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Questions tagged [political-theory]

Political theory is the study of the concepts in politics. Use this tag for questions regarding political philosophy or scientific theories.

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6
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1answer
252 views

What are the most important fundamental problems with World Federalism?

World Federalism is a political view that promotes a world-wide federation as a means to secure peace among the subjects. The argument is that the rule of law has proven to be a reliable way to calm ...
2
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1answer
242 views

How does Prejudice Plus Power apply to third party minorities?

This post pertains to the political theory of Prejudice Plus Power, a.k.a. R = P + P, which redefines the word "racism" as "prejudice plus power," meaning, among other things, that only whites can be ...
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0answers
53 views

How to start and continue studying world's politics [closed]

Over last years I started to develop strong interest in politics and the way world works. I'm 23 year-old student of engineering, so I don't really get in touch with these topics in University. I had ...
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2answers
530 views

When in modern history (since 1789) did “democracy” become important?

The French Revolutionary mantra was "liberté, égalité, fraternité". There was no mention of "democracy". The word does not appear in Edmund Burke's Speech to the Electors of Bristol (1774). The US ...
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6answers
4k views

How would libertarianism deal with deceptive contracts?

Also, what about if you buy a software, and some terms in the software TOS says that you agree to be sex slave. A more concrete samples Unit link insurances. In most regions, people are selling unit ...
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19answers
18k views

When is a democratic vote actually the wrong tool?

Democracy is defined as: Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". Democracy is a system of processing conflicts in which outcomes depend on what participants do, but no ...
0
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2answers
271 views

Capitalism and Democracy

Capitalism - an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. Democracy - a system of government by the ...
0
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2answers
212 views

Does this concept solve gerrymandering? [closed]

What if congressmen only got fractions of votes: the fraction of the voters who voted for them in the general election? So if they only got 51% of the vote, they only get 0.51 votes in the house. ...
11
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3answers
4k views

What is ethical liberalism?

I have recently seen a conference organized by an ex-PM which discussed about the creation of a new political party. One of the speakers mentioned that the party will be centered around "ethical ...
5
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0answers
79 views

Mathematical models for political platforms

I've been looking for resources which analyze the various political platforms using mathematical models. For example, the idea of "democratic socialism" seems to be based on a model of wealth ...
10
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7answers
1k views

What is the point of countries not recognizing the physical reality of who controls a certain territory?

There has recently been a lot of controversy regarding President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. However it seems odd to me that this is a point of contention in the ...
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7answers
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What is a Republic?

The question "What is a Republic?" has been half-asked more than once on this website (see this question, this one and last but not least this other one). However, it seems it has never been answered ...
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3answers
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Does federalism lead to the separation of single states?

Federalism involves a great deal of power sharing, both at administrative and governmental levels. Federalism accepts the concept called 'right to self determination' to varying degrees, including '...
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1answer
278 views

Why would a politician from a party in power in a democratic country put the blame on the so called “parallel state”?

The main party in power has just adopted a "resolution" against the so called "parallel state" (source in Romanian, could not find an international source) [translated by me]: The National ...
6
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3answers
832 views

Can someone explain the difference between Civil Rights, Civil Liberties and Freedoms?

We encounter these terms frequently in everyday readings. Although they have almost the same meanings but there exist intricate differences. Please explain with some examples the differences and ...
7
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3answers
525 views

What connects successful enterpreneurs and populism?

Many of the representatives of the 21st century populism turn out to be business leaders (like Trump, O'Leary, Babiš). What is the most accepted theory on why is it so among political science scholars?...
2
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1answer
182 views

Can the Lateran Treaty be regarded as a reference for Separation of Church and State?

Is the Lateran Treaty an example of a strict separation of Church and state? In my country (Romania) the relationship between the church and the state is a major subject of discussion. One legal ...
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1answer
134 views

What's the origin of the concept of “no first use”?

What does it mean "no first use"? Have NATO applied this concept ? In what ways? Who was the first to develop this concept? What are the work laying the foundation of the concept?
2
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1answer
302 views

In social contract theory, is there anything which may not be included in an agreement?

Social contract theory is a broad ethical paradigm which focuses on the moral value of agreements between individuals or categories of individuals. The general premise is that it is morally acceptable ...
6
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3answers
326 views

Is there a political theory of running state without politicians?

Is there some political theory to run a state without full-time politicians where policies are made based on sets of specialized communities? I was wondering with the advance of information ...
2
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1answer
176 views

How to measure equivalency- the David vs Goliath problem [closed]

I'm really looking to see if any work has been done on this area and where I could find it, or if my terminology is correct. Assuming a very abstract concept of human interaction, how does one measure ...
1
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2answers
404 views

Is there any region that considers to or already uses Demarchy?

According to this article, Demarchy is a form of statistical representative democracy which rely on collective intelligence: Improving on the age-old model of sortition democracy, by which the ...
8
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3answers
732 views

Does categorizing/framing actions/labeling people based on intent stem the growth of that action?

I was wondering if labeling people and actions based on intent has had any observable affect on the actual action itself. i.e. Things like Terrorism or hate crimes Intuitively I can only see these ...
4
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1answer
911 views

What did Carl Schmitt mean when he said this?

Can someone explain this quote by Schmitt, please? It's hard to understand without any context. “Every actual democracy rests on the principle that not only are equals equal but unequals will not be ...
8
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1answer
797 views

How do New Left proponents of No Platforming answer John Stuart Mill's claim that all silencing of discussion is an assumption of infallibility?

I'm trying to listen to both sides of this issue to get a better understanding. If this question could be better worded to be more helpful, please help me out. As I understand it one of the thinkers ...
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4answers
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How do Libertarian political thinkers address self harm?

I was just wondering what the libertarian approach would be if someone was suicidal or harming their selves in some way, is/are there any principles in the ideology that would have or warrant ...
4
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1answer
135 views

Political rule by council

What is the name of the political system ruled by nonelected council? Similar to corporate rule. I call it councilism, but looking for better name.
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0answers
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Looking for case studies and theory on citizen diplomacy

Citizen diplomacy is when average citizens of two countries work together. It is useful when two countries have especially poor relations (e.g. may not recognize each other's existence). It is ...
5
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4answers
480 views

What are the measures that define an “independent media”?

It is a term that is widely used but hardly defined. What are the elements of an independent media?
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16answers
6k views

Is 'identity politics' vs 'freedom of speech' a valid dichotomy?

I've heard one friend say: I'm sick of all this political correctness. People should be able to say what they think. Words never physically hurt anybody. Freedom of speech is part of the US ...
2
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1answer
707 views

What is 'critical theory' in terms of restriction of free speech?

The journalist Chris Uhlmann (also the author of the video clip on Trump's G19 performance at the G20) writes the following on the history of critical theory and its impact on free speech: neo-...
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6answers
8k views

What is the difference between negative rights and positive rights?

What's the difference between negative rights and positive rights? Can negative rights co-exist? Can positive rights co-exist? Can negative rights co-exist with positive rights?
8
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1answer
1k views

What does “coequal sovereign” mean in this context?

A recent New York Times article wrote this about the US state of Maryland. Zachary Clopton, a law professor at Cornell University, said Monday’s lawsuit may be more serious than the New York ...
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10answers
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Why do working class people vote for the political right?

Some analysis of the 2017 General Election in the UK has been published in the Financial Times, which seems to indicate that people without a university degree, who were working class, and had poor ...
0
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2answers
372 views

Why are Western governments so resistant to immigration restriction? [closed]

Across the west (and in parts of Asia, as well), there has been, in the last 10 years or so, a series of reactionary right-wing nationalist movements, driven largely by globalization and social ...
0
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5answers
359 views

Why does “extremist” concept for a political figure seem so unclear?

In order to narrow the scope of the question, I will consider the case of Marine Le Pen. According to this BBC article, she can be regarded as "far-right" due to hard line on immigration, treatment ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Selectorate Theory: What flaws or critics?

I've been reading the Dictator's Handbook, a book based on the Selectorate Theory. It seems quite relevant, but I've found some sources pointing one of the author as a controversial one and comments ...
7
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1answer
540 views

Does someone knows what is “brainpower” in Doomsday clock?

It's a simple question, maybe it is obvious but I'm not a native English speaker and I don't know what this truly means... What does that mean? I've already searched it on Google and couldn't find ...
0
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1answer
92 views

What is a the correct way of expressing a (vote) majority? [closed]

During the time, I have kept hearing about various expressions of a vote majority (TV discussions and titles, printed/on-line media etc.). The most common are 50% + 1 and 51%. A simple search reveals ...
39
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14answers
12k views

Why should the state not provide for basic necessities?

What are the major arguments for why the state should not provide for the basic necessities of its people? I am thinking of things like water, food, and housing as "basic necessities". I think some ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Lumpenproletariat In Marxist Theory?

I am having a lot of trouble visualizing Karl Marx's socio-economic class Lumpenproletariat. Marx gives these examples: Alongside decayed roués with dubious means of subsistence and of dubious ...
5
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1answer
376 views

What were the effects of non-nationally divided states in Africa?

Many people today attribute the cause of the numerous conflicts especially in central Africa to be the division of the land to non-national states. And indeed, today the armed conflicts mostly consist ...
16
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4answers
4k views

Is there a theory discussing fines based on income?

The question is quite straightforward, as in the title. I found myself discussing with a colleague the fact that according to some, fines should not be an absolute amount (e.g. 50 USD/EUR) but rather ...
6
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2answers
436 views

In academic Political Theory, what is the accepted process of verifying empirical propositions?

As someone who never had the opportunity to formally study Political Theory or Political Science, I was always interested in how these fields are being used to solve real problems. Comparing their ...
5
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1answer
696 views

Does it make sense to label Lenin as a 'social democrat'?

I am confused by tim's great answer to this question on Bernie Sanders's political orientations. To summarize the answer, though Sanders labels himself as a socialist, it seems that social democrat ...
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2answers
878 views

Game theory: ignorant voting, when to pass, when to guess?

Suppose one is voting to decide some political proposal or elect some office, and there's not enough information, (or the information is contrary), to make a confident decision. Perhaps the proposal ...
4
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0answers
145 views

Are extreme-right and extreme-left ultimately the same thing? [duplicate]

Is there an established theory that the further left one goes, or the further right one goes, they end up in the same place, as though the political spectrum is in fact a circle with extreme-right and ...
1
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1answer
866 views

How was the state formed? Why was it possible? [closed]

Currently one perceives the state as being a rather "fixed" part of many societies. Of course its characteristics and "ideologies" vary, but for example the existence of state is I think more often ...
5
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2answers
3k views

After the ancients, what are the arguments in favor of a monarchy?

Recently I was reading Locke's Second Treatise. In that book, he dedicates a not-inconsiderable amount of space to arguing against paternalism, largely (in my understanding) as an attack against ...
2
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4answers
1k views

What are the major types of economic system?

One of the biggest political debates is about "the best type of economic system". From what I have seen, this is usually a contrast between just two options: capitalism and socialism. I think these ...