Questions tagged [secession]

Questions about the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity. Use with a country or other tag to identify the entity. For question about "local independence" use [local-autonomy], instead. When referring to a civil war, use also the tag: [armed-conflict].

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What disadvantages are there for a region in declaring independence, if that declaration is not widely recognised

Today Catalonia declared independence from Spain. The European Union and the United States have stated they will only deal with Spain, meaning they do not recognize Catalonia as a country. Which ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why is there a problem in Spain in the first place? [duplicate]

As far as I understand (source: discussions with Spaniards) there is no provision in Spain's law (including the constitution) for the declaration of independence of a province. Why therefore is there ...
WoJ's user avatar
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11 votes
6 answers
4k views

What other European countries are experiencing independence movements?

UK, Spain, and now Italy have regions that have held referendums on independence or autonomy after the leaders of Italy's two wealthiest northern regions have claimed victory in a non-binding ...
user 1's user avatar
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2 votes
5 answers
966 views

Can catalans lose EU/Spanish citizenship if Catalonia is independence? [closed]

I was reading the answers of What's will be like a viable and legal roadmap to Catalonian independence? and one of them says: -If the vote to leave is over 50%, then the process for creating a ...
Ivan's user avatar
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18 votes
5 answers
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What are the steps to become an independent country once independence has been declared?

In How to Become a Country in 3 Easy Steps they mention: Step 1 Declare independence Step 2 Gain recognition Step 3 Join the United Nations Foreign Policy has a similar article How to Start Your Own ...
fedorqui's user avatar
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52 votes
3 answers
9k views

Do separatist nations inherit any national debt?

Do separatist nations inherit any national debt? For example, given Spain has a debt level of £1.1 trillion at the time of writing, if Catalonia becomes an independent nation is there any legal ...
Charlie's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
783 views

What are the real cost for companies leaving Catalonia?

The last weeks there was problems and lots of discussions between the Catalan and Spanish governments. There was a referendum that the Catalan government accepts but the Spanish one doesn't and the ...
Ivan's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
559 views

Will an independent Catalonia maintain an open border with Spain and France?

It is said that Catalonia plans to declare independence on Tuesday. If they do, did the proponents of independence indicate that the new republic will have an open border with its neighbours? Because ...
Crazydre's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
388 views

Can Spain be suspended from the EU?

Catalonia held a referendum for independence. The police threatened and attacked the citizens of Spain/Catalonia. Article 7 says that if a country violates the rights of their citizens they could be ...
Rootel's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
725 views

What could Spain do legally if Cataluña proclaims independence?

It seems there will be a unilateral proclamation. I don’t think Spain will accept this. Can Spain avoid this politically? Stating the referendum was illegal seems to have been ineffective. Is it ...
riccs_0x's user avatar
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6 answers
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Are there secessionist movements in regions which lack a distinct language or dialect?

Looking at the list of separatist movements it seems that all of them are focused around a region which has its own language/dialect and an associated culture. But are there any active secessionist ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
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35 votes
5 answers
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Why do some Catalans want to become independent?

Why do some Catalans want to become independent? What has changed recently to increase their desire to be independent? I'd like to understand this situation, as I am currently completely ignorant ...
Nacht's user avatar
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-3 votes
2 answers
216 views

Independence referendum Vs Country sovereignty

I was wondering under what conditions an independence referendum can be a valid referendum. It seems to me that no matter the outcome no sovereign nation would accept part of the country seceding. ...
Kenny Steegmans's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

Would Article 5 of NATO apply in case Catalonia attempts to secede from Spain by force?

For many years now Catalonia has been attempting to peacefully secede from Spain through a binding referendum. However the Spanish authorities are constantly undermining their efforts by not accepting ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
748 views

If the independence vote in Catalunya is successful. What are the possible outcomes?

The autonomous parliament of Catalunya is about to hold a referendum to secede from Spain. Given that Catalunya has their own police force. What are the possible outcomes if the Catalan people vote ...
dan-klasson's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why did the British not want India's allegiance to be completely dissolved from Britain?

India wasn't given independent status on 15th August, 1947. India & Pakistan were given status of dominions under monarch George VI. Look at the wordings of independence act of India. An Act ...
Mr. Sigma.'s user avatar
20 votes
6 answers
14k views

Can Catalonia enter the EU after its independence from Spain?

Catalonia is a region of Spain where a big part of the population wants to be independent from Spain and form its own nation. If that happens, at the beginning, Catalonia as a nation will be out of ...
Ivan's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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How could Scotland become independent given that Theresa May rejected a referendum?

Given the stance of Theresa May on allowing Scotland a second referendum, how could Scotland become independent? In short, if the UK government refused to acknowledge the mandate of the SNP to call a ...
penalosa's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
770 views

Is it difficult for Scotland to become a member of the EU if they gain independence from the UK following Brexit

Britain is ready for Brexit (to quit the EU) and Scotland wants another independence referendum which the UK refused. Following Brexit, if Scotland gains independence from the UK, is it difficult for ...
i--'s user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
554 views

What steps are required for the successful legal secession of California from the United States?

From what I have heard from Yes California, it requires a state constitutional amendment and then a referendum put before the populace. Are there any other steps?
wogsland's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Is #calexit possible? [duplicate]

Historically, states like Quebec have attempted secession... would it be possible for California, Oregon or Texas to leave the union? If a state had a successful referendum would they bother to worry ...
Brian Turner's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Can California vote to leave the US? [duplicate]

In the same way that Brexit happened, and the Scots had a referendum on staying in the UK, what would it take for California to leave the US?
The dude's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Would the Spanish People's Party have the capacity to veto Scotland's entry to the EU while governing in minority?

In the UK, the issue of Scottish independence has again become topical, as the Scottish National Party (SNP) have recently published a draft referendum bill (on the 20th of October 2016). One ...
Guambra Feo's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
952 views

What are implementation details of Taiwan independence?

"Taiwan independence" means different things to different people. In a China mindset , it is used in the sense similar to that of "Tibetan independence movement", with the premise that Taiwan is ...
user1234's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why does Russia hold hard on keeping Chechnya?

Since the dissolution of the USSR in 1991, lot of its republics chose to be independent states and most succeeded without any significant pressure from the then newly established Russia. But one ...
Neurotransmitter's user avatar
19 votes
5 answers
2k views

Was it illegal for Spain to declare the Catalan independence referendum illegal?

Spain declared the independence referendum of Catalonia illegal. At the time this was reported I was shocked that nobody objected to the Spanish Government's declaration. Even now (two years later), ...
Matthias Schreiber's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the French support for Frexit (France leaving EU) and why?

But the french also hate the EU. No more than 25% of them still supports it. If such a referendum were to happen in france, the result for leave would probably be much higher - comment on another ...
user4012's user avatar
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71 votes
4 answers
22k views

Could the UK re-join EU after leaving?

Let's assume that Article 50 is invoked and UK officially leaves EU For some reason, both UK populace (a large share) and enough powers that be or popular will in EU, decide that UK ought to re-join ...
user4012's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Union Flag After Scottish Independence [closed]

If Scotland votes to break away from the United Kingdom, which seems more likely after the Brexit vote, what will happen to the Union flag? I don't think many people would like to see the lack of blue ...
D. Clayton's user avatar
22 votes
4 answers
5k views

Could Westminster block the possibility of a referendum on Scottish independence?

With the recent events of Brexit, the SNP wants another referendum. Is it possible that Westminster would block this possibility? How could Scotland become independent without the approval of ...
Gautier C's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
697 views

What impact would the secession of the State of Jefferson from California and Oregon have on regional representation?

For nearly 75 years, members of the northern counties of California and the southern counties of Oregon have attempted to organize the secession from both and the formation of a new state, Jefferson. ...
Drunk Cynic's user avatar
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20 votes
6 answers
11k views

Could Alaska leave the US, or would it have to buy its way out?

Whilst reading a list of minor (compared to the big two) US parties, I noticed there's an Alaskan Independence Party. Given that the US bought Alaska from Russia, would they legally be free to leave, ...
Phil Lello's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
857 views

Why does the international community recognise South Sudan independence, but not Somaliland?

Following a bloody civil war, South Sudan declared independence from Sudan after a referendum, an independence which is widely recognised but which was followed by another civil war. Somalia has been ...
gerrit's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Can Republika Srpska become independent?

The Republika Srpska is currently an administrative district within Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are currently two such districts, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is ...
Zlatan Omerović's user avatar
18 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the main policy differences between Spain and (hoped-for) Catalonia?

What are the main policy differences between Spain (as exemplified by current government in power) and Catalonia (assuming it obtained its independence/sovereignity right now, and regional government ...
user4012's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Are there any separatist movements in Turkey's East Thrace?

Once upon a time i spotted a website dedicated to the support of separatism in Russia's Kaliningrad region. The website itself was foreign-based and English-speaking. Evidently there are separatist ...
Anixx's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
610 views

What would it take for a state to secede from the US? [closed]

What, theoretically, would have to happen for a US state to gain independence from the union and remain independent (i.e. not immediately get invaded by the US and reclaimed)?
Charlotte's user avatar
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17 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why do the Spanish government not organize a national referendum for Catalonia independence?

The reason the Spanish government was not willing to allow Catalonia to handle any referendum is because a Spanish province is not allowed to single handedly secede, such decisions should be taken by ...
Bregalad's user avatar
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11 votes
7 answers
2k views

In which case is separatism considered legitimate?

What historical background usually gives a nation/minority within another country legal grounds for separatism in the eyes of international community?
qwaz's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
470 views

Why are some secessionist movements on the left but others on the right?

In Europe, Scottish, Catalan, and Basque seperatist movements are primarily associated with left-wing politics. Others, like Lega Nord in Italy or the Vlaams Belang campaigning for a petition of ...
gerrit's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
814 views

If Scotland had become independent, what would have been its political system?

On September 18th, the citizens of Scotland voted on whether or not they want the country to be its own state, independent from the United Kingdom. Had this referendum been successful and Scotland ...
Philipp's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is Scotland attempting to become independent?

I realize "Scotland" isn't trying to become independent; a group of politicians are trying to make Scotland independent, and a lot of people in Scotland (roughly half, depending on the poll and the ...
Richard Rast's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
335 views

Why was there a sharp increase in the margin of support of independence in Scotland in August/September 2014?

Why was there a sharp increase in the margin of support of independence in Scotland in August/September 2014? (source)
user4012's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is there voting theory regarding combining the results of multiple votes by multiple groups on a single topic?

Suppose, for example, we have a small region of a country that wants to peacefully secede. We'll use California and the United States as examples. There could be a large number of possible secession ...
Stephen Collings's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
737 views

What are the benefits to the rest of the UK from Scottish independence?

We've read a lot about why Scottish independence would benefit Scotland and hinder the UK. I'm interested to know how Scottish independence (voting YES to devolution) will benefit the UK on a ...
Aswiny's user avatar
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26 votes
3 answers
1k views

What will Scotland's status in the EU be, assuming the Scots vote for independence?

The Scots will vote on whether Scotland should be an independent country or not, on September 18, 2014. Assuming the majority vote is for independence, will Scotland remain in the European Union ...
yannis's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
682 views

Did the Civil War in the USA settle the matter on secession?

Did the Civil War in the USA settle the matter of secession once and for all?
Matt Davis's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

How supported is the idea of a fully independent Indian state among US Native Americans?

Some people (e.g. here) accuse USA of supporting other countries' independence movements (Kosovo/Palestine/Tibet/Taiwan, depending on your definition of "support") as being in conflict with the fact ...
user4012's user avatar
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33 votes
6 answers
11k views

Why do Australians want to remain under British monarchy?

If I am not wrong they once voted against being a republic country some years ago. I understand Australians and feel sympathy for them about that they are different from some other countries which ...
Persian Cat's user avatar
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20 votes
3 answers
2k views

What would be required for states to split off and become their own nation?

What would need to happen for a state such as California or Texas to split off and form its own independent nation? Who would need to agree and what would need passing (bills etc.)?
UKB's user avatar
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