Questions tagged [political-theory]

Political theory is the study of the concepts in politics. Use this tag for questions regarding political philosophy or scientific theories.

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10
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7answers
1k views

What is the point of countries not recognizing the physical reality of who controls a certain territory?

There has recently been a lot of controversy regarding President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. However it seems odd to me that this is a point of contention in the ...
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3answers
648 views

Is there any study linking ignorance to political preference?

I was talking with a friend of mine and we got to a realisation that ignorant people (those uneducated) tend to look for the politicians of a specific side of the political spectrum in contrast to the ...
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10answers
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Why do working class people vote for the political right?

Some analysis of the 2017 General Election in the UK has been published in the Financial Times, which seems to indicate that people without a university degree, who were working class, and had poor ...
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0answers
76 views

What if government just approves things that happen anyway? [closed]

What if this happened? Say it could not be scientifically proven that government caused a particular result? Or that it could not be disproven that it would happen anyway? What I am asking is : What ...
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1answer
109 views

Is the social contract invalid if I change jurisdiction? [closed]

Can I move to a different place and nullify the social contract (just somewhere else)? Does this destroy the moral justification for taxes?
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1answer
119 views

Is there a standard political process which a government uses to verify claims?

https://thehill.com/homenews/sunday-talk-shows/456092-top-aide-names-seven-deadly-sins-china-must-end-to-stop-trade-war “Stop stealing our intellectual property, stop forcing technology transfers,...
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5answers
521 views

The meaning of “right” in Italian Fascism

In laying out the foundation for fascism, Giovanni Gentile and Benito Mussolini wrote two essays in the 1920s and 30s known as, "La Dottrina del Fascismo". Gentile authored the first essay titled "...
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3answers
2k views

Who first proposed the idea that “Supreme executive power derives from a mandate from the masses”?

King Arthur: The Lady of the Lake, her arm clad in the purest shimmering samite, held aloft Excalibur from the bosom of the water, signifying by divine providence that I, Arthur, was to carry ...
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2answers
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What did Marx and Engels mean by “Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes.”?

In the communist manifesto what did Marx and Engels mean by "Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes"?
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4answers
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Difference between nationalism and patriotism

Nowadays, nationalism has a strong negative connotation attached to it. This stigma doesn't apply to patriotism. What's the difference between them? If there is a difference to what extent could ...
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4answers
957 views

Is there a scientific political ideology?

It could be argued, that the idea of "freedom" dictates much of US politics, that the idea of "nation" dictates much of Russian politics, that the idea "responsibility" directs German politics, and so ...
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5answers
460 views

Does a best or most optimized system exist?

People have diverse views about what they think is moral, what economic policy is the best, what legislation is good, etc. But all of these views are opinions. By sharing our opinions, (most) people ...
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3answers
275 views

What is the difference between a “nation” and a “country”?

I often see certain territories/ semi-sovereignties alternatively referred to as a "nation" or a "country". For example, Quebec (the province in Canada) likes to be referred to as a "nation". Native ...
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3answers
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Would the Founding Fathers have supported an inheritance tax?

I recently had someone make the claim that several of the Framers of the U.S. Constitution would have likely agreed with an estate or inheritance tax. This theory was backed up by a few quotes from ...
4
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1answer
207 views

Do any countries or states require citizens to pass a knowledge-based test before voting?

In Against Democracy, Georgetown University political philosopher Jason Brennan presents his case for epistocracy. Do any countries or states require citizens to pass a knowledge-based test before ...
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4answers
3k views

What is the difference between globalisation and imperialism?

It seems obvious to start by looking at the first few lines on Wikipedia: Wikipedia on globalisation Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration among people, ...
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2answers
270 views

Why is the voter turnout at EU level so low compared to national elections?

The voter turnout in the European elections in Germany in 2019 for instance was only around 62%. Notable this is still much higher than it was in previous EU elections there… Additionally the voter ...
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3answers
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Why did the World Bank set the global poverty line at $1.90?

In early 2019 Bill Gates tweeted an infographic during the 45 meeting of the World Economic Forum at Davos that showed that the proportion of people living in poverty had decreased from 94% in 1820 to ...
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1answer
115 views

Who are the main interests behind a culture that Henry Giroux calls the dictatorship of Ignorance?

Henry Giroux, in an article in Salon.com writes: The designers of a new breed of fascism increasingly dominate major political formations and other commanding political and economic institutions ...
3
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1answer
183 views

Are there influential theories why the Lib Dems have survived on the UK political landscape?

Generally a first-past the post FPTP electoral system favors a two-party system, aka Duverger's law. In the UK however, the Lib Dems have managed to survive for (approximately) a century the ...
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3answers
254 views

What are some political philosophies/doctrines for deciding when violence is acceptable?

Recently some UK politicians have been getting milkshakes thrown over them. No injuries resulted, but the question of when violence, including relatively minor acts such as this, can be justified or ...
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2answers
161 views

Is the idea of governing for one's constituents at odds with good policy?

In the US legislator, the elected people govern to help their constituents. How does this work with governing for the greater good of everyone. Let’s use climate change as an example and assume it is ...
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7answers
16k views

How accurate is the horseshoe theory?

From Wikipedia: The horseshoe theory in political science asserts that rather than the far left and the far right being at opposite and opposing ends of a linear political continuum, they in ...
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1answer
325 views

Is Chinese Communism with market economy based on any Marxist theory?

Does any Marxist theory allow market economy the way the Chinese have it? Did any Marxist author write anything on this happening in a socialist state? Can a plan economy transform after a while, ...
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12answers
8k views

Why does partisanship trump concerns about hypocrisy with voters?

Politicians are routinely hypocritical in support of partisan ends. I'll provide a few examples to demonstrate what I mean: When their party's nominee for the U.S. Supreme Court is facing ...
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4answers
292 views

What is the difference between war refugees and deserters?

To give one example, the US government reserves the right to reinstate conscription at any time. If conscription is reinstated, anyone fleeing the US territory to escape the war will become a deserter ...
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1answer
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How does the possibility of snap elections provide an electoral benefit to voters?

I live in Canada, which used to have, inspired by the British system, federal elections every 5 years, plus the possibility of snap elections. It was actually reformed to every 4 years, fixed. My ...
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1answer
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Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...
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2answers
83 views

Comparative Environmental Policy/ Executive Orders

For a paper, I am currently trying to compare Executive Orders by Trump within the first year of his presidency and Bush's first year of his first presidency concerning environmental issues. My ...
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6answers
817 views

What's the difference between repeating elections every few years and repeating a referendum after a few years?

There's a lot of talk in the UK these days about how holding a second referendum on Brexit would be "undemocratic" and "go against the spirit of referendums". However repeating a vote doesn't seem all ...
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2answers
3k views

Who coined the term “madman theory”?

Madman theory revolves around the idea of appearing more "crazy" than one actually is. It is actually a signaling game in its simplest form. At least nowadays such games are exemplified with a "...
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1answer
517 views

Machiavelli on making hard decisions

Is there anywhere where, in his writings, Machivelli talks about making difficult decisions and how to regard "the greater good"?
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3answers
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What exactly is ineptocracy?

I heard about some people arguing about ineptocracy as applying to the country I live in. I searched up the term and found these definitions: The phenomenon of governance or leadership by the ...
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3answers
389 views

Where would Geoism be placed on a political compass?

Geoism/Georgism is an economic philosophy holding that, while people should own the value they produce themselves, economic value derived from land and other natural resources should belong equally to ...
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0answers
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Do freedom-of-information laws increase corruption?

That's the general conclusion of a 2007 study: It has been argued that greater transparency is needed to reduce corruption. One way of increasing transparency is through the adoption of Freedom ...
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1answer
88 views

Scales or real-world ideals of deliberative democracy?

I only had a superficial contact with the literature on deliberative democracy... but it seems to me it's extremely theory-laden. What I'd like to know if there have been empirical proposals to gauge ...
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2answers
127 views

Implication of governmental taxes

Are governmental taxes (federal or state) which an entity pays considered a debt [owed to its government] or is the entity merely giving the government its share? E.g. a person is taxed 30% on his ...
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6answers
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In what sense did Jefferson consider the right to life “unalienable” in light of his support for capital punishment?

Thomas Jefferson famously wrote in the 1776 Declaration of Independence that, "All men ... are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the ...
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2answers
213 views

Are there political proposals to jail/fine parents of a minor guilty of murder?

I was reading an article about a relatively recent story where a minor was convicted of murdering another minor. This triggered a train of thought that ended in the question in the title. To explain ...
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1answer
133 views

What is the neutral way to establish a Democracy? [closed]

It seems to me that there is no neutral way to establish a Democracy. When there are unavoidable threats to a Dictatorship or a Monarchy , the Dictator or King (whom I will call DK in short) may call ...
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2answers
107 views

Ancient Concept of Government and Modern Government

As far as I understand, the ancient concept of government, as stated, for example, by Cicero, revolves around the enforcement of the law, enacting a just law, and obedience to the law. For example, a ...
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4answers
497 views

What are the great modern achievements of political science? [closed]

When I think of great achievements of modern sciences, I can point to things like nuclear energy for physicists, the internet for computer scientists, etc. however for political science I am unsure ...
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1answer
128 views

What is the difference between a one party state & non-partisan democracy?

A one-party state often in practice appears to consider that all nationals are de-facto members of the ruling party, so how is there really any difference between that & a non-partisan democracy? ...
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9answers
13k views

What is the difference between Communism and Anarchism?

Can anybody please explain me, in brief, the difference between Communists and Anarchists?
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6answers
420 views

Can collectivist economics co-exist with Individual rights?

I have often heard that collectivism and individual rights can't co-exist because they are opposites. On the surface this appears to be accurate, but is there any historical examples of societies ...
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4answers
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How do Libertarian political thinkers address self harm?

I was just wondering what the libertarian approach would be if someone was suicidal or harming their selves in some way, is/are there any principles in the ideology that would have or warrant ...
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3answers
281 views

What is the relationship between government expenditure and the quality of life?

Can we say, in general, what is the relationship between relative government expenditure (or the total taxation) and the average quality of life?
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4answers
335 views

In what ways economy influence slavery and end of it?

Most people think slavery is prohibited because it's "wrong". If that's true, we would have ended slavery thousands of years ago. It seems that industrialization makes labor more "precious". Each ...
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7answers
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Why don't many of the Republicans in the House and Senate believe in climate change?

In their foundations, they support the laissez faire (economics) but they don't accept the green economy. Are there any logical reasons of why most Republicans (not all) refuse to acknowledge climate ...
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What is the difference between negative rights and positive rights?

What's the difference between negative rights and positive rights? Can negative rights co-exist? Can positive rights co-exist? Can negative rights co-exist with positive rights?