Questions tagged [political-theory]

Political theory is the study of the concepts in politics. Use this tag for questions regarding political philosophy or scientific theories.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
31
votes
16answers
14k views

Direct voting on every issue (referendum) - new political system

First of all, I am not a politician. I am just a computer scientist. I asked this question because I do not think that I have adequate knowledge of various political systems. Background: Over the ...
20
votes
4answers
9k views

What are the main differences between different types of Marxism?

Socialism, Communism, Marxism, Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism, etc are different political idioms with some similarities in ideology. But my question is about their differences: Question: What are the ...
9
votes
2answers
377 views

Are there standardized ways to quantify political division?

Political division seems to be one of the main issues of our time, with countless articles, op-eds, and studies describing how the US and other countries (the UK comes immediately to mind) are ...
4
votes
1answer
987 views

Is Chinese Communism with market economy based on any Marxist theory?

Does any Marxist theory allow market economy the way the Chinese have it? Did any Marxist author write anything on this happening in a socialist state? Can a plan economy transform after a while, ...
53
votes
13answers
9k views

Why does partisanship trump concerns about hypocrisy with voters?

Politicians are routinely hypocritical in support of partisan ends. I'll provide a few examples to demonstrate what I mean: When their party's nominee for the U.S. Supreme Court is facing ...
24
votes
6answers
20k views

How accurate is the horseshoe theory?

From Wikipedia: The horseshoe theory in political science asserts that rather than the far left and the far right being at opposite and opposing ends of a linear political continuum, they in ...
11
votes
5answers
7k views

Differences and Similarities Between a Democracy and a Republic

What are the key differences and similarities between republics and democracies? Here on politics.SE there are a fair number of questions like "Is X a Democracy?" or "Is Y a Republic?&...
12
votes
5answers
4k views

Is the conspiracy theory of "Cultural Marxism" inherently tied to antisemitism?

According to Wikipedia, cultural Marxism is a conspiracy theory that says that the Frankfurt School wants to destroy Western culture by controlling the media, academia, etc., using as its method the ...
81
votes
16answers
20k views

What ethical (if any) or economical arguments are offered in defense of the inheritance tax?

Although I am normally quite supportive of higher taxation, I've never really felt comfortable with the inheritance tax. I see no reason why the government should tax the money a parent wishes to ...
99
votes
17answers
29k views

Why allow convicted criminals to vote?

According to a 1998 HRW report, The United States may have the world’s most restrictive criminal disenfranchisement laws. We know of no other democracy besides the United States in which convicted ...
35
votes
12answers
5k views

Alternatives to money and power as social incentive mechanisms

Capitalism does a pretty good job of incentivizing people to work on what's economically profitable, e.g., finance, law, tech, and what gives them power over others, e.g., becoming CEOs. Now let's ...
61
votes
19answers
18k views

When is a democratic vote actually the wrong tool?

Democracy is defined as: Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". Democracy is a system of processing conflicts in which outcomes depend on what participants do, but no ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Without government, who would build the roads?

In an Anarcho-capitalist society, where there is no government, who would build the roads?
18
votes
6answers
6k views

What does "far-right extremist" mean?

I often hear the expression "far-right extremist" to identify a person who goes on a killing spree based on his/her political beliefs. Examples would be Breivik and the perpetrator of the Trollhättan (...
17
votes
6answers
3k views

Why don't many of the Republicans in the House and Senate believe in climate change?

In their foundations, they support the laissez faire (economics) but they don't accept the green economy. Are there any logical reasons of why most Republicans (not all) refuse to acknowledge climate ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

What is a Republic?

The question "What is a Republic?" has been half-asked more than once on this website (see this question, this one and last but not least this other one). However, it seems it has never been answered ...
36
votes
4answers
10k views

Difference between nationalism and patriotism

Nowadays, nationalism has a strong negative connotation attached to it. This stigma doesn't apply to patriotism. What's the difference between them? If there is a difference to what extent could ...
30
votes
10answers
14k views

Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
26
votes
4answers
8k views

Why can't voting be fair if there are more than two alternatives?

I've heard that mathematically it can be shown that given any voting system with more than two choices, voters can cheat the system by not voting their true opinions in order to game the system and ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

How do these differ: Politics vs Political Science vs Political Philosophy vs Political Theory?

I've Googled several sources that compare two of these, but none that contrast all four: This Reddit thread contrasts Political Philosophy with Political Theory. This Quora thread contrasts Political ...
3
votes
2answers
641 views

If the countervailing ideology to Progressivism is Conservatism, what is the countervailing ideology to Reactionary movements?

Background In the United States, Progressivism has been associated with sets of (normally left leaning relative to the political spectrum of the time) political reforms whose number and societal ...
2
votes
2answers
278 views

Writings or public statements advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...
44
votes
8answers
15k views

Why do politicians refuse to answer hypothetical questions?

Often you hear politicians say this "I don't answer hypothetical questions". Why can't hypothetical questions be answered? What are the grounds for politicians justify saying that? Is there a way to ...
15
votes
5answers
4k views

What does the non-dictatorship principle of the Arrow theorem mean exactly?

According to Wiki: The property of non-dictatorship is satisfied if there is no single voter i with the individual preference order P, such that P is the societal ("winning") preference order, ...
49
votes
5answers
8k views

Apparently many US voters think their candidate supports their politics even if they do not. Does this also apply to voters in other countries?

This surprising New York Times article says many US voters can't tell what political positions their candidate espouse, and in fact appear to simply attach their favored positions onto their candidate....
29
votes
7answers
5k views

Is it a fundamental tenet of liberalism to allow the expression of illiberal ideals?

In recent years, the US has seen a rise in a priori rejection or "cancelling" of illiberal ideas on the left. In essence, these ideas are being rejected from mainstream liberal society ...
16
votes
11answers
8k views

What purpose does economic inequality (inequality in wealth) serve?

What purpose does economic inequality (inequality in wealth) serve? While one can argue that it's a result of differing productive capability, this is not the case with e.g. inherited wealth. Also, ...
24
votes
7answers
7k views

If the goal of communism is a stateless society, then why do we refer to authoritarian governments such as China as communist?

The actions taken by these governments seem to be more fascist than communist. The term communism is used to describe so many contradicting policies and it is very confusing.
14
votes
1answer
881 views

Is the UK a republic?

Obviously not in name, but in theory. The UK is a representative democracy; its administration is elected by the people, who are recognised as citizens, not subjects, enjoying the various freedoms (...
9
votes
2answers
855 views

What is the furthest an amendment has gotten to 'fix' the elastic and commerce clauses?

There exists a strain of political thought in the United States roughly as follows: Most of the day to day government action (ie: not national defense) should be handled by state governments. ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
5
votes
7answers
2k views

Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In the 2015 elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK ...
14
votes
3answers
827 views

How did the US end up so evenly split?

When looking at the popular vote for 2016, about 49% to 51%, and the current numbers for 2020, it's astonishing how close it is — how evenly the country is divided. Surely this is unexpected and ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Why did Aristotle refuse democracy?

I've read a book about antique political systems and I read that Aristotle refused democracy because he didn't support the idea of the rule of the poor. Here's my two explanations of this statement: ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the Overton window?

I have heard of the Overton Window on Wikipedia and in a question on Skeptics StackExchange. Wikpedia says: The Overton window is a political theory that describes as a narrow "window" the range ...
6
votes
3answers
468 views

Number of winning coalitions of state in the electoral college

Define a coalition as a subset of the set of the 51 states (counting DC as a state) that make the USA. Define a coalition as winning if the total number of electoral votes of the state in that ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What are the ideological differences between the Soviet Union and Noam Chomsky?

What the Soviet Union used to be is usually considered a socialist state. Noam Chomsky is a political activist who is also considered a socialist. Still, Noam Chomsky appears to have a very ...
4
votes
2answers
310 views

What are the origins of non-aggression politics within liberalism?

Non-aggression politics plays a significant role in liberalism as a broad tradition. It appears to be central to the revival of Manchester School politics in the United States under the name "...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

What is the theoretical content of the terms used in non-aggression discourse within liberal politics?

The complexity of non-aggression politics within liberalism is obvious: liberalism defends private property which is widely (but not universally) considered to be an act of violence by other political ...
0
votes
1answer
652 views

Has anyone called for the elimination of limited liability?

One of the justifications that liberals make for the regulation and taxation of corporations is that corporations are by their very nature government-subsidized enterprises, because the government ...
18
votes
6answers
6k views

What has divided US politics so severely since Bill Clinton's election?

I recently saw this article by the New York Times' Upshot showing that last 50 years of electoral college results from the presidential elections. Something that stand out is how drastically voting ...
9
votes
7answers
1k views

What is the point of countries not recognizing the physical reality of who controls a certain territory?

There has recently been a lot of controversy regarding President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. However it seems odd to me that this is a point of contention in the ...
8
votes
5answers
680 views

Create a System of government that uses the Stack Exchange system to make decisions

Stack exchange seems to brilliantly and concisely match an answer to a question and more key has a great way of ranking the 'correct' or most efficient answer based on merit or efficacy. Can we ...
4
votes
3answers
780 views

Is there any study linking ignorance to political preference?

I was talking with a friend of mine and we got to a realisation that ignorant people (those uneducated) tend to look for the politicians of a specific side of the political spectrum in contrast to the ...
4
votes
2answers
213 views

Is Zelig an Arrovian dictator?

This question is a follow-up to this one, and particular serves to clarify a potential error in one of the presented references. The Context When elaborating Arrow’s non-dictatorship criterion, the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What methodologies of measuring the power of the state are researched today?

What methodologies are used today to measure the power of the state in an objective way? Most of the classifications are based on either intuition (publicist one) or take into account only one or few ...
2
votes
1answer
857 views

What is 'critical theory' in terms of restriction of free speech?

The journalist Chris Uhlmann (also the author of the video clip on Trump's G19 performance at the G20) writes the following on the history of critical theory and its impact on free speech: neo-...
9
votes
3answers
424 views

Is there any formal research into the concept of "nothing more permanent than a temporary government program"?

According to a quote attributed to Milton Friedman, "there's nothing more permanent than a temporary government program". Is there any formal academic research into this concept, i.e. ...
6
votes
2answers
355 views

Why is the voter turnout at EU level so low compared to national elections?

The voter turnout in the European elections in Germany in 2019 for instance was only around 62%. Notable this is still much higher than it was in previous EU elections there… Additionally the voter ...