the job of the party whip to ensure that MPs vote on bills in line with party policy. This effectively means the majority party leadership decide which bills become ...
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2answers
498 views

Why would an anonymous vote have hurt John Bercow's chances of being re-elected?

On Thursday 26th March, a bill which the Tories tried to slyly get past the House on the last day of parliament was defeated. The bill would have meant that elections for the Speaker of the House ...
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2answers
157 views

Do parliamentary bodies meet year-round?

I'm wondering if bodies such as the U.S. Senate, or particularly the U.K. House of Lords meet year-round, or do the Senators/Lords simply live in the capital the entire year? What about historically, ...
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1answer
165 views

Controlling Time in the House of Representatives

During the sessions of the US House of Representatives, I noticed that a time holder can either: yield themselves as much time as they may consume to speak. (up to the limit defined) yield a ...
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2answers
182 views

Are there countries other than Israel where the legislative body often dissolves before its term is up?

Today the Israeli Knesset (parliamentary body) will be voting to dissolve the government, and deciding when elections will be called for. The last elections were around 2 years ago, meaning that in ...
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1answer
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Why is the National Diet of Japan so similar to the Houses of Parliament of the UK

For a new job I need to learn a considerable amount about political systems in Taiwan, Korea, Japan and Norway. Reading about the National Diet of Japan I notice that it holds of a lot of similarities ...
4
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1answer
103 views

What is the historical composition by party of Australian parliament (HOR & Senate)?

I know from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Senate#Historical what the composition the senate has been, but I would also like to know how many seats were for each member of the Coalition, and ...
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1answer
78 views

How are committees in the Indian Parliament formed?

I came to knew that Indian parliament has various committees for various purposes. How are the members for the committees selected?
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1answer
621 views

How do parties justify a chief whip?

In the UK the major parties have a Chief Whip whose role it is keep the party members voting as the leadership want. The Chief Whip is a political office in some legislatures assigned to an ...
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0answers
38 views

Early day motions: practical and intended uses?

Is anyone able to describe to me not only what an early day motion is (I have a relatively good idea) but also what the practical and intended uses are specifically in the UK but also generally? I'm ...
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7answers
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How can some politicians become cabinet ministers without winning elections in India?

Smriti Irani and Arun Jaitley both lost the elections in the recent Lok Sabha elections in India, so how can they become cabinet ministers if they didn't even win the election? Mustn't one be a member ...
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1answer
866 views

Does the US Congress allow visitors to watch their debates?

In Germany it is possible to visit the Bundestag, the German "parliament", and watch a plenary sitting from the public gallery of the plenary chamber after an online registration. This image shows ...
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1answer
556 views

How long does it take for a parliamentary government to hold unscheduled elections?

As I understand the parliamentary system, there are circumstances under which new unscheduled elections are held. If a governing coalition falls, there's a vote of no-confidence, or if certain people ...
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2answers
940 views

How does the US House of Representatives rule itself?

I just saw a video that claims to show that the Republicans changed the rules so that nobody but the majority leader can call for a vote. The whole thing looks rather odd to me, as I would have ...
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1answer
144 views

Do the procedural rules of US State legislatures have the power of law?

Any legislature will have “house rules” by which it operates. Do those house rules have the force of law for US States? If, for example, a house speaker miscounts votes, is that an ...
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4answers
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Why do some parliamentary systems have two head of states?

Consider the example of Russia having a President and a Prime Minister. What is the purpose of having two "potential" head-of-states? Constitutional monarchies have essentially powerless royalty but ...
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1answer
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Why doesn't the Shadow Chancellor give the UK budget response?

Why is the budget response just given by the Leader of the Opposition rather than the Shadow Chancellor, who sits next to him?
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What is the language of the Swiss national parliament?

In the European union parliament, armies of translators translate every word into all other languages. Switzerland is a country with 3–4 official languages: French, German, Italian, and Romansh. In ...