Questions tagged [sanctions]

Sanctions are actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally.

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Why does the US want other nations to support them in their sanctions policies?

I have read a little bit about US sanctions against Russia and Iran. Why do they require other countries too to stop/minimise trading with Iran and Russia? Certain things that I can remember now: ...
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Why hasn't the UK sanctioned Hong Kong officials, like the USA?

On August 7, 2020, the U.S. Department of the Treasury sanctioned 11 individuals e.g. Chief Executive Carrie Lam, Secretary for Security John Lee Ka-chiu, Secretary for Justice Teresa Cheng and ...
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Does the World Health Organization have the power to impose sanctions?

In the last couple of days, WHO officials have criticised the UK government's approach to the COVID-19 pandemic, describing the government's reliance on developing herd-immunity amongst the British ...
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Why doesn't the EU use its economic power to deal with Turkey's demands?

Despite Turkey having a (in comparison) weak economy, the European Union seems incapable of putting them into their place. As far as I can tell, there is no reason to fear a military conflict (NATO), ...
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Does Iran have any trade deals with China and if it does, can they protect Iran's economy from economic sanctions?

I read about how Iran has been looking to China for trade in response to sanctions from the United States and the West and how Iran already trades with China using oil. However, what I want to know is ...
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What/Are there any boundaries to sanctions?

From: https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/justice-department/iranian-national-charged-115-million-sanctions-busting-scheme-n1128071 When Karimi was interviewed by FBI agents and others earlier this ...
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Is Turkey busting the US (oil) sanctions on Iran?

What is known about the extent of Turkey's compliance with US sanctions on Iran? I've read some conflicting reports. One from May said that Turkey completely stopped buying Iranian oil, obeying US ...
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Has the US fined any European companies for sanctions-busting since Trump took power?

In 2014 the US imposed the largest fine until then for "sanctions busting" on BNP Paribas in the amount of $9 billion for circumventing sanctions on Sudan, Iran and Cuba. Have other European ...
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How different are JCPOA snapback sanctions from those in effect due to the US “maximum pressure” campaign?

About a week ago, the E3 have triggered the Dispute Resolution Mechanism of JCPOA after Iran has announced yet another escalation of their non-compliance. (Germany in particular has confirmed that ...
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What are effective counter measures for the EU against US sanctions

There are US sanctions that have a negative impact on political and economic interests of the EU (e.g. Iran, Nord stream). Many comments on German news criticize that EU politicians do not provide ...
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Do extra-territorial laws violate some basic principle of democracy?

The US Congress has recently passed a law penalizing foreign companies and individuals in Europe for working on a gas-pipeline from Russia to Germany. This law affects non-US citizens in Europe and ...
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Communicating the Nord Stream 2 sanctions

The US has moved to sanction companies involved in the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, which transports gas directly from Russia to Germany. At a glance over German and European news, the US public ...
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Has the Trump administration enforced sanctions related to the Skripal poisonings?

This question is sort of a follow up to Russian sanctions under Trump ; in short, have Russian sanctions related to the Skripal poisonings actually been implemented/enforced? Background on this ...
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How do US sanctions work?

Suppose I'm the US president. I decide that country X should be sanctioned (not through the UN). I tell my chief of staff to make it happen. Then... what happens next? He tells the Dept of State? The ...
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How can Germany increase investments in Russia while EU economic sanctions against Russia are still in place?

According to Wikipedia EU economical sanctions against Russia are still in place: The sanctions by the European Union and United States continue to be in effect as of May 2019. In July 2018, the ...
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On what basis can the US push for sanctions of Iran's missile activities at the UN?

On 7 March 2019, Acting U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Jonathan Cohen, in a letter to Secretary-General António Guterres urged the United Nations to put new sanctions on Iran for its new ...
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Cost of oil sanctions to world's consumers

Crude oil prices could sink by as much as $30 a barrel if China decides to buy Iranian crude oil in retaliation to the latest U.S. tariff measures, according to Bank of America Merrill Lynch. CNBC ...
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What has been the result (so far) of the new US sanctions on Iran?

About 14 months ago, President Trump reimposed sanctions on Iran. As I remember, one of goals of the sanctions was to reduce Iran's influence in the Middle East by reducing its financial resources. ...
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What happens if a country redefines itself?

Consider the following possible scenarios for a country A: The legislature decides to change the name to B After a successful revolution or coup d'état, a new country is established having the same ...
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On what principle did UK seize an Iranian oil tanker? Is there no right of passage for third countries?

In July 2019, the United Kingdom seized an oil tanker carrying oil from Iran to Syria. Reportedly, this is to enforce EU sanctions against Syria. But neither Iran nor Syria are members of the EU, so ...
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What are the US sanctions on Iran's Supreme Leader?

The Trump administration imposed sanctions on Iran's Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei today. It was also stated that sanctions will be imposed on Iran's Foreign Minister Javad Zarif in the upcoming week. ...
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Do any NATO members control rare resources that could be blocked in response to China blocking rare earth materials shipments to the US?

Let's say China decides to go ahead and block shipments of rare earth materials to Western countries. Is there a way for NATO members to retaliate and block crucial shipments to China?
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Are Washington's threats over Nord Stream 2 pipeline against WTO rules?

I heard that the U.S. is considering imposing sanctions against Germany if it proceeds to build the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and import gas from Russia, but I was wondering if such trade restrictions ...
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How to interpret 'economic zones'?

This was an exam question conducted in Feb 2019: write an Essay on "New war fronts lie in economic zones." Since the question seemed to be open ended, to me at least, I would like to know what ...
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Explanations for the large rebound in EU-Russia trade in 2017?

The European Commission estimated the cost of sanctions [imposed on Russia] for the EU to €40bn (0.3 per cent of the EU GDP) in 2014 and €50bn (0.4 per cent of EU GDP) in 2015. In addition, it was ...
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Can defense acquisitions by countries be kept secret?

Or are they usually are? Take for example between US and its allies. In modern days, are there any safe guards for them to be kept classified. Or safeguards to be kept transparent? Take for example: ...
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Sanctioning an entity vs an individual via UNSC Resolution 1267

I have been reading about India's diplomatic efforts in getting Masood Azhar (incumbent leader of terrorist organization Jaish-I-Mohammed (JM)) added into UNSC Sanctions List via UNSC Resolution 1267 ...
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Is there a name for sanctioned populations turning against their own governments rather than turning against the sanctioning power?

For a long time I have been wondering whether there is a specific concept given to the phenomenon that occurs when a fraction of local populations who are at the receiving end of sanctions or any ...
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Sanctions on countries with legal but cruel punishments

I'm not aware of any sanction imposed on countries for legal but barbaric punishments, such as limb amputation in Saudi Arabia, or caning in Malaysia. By "barbaric punishment" I mean what most people ...
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Violating sanctions - Individual or institutions held responsible? [closed]

Consider the current events (at the time of this post Dec. 11, 2018), as the CFO of Huawei is detained. Exactly what charged will be leveled against her have not yet been revealed, but there is ...
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Can Western countries impose sanctions on Saudi Arabia in a similar way to those imposed to Russia?

A local journalist argued some time after murdering of Jamal Khashoggi something like the following (approximately from the memory, I cannot find the source now): I do not mind paying more for the ...
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How does America prevent deals in dollars between the third parties?

Say, India wants to buy weapons from Russia, Russia is under American sanctions, and America doesn't want this deal to happen so it says the transaction, as long as it's in dollars, won't be ...
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Why are some airlines canceling their flights to Iran after the US sanctions and others do not?

After the recent US sanctions against Iran, some major European airlines (Air France / KLM, British Airways) have stopped their scheduled flights to Iran. However, other major airlines (Lufthansa, ...
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Where does China buy its hi-tech weapons from other than Russia?

If US sanction on Russia kicks in, where can China look for buying its hi-tech weapons? Does China have any source other than Russia to buy its weapons from? . P.S. By hi-tech weapons, I meant ...
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Russian sanctions under Trump

NBC just announced President Trump was imposing additional sanctions upon Russia for the Skirpal poisoning incident in the UK. These come on top of sanction increases in April, 2018 Senior Trump ...
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Can the EU maintain financial channels and Oil trade with Iran like they claim in their statement on reimposition of US sanctions on the country?

The US has announced fully enforcing sanctions on Iran, starting from Tuesday this week. The EU issued their statement on that, stating that they regret the US decision but the most curious part is: ...
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What are the potential negative outcomes of US strategy against Iran? [closed]

The current US administration has a clear strategy with respect to Iran: maximum economic sanctions in lieu of the previous nuclear deal. But, what are the potential negative outcomes of this policy ...
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Why US wants India and other countries to stop oil imports from Iran?

Why does US wants other countries to stop oil imports or else face sanctions? As per news, "Without question, they should be reduced. That's what we've been telling them in our bilateral ...
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Why didn't Western countries boycott the 2018 World Cup?

According to this article Russian government believes that 2018 World Cup will help Russian economy on the medium term: a survey by the Russian government last week. It said the World Cup's boost ...
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Has the Kim dynasty had significant control over the starvation of their people?

The Kim's are generally portrayed in the US media as ruthless cold blooded dictators who repress their populace. It's widely known that there is widespread lack of food in North Korea. But how much of ...
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What effect will Euro purchases of Iranian crude by Europe have on US foreign policy?

According to articles like this there seems to be a move towards Europe saving billion dollar deals with Iran by switching to Euro for crude purchases. Apparently to avoid dollar sanctions on Iran ...
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What prevents third parties from bypassing an economic sanction?

What measures do governments take to prevent foreign companies from acting as middle men to bypass their trade embargoes/sanctions? Example: Let's say the US makes it illegal to sell cell phones to ...
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How much of an effect does US withdrawal from the Iran deal actually have?

The US is just one nation -- what effect will US withdrawal have on Iran, assuming that other countries stick to the deal and impose no sanctions?
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Does Congress not have to approve the US withdrawal from the Iran deal?

How is Trump able to withdraw from the Iran deal without Congressional approval?
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US sanctions and foreign companies after the Iran deal

How does the United States government sanction foreign companies for doing business with Iran after President Donald Trump imposed sanctions? I.e. if my company (not in the US) does business with ...
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Why weren't any sanctions imposed on India for not signing the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons?

Why weren't any sanctions imposed on India for not signing the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons?
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Tax Havens and actions against them

There are so many tax havens across the world. And tax evasion is a serious issue as the working class are forced to pay taxes but the rich escape. International organizations like UN have the power ...
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Will stopping humanitarian aid and food by embargo to a captured territory be illegal?

In case of Ukraine, the pro-russian separatists have captured huge chunks of captured Ukrainian land to form Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic . So will it be illegal if Ukrainian government ...
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Can the UK afford to extend sanctions to financial ones as a response to latest ex-spy's murder?

Britain expelled 23 Russian diplomats over ex-spy’s poisoning. Most probably, this will be followed by a symmetric action from the Russian side. Assuming that the UK considers issuing more consistent ...
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Do sanctions have any expiry dates?

For example if US places sanctions on Russia or any other nation then does it has any kind of expiry date after which the sanctions will collapse ? Is there any government organization which reviews ...