Questions tagged [political-system]

The set of formal legal institutions that constitute a “government” or “state” including actual as well as prescribed political behaviours: not only the legal organization of the state but also the reality of how the state functions.

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93
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15answers
9k views

What is the purpose of democracy?

In many modern political debates democracy is often considered an unalloyed virtue: things are good because they are democratic. Things the people have voted for are good because they represent the "...
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7answers
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How do dictators maintain their grip on power?

Take, for example, Alexander Lukashenko. He is in power for the last 26 years. How does he maintain the chain of command? Why do his ministers obey him? Why do bureaucrats obey him? Why does the Army ...
41
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3answers
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Why did the World Bank set the global poverty line at $1.90?

In early 2019 Bill Gates tweeted an infographic during the 45 meeting of the World Economic Forum at Davos that showed that the proportion of people living in poverty had decreased from 94% in 1820 to ...
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14answers
14k views

Direct voting on every issue (referendum) - new political system [closed]

First of all, I am not a politician. I am just a computer scientist. I asked this question because I do not think that I have adequate knowledge of various political systems. Background: Over the ...
30
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10answers
14k views

Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
28
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5answers
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The politicization of the supreme court

It seems that both the Republican and Democratic parties look at the appointment of a Supreme Court Justice as a political move. Optimally, a judge has no part in politics. Their personal opinion ...
25
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9answers
8k views

Is candidate anonymity at all practical?

We are all aware voting is largely biased. Of course, it would be attractive to reduce that bias as much as possible because greater policy-based voting allows laws and regulations to better reflect ...
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6answers
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If the goal of communism is a stateless society, then why do we refer to authoritarian governments such as China as communist?

The actions taken by these governments seem to be more fascist than communist. The term communism is used to describe so many contradicting policies and it is very confusing.
18
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5answers
991 views

Has there been a headless state?

Has there been a state without an office satisfying the definition of a head of state? This question is mostly about the modern times because I'm not sure if we can give a satisfactory definition for ...
18
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2answers
1k views

Is there a link between political system and any of the various quality of life indicators, including environmental impacts?

This question asks about the correlation between political system and economic growth. A similar but distinctly different question: is there any correlation between political system and one of the ...
13
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7answers
3k views

What laws would an anarchical country have?

Since no official attempts to my knowledge have been made to form fully fledged anarchical societies, at least not on any significant scale, I thought it would be interesting to present the above ...
13
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2answers
893 views

How important is God in USA politics?

As European citizen (French), I have never been used to seeing biblical notions in politics, but in the USA it seems quite common. For example, former French president Jacques Chirac revealed that the ...
12
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4answers
688 views

Why do political bodies often sit in semicircles?

It is quite common for legislative bodies to sit in "semi circles". source I can see how, for historical reasons, this shape was optimal for hearing clearly in a large room, however this needs not ...
12
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2answers
3k views

Is there a correlation between political system and economic growth?

I would like to know whether there are any pieces of scientific research indicating that some political systems are more likely to produce a large economic growth than others. Which systems are they? ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Why do people say the Pakistani government has failed because the army is interfering with politics?

I have seen people say that the Pakistani government is not strong enough because many governmental decisions are taken by the Pakistani army. Why do the people consider the involvement of the army ...
11
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5answers
3k views

What are the arguments against meritocracy?

Meritocracy is a political philosophy which holds that certain things, such as economic goods or power, should be vested in individuals on the basis of talent, effort and achievement. Advancement in ...
11
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2answers
3k views

How does gerrymandering work in the US?

I have a vague idea of what gerrymandering is and that it appears to be common in the US, but I don't really understand where it comes from, how it is applied, how common "common" really is, whether ...
11
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6answers
2k views

Why don't political parties support independent candidates to the extreme of their opponent to split the opposition vote?

Let's say you're the DNC, why not fund an independent candidacy for a somewhat well-known, legitimate conservative politician who is too extreme to actually get elected, but with views appealing to ...
11
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5answers
7k views

Differences and Similarities Between a Democracy and a Republic

What are the key differences and similarities between republics and democracies? Here on politics.SE there are a fair number of questions like "Is X a Democracy?" or "Is Y a Republic?&...
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2answers
2k views

Are there any political parties in Saudi Arabia?

Are there any political parties in Saudi Arabia? If there aren't any, then what stops the establishment of such parties?
10
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7answers
3k views

If authoritarian regimes are so bad, why do we see so many of them?

This is my first question here... If authoritarian regimes are so bad, why do we see so many of them? I don't understand why they are so prevalent in the world. It can't be because people are gullible ...
10
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2answers
303 views

Is there a minimum amount of opportunity to provide for reading a bill to be passed?

The Republican tax plan was just passed, and there's a bit of uproar about the way it was released. Several of the Democratic congressmen have complained they were not able to read it, both because ...
10
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4answers
848 views

How would an anarchist society deal with insurgents?

Selecting Anarchism as an example, it defends a state of affairs without coercion or oppression, and it also defends, at least from what I read, the abolishment of prisons. What would one do with the ...
9
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1answer
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Is anarchism opposed to the concept of god? [closed]

Why the negation of God by plenty of anarchists? I understand the negation of organized religion, because it confines and subdues the masses if each individual does not think or questions the human ...
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3answers
363 views

Do politicians test new policies before executing them?

As the title says, do politicians test new policies before executing them? I'm no politician - I have a scientific background - but I would personally want to simulate a policy against current law to ...
9
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1answer
504 views

What's the difference between Cooperativism, Market Socialism, and Syndicalism?

What's the difference between Cooperativism (the replacing of Capitalist firms with worker co-ops like Mondragon), Market Socialism, and Syndicalism? Given that they're all systems where workers ...
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3answers
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Why does the US only have two major political parties?

As a Brit who for the first time has started following US politics, I cannot understand when it comes to choosing a President there is an option of only two political parties from who to choose from? ...
8
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3answers
377 views

Are there examples of military forces that aren't rigidly authoritarian?

We commonly think of military forces as being rigidly hierarchical, and committed to following orders to a suicidal extreme for individual soldiers. But, are there examples of military forces ...
8
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4answers
704 views

Tricameral system where third chamber's only power is to revoke legislation

Somewhere (I don't remember where) I read about a proposal for a tricameral parlamentarian system where the third chamber's only mandate would be to revoke (e.g. idle) legislation. This was presented ...
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5answers
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Is it possible for an established democratic country to directly switch to a monarchy?

Say, a country has well-established democratic doctrines and principles. Is it practically possible for that country to directly switch to a monarchy? By practical, I mean the country must last ...
7
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2answers
17k views

What is the basic difference between Marxism, Socialism and Communism? [duplicate]

Along with the heading, it would be much appreciated if you paste useful links that go in depth of the differences. For this forums scope, I only need to hear the basic difference between these three ...
7
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1answer
866 views

How much is Russia actually a federation?

The official name of Russia is Federation of Russia. Federations are normally a bunch of semi-independant federated states that have their own local laws and tax-collecting habits, but that defer ...
7
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4answers
2k views

Is Switzerland a republic?

I always thought that Switzerland was neither a monarchy nor a republic. The members of the federal council are not here by inheritance, nor are they elected by the people. Instead, they are elected ...
7
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3answers
360 views

Is there a political theory of running state without politicians?

Is there some political theory to run a state without full-time politicians where policies are made based on sets of specialized communities? I was wondering with the advance of information ...
7
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2answers
215 views

What caused a change in Bo Xilai's support for “elitists” into support for “populists”?

Bo Xilai Wiki's Political alignment and affiliations section states that: In the course of his career, Bo Xilai was the beneficiary of considerable patronage from former Communist Party leader Jiang ...
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5answers
2k views

Why do the people (through their representatives) pay for the police officers' transgressions against the people?

The practice sounds a bit counter intuitive (to me) and I'd like to know if there is a logic behind it and what that logic is. I understand paying for their services. What I don't understand is paying ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Are there any examples of contested elections held to elect a king?

Are there any examples of contested elections that were held to elect a king? Target Fact Patterns By this, I mean two main fact patterns. A king is elected from multiple candidates in a country ...
6
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3answers
403 views

Can you give me a pro-Kremlin news source?

As a daily academic exercise, I read news articles on the same topic from multiple news agencies with a different political orientation. I'd like to add a pro-Kremlin news agency; with a preference ...
6
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1answer
622 views

Henry Kissinger and the International Criminal court

The International Criminal Court was created by the Rome Statute in 1998, entered into force in 2002 and is currently ratified by 124 nations. This is the court par excellence, for prosecuting crimes ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does the US allow political campaign advertising?

In the US politics has very much become about money- how much is contributed to a campaign's finances is a major issue because of the cost of advertising. In the EU, however, it is common to ban ...
6
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1answer
552 views

How much power does the Iranian president have?

As we all know, in Iran the supreme leader has the last word over the entire political system; with the president as the second highest leader. According to the law the president doesn't have the ...
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5answers
1k views

Is voting for a third party really a 'wasted vote'?

There are lots of undecided voters in what perhaps is the strangest election I've ever witnessed. People from both sides are saying voting for a third party is a wasted vote. If all of the undecided ...
6
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3answers
416 views

Is there a name for this form of government?

What I'm thinking of is a central government that is divided into partitions, each partition designated to govern over a given field (topic, subject), and each partition having elected representatives ...
6
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3answers
940 views

Transition from parliamentary to presidential Republic?

Did any country in recent century successfully transitioned from parliamentary to presidential Republic (both of them reasonably unambiguously democratic - I'm pretty open as far as inclusiveness)?
6
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4answers
4k views

In an absolute monarchy, is the King's word above written sources of law? Is his word law?

I am interested in absolute monarchies but I have a question I need answered. In an absolute monarchy, such as the Ancien Regime of France or the Qing Dynasty of China, when the monarch orders someone ...
6
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1answer
302 views

How are residents of the Australian Capital Territory represented compared to other states and territories?

Every once in a while, the discussion of statehood for Washington D.C. flares up, with the argument made, that residents of Washington D.C. are less represented in Congress than residents of other US ...
6
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1answer
78 views

How do Australian Upper House / Senate elections work?

The upper house sheet has a lot more candidates than the lower house and they tend to have more variety in terms of which parties get elected. Also of the many people on the ballot paper how many of ...
6
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6answers
439 views

Can collectivist economics co-exist with Individual rights?

I have often heard that collectivism and individual rights can't co-exist because they are opposites. On the surface this appears to be accurate, but is there any historical examples of societies ...
6
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1answer
295 views

What are the most important fundamental problems with World Federalism?

World Federalism is a political view that promotes a world-wide federation as a means to secure peace among the subjects. The argument is that the rule of law has proven to be a reliable way to calm ...
6
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1answer
302 views

What were the reasons for creating special districts for a nations capital? And how many are there?

Both in Australia and the US, the capital is located in a special district, the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Dictrict of Columbia, respectively. What were the reasons for creating a ...