Questions tagged [political-theory]

Political theory is the study of the concepts in politics. Use this tag for questions regarding political philosophy or scientific theories.

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14
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5answers
10k views

Is Venezuela an example of socialism?

I've been hearing a lot about Venezuela in the news lately. And it seems there is a big debate over whether it was socialism or not, or whether it was implemented properly. Is it safe to assume that ...
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3answers
346 views

In Marxism are prices decided centrally?

Are prices centrally decided in Marxism? If so are they based on labour value?
5
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1answer
294 views

What kind of government did Tocqueville consider the United States?

In Democracy in America does Tocqueville consider the United States a democracy, or does he have more nuanced views about the United States's form of government?
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2answers
214 views

Why didn't Orestes Brownson think that the “American form” of government is a “Mixed Government”?

In The American Republic: Its Constitution, Tendencies, and Destiny (1865), Orestes Brownson claims (ch. 1 introduction): Aristotle* knew only four forms of government: Monarchy, Aristocracy, ...
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3answers
1k views

Are there benefits to war? [closed]

There are obvious costs to war: loss of human life, destruction of property, disruption of people's lives, and much more. However, despite these costs wars continue to happen. I'm wondering what ...
7
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1answer
236 views

What is the term for the polisci problem of having to vote for a single individual holding many beliefs?

What's the term for the problem where voters have to pick a single person to vote for, but they may support different candidates on different issues? For example, maybe you like the Democrats ...
5
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2answers
2k views

What is the Rice Index? How does it measure party unity?

I've read that a so-called Rice index is used in political science to measure party unity. There's no Wikipedia page on this notion. How exactly is it defined? (Yes, I have jstor access and I can ...
3
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1answer
137 views

Model of interactions between government and society (circular dependency)

I have a question concerning how to think about or how it is that people/governments approach improving society at a large scale. I've attached a diagram showing my thinking: As you can see there is ...
3
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1answer
165 views

Are public opinion and expert views of ideological distances between political parties generally consistent?

This question is inspired by two papers I encountered, which came to the same conclusion using different sources to quantify the ideological distance between political parties in various countries: ...
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2answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
4
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2answers
299 views

Is the US-based observation that “the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system” generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
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1answer
217 views

What political theories allow businessmen understand politic easily? [closed]

I am a businessman. A pretty successful one. I want to understand politic. Currently I think I am just a customer of a state, namely, my state, where I paid protection fee called tax. However, ...
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2answers
199 views

Is Zelig an Arrovian dictator?

This question is a follow-up to this one, and particular serves to clarify a potential error in one of the presented references. The Context When elaborating Arrow’s non-dictatorship criterion, the ...
5
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2answers
389 views

Is voter turnout connected to dissatisfaction?

Is there a study revealing a connection between voter turnout and the level of dissatisfaction with the political situation?
3
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1answer
220 views

Anti Zionism vs Pro-Zionism vs Non-Zionism

I have been trying to read and understand Non-Zionism, but i did not get that much out of Wikipedia. In wiki it is mentioned: Non-Zionism is the political stance of Jews who "were [or are] willing ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Did direct democracy ever work (in a lab)?

We have had a couple of questions that discussed both the pros/cons of direct democracy in theory, as well as whether it was ever implemented in actual polity. But these are not necessarily very ...
14
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5answers
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What does the non-dictatorship principle of the Arrow theorem mean exactly?

According to Wiki: The property of non-dictatorship is satisfied if there is no single voter i with the individual preference order P, such that P is the societal ("winning") preference order, ...
92
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16answers
29k views

Why allow convicted criminals to vote?

According to a 1998 HRW report, The United States may have the world’s most restrictive criminal disenfranchisement laws. We know of no other democracy besides the United States in which convicted ...
15
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11answers
8k views

What purpose does economic inequality (inequality in wealth) serve?

What purpose does economic inequality (inequality in wealth) serve? While one can argue that it's a result of differing productive capability, this is not the case with e.g. inherited wealth. Also, ...
10
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2answers
648 views

By what measures can the political power of an organization be estimated?

I asked this question earlier: Which is more dangerous to US democracy: Far-left or far-right ideologies? and after thinking about the comments received, I realized that I should start with some ...
6
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2answers
513 views

When did “equity” become important in political philosophy?

Today "equity" is a commonly mentioned political value. For example, in Kansas the state supreme court found school funding unconstitutional partially because it was not equitable to school districts. ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Who coined the term “precariat”?

Until recently I was under the impression that it is a recent term based on the works of Guy Standing. All publications (currently) cited in the Wikipedia page on the topic are from 2010 or newer. But ...
0
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1answer
204 views

What is the minimum age before your political views are considered well thought out and educated? [closed]

I see a lot of the time people shut younger people down when arguing politics because they say that they aren't wise and educated enough to have these opinions. What age or education level do you ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Would a deontological-consequentialist 3rd axis on the Political Compass be informative? [closed]

A political spectrum is a system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions. - Political Spectrum - Wikipedia The ...
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1answer
101 views

Conferences about political meritocracy?

In his book, The China Model, Daniel Bell refers to conferences about political meritocracy: In a (selfish?) effort to help further my own thinking, I coorganized two conferences with leading ...
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1answer
1k views

What exactly is the difference between theory and metatheory? [closed]

What exactly is the difference between theory and metatheory? It would help if the answers relate to Political Science in general and International Relations in particular. Plus, I would be glad if ...
4
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1answer
227 views

Is there a generalized theory on why nation states become democracies or autocracies?

Historically, are there common elements that have led democratic countries into their stable democracies, and if so is there political science theory that touches on this process? and conversely ...
2
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3answers
233 views

Why is donation related taxation significantly smaller than inheritance taxation?

Note: this is related to this question Inheritance tax seems to vary very much from one state/country to another and where I live is virtually nonexistent (you pay 1% only if inheritance is disputed ...
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0answers
105 views

What would be the social and political consequences if a major country decided to prohibit driverless cars? [closed]

In the news, there's been talk of countries banning petrol and diesel cars by 2030-2040, but what if a major country - say for example; Canada, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and South Africa; decided ...
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3answers
1k views

What did Fidel Castro mean by “A revolution is a dictatorship of the exploited against the exploiters.”?

"A revolution is a dictatorship of the exploited against the exploiters." said by Fidel Castro. Fidel Castro is a Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist ...
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2answers
416 views

Chaos theory in politics [closed]

I have read and seen articles on this topic, but when I wanted to search for some specific examples recently happened or in history, I cannot find any. As I know, inside politics, a chain of events ...
78
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17answers
19k views

What ethical (if any) or economical arguments are offered in defense of the inheritance tax?

Although I am normally quite supportive of higher taxation, I've never really felt comfortable with the inheritance tax. I see no reason why the government should tax the money a parent wishes to ...
3
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1answer
11k views

What's the difference between Neorealism and Neoliberalism?

Can someone explain to me the difference between Neorealism and Neoliberalism? What do these two theories have in common and what are their differences? It would be perfect to include a real life ...
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2answers
116 views

Does Constitutional Court deciding upon a law related to its members break the “checks and balances” principle?

According to this article, Romanian Constitutional Court decided upon a notification coming from a parliamentary party regarding its own members immunity. Shortly put, they are deciding the ...
6
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1answer
269 views

What are the most important fundamental problems with World Federalism?

World Federalism is a political view that promotes a world-wide federation as a means to secure peace among the subjects. The argument is that the rule of law has proven to be a reliable way to calm ...
2
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1answer
266 views

How does Prejudice Plus Power apply to third party minorities?

This post pertains to the political theory of Prejudice Plus Power, a.k.a. R = P + P, which redefines the word "racism" as "prejudice plus power," meaning, among other things, that only whites can be ...
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0answers
58 views

How to start and continue studying world's politics [closed]

Over last years I started to develop strong interest in politics and the way world works. I'm 23 year-old student of engineering, so I don't really get in touch with these topics in University. I had ...
9
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2answers
547 views

When in modern history (since 1789) did “democracy” become important?

The French Revolutionary mantra was "liberté, égalité, fraternité". There was no mention of "democracy". The word does not appear in Edmund Burke's Speech to the Electors of ...
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7answers
4k views

How would libertarianism deal with deceptive contracts?

Also, what about if you buy a software, and some terms in the software TOS says that you agree to be sex slave. A more concrete samples Unit link insurances. In most regions, people are selling unit ...
60
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19answers
18k views

When is a democratic vote actually the wrong tool?

Democracy is defined as: Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". Democracy is a system of processing conflicts in which outcomes depend on what participants do, but no ...
0
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2answers
277 views

Capitalism and Democracy

Capitalism - an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. Democracy - a system of government by the ...
0
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2answers
216 views

Does this concept solve gerrymandering? [closed]

What if congressmen only got fractions of votes: the fraction of the voters who voted for them in the general election? So if they only got 51% of the vote, they only get 0.51 votes in the house. ...
11
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3answers
4k views

What is ethical liberalism?

I have recently seen a conference organized by an ex-PM which discussed about the creation of a new political party. One of the speakers mentioned that the party will be centered around "ethical ...
5
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1answer
140 views

Mathematical models for political platforms

I've been looking for resources which analyze the various political platforms using mathematical models. For example, the idea of "democratic socialism" seems to be based on a model of wealth ...
10
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7answers
1k views

What is the point of countries not recognizing the physical reality of who controls a certain territory?

There has recently been a lot of controversy regarding President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. However it seems odd to me that this is a point of contention in the ...
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7answers
2k views

What is a Republic?

The question "What is a Republic?" has been half-asked more than once on this website (see this question, this one and last but not least this other one). However, it seems it has never been answered ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Does federalism lead to the separation of single states?

Federalism involves a great deal of power sharing, both at administrative and governmental levels. Federalism accepts the concept called 'right to self determination' to varying degrees, including '...
1
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1answer
295 views

Why would a politician from a party in power in a democratic country put the blame on the so called “parallel state”?

The main party in power has just adopted a "resolution" against the so called "parallel state" (source in Romanian, could not find an international source) [translated by me]: The National ...
6
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3answers
921 views

Can someone explain the difference between Civil Rights, Civil Liberties and Freedoms?

We encounter these terms frequently in everyday readings. Although they have almost the same meanings but there exist intricate differences. Please explain with some examples the differences and ...
7
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3answers
553 views

What connects successful enterpreneurs and populism?

Many of the representatives of the 21st century populism turn out to be business leaders (like Trump, O'Leary, Babiš). What is the most accepted theory on why is it so among political science scholars?...