Questions tagged [referendum]

Questions related to a general vote by the electorate on a single political question which has been referred to them for a direct decision. This tag should be used alongside the country when for a specific referendum.

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1answer
231 views

Has Boris Johnson's government explained why its latest Brexit proposal does not include a referendum for Northern Ireland leaving the single market?

The "final offer" that Boris Johnson has made to the EU includes a provision that the single-market (for goods) arrangement for Northern Ireland needs to be explicitly approved and then extended by ...
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1answer
203 views

Brexit - What was the question that the Referendum answered? [closed]

In Douglas Adams' Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, Deep Thought comes up with the answer to the question of 'Life, the Universe, and Everything', which is 42. It then says the that the answer seems ...
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Does Hong Kong have the right to hold a referendum for independence?

Does Hong Kong have the right to hold a referendum for independence? I am wondering if there was some kind of legal agreement when Hong Kong was ceded to China by Britain that guaranteed that Hong ...
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1answer
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Is organizing “piggybacked” referendums something unusual in EU?

Romanians were also called to vote for a referendum when voting for EU Parliament elections in 2019. However, the organizing for diaspora voting was very problematic and many could not vote at all: ...
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1answer
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Was there an OSCE mission observing the Scottish independence referendum?

Even though the United Kingdom is an established democracy, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) did observe for instance the 2017 general election. There's both a "needs ...
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1answer
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How many local recounts were conducted in the Scottish independence referendum?

A 2014 article in the Telegraph noted that The chief counting officer for the Scottish independence referendum has confirmed there can be no national recount even if the result is close. But ...
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Are there any polls on the new Swiss immigration referendum question?

Apparently after the "betrayal" of the first Swiss immigration-limiting referendum (of Feb 2014) by their parliament, which passed a substantially watered down law (in 2016), there's now going to be ...
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1answer
503 views

Why isn't Northern Ireland demanding a referendum on joining Ireland, similar to the one in Scotland? [duplicate]

Northern Ireland looks like it's in a perfect position for a referendum on leaving the UK: it could instantly join its neighbor Ireland and remain a part of the EU, it has a long history of protesting ...
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6answers
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What's the difference between repeating elections every few years and repeating a referendum after a few years?

There's a lot of talk in the UK these days about how holding a second referendum on Brexit would be "undemocratic" and "go against the spirit of referendums". However repeating a vote doesn't seem all ...
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1answer
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Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called “confirmatory” at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any ...
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What is a “confirmatory” referendum in the context of Brexit?

The topic of a second referendum on Brexit has been discussed since the time of the first referendum. However, recently, there is a lot of talk in UK politics about a "confirmatory" referendum. For ...
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Can a traditional nonconnected PAC spend money to support or oppose state ballot measures?

Assume a fully compliant FEC-registered nonconnected multicandidate PAC that already makes and reports direct contributions and also independent expenditures to influence the election of candidates in ...
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If/When UK leaves the EU, can a future goverment conduct a referendum to join the EU?

I wonder if after the current debate, the UK ends up leaving the EU on any terms, how soon can a future government conduct a referendum to join the EU?
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Why are there no referendums in the US?

The US has a (self-imposed) reputation of being a supremely democratic and free country. However, unlike many other democratic countries on the planet, the US has never had any national referendums. ...
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428 views

What reason(s) have UK politicians given for not wanting another referendum on whether the UK should exit the EU or not? [duplicate]

This question is different from Why doesn't the UK hold a second Brexit referendum to clarify what the public wants from Brexit? because that question is asking about voting on the form that ...
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1answer
96 views

Does India have something similar to a referendum proposition?

I am an Indian student in the US, and I have recently witnessed an election here. In California and Florida (I have seen a ballot for that state), the voters also vote on some key issues in addition ...
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1answer
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How does an independence referendum work?

I am just curious how exactly do independence referendums work. For instance let us assume that some people meet the criteria for a referendum and want to make a non-binding referendum. If they go ...
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3answers
716 views

Why are referendums held? Are they not inherently anti-democratic?

One thing I've noticed is that people often speak favorably of referendums. I used to do so as well. My thinking was, what could be bad about an election that allows the people to directly vote on a ...
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5answers
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Is a second EU Referendum undemocratic?

People often say a second referendum is undemocratic. The first referendum was partially based on incorrect/dishonest information. After over two years of the general public viewing the government ...
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3answers
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Mechanics of a second Brexit referendum

Some people advocate a simple n-way ballot like: Remain Deal No deal But this splits the leave vote. An alternative is to use Single Transferable Vote, which in the case of a referendum would be an ...
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3answers
358 views

What are the reasons for not having a voter turnout threshold for a nation-wide referendum?

Romania held a referendum that failed to be validated due to low voter turnout and the 30% threshold limit (this was lowered from 50% a few years ago). The leader of the main party in power thinks ...
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1answer
223 views

Health care ballot initiative for nurse staffing: why no compromise?

Next month the voters in Massachusetts USA will be asked to decide whether to enact a law mandating certain specific nurse-to-patient staffing ratios in hospitals. Why was there no compromise? Why did ...
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1answer
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When can a UK referendum result be officially declared “invalid”?

There has been new allegations of "breaching of rules" by some pro-Brexit groups in the Brexit referendum. This new allegations join previous ones that electoral laws have been broken (also here). ...
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What happens if it is proved that “vote leave” campaign broke campaigning laws?

This Guardian article argues about connections between Cambridge Analytica and Brexit referendum. There is a paragraph that tells us about some restrictions related to how information and money can ...
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Is a Dutch referendum valid if the no-vote exceeds the yes-vote, but does not exceed 50%?

In the Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act referendum, 2018, preliminary results indicate 47.3% of votes in favour and 48.8% of votes in opposition, with the remaining votes blank and a ...
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1answer
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Can the Tweede Kamer or anyone else withdraw a law if an advisory referendum on it has already been requested?

Edit 2018-08-28: The law in question has been retracted as of 2018-07-10, so this question is now of historical interest only. In The Netherlands, the Wet Raadgevend Referendum (Law Advisory ...
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1answer
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Can Spain be suspended from the EU?

Catalonia held a referendum for independence. The police threatened and attacked the citizens of Spain/Catalonia. Article 7 says that if a country violates the rights of their citizens they could be ...
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1answer
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For the 2017 Catalan independence referendum, are there any turnout estimates counting only polling stations where voters were actually able to vote?

According to preliminary official results, the turnout at the Catalan independence referendum was 42.58%, but Wikipedia also notes that The Catalan government estimated that polling stations ...
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Why do some Catalans want to become independent?

Why do some Catalans want to become independent? What has changed recently to increase their desire to be independent? I'd like to understand this situation, as I am currently completely ignorant ...
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Independence referendum Vs Country sovereignty

I was wondering under what conditions an independence referendum can be a valid referendum. It seems to me that no matter the outcome no sovereign nation would accept part of the country seceding. ...
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0answers
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Why bother stopping people from voting? [duplicate]

In Operation Anubis, the Spanish police attempted in various ways to stop the Catalan independence referendum, 2017 from taking place. I don't understand why the bother. The Spanish constitutional ...
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4answers
736 views

In what way is the Catalan referendum illegal, rather than inconsequential, under Spanish law?

What is the Spanish government's stated justification for today (2017-10-01)'s police actions? I understand how the referendum is illegitimate (as in, meaningless) under Spanish law, but I don't ...
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7answers
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Why would Madrid be so insistent on preventing the Catalonian independence referendum?

On the day of the Catalonian independence referendum, there were plenty of reports about Madrid's efforts to prevent the referendum from taking place, including large number of police shooting rubber ...
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Have Catalonian politicians addressed a scenario where one or more border districts would prefer to stay with Spain after the independence?

Assuming that the Catalan independence somehow goes through and Madrid sanctions an official exit referendum, has anyone addressed the self-determination rights of individual Catalan districts? I ...
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364 views

What are plausible possible outcomes after the Catalan referendum? [duplicate]

The Wikipedia page on the Catalan independence referendum couldn't be more confusing if it was written in hieroglyphics. In the aftermath of the referendum, what are the plausible and likely possible ...
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1answer
186 views

Did any country with occupied territories hold a national referendum?

According to Wikipedia, Georgia has a significant part of its country occupied by Russia: [...] territories occupied by Russia after the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. They consist of the regions of ...
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2answers
265 views

Why were so many referendums about marriage definition initiated in the recent years?

Recently (in the last decade or so) there were quite many referendums (or are about to be held) about marriage definition. Some initiatives try to clearly define family as a union between a man and a ...
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2answers
319 views

Did those who voted to stay in the EC also vote to leave the EU?

A question popped into my mind the other day concerning the two referenda concerning the European Union issued by the UK Government. The first took place on 5 June 1975 on whether the UK should stay ...
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2answers
502 views

Why did Switzerland's referendum about basic income proponents propose actual amounts?

According to Wikipedia, Switzerland had a referendum on 5th June 2016 that also included the "basic income" topic: By October 2013 more than 130,000 citizens had signed, meaning a referendum on ...
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3answers
695 views

If the independence vote in Catalunya is successful. What are the possible outcomes?

The autonomous parliament of Catalunya is about to hold a referendum to secede from Spain. Given that Catalunya has their own police force. What are the possible outcomes if the Catalan people vote ...
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Why doesn't the Indian government hold a referendum in Kashmir?

On 21 April 1948, a resolution on Kashmir was adopted by the UNSC. According to that resolution, India should hold a referendum in Kashmir. Given the current chaotic situation in Kashmir, why doesn't ...
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1answer
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Why do major referendums have a 50% threshold to change the status quo, rather than a higher value?

The latest Brexit referendum passed with barely a couple percent over the 50% threshold, despite being a major constitutional change with significant consequences for many generations to come. ...
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2answers
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Does the 16th April Turkish referendum result actually have any meaningful effect?

At the time of writing this question, the Turkish referendum for changing the Constitution has just finished with approval of these changes (about 51% for "Yes"). According to this source, Turkish ...
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1answer
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Is there a ballot Initiative at the Federal level? [duplicate]

I understand that, roughly, 20 states have a Ballot Initiative process. To clarify: A citizen may gather a set number of signatures, on a petition, to have an issue or item placed upon a ballot for ...
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Do public referenda overrule political rights, or are they an expression of democracy?

Margaret Thatcher famously opined that "referendums are the tools of dictators and demagogues". Strangely the position today seems uncannily similar to the days when Edmund Burke penned his famous ...
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Why does mostly liberal California vote for death penalty?

On Election Day 2016 in California: Proposition to legalize cannabis won Proposition to repeal death penalty lost The rest of the propositions were mostly liberal, and most of them won; also the ...
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1answer
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Which states had ballot initiatives to legalize marijuana in 2016?

538 had sporadic news in their live blog about individual state initiatives to legalize marijuana in 2016. That led me to be curious: is there a full list of states where that topic was on the ballot ...
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Will the British Parliament prevent “Brexit”?

So today, the High Court ruled that the Parliament has to approve the British exit of the European Union. From what I see, this is their possibility to prevent Brexit and remain in the European Union -...
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1answer
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What are the rules of what goes into referenda in Switzerland?

Wikipedia page for Politics of Switzerland mentions that any changes to Constitution are mandatory as referenda, other things are optional. But who, what and how decides what things actually end up ...
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Referendum on official contact with the Dalai Lama? [closed]

Could you imagine referendums on contact with the Dalai Lama? In which countries could it be possible with today's practices? (I think perhaps Switzerland?). Is it likely that it could be possible ...