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Questions tagged [proportional-representation]

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1answer
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How are leveling seats chosen in Germany's Bundestag chosen?

In Germany's Bundestag half the MPs are elected by First Past The Post and the other half are elected from party lists. Before an election parties submit regional lists in every state. The lists are ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Why are constituency members and list members elected under MMP/AMS paid the same salary?

Under Mixed Member Proportional representation there are two types of members of parliament some representing constituencies and others elected from closed party lists. Shouldn't members representing ...
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2answers
247 views

Who is counted for representation in the US Congress?

I was reading an article about the citizenship question on the decennial US census. The article said that including the citizenship question would discourage immigrants from participation in the ...
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3answers
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How long does it take to count votes in different voting systems?

In the UK (which uses first-past-the-post voting) the results of elections are usually declared the next day. If the UK (or any other country) switched to single transferable vote or instant-runoff ...
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3answers
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Does the introduction of proportional representation lead to extremists getting elected to parliament?

Whenever there are attempts to introduce proportional representation in North America, proponents of FPTP claim that it could contribute to the rise of far-right parties. For example, the "Vote No to ...
2
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2answers
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What are the reasons behind discriminating between votes inside the country and those from diaspora in regard of proportional representation?

According to this article (original in Romanian, automatically translated), there is rather high discrepancy between representation in Parliament for Romanian citizens that live in Romania and those ...
17
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4answers
812 views

Do any theories justify majoritarian election outcomes?

At legislative elections, parties can experience different biases in the translation of votes to seats. Grofman, Koetzle, and Brunell published a taxonomy of these biases (Malapportionment, turnout ...
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3answers
487 views

Why is proportional representation a nonpartisan issue in the US?

In Western Europe for example, many legislatures have a party-list system and are structured with proportionality, but in the US supporters for a change of system are almost entirely nonpartisan. The ...
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265 views

Why is, in some countries, some political stance underrepresented in parliament?

The question Why are "third parties" viable in many democracies but not the USA? ask why third parties don't win seats in US. The answer is simple. US got winner takes all attitude election ...
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Election system where votes dictate the power of the representative [duplicate]

Has there ever been a system where the votes received were the measure of power each winning candidate had in the legislature? I have found this under the name Direct Representation and Interactive ...
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1answer
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What is the name of the electoral system that I describe? (Derived from FPTP, but proportionally representative)

Here is an electoral system that I came up with. It's derived from First-past-the-post, and still only elects one candidate per riding, but the process is modified for proportional representation. ...
2
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1answer
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What can UK citizens do to replace the first-past-the-post voting system with a proportional representation voting system? [duplicate]

The United Kingdom uses the first-past-the-post (FPP) voting system for its general elections, which ensures that, election after election, the Conservative party or Labour party leads the government, ...
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In an MMP system, why don't parties game the system by splitting into two parties?

In New Zealand, we have a Mixed Member Proportional system. Voters have two votes. The electorate vote is used to vote for a candidate to represent their electorate. This vote is determined on a ...