Questions tagged [political-theory]

Political theory is the study of the concepts in politics. Use this tag for questions regarding political philosophy or scientific theories.

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1answer
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Which (subjective) measure of corruption is the best predictor for an outsider winning a major election?

There's a (somewhat vague) theory that once the electorate starts to believe the political system is corrupt, it is more likely to vote for an outsider (someone who hasn't had a long political career) ...
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7answers
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Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
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0answers
114 views

What is considered the most fundamental principle underlying political science? [closed]

Someone from outside the field of political science asked me what is the Newton's law equivalent of political science (e.g. the basic laws governing the dynamics of the political field, like Newton's ...
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14answers
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Why is populism seen as being negative or bad?

The definition that I found for populism is "support for the concerns of ordinary people". Democracy is form of government where the people rule by majority. If Democracy is considered to be "good", ...
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1answer
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Are there any proposed systems to bring more long-term planning into (democratic) government?

In much of the world, (liberal) democracy (in a broad sense) is seen as the best (or least bad) system of government, and in the 20th and 21st century, living standards have improved markedly in ...
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What is the purpose of democracy?

In many modern political debates democracy is often considered an unalloyed virtue: things are good because they are democratic. Things the people have voted for are good because they represent the "...
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1answer
135 views

Mathematical models for political platforms

I've been looking for resources which analyze the various political platforms using mathematical models. For example, the idea of "democratic socialism" seems to be based on a model of wealth ...
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3answers
71 views

Have some concrete/operational definitions been proposed for the term “shadow war”?

Various commentators have said that US and Iran and/or Israel and Iran are engaged in a "shadow war". Have there been works/proposals in political science/theory literature clearly defining this "...
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167 views

Why do right-wing parties care about animals? [closed]

Donald Trump, Vlaams Belang(Belgium) and AfD(Germany) all seem to be particularly concerned with animal rights. Why is it that the right-wing cares so much about animals and does it tie into tribal ...
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1answer
235 views

Does any country “filter” otherwise eligible political candidates?

In Brazil, almost anyone can enter politics as long as they meet these conditions: must have Brazilian nationality or be naturalized; be in full exercise of political rights; be listed in the ...
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2answers
201 views

Are 'state religion' and 'official religion' the same things?

Are 'state religion' and 'official religion' the same things? For example, Pakistan has state religion while Sri Lanka has official religion. On https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_religion , it ...
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Is the US a welfare state?

Is the US considered a welfare state? If so, where would it be classified using the Esping-Andersen's welfare classification?
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1answer
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What is the name of a doctrine that aims to solidify state loyalty by allowing minorities to secede?

Is there a name for a doctrine that states that a nation state would be better off by allowing minorities, such as the Arabs in Israel, Kurds in Turkey, or Albanians in Macedonia, to actually secede ...
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Why do we collect taxes on income from labor?

This question tries to illuminate why it is probably good if within a country/an economy there are more jobs rather than fewer jobs. I would agree, it seems to me that employment is likely to lower ...
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2answers
135 views

How widely accepted is the semi-parliamentary classification of executive-legislative relations that was espoused in Ganghof, 2018?

In Ganghof, 2018, the author argues that Australia and Japan both have a newly classified system of government that he dubbed the 'semi-parliamentary system'. In it, the legislative branch is split ...
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Is Communism intrinsically authoritarian?

As a consequence of the recent developments in China, I’ve heard a lot of commentary which characterises authoritarianism as an inevitable consequence of a Communist state. How true is this statement?...
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Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
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Are there well-known democracy ranking/evaluation systems that penalize the fusion of powers (between the executive and legislative)?

Basically, I want to ask how accepted is the idea that fusion of powers between the executive and legislative, present in the Westminster-inspired systems, implies a democratic deficit of some kind. (...
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What are some good online good-faith venues for more opinionated political discussion? [closed]

I've had a rather difficult time leveraging this site for Q&A as a significant portion of my interest in politics is targeted more at formation of my own political beliefs outside the actual ...
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2answers
256 views

What is the name of the (atheistic) political ideology where rulers are considered the highest moral authority?

In a theocracy, God, is considered the top of the hierarchy. Then in some monarchies the line is blurred a bit because the monarch is considered appointed by God or to even be a living-God as in ...
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13answers
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Why does partisanship trump concerns about hypocrisy with voters?

Politicians are routinely hypocritical in support of partisan ends. I'll provide a few examples to demonstrate what I mean: When their party's nominee for the U.S. Supreme Court is facing ...
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4answers
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Is the conspiracy theory of “Cultural Marxism” inherently tied to antisemitism?

According to Wikipedia, cultural marxism is a conspiracy theory that says that the Frankfurt School wants to destroy western culture by controlling the media, academia, etc., using as its method the ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between 'suzerainty' and 'federalism'?

What is the difference between 'suzerainty' and 'federalism’? I’ve found the following definitions, but they sound similar in many ways. What is the main difference between these 2 forms of government?...
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2answers
129 views

Can influence diagrams be an effective tool to mediate political disagreements?

From Wikipedia: An influence diagram (also called a relevance diagram, decision diagram or a decision network) is a compact graphical and mathematical representation of a decision situation. It ...
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0answers
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Differences between “political theory”, “political philosophy”, and “political thought”?

What're the differences between these terms: political theory; political philosophy; political thought? I ask because these terms seem to mean the same thing in common usage.
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1answer
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What is the meaning of “artificial borders”?

In the political analysis of many conflicts, especially regarding Africa or the Middle East, many people explain the conflicts as being caused, in part, by "artificial borders." There are also ...
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Which political philosophy takes a situational approach as to whether government or private enterprise solves a problem better?

Background There are several political philosophies that presume that government tends to be the solution to most societal problems as a major aspect of each philosophy. By contrast, there are also ...
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1answer
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Are there standardized ways to quantify political division?

Political division seems to be one of the main issues of our time, with countless articles, op-eds, and studies describing how the US and other countries (the UK comes immediately to mind) are ...
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1answer
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Why Marxists Parties Keeps so Strong in England While Doesn't in USA? [closed]

As we keep reading about the subject, seems clear that marxist Parties remains very strong in England, while don't in USA, remaining as allies of Democratic Party, which rivals Republican Party, for a ...
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1answer
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Were the SPD social fascists?

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_Germany Throughout the Weimar era, the KPD viewed the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) as its main adversary,[8] and the KPD referred to ...
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Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
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3answers
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Without government, who would build the roads?

In an Anarcho-capitalist society, where there is no government, who would build the roads?
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Conservatism and Executive Power

The Economist cites the philosopher and political theorist Michael Oakeshott to describe conservatism as "To be conservative... is to prefer the familiar to the unknown, to prefer the tried to the ...
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Is there a standard political process which a government uses to verify claims?

https://thehill.com/homenews/sunday-talk-shows/456092-top-aide-names-seven-deadly-sins-china-must-end-to-stop-trade-war “Stop stealing our intellectual property, stop forcing technology transfers,...
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What is the point of countries not recognizing the physical reality of who controls a certain territory?

There has recently been a lot of controversy regarding President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. However it seems odd to me that this is a point of contention in the ...
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Is there any study linking ignorance to political preference?

I was talking with a friend of mine and we got to a realisation that ignorant people (those uneducated) tend to look for the politicians of a specific side of the political spectrum in contrast to the ...
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Why do working class people vote for the political right?

Some analysis of the 2017 General Election in the UK has been published in the Financial Times, which seems to indicate that people without a university degree, who were working class, and had poor ...
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1answer
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Is the social contract invalid if I change jurisdiction? [closed]

Can I move to a different place and nullify the social contract (just somewhere else)? Does this destroy the moral justification for taxes?
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The meaning of “right” in Italian Fascism

In laying out the foundation for fascism, Giovanni Gentile and Benito Mussolini wrote two essays in the 1920s and 30s known as, "La Dottrina del Fascismo". Gentile authored the first essay titled "...
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Who first proposed the idea that “Supreme executive power derives from a mandate from the masses”?

King Arthur: The Lady of the Lake, her arm clad in the purest shimmering samite, held aloft Excalibur from the bosom of the water, signifying by divine providence that I, Arthur, was to carry ...
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What did Marx and Engels mean by “Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes.”?

In the communist manifesto what did Marx and Engels mean by "Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes"?
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Difference between nationalism and patriotism

Nowadays, nationalism has a strong negative connotation attached to it. This stigma doesn't apply to patriotism. What's the difference between them? If there is a difference to what extent could ...
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4answers
977 views

Is there a scientific political ideology?

It could be argued, that the idea of "freedom" dictates much of US politics, that the idea of "nation" dictates much of Russian politics, that the idea "responsibility" directs German politics, and so ...
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5answers
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Does a best or most optimized system exist?

People have diverse views about what they think is moral, what economic policy is the best, what legislation is good, etc. But all of these views are opinions. By sharing our opinions, (most) people ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between a “nation” and a “country”?

I often see certain territories/ semi-sovereignties alternatively referred to as a "nation" or a "country". For example, Quebec (the province in Canada) likes to be referred to as a "nation". Native ...
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3answers
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Would the Founding Fathers have supported an inheritance tax?

I recently had someone make the claim that several of the Framers of the U.S. Constitution would have likely agreed with an estate or inheritance tax. This theory was backed up by a few quotes from ...
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1answer
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Do any countries or states require citizens to pass a knowledge-based test before voting?

In Against Democracy, Georgetown University political philosopher Jason Brennan presents his case for epistocracy. Do any countries or states require citizens to pass a knowledge-based test before ...
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What is the difference between globalisation and imperialism?

It seems obvious to start by looking at the first few lines on Wikipedia: Wikipedia on globalisation Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration among people, ...
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Why is the voter turnout at EU level so low compared to national elections?

The voter turnout in the European elections in Germany in 2019 for instance was only around 62%. Notable this is still much higher than it was in previous EU elections there… Additionally the voter ...
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Why did the World Bank set the global poverty line at $1.90?

In early 2019 Bill Gates tweeted an infographic during the 45 meeting of the World Economic Forum at Davos that showed that the proportion of people living in poverty had decreased from 94% in 1820 to ...