Questions tagged [referendum]

Questions related to a general vote by the electorate on a single political question which has been referred to them for a direct decision. This tag should be used alongside the country when for a specific referendum.

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41
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6answers
9k views

Must the UK leave the EU?

The BBC has projected that a majority voted for the UK to leave the EU. To what extent is the referendum binding?
6
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1answer
385 views

When can a UK referendum result be officially declared "invalid"?

There has been new allegations of "breaching of rules" by some pro-Brexit groups in the Brexit referendum. This new allegations join previous ones that electoral laws have been broken (also here). ...
35
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3answers
7k views

What happens if it is proved that "vote leave" campaign broke campaigning laws?

This Guardian article argues about connections between Cambridge Analytica and Brexit referendum. There is a paragraph that tells us about some restrictions related to how information and money can ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Do TTIP and CETA ratification in The Netherlands require primary legislation that can be subject to a consultative referendum?

In The Netherlands, the Wet raadgevend referendum (Advisory Referendum Act) states that most types of primary laws can be subjected to a suspensory, non-binding referendum if requested shortly after ...
6
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2answers
232 views

Is a Dutch referendum valid if the no-vote exceeds the yes-vote, but does not exceed 50%?

In the Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act referendum, 2018, preliminary results indicate 47.3% of votes in favour and 48.8% of votes in opposition, with the remaining votes blank and a ...
8
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2answers
386 views

Does the 16th April Turkish referendum result actually have any meaningful effect?

At the time of writing this question, the Turkish referendum for changing the Constitution has just finished with approval of these changes (about 51% for "Yes"). According to this source, Turkish ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Why does mostly liberal California vote for death penalty?

On Election Day 2016 in California: Proposition to legalize cannabis won Proposition to repeal death penalty lost The rest of the propositions were mostly liberal, and most of them won; also the ...
14
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2answers
4k views

Will the British Parliament prevent "Brexit"?

So today, the High Court ruled that the Parliament has to approve the British exit of the European Union. From what I see, this is their possibility to prevent Brexit and remain in the European Union -...
5
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1answer
360 views

Can Spain be suspended from the EU?

Catalonia held a referendum for independence. The police threatened and attacked the citizens of Spain/Catalonia. Article 7 says that if a country violates the rights of their citizens they could be ...
2
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1answer
170 views

For the 2017 Catalan independence referendum, are there any turnout estimates counting only polling stations where voters were actually able to vote?

According to preliminary official results, the turnout at the Catalan independence referendum was 42.58%, but Wikipedia also notes that The Catalan government estimated that polling stations ...
35
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5answers
9k views

Why do some Catalans want to become independent?

Why do some Catalans want to become independent? What has changed recently to increase their desire to be independent? I'd like to understand this situation, as I am currently completely ignorant ...
24
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4answers
808 views

In what way is the Catalan referendum illegal, rather than inconsequential, under Spanish law?

What is the Spanish government's stated justification for today (2017-10-01)'s police actions? I understand how the referendum is illegitimate (as in, meaningless) under Spanish law, but I don't ...
1
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1answer
194 views

Did any country with occupied territories hold a national referendum?

According to Wikipedia, Georgia has a significant part of its country occupied by Russia: [...] territories occupied by Russia after the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. They consist of the regions of ...
3
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2answers
331 views

Have Catalonian politicians addressed a scenario where one or more border districts would prefer to stay with Spain after the independence?

Assuming that the Catalan independence somehow goes through and Madrid sanctions an official exit referendum, has anyone addressed the self-determination rights of individual Catalan districts? I ...
12
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3answers
725 views

If the independence vote in Catalunya is successful. What are the possible outcomes?

The autonomous parliament of Catalunya is about to hold a referendum to secede from Spain. Given that Catalunya has their own police force. What are the possible outcomes if the Catalan people vote ...
16
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5answers
3k views

Why do the Spanish government not organize a national referendum for Catalonia independence?

The reason the Spanish government was not willing to allow Catalonia to handle any referendum is because a Spanish province is not allowed to single handedly secede, such decisions should be taken by ...
0
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2answers
370 views

What are plausible possible outcomes after the Catalan referendum? [duplicate]

The Wikipedia page on the Catalan independence referendum couldn't be more confusing if it was written in hieroglyphics. In the aftermath of the referendum, what are the plausible and likely possible ...
1
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2answers
313 views

Why were so many referendums about marriage definition initiated in the recent years?

Recently (in the last decade or so) there were quite many referendums (or are about to be held) about marriage definition. Some initiatives try to clearly define family as a union between a man and a ...
3
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2answers
354 views

Did those who voted to stay in the EC also vote to leave the EU?

A question popped into my mind the other day concerning the two referenda concerning the European Union issued by the UK Government. The first took place on 5 June 1975 on whether the UK should stay ...
6
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2answers
529 views

Why did Switzerland's referendum about basic income proponents propose actual amounts?

According to Wikipedia, Switzerland had a referendum on 5th June 2016 that also included the "basic income" topic: By October 2013 more than 130,000 citizens had signed, meaning a referendum on ...
8
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3answers
4k views

What is the typical error in large vote counts?

Well the EU referendum happened in the UK and there was some talk about what happens if the result is a tie, or if it is very close. Apparently, there would not be a recount unless there was a ...
8
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1answer
2k views

Why do major referendums have a 50% threshold to change the status quo, rather than a higher value?

The latest Brexit referendum passed with barely a couple percent over the 50% threshold, despite being a major constitutional change with significant consequences for many generations to come. ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Which states had ballot initiatives to legalize marijuana in 2016?

538 had sporadic news in their live blog about individual state initiatives to legalize marijuana in 2016. That led me to be curious: is there a full list of states where that topic was on the ballot ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Is there a ballot Initiative at the Federal level? [duplicate]

I understand that, roughly, 20 states have a Ballot Initiative process. To clarify: A citizen may gather a set number of signatures, on a petition, to have an issue or item placed upon a ballot for ...
9
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2answers
256 views

How does offering two almost identical options in a Preferential Voting system affect the outcome?

New Zealand recently voted on a potential new design for their flag. The question was: "If the New Zealand flag changes, which flag would you prefer?" The five options were chosen by a government ...
3
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2answers
601 views

Do public referenda overrule political rights, or are they an expression of democracy?

Margaret Thatcher famously opined that "referendums are the tools of dictators and demagogues". Strangely the position today seems uncannily similar to the days when Edmund Burke penned his ...
4
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1answer
353 views

What are the rules of what goes into referenda in Switzerland?

Wikipedia page for Politics of Switzerland mentions that any changes to Constitution are mandatory as referenda, other things are optional. But who, what and how decides what things actually end up ...
-1
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1answer
149 views

Referendum on official contact with the Dalai Lama? [closed]

Could you imagine referendums on contact with the Dalai Lama? In which countries could it be possible with today's practices? (I think perhaps Switzerland?). Is it likely that it could be possible ...
7
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1answer
795 views

How can the federal United States congress conduct a public referendum vote?

Is it possible for congress to delegate voting on specific policies to a nationwide popular vote at the federal level? If so, how would this be accomplished?
4
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2answers
308 views

Protecting a democracy from an influential few

According to some opinions I have read, the recent referendum in the UK was won by a small number of men in politics and media, who immediately after the result disowned some of the major claims and ...
3
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5answers
364 views

EU referendum odds

Today is the day of Britain's EU referendum and since the polls opened, the odds on "Brexit" have skyrocketed and the economy has started reacting as though the UK will stay in the EU. None of the ...
11
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1answer
463 views

What are typical consequences for a political party of losing an independence referendum?

The signature policy of the devolved Scottish government's ruling party (the Scottish National Party) is that Scotland should be an independent state, separate from the United Kingdom. To that end, ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Could the City of London leave the EU while the UK remained?

In 1985 Greenland voted to leave the European Economic Community, mainly to have more control over their fishing. Greenland also happens to be part of Denmark. Let's assume the United Kingdom's ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Which country had the first constitution adopted by referendum?

Which country was the first to adopt a codified constitution by a reasonably democratic public referendum? I'm including in this non-binding referendums, such as those held in the Australian colonies ...
12
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2answers
1k views

If a country leaves the European Union, would also leave the European Economic Area?

In the event of some member country supporting leaving the EU, would that mean that the country would stop participating in the EEA? Other countries participate in it, despite not being EU members. e....
8
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1answer
294 views

Why aren't all matters referendable?

Recently there was a parliamentary decision in Portugal that approved a referendum to the co-adoption and adoption by homosexual couples (already allowed to marry). This is generating a scandal in ...
4
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1answer
234 views

Do referendums lead to significantly different decisions than when decisions are taken by parliament?

One argument that is used against decision-making by popular referendum is that they tend to lead to populist, perhaps even impossible decisions. It seems that referendums can lead to decisions that ...

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