Questions tagged [romania]

Romania is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova. Romania's political framework is a semi-presidential, representative democratic republic where the prime minister is the head of government and the president is the head of state. Executive power is exercised by the president of the republic and the government. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and European Union in 2007.

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2answers
255 views

Why has Macron apparently decided to support the Romanian candidate (Kovesi) instead of his own country candidate (Bohnert) as EU prosecutor?

A rather surprising news came from the Romanian Presidency: President Klaus Iohannis on Friday had a phone conversation with his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, during which the latter told ...
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What are the consequences of being in Tier 2 of the US State Department's Trafficking in Persons Report?

According to this article (Romanian) Romania was "downgraded" in the US State Department's Trafficking in Persons Report. Indeed this report shows Romania belonging to Tier 2 and it being downgraded ...
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What is the rationale of holding national parliament snap elections after the EU elections results?

Short background In November 2015 the Romanian PM resigned due to street pressure related to a nightclub fire and the President managed to negotiate with the parties to sustain a technocratic ...
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What were the legal consequences of the 2010 power struggle surrounding article 114 of the Romanian constitution?

Apparently there was a big power struggle in Romania in 2010 involving article 114 of their constitution, which allows the government to "engage responsibility" for a law, thus pass it without an ...
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140 views

Which countries have largely copied article 49 para 3 of the French constitution?

Roughly speaking, article 49.3 of the French constitution allows the government to pass a law without an explicit vote in the legislative assembly by "committing government's responsibility". The ...
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Why high courts decisions do not also immediately issue the motivation for their decisions?

On numerous occasions media present High Court's decisions about public figures or entities and each time I notice mentioning that the motivation will come sometime in the future. Picking a random ...
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191 views

What is the rationale for a government trying to block one of its citizens for becoming EU prosecutor?

Romania’s former head of the anti-corruption directorate DNA has significant chances of becoming European Prosecutor's Office. According to Wikipedia, an EU Prosecutor can investigate fraud across EU,...
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53 views

What is the rationale of capping interbanking rates to values significantly lower than inflation rate?

Romania’s finance ministry announced some sort of "tax on greed" for banking sector: Romania’s finance ministry plans to introduce a tax on banking assets from 2019, seeking to cap the interbank ...
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What are the reasons behind discriminating between votes inside the country and those from diaspora in regard of proportional representation?

According to this article (original in Romanian, automatically translated), there is rather high discrepancy between representation in Parliament for Romanian citizens that live in Romania and those ...
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How many of the August protesters were actually from the Romanian diaspora?

It's been widely reported in the Western news that e.g. "Romanian diaspora’s anti-government protest turns violent": A major anti-government protest held in Bucharest by Romanians living abroad ...
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1answer
103 views

Were Rudy Giuliani's divergent opinions related to Romania's fighting against corruption clarified?

According to the Guardian Rudy Giuliani sent a rather strange letter to Romanian President about some fighting against corruption issues: In a letter to Romanian president Klaus Iohannis (..) ...
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Does EU freedom of speech allow a license plate that taunts a political party?

A few weeks ago a Romanian bought a personalized number plate from Sweden that seemed perfectly fine for Swedish Transport Agency is usually very vigilant when approving such plates. However, this ...
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462 views

Did IMF grant a loan with no (reform) conditions to Romania in 2009?

I've been looking at some of the more recent IMF loans and the Wikipedia description of the one given to Romania appears to imply no reform conditions were attached to the loan: While in January ...
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What is the rationale for hosting CIA secret jails by Romania and Lithuania?

According to this article, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Romania and Lithuania allowed the detention and abuse of a Saudi and a Palestinian at secret U.S. prisons: The court ...
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1answer
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Are Romania's ruling coalition's gripes with the anti-corruption administration valid?

In Romania, the ruling coalition has convened large demonstrations decrying supposed over-reach or misconduct by the DNA - the national anti-corruption directorate. I've noticed claims such as: ...
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283 views

What is the justification of imposing higher minimum salary for foreign workers than for the local ones?

According to this article and this one, the minimum monthly salary for foreign workers in Romania is significantly larger than the minimum one for local workers: Effective January 6, 2018, the ...
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202 views

How does one official know that a foreign country representative is the proper person to discuss some matters?

The Romanian Prime Minister’s visit to Israel triggered a serious political crisis in Romanian political life: Romania's president has slammed the country's prime minister for embarking on a ...
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What are the main reasons for capping interest rates in Spain?

Romanian Parliament is trying to adopt a law to cap the interest rates for all loans: According to the form adopted by the Senate’s committees, the annual effective interest rate, also known as ...
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242 views

Is it something usual for a government to issue official letters that are slightly different when written in different languages?

Recently, the Romanian Prime Minister sent a letter to President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker, asking him to clarify “the de facto and de jure aspects” related to an older letter ...
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132 views

Was there a change about how US embassies should be constructed?

Reading an article about how official buildings should have be designed to be more friendly to the people (e.g. surrounding parks, allow visiting etc.), US Embassy in Romania was mentioned as an ...
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459 views

Why does the Romanian prime minister's death threat against a national minority elicit so little reaction in the EU?

The European Union is renowned that it takes human rights seriously, and it condemns racism and hate speech. However, when the Romanian prime minister recently threatened the Hungarian minority in ...
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55 views

Has any EU directive related to “solidarity tax” been discussed and approved after 2015?

According to this article, Romanian finance minister justified a "solidarity tax" by existence of a European Directive that forces the state to implement such a tax: The minister announced on ...
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297 views

Under what conditions can US influence legislative process in another country?

On November 27, 2017, U.S. Department of State published a short article about Proposals Affecting the Independence of the Judiciary in Romania (emphasis mine): The United States notes with concern ...
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Are there any examples of politicians within EU countries that have been elected after being convicted?

On several occasions there were serious discussions if a person is politically eligible if he/she has been finally convicted (final decision). The typical example is the current (2017) Romanian ...
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470 views

Why are Romania's and Bulgaria's reasons for postponing entering the Schengen area considered non-technical?

Some Romanian politicians (example) argue that the country should be within the Schengen area. I do not know exactly for Bulgaria, but for Romania I have heard on multiple occasions that it obeys ...
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427 views

Can a EU member merge with a non-EU one without previously setting up/changing some agreements at EU level?

Some political parties advocate for the merging of Romania and Moldova: Some political parties within both Moldova and Romania advocate merging the two countries. Such a scenario would ...
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Why did the presidents of US and Romania contradict each other about the Visa Waiver Program?

One question, addressed to US President Donald Trump, was related to the Visa Waiver Program. Specifically, if he and Romanian President had discussed the Visa Waiver Program for Romanians. ...
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Are there many liberal democracies that use “the more favorable criminal law” principle?

This question is somehow a followup of this one (split suggestion). At the end of January 2017, Romanian Government (executive branch) made several changes to Criminal Law using a Government Ordinance....
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Is separation of powers broken, if a government changes a law with irreversible effects?

At the end of January 2017, Romanian Government adopted an emergency ordinance late Tuesday to decriminalize official misconduct, dealing a blow to a yearslong drive to curb corruption in the ...
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363 views

How can European Union influence political decisions in a member country?

After taking power in Romania, two months after the elections, the Government issued a very controversial ordinance bill that weakens anti corruption. This led to massive protests and issuing of ...
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166 views

What are consequences an EU country can face when it makes very problematic changes to the Criminal Law?

On 31st of January 2017, Romanian Government has adopted a government (emergency) ordinance that changes a few articles in the Criminal Law: The Romanian Government’s emergency ordinance to change ...
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227 views

Is it possible for an EU country to incorrectly report annual deficit in order to obey Maastricht Treaty threshold?

Short version Less than two months ago, the socialists took power in Romania (simple majority in Parliament, both Chambers) and they have started applying their program. However, many analysts ...
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222 views

Can political protests have a significant impact immediately after the general elections? [closed]

Let me try to set up the context first: Romania, East European developing country, ex-behind the Iron Curtain, now in NATO and European Union. The following events have actually happened. Some ...