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Questions tagged [secession]

Questions about the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity. Use with a country or other tag to identify the entity. For question about "local independence" use [local-autonomy], instead. When referring to a civil war, use also the tag: [armed-conflict].

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Have other countries said what they'd do if Ethiopia recognizes Somaliland's indepedence?

Reuters: Feb 23, 2024 Landlocked Ethiopia agreed a memorandum of understanding on Jan. 1 to lease 20 km (12 miles) of coastline in Somaliland - a territory that Somalia says it owns, even though the ...
-4 votes
2 answers
208 views

Texas seceding from the US? [closed]

With the border crisis in Texas and the backup from many states (mostly in the South), how likely is a secession of state(s), and which ones are most likely to secede? (if any). How similar is the ...
5 votes
1 answer
729 views

Did some UNGA resolutions recognize Crimea as independent or part of Russia? Or Kosovo as part of Serbia, to this day?

Russia has accused "the West" of double standards with respect to secession/self-determination e.g. in 2018 Lavrov said: "Despite numerous resolutions adopted by the UN General ...
11 votes
7 answers
2k views

In which case is separatism considered legitimate?

What historical background usually gives a nation/minority within another country legal grounds for separatism in the eyes of international community?
-6 votes
4 answers
342 views

Was 1992 Bosnian Independence referendum a sham voting, in light of 99.7% of votes "For"? [closed]

One thing that caught my eye in the referendum results cited in Wikipedia seemed improbably high at 92.7% for the independence. The turnout to the referendums was reported as 63.7%, with 92.7% of ...
52 votes
3 answers
9k views

Do separatist nations inherit any national debt?

Do separatist nations inherit any national debt? For example, given Spain has a debt level of £1.1 trillion at the time of writing, if Catalonia becomes an independent nation is there any legal ...
2 votes
1 answer
109 views

Who is judging Bosnian Serb leader Dodik?

BBC: Mr Dodik, who is president of Bosnia-Herzegovina's majority-Serb area, rejects Christian Schmidt's authority. He has repeatedly threatened to secede. Under the US-brokered Dayton deal that ended ...
12 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why do the Palestinians in Gaza not declare an independent state?

The Palestinians want an independent state over the entire land of Israel, but cannot have it, as most of it is controlled by Israel. However, the Gaza strip has been abandoned by Israel over 15 years ...
13 votes
5 answers
7k views

Is there any way for a country to get separated peacefully? [duplicate]

India has separatist movements in twenty two states. Most of them are militants. However, two of them stand out in the sense that their effort is nonviolent. One of them is Khalistan Movement, and the ...
1 vote
1 answer
381 views

What did Chief Justice Chase mean by "consent of the States" in Texas v. White (1869)?

In the 1869 case of Texas v. White, the US Supreme Court ruled that states did not have the constitutional right to unilaterally secede from the Union. Writing for the majority opinion, Chief Justice ...
-3 votes
1 answer
275 views

Why is Catalonia not a free country? [closed]

It's non-controversial that Russia should not attack Ukraine. Holding it hostage is imperialistic, and clearly illegal, so that even UN admits Russia is criminal now. However, Catalonia also has good ...
10 votes
3 answers
763 views

Legal basis for self-determination vs. territorial integrity

There are many examples where self-determination means secession of a territory from a state, typically opposed by the latter. The most obvious recent example are the eastern regions of the Ukraine, ...
19 votes
5 answers
2k views

Was it illegal for Spain to declare the Catalan independence referendum illegal?

Spain declared the independence referendum of Catalonia illegal. At the time this was reported I was shocked that nobody objected to the Spanish Government's declaration. Even now (two years later), ...
1 vote
2 answers
317 views

Why have European regions with strong desires for independence not been allowed to have either local parliaments or referendums? [closed]

Is it the fault of the government's progressiveness that regions with strong desires for independence and self-rule, such as Corsica, the Basque region, Catalonia, Bavaria, Moravia, and Sicily, have ...
4 votes
0 answers
160 views

Support for secession by the international community in the 21st century

I am looking for examples of both successful and unsuccessful national secession attempts in the 21st century in order to determine in which contexts the international community has supported or ...
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

What does Kosovo need to do in order to become a fully independent country?

What are the steps that Kosovo, or, if it's not about them, other countries must do, so it can be recognized as an independent country? In 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from ...
33 votes
6 answers
11k views

Why do Australians want to remain under British monarchy?

If I am not wrong they once voted against being a republic country some years ago. I understand Australians and feel sympathy for them about that they are different from some other countries which ...
3 votes
1 answer
149 views

Is there any theory regarding a colony's natural evolution into independence?

From a layman's perspective, it seems that the fate of most colonies is to evolve into an independent nation. At least those colonies that are, at a particular point in human technological evolution, ...
10 votes
3 answers
6k views

Can a US state opt to become a territory without leaving the nation as a whole?

This relates to an item legislated by the Texas republican party recently. Overlooking the more regressive and dangerous items, and the frivolous and inconsequential items, they are also throwing the ...
18 votes
5 answers
7k views

What are the steps to become an independent country once independence has been declared?

In How to Become a Country in 3 Easy Steps they mention: Step 1 Declare independence Step 2 Gain recognition Step 3 Join the United Nations Foreign Policy has a similar article How to Start Your Own ...
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

Are there any regions in the Russian Federation with active independence movements?

I'm curious if there are any active separatist movements in the Russian Federation. By "active", I mean politically organized, funded and regionally supported to the extent that they could ...
15 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why did the LPR and DPR in Donbas not form one People's Republic?

Right now, in the Donbas region of Ukraine, there are two quasi-states — the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) and the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR). They emerged due to the events of the War in ...
3 votes
0 answers
51 views

Why don't Donetsk and Luhansk unite? [duplicate]

Considering they are both populated by ethnic Russians and have a common enemy, why don't Donetsk and Luhansk unite in a single political entity (state)? What are the distinctions between their ...
12 votes
4 answers
707 views

What determines whether Western countries (and NATO) recognize separatist movements? (especially when comparing Kosovo and the Donbass)

Consider the following scenario: there is a region in a country inhabited primarily by a different ethnic group than the majority of the rest of the country, and has been living there and composing ...
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do the regions of Donetsk and Luhansk have the right to declare independence from Ukraine under the Minsk Agreements?

Recently the DPR and the LPR declared their independence which Russia recognized. This declaration and subsequent recognition are not seen as legitimate by the international community. Is there a ...
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can a region of Ukraine secede or become part of another country lawfully?

If the population within a region of Ukraine wanted to become a part of Russia (suppose a fair vote was 75% in favor), is there a peaceful legal/government procedure in Ukraine to make this happen? ...
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

If Taiwan declares independence, would that mean they are relinquishing their claim over mainland China?

Preface Ever since the communist revolution in China, Taiwan aka the Republic Of China (ROC) has maintained that they are the rightful government of mainland China. The People's Republic of China (...
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Can Republika Srpska become independent?

The Republika Srpska is currently an administrative district within Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are currently two such districts, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is ...
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why did the British not want India's allegiance to be completely dissolved from Britain?

India wasn't given independent status on 15th August, 1947. India & Pakistan were given status of dominions under monarch George VI. Look at the wordings of independence act of India. An Act ...
27 votes
5 answers
8k views

Explain for kids — Why isn't Northern Ireland demanding a stay/leave referendum like Scotland?

https://politics.stackexchange.com/a/34470 is too abstruse — the history and religion conflicts are too complicated. I'm seeking answers written for a 10 y.o. Every week, I see a new article on the ...
6 votes
1 answer
698 views

What impact would the secession of the State of Jefferson from California and Oregon have on regional representation?

For nearly 75 years, members of the northern counties of California and the southern counties of Oregon have attempted to organize the secession from both and the formation of a new state, Jefferson. ...
-7 votes
2 answers
842 views

What are the objective minimum prerequisites for people of African descent in the Americas to form of an independent modern sovereign nation-state? [duplicate]

There are several questions and answers at Politics SE which address parts of the premise of this question, including What are the steps to become an independent country once independence has been ...
8 votes
2 answers
383 views

Does the increased localization of government control provide a solution to the stalemate caused by two party politics?

I was considering posting this in the Philosophy S.E., to ask if this was an example of The Middle Ground Fallacy, but then realized that my context is entirely political. Much of federal politics in ...
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

How supported is the idea of a fully independent Indian state among US Native Americans?

Some people (e.g. here) accuse USA of supporting other countries' independence movements (Kosovo/Palestine/Tibet/Taiwan, depending on your definition of "support") as being in conflict with the fact ...
10 votes
3 answers
858 views

Why does the international community recognise South Sudan independence, but not Somaliland?

Following a bloody civil war, South Sudan declared independence from Sudan after a referendum, an independence which is widely recognised but which was followed by another civil war. Somalia has been ...
1 vote
3 answers
474 views

Why are some secessionist movements on the left but others on the right?

In Europe, Scottish, Catalan, and Basque seperatist movements are primarily associated with left-wing politics. Others, like Lega Nord in Italy or the Vlaams Belang campaigning for a petition of ...
20 votes
6 answers
11k views

Could Alaska leave the US, or would it have to buy its way out?

Whilst reading a list of minor (compared to the big two) US parties, I noticed there's an Alaskan Independence Party. Given that the US bought Alaska from Russia, would they legally be free to leave, ...
22 votes
4 answers
5k views

Could Westminster block the possibility of a referendum on Scottish independence?

With the recent events of Brexit, the SNP wants another referendum. Is it possible that Westminster would block this possibility? How could Scotland become independent without the approval of ...
10 votes
2 answers
770 views

Is it difficult for Scotland to become a member of the EU if they gain independence from the UK following Brexit

Britain is ready for Brexit (to quit the EU) and Scotland wants another independence referendum which the UK refused. Following Brexit, if Scotland gains independence from the UK, is it difficult for ...
-3 votes
2 answers
216 views

Independence referendum Vs Country sovereignty

I was wondering under what conditions an independence referendum can be a valid referendum. It seems to me that no matter the outcome no sovereign nation would accept part of the country seceding. ...
6 votes
2 answers
389 views

Secessionist / Regionalist political parties in Germany

In the UK, there are parties represented in regional and the national parliament calling for either the secession of, or at least greater autonomy for their nations from the UK (e.g. SNP, Plaid Cymru, ...
11 votes
6 answers
4k views

What other European countries are experiencing independence movements?

UK, Spain, and now Italy have regions that have held referendums on independence or autonomy after the leaders of Italy's two wealthiest northern regions have claimed victory in a non-binding ...
7 votes
2 answers
189 views

Which country is responsable for the external debt if half of the states of a country become independent? [duplicate]

After the lawsuit of 18 states joining Texas against some Democratic states (plus 2 counties from California/Nevada which want to become new states), and after that seeing some Texan republicans ...
17 votes
1 answer
2k views

Can Scotland hold an informal independence opinion-poll without Westminster's consent?

Yesterday, Nicola Sturgeon said that she would hold an independence referendum before 2023. Our democratic mandate to allow people to decide the country's future is beyond question. And at this ...
20 votes
6 answers
14k views

Can Catalonia enter the EU after its independence from Spain?

Catalonia is a region of Spain where a big part of the population wants to be independent from Spain and form its own nation. If that happens, at the beginning, Catalonia as a nation will be out of ...
35 votes
7 answers
8k views

Do any countries have a procedure that allows a constituent part of that country to become independent unilaterally?

In the last few years, there have been a few attempts made by such territories to achieve independence. Particularly in Europe, we had the cases of Scotland and Catalonia. In the case of Scotland, ...
22 votes
7 answers
7k views

Would the rest of the UK lose anything more than honor if Scotland exits the UK?

The nations of the UK are independent nations that share resources with each other, and sometimes a feeling of oneness and fraternity is seen among the good people of that land. Emotions are ...
5 votes
2 answers
475 views

United Nations : Right to Self Determination and Secession working groups?

Article 1, paragraph 2 of the United Nations charter allows for the right of self-determination. To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights ...
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is it legal to campaign for county independence in England?

Would campaigning for a county independence in England be considered a crime? Or is it totally legal?
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Can a UK county gain independence?

What is the law/rules around if a county (let's say Northumberland) wants to gain independence, whether to join another country (let's say/assume future independent Scotland) or to join the EU as an ...