Questions tagged [political-theory]

Political theory is the study of the concepts in politics. Use this tag for questions regarding political philosophy or scientific theories.

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31
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14answers
14k views

Direct voting on every issue (referendum) - new political system [closed]

First of all, I am not a politician. I am just a computer scientist. I asked this question because I do not think that I have adequate knowledge of various political systems. Background: Over the ...
20
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4answers
8k views

What are the main differences between different types of Marxism?

Socialism, Communism, Marxism, Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism, etc are different political idioms with some similarities in ideology. But my question is about their differences: Question: What are the ...
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7answers
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How accurate is the horseshoe theory?

From Wikipedia: The horseshoe theory in political science asserts that rather than the far left and the far right being at opposite and opposing ends of a linear political continuum, they in ...
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6answers
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Differences and Similarities Between a Democracy and a Republic

What are the key differences and similarities between republics and democracies? Here on politics.SE there are a fair number of questions like "Is X a Democracy?" or "Is Y a Republic?". There are ...
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16answers
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What ethical (if any) or economical arguments are offered in defense of the inheritance tax?

Although I am normally quite supportive of higher taxation, I've never really felt comfortable with the inheritance tax. I see no reason why the government should tax the money a parent wishes to ...
91
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16answers
28k views

Why allow convicted criminals to vote?

According to a 1998 HRW report, The United States may have the world’s most restrictive criminal disenfranchisement laws. We know of no other democracy besides the United States in which convicted ...
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19answers
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When is a democratic vote actually the wrong tool?

Democracy is defined as: Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". Democracy is a system of processing conflicts in which outcomes depend on what participants do, but no ...
23
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3answers
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Without government, who would build the roads?

In an Anarcho-capitalist society, where there is no government, who would build the roads?
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7answers
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Why don't many of the Republicans in the House and Senate believe in climate change?

In their foundations, they support the laissez faire (economics) but they don't accept the green economy. Are there any logical reasons of why most Republicans (not all) refuse to acknowledge climate ...
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7answers
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What is a Republic?

The question "What is a Republic?" has been half-asked more than once on this website (see this question, this one and last but not least this other one). However, it seems it has never been answered ...
36
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4answers
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Difference between nationalism and patriotism

Nowadays, nationalism has a strong negative connotation attached to it. This stigma doesn't apply to patriotism. What's the difference between them? If there is a difference to what extent could ...
50
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12answers
9k views

Why does partisanship trump concerns about hypocrisy with voters?

Politicians are routinely hypocritical in support of partisan ends. I'll provide a few examples to demonstrate what I mean: When their party's nominee for the U.S. Supreme Court is facing ...
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4answers
7k views

Why can't voting be fair if there are more than two alternatives?

I've heard that mathematically it can be shown that given any voting system with more than two choices, voters can cheat the system by not voting their true opinions in order to game the system and ...
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Is the conspiracy theory of “Cultural Marxism” inherently tied to antisemitism?

According to Wikipedia, cultural marxism is a conspiracy theory that says that the Frankfurt School wants to destroy western culture by controlling the media, academia, etc., using as its method the ...
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2answers
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How do these differ: Politics vs Political Science vs Political Philosophy vs Political Theory?

I've Googled several sources that compare two of these, but none that contrast all four: This Reddit thread contrasts Political Philosophy with Political Theory. This Quora thread contrasts Political ...
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7answers
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What does “far-right extremist” mean?

I often hear the expression "far-right extremist" to identify a person who goes on a killing spree based on his/her political beliefs. Examples would be Breivik and the perpetrator of the Trollhättan (...
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1answer
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Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...
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2answers
170 views

Is there a standard political process which a government uses to verify claims?

https://thehill.com/homenews/sunday-talk-shows/456092-top-aide-names-seven-deadly-sins-china-must-end-to-stop-trade-war “Stop stealing our intellectual property, stop forcing technology transfers,...
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5answers
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What does the non-dictatorship principle of the Arrow theorem mean exactly?

According to Wiki: The property of non-dictatorship is satisfied if there is no single voter i with the individual preference order P, such that P is the societal ("winning") preference order, ...
29
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10answers
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Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
5
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4answers
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Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In recent elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK more ...
15
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1answer
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Why did Aristotle refuse democracy?

I've read a book about antique political systems and I read that Aristotle refused democracy because he didn't support the idea of the rule of the poor. Here's my two explanations of this statement: ...
12
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1answer
479 views

Is the UK a republic?

Obviously not in name, but in theory. The UK is a representative democracy; its administration is elected by the people, who are recognised as citizens, not subjects, enjoying the various freedoms (...
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2answers
662 views

What is the furthest an amendment has gotten to 'fix' the elastic and commerce clauses?

There exists a strain of political thought in the United States roughly as follows: Most of the day to day government action (ie: not national defense) should be handled by state governments. ...
6
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3answers
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Number of winning coalitions of state in the electoral college

Define a coalition as a subset of the set of the 51 states (counting DC as a state) that make the USA. Define a coalition as winning if the total number of electoral votes of the state in that ...
6
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1answer
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What is the Overton window?

I have heard of the Overton Window on Wikipedia and in a question on Skeptics StackExchange. Wikpedia says: The Overton window is a political theory that describes as a narrow "window" the range ...
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2answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
4
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2answers
271 views

What are the origins of non-aggression politics within liberalism?

Non-aggression politics plays a significant role in liberalism as a broad tradition. It appears to be central to the revival of Manchester School politics in the United States under the name "...
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3answers
899 views

What are the ideological differences between the Soviet Union and Noam Chomsky?

What the Soviet Union used to be is usually considered a socialist state. Noam Chomsky is a political activist who is also considered a socialist. Still, Noam Chomsky appears to have a very ...
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1answer
111 views

What is the theoretical content of the terms used in non-aggression discourse within liberal politics?

The complexity of non-aggression politics within liberalism is obvious: liberalism defends private property which is widely (but not universally) considered to be an act of violence by other political ...
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What is the point of countries not recognizing the physical reality of who controls a certain territory?

There has recently been a lot of controversy regarding President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. However it seems odd to me that this is a point of contention in the ...
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5answers
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What has divided the country so severely since Bill Clinton's election?

I recently saw this article by the New York Times' Upshot showing that last 50 years of electoral college results from the presidential elections. Something that stand out is how drastically voting ...
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5answers
534 views

Create a System of government that uses the Stack Exchange system to make decisions

Stack exchange seems to brilliantly and concisely match an answer to a question and more key has a great way of ranking the 'correct' or most efficient answer based on merit or efficacy. Can we ...
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3answers
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Would it be justified for a libertarian state to ban certain religious schools?

From a libertarian perspective, public education system is not desirable in a free society, roughly because public education is a monopoly (in this case, of the State), which is based on the ...
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1answer
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What methodologies of measuring the power of the state are researched today?

What methodologies are used today to measure the power of the state in an objective way? Most of the classifications are based on either intuition (publicist one) or take into account only one or few ...
3
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2answers
189 views

Is Zelig an Arrovian dictator?

This question is a follow-up to this one, and particular serves to clarify a potential error in one of the presented references. The Context When elaborating Arrow’s non-dictatorship criterion, the ...
2
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1answer
706 views

What is 'critical theory' in terms of restriction of free speech?

The journalist Chris Uhlmann (also the author of the video clip on Trump's G19 performance at the G20) writes the following on the history of critical theory and its impact on free speech: neo-...
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1answer
381 views

Has anyone called for the elimination of limited liability?

One of the justifications that liberals make for the regulation and taxation of corporations is that corporations are by their very nature government-subsidized enterprises, because the government ...
6
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2answers
276 views

Why is the voter turnout at EU level so low compared to national elections?

The voter turnout in the European elections in Germany in 2019 for instance was only around 62%. Notable this is still much higher than it was in previous EU elections there… Additionally the voter ...
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1answer
117 views
+50

Are there standardized ways to quantify political division?

Political division seems to be one of the main issues of our time, with countless articles, op-eds, and studies describing how the US and other countries (the UK comes immediately to mind) are ...
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2answers
285 views

Is the US-based observation that “the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system” generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
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0answers
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Are there some studies which measure the level of politicization of courts in a trans-Atlantic perspective?

It's easy enough to find a Europe-only comparative perspective on the politicization of the judiciary, e.g. Werkmann (2017): The authors measured the level of politicization in each country ...
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1answer
302 views

In social contract theory, is there anything which may not be included in an agreement?

Social contract theory is a broad ethical paradigm which focuses on the moral value of agreements between individuals or categories of individuals. The general premise is that it is morally acceptable ...
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1answer
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Elitist and Marxist theories on the distribution of power

What are the main differences and similarities between the marxist and elitist theories on the distribution of power in Liberal democracies?
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1answer
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In the U.S., when a policy issue is more relevant in public opinion, does the influence of interest groups wane?

In the U.S., when a policy issue is more relevant in public opinion, does the influence of interest groups wane? I ask because, on one hand, one can think that when a issue is discussed more in ...
0
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1answer
199 views

What is the minimum age before your political views are considered well thought out and educated? [closed]

I see a lot of the time people shut younger people down when arguing politics because they say that they aren't wise and educated enough to have these opinions. What age or education level do you ...
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4answers
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What is the difference between war refugees and deserters?

To give one example, the US government reserves the right to reinstate conscription at any time. If conscription is reinstated, anyone fleeing the US territory to escape the war will become a deserter ...