Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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6
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3answers
481 views

What if the House of Commons votes no confidence in the Prime Minister?

If the House of Commons votes No Confidence in the government then a general election follows (IIRC the last time this happened was 1979, resulting in the election of Mrs Thatcher). But Jeremy Corbyn ...
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3answers
947 views

Transition from parliamentary to presidential Republic?

Did any country in recent century successfully transitioned from parliamentary to presidential Republic (both of them reasonably unambiguously democratic - I'm pretty open as far as inclusiveness)?
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1answer
374 views

What does defeat on the Address mean?

What's the "Address"? Queen’s Speech | The Institute for Government It is rare for the government to be defeated on the address in the Commons – as governments usually have a majority in ...
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1answer
207 views

What are the possible steps for No. 10 to remove Julian Lewis from the position of chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee?

MP Grayling was defeated in the Prime Minister's attempt to make him the chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee today. I've seen speculation (unsourced) that the Prime Minister and Number 10 ...
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1answer
450 views

Are there any parliaments with more than two chambers?

All parliaments that I know off are either unicameral or bicameral. Wikipedia has articles on tricameral and even tetracameral parliaments. Do any such multicameral parliaments presently exist?
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1answer
267 views

Is this a Maori interlocution at the beginning of Chlöe Swarbrick's speech? What is its significance?

At the beginning of a speech that became notorious for an entirely different reason, MP Chlöe Swarbrick appears to say something unintelligible in English, which I presume could be a Maori ...
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4answers
419 views

In parliamentary democracies, why does the President have a term limit, while the Prime Minister does not?

As an example, German Presidents are limited to two terms of five years and have little power in practice. However the German Chancellor is not limited by term limits despite having more power and ...
6
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1answer
731 views

How many times was Standing Order 14 amended?

Standing Order 14(1) is at the center of the latest UK constitutional revolution/innovation (label depends whom you ask), which suspended for one day (today) its first (and perhaps most important) ...
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1answer
2k views

What does it mean to ask for a parliament to sit in private?

In the British parliament on 13th June 2018 SNP MP Ian Blackford said: "Under the circumstances, given the disrespect that's shown, I have got no option but to ask that this House now sits in ...
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1answer
200 views

How does the Alliance motivate their claim to have a mandate (Swedish parliamentary elections, 2018)?

The Swedish parliamentary elections, 2018 has resulted in a deadlock: The centre-left Red-Green block, outgoing minority government, has 144 seats (was: 159). The centre-right Alliance block, ...
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1answer
155 views

Is there a recommended number of representatives in European democratic countries?

In 2009, Romania had a referendum for reducing the Parliament size to a maximum of 300 seats. However, it was never implemented and in fact, the number of the seats increased to nearly 600. This ...
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1answer
329 views

What happens if a UK government loses a no confidence vote just before a parliamentary recess?

It looks like we could have an unusual situation in the UK (well even relatively speaking) On 23 July, the new leader of the conservative party will be announced. Traditionally the incumbent does not ...
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2answers
528 views

Why would an anonymous vote have hurt John Bercow's chances of being re-elected?

On Thursday 26th March, a bill which the Tories tried to slyly get past the House on the last day of parliament was defeated. The bill would have meant that elections for the Speaker of the House ...
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1answer
129 views

What is required to trigger a vote in UK parliament and what makes it ‘binding’?

News articles mention many methods such as ‘motions’ and most recently noticed ‘praying against’. As a novice outside observer one would have thought there would be an established and clear process ...
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1answer
100 views

Finance Bills being introduced in the lower house

In India and probably some other countries, it is mandatory for finance or money bills to be introduced in the Lower House. What is the reason behind this? Although the Upper House also votes upon the ...
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1answer
204 views

Controlling Time in the House of Representatives

During the sessions of the US House of Representatives, I noticed that a time holder can either: yield themselves as much time as they may consume to speak. (up to the limit defined) yield a ...
6
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1answer
258 views

Has AKP ever failed to pass any bill after losing majority in Turkish Parliament?

In the 2018 Turkish parliamentary election, Justice and Development Party (AKP) won 295 seats out of 600 and lost majority in the Turkish Parliament. On the other hand, the People's Alliance they ...
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7answers
2k views

Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
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5answers
676 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
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3answers
371 views

Could a coalition government not include the plurality party?

Back during the German elections, I remember a bunch of parties saying they would be unwilling to form a coalition with AfD. That made me wonder--what if AfD had won the most votes without getting a ...
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4k views

Can members of nobility get elected to the House of Commons in theory and practice?

Are there any restrictions, legal or social, on nobility being members of the House of Commons in the United Kingdom? The section on qualifications mentions that sitting members of the House of Lords ...
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880 views

In open-list voting systems, how do political parties ensure their leaders (and key figures) get elected?

In open-list voting systems, voters are free to select any candidate they prefer on the party list. The number of votes each candidate receives determines their rank within the list, and the higher ...
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2answers
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Are there any countries that require political parties to be democratically organised (and accept members)?

In many countries, members of parliament are elected on the title of political parties. For example, in The Netherlands, 81 parties have registered for the Dutch General Election, 2017. In most of ...
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1answer
3k views

What happens if Members of Parliament defect causing a Government to lose a majority?

If enough Members of Parliament defect causing a Government to lose their majority, is the process that the incumbent can try to form a new Government via coalition or confidence and supply? If this ...
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2answers
964 views

How does the US House of Representatives rule itself?

I just saw a video that claims to show that the Republicans changed the rules so that nobody but the majority leader can call for a vote. The whole thing looks rather odd to me, as I would have ...
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2answers
271 views

Do the Italians usually choose external PMs?

Italian PM Giuseppe Conte resigned on Jan. 26 (but is still in office until a successor is chosen). I was surprised to see on his Wikipedia page (emphasis mine): Following the 2018 general election, ...
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2answers
378 views

Why do EU members have single or multiple parliamentary constituencies?

EU Member states can choose whether they want to have multiple constituencies for elections to the European Parliament, or not. Many EU member states have a single national constituency (like Germany)...
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1answer
295 views

Can the United Kingdom Legislature legislate anything it wants?

This question arises from an answer to a question here regarding Parliamentary Sovereignty. If the UK Parliament was to legislate for something, assuming it didn't violate international treaties etc., ...
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1answer
212 views

Is it common for British MPs to have no connection to their electoral district?

As an example, Theresa May is serving as an MP from Maidenhead even though she had no connection whatsoever to this constituency since before her election in that constituency. On the other hand Boris ...
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1answer
11k views

What are the roles of the two Houses of Parliament in the UK?

Why does the UK have two Houses of Parliament - the House of Commons and the House of Lords - and what are the main roles of each?
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1answer
239 views

What would happen if the UK parliment voted through the deal, but blocked the declaration?

Follow on from: Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration? What would happen if the UK parliament voted to pass the deal, but voted against the political declaration? What ...
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2answers
171 views

Do parliamentary bodies meet year-round?

I'm wondering if bodies such as the U.S. Senate, or particularly the U.K. House of Lords meet year-round, or do the Senators/Lords simply live in the capital the entire year? What about historically, ...
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1answer
348 views

What defence did the British MP, Owen Paterson, have?

Owen Paterson has vociferously protested his innocence of the breach of Parliamentary standards, found against him by the House of Commons Standards Committee. In his speech in the debate, Chris ...
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1answer
1k views

Why is the British Chancellor allowed to drink alcohol in the House of Commons chamber?

On the parliament.uk site's information about the annual budget, it describes the tradition of "Despatch box drinks", where the Chancellor is afforded the privilege to drink alcohol at the despatch ...
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1answer
295 views

Is it unprecedented for a party to nominate someone from an opposing party to the House of Lords?

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has nominated former Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, who was previously a Conservative, to the House of Lords for the dissolution honours list. Prime Minister ...
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1answer
370 views

Are UK MPs sometimes obliged to say 'It is a pleasure to serve under your chairmanship'?

On theyworkforyou.com (see: example 1 or example 2), one can see that many MPs are using the exact form of words to express that 'It is a pleasure to serve under your chairmanship'. Are they strongly ...
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1answer
178 views

How much time does it take for Australia to count votes in general elections?

For those who don't know, Australia uses ranked-choice voting for both the lower house (House of Representatives) and upper house (Senate) elections. I can't help but wonder the logistics of the vote ...
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2answers
441 views

How does a minority motion in the House of Commons take priority over Government business?

It is being reported in the press today that "rebels" opposed to Brexit "have drawn up an amendment that would allow a motion backed by a minority of 300 MPs to take precedence over government ...
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1answer
387 views

Has there ever been a larger UK Parliamentary defeat than on Brexit tonight?

I have just watched, live, Theresa May lose the vote on her deal by an unprecedented margin, 432-202. Every UK news source is quoting that this is the largest ever defeat "in the democratic age", or "...
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1answer
182 views

How often do opposition amendments pass?

Opposition parties often submit amendments to bills, but it seems like they usually fail since the government uses its majority to vote against them. How often do opposition amendments succeed?
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244 views

What is the purpose of initiating the recent changes in the Russian Federation resulting in the "Russian Government Resigning"?

Recently (mid January 2020), there has been much press about the government of the Russian Federation "resigning". From what I understand, these changes were initiated by current Russian Federation ...
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1answer
248 views

When Conservative MPs lose the whip, do they retain the right to vote in leadership elections?

Were 48 letters put into the 1922 Committee calling for a vote of no-confidence in Boris Johnson as PM, would those members who have lost the whip be allowed to vote?
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1answer
492 views

Robert's Rules Regarding False Statements

In a recent assembly of delegates, an amendment was made/carried to a resolution that was subsequently adopted. The problem I have is that this now puts in our organization's core beliefs section a ...
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2answers
316 views

Why is a hung parliament in the UK a bad thing?

Why is a parliamentary majority so important? Is it really of benefit?
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1answer
541 views

Is there a legal way to postpone or call off a general election in the UK due to concerns one way or another?

I'm asking this as a follow up question after this one when Steve Melnikoff raised an interesting point in the comments as to whether there was a legal mechanism to postpone or call off a general ...
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1answer
152 views

What is determined as "advice of Ministers of the Crown"?

Erskine May states the following: The Crown is hereditary, subject, however, to special limitations by Parliament; and the King or Queen has always enjoyed, by prescription, custom and law, the ...
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2answers
141 views

What are the differences between independent and party-affiliated MPs and candidates?

What rights/privileges, duties and handicaps do UK MPs and parliamentary election candidates who are affiliated with parties (Conservative, Labour, Liberal-Democrat etc.) have, which independent MPs ...
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1answer
405 views

Is the PM obligated to answer questions from the House of Commons?

I watched the PM at the dispatch box from start to finish yesterday. He did not answer one question from any opposition MP. Is he, or any other MP (Gove's performance came a close 2nd), required to ...
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428 views

What happens if the UK government refuses to function or carry out its duties?

The timeline of Brexit in recent weeks has involved an attempt to call an early general election by the government, which failed to meet the required two thirds majority of the entire house as set out ...
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1answer
191 views

Money bills cannot be sent back by president in India's parliamentary system

In Indian parliament, the president cannot send the money bills back for reconsideration of the houses but he can withhold them permanently (pocket veto). What is the logic behind this rule? What is ...

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