Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about political terminology, including established definitions and appropriate usage, and subjects directly related to it.

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Could the British policy of sending asylum seekers to Rwanda be described as "extraordinary rendition"?

The term "extraordinary rendition" entered the language a few years ago to describe the practice of enforcing, without legal process, the removal of people from one jurisdiction to another, ...
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5 answers
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What is the analogous term of people of colour for white persons?

I already know the term "people of colour" in a sociological context. What is the counterpart term to people of colour actually (i.e. white people?) in the same context if there is one?
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8 votes
3 answers
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Is there a name in political science for an apparent paradox between societal ideals and practice?

This phenomenon is not specific to any country as I have noticed it stretches across multiple regions and countries. For example, marijuana is illegal in the United States at the federal level despite ...
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9 votes
2 answers
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Asking for examples to clarify the meaning of geopolitics

I don't understand what "geopolitics" means and I am asking help about that. From googling, I found some definitions below: Blackwill (2009) documents that "Geopolitics in this context ...
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-4 votes
3 answers
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What is the meaning of the term "Genocide" as opposed to "Crimes against Humanity"? [closed]

Genocide as a term came into being relatively after World War 2. There used to be a term earlier called Crimes against Humanity which used to be used to describe similar events. This use of this term ...
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Where does the term "tankie" come from?

So, I was a total bystander in a very heated discussion recently. It seemed like one of the participants was a total war-hawk regarding this Ukraine situation. The guy on the other side seemed to be a ...
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Opposite of the welfare state?

We use the term "Welfare state" to describe states that feel responsible to provide its citizens with minimal means allowing to live with dignity, like the education for children, healthcare,...
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6 votes
4 answers
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What does it mean to have a "functioning democratic political system based on a market economy"?

The NATO fact sheet linked in this answer states that one prerequisite for joining NATO is a functioning democratic political system based on a market economy What does that mean? A democracy "...
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6 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between non-alignment and neutrality?

Very few documents online work on the difference. Non-Alignment (and the related history of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) during the Cold War) seems to refer to countries that will not join alliances or ...
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Did the Biden administration have a working definition of democracy when it chose which countries to invite to its "democracy summit"?

The New York Times' Biden Rallies Global Democracies as U.S. Hits a ‘Rough Patch’ The president kicked off his summit as critics questioned the guest list and whether the United States could be an ...
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What exactly is China's "whole-process people's democracy"? In what ways does it function "democratically" based on traditional definitions?

CNN's China claims its authoritarian one-party system is a democracy -- and one that works better than the US says: In his keynote speech, Huang Kunming, the ruling Communist Party's propaganda tsar, ...
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Significance of the organized/unorganized attribution of US territories

Reading articles re US territories, two terms are given significant (e.g are in the heading chapter AND sidebar header of relevant Wikipedia article) reference: Incorporated/Unincorporated and ...
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Why do US politicians use the title "czar?"

I've always found it odd that there are high-profile positions in the US using the title of "czar," which has obvious connotations to Russia. An example is John Kerry, who is often ...
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0 votes
4 answers
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What exactly is the difference between an NGO and a political party?

What exactly is the difference between an NGO and a political party? They’re both volunteer-based groups formed to promote certain political viewpoints in public government. Both are primarily funded ...
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7 votes
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Is this variant of STV used anywhere else?

In the rules of a political party in my (U.S.) state, a procedure for intra-party elections in which multiple positions are to be filled is described which is clearly a variant of the single ...
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42 votes
1 answer
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Why has the UK Government moved away from "Ministry of..." names?

Traditionally, UK Government departments were named "Ministry of [blar]". For example, Ministry of Transport Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Ministry of Education In recent ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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When and from where was the PAC first legally defined

The FEC explains the different types of political action committees (PACs) but did Congress legally define what a PAC is? I'm assuming that the FEC didn't legally define what a PAC is since it is a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What are the main "Revisionist powers" and "satisfied power" in the world now?

I once saw the two nouns "revisionist power" and "satisfied power" in an article in a Chinese newspaper that helps the Chinese learn about the new political nouns in English. "...
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Is a member of the Loyal opposition a Minister of the Crown?

Does the term 'Minister of the Crown' apply to ministers of the loyal opposition as well as those who are members of Her Majesty's Government?
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Confused about the terms 'state' and 'government'

Google says: Government: "the governing body of a nation, state, or community." State: "a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government." ...
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3 votes
3 answers
677 views

What is the meaning of "actors" and "player" according to political terms?

I am reading a book where I find some sentences like ... how international actors impact civil wars ... being a 'player' in regional politics ... further study of each of the six actors' policies ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between a recusal and abstaining? [closed]

Are these words synonyms or do they mean different things? A member of congress abstains from voting, while a judge recuses himself from a case. Is there a meaningful difference between the two out of ...
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Is there a distinction between fake news and dissent?

I have become increasingly concerned about the idea of "fake news". While I have little sympathy for professional crapmongers who laugh all the way to the bank with their expertly tangled ...
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9 votes
5 answers
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Is there a definition of Genocide which includes economical reasons?

I'm not talking about international law because the term genocide precedes international law, but more from a philosophical point of view. I remember seeing somewhere a definition of genocide which ...
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1 answer
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In the West, how has freedom been defined historically?

I stumbled upon this video earlier today. Here, starting at around 0:50, the Funky Academic claims that freedom used to be defined as having the ability to do your duty. Contrarily, again according to ...
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What does “state of exception” mean?

Carl Schmitt argues that a country with the objective of maintaining a strong state capacity in a “state of exception” will aim to speed up the processes of democratic politics for decisive actions ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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What does the bill status of "Held at the desk" mean?

Earlier this year, the Senate passed S. 1867, the COVID-19 Origin Act of 2021 by unanimous consent. This appears to be a "Sense of Congress" resolution, and calls for declassification of ...
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2 votes
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Can we call the United States of America an asymmetric federation?

The United States also observes tribal sovereignty of the American Indian nations to a limited degree, as it does with the states' sovereignty. American Indians are U.S. citizens and tribal lands are ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Is there an election system in which the outcome is fractional?

Most election systems are "discrete" in the sense that each candidate is either elected or not elected. One could think of an election system that is "fractional", for example: if ...
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35 votes
7 answers
6k views

What is "liberalism" in the USA political discourse?

I've recently registered to Facebook and Quora. It exposed me to a lot of political propaganda, mostly USA-centric. Republicans blaming Democrats and vice versa. Reading this was an amusing and void ...
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24 votes
1 answer
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Name for a popular measure added to a bill for the purpose of later attacking those who vote against that bill?

I personally always call this a kittens-are-cute bill. The basic idea is that Party A wants to pass a certain bill, but they know it's wholly unacceptable to Party B. So what they do is add some (...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is this WA tax with an opt-out option unique in the world?

Washington State recently introduced a new tax which has the unusual property of allowing a one-time opt out if you purchase private insurance instead: Under current law, you have one opportunity to ...
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2 votes
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Is an "enlightened public" political system a form of democracy, or of technocracy/epistocracy?

I am not sure who originally came up with this idea, but in his book Against Democracy, Jason Brennan talks about a political system he calls "simulated oracle", or an "enlightened ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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I have come across the term Presidency in a number of cases in India. What does this mean?

In my country(India) I have come across a number of times when the word Presidency is used. How is Presidency related to India that way? Like we had Presidency banks, Presidency University etc. What ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Does Robert's Rules of Order cover voting domain, jurisdiction or scope?

I'm looking for the name of something that likely is defined somehwere in Robert's Rules of Order or in some other standard in parliamentary procedure. Before a vote can take place, there must be a ...
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2 votes
1 answer
119 views

Is Caliphate as same as Islamic government or are they different?

Essence of Islamic governments the above Wikipedia link says that: (...) most Muslim scholars are of the opinion that Islamic al-Shura should consist of the following: Meeting or consultation that ...
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12 votes
2 answers
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Is boycotting or hurting businesses an instance of hard power?

As an example of what I'm talking about, here's what's happening in Myanmar: Since some professors in our medical universities did not join the civil disobedience movement, surgeons, dentists and ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What are the differences between autonomous administrative divisions and confederated states in Myanmar?

I learned that Wa State is currently an autonomous administrative division of Myanmar but in current government reform, Rakhine State wants to be a confederated state and other remaining states ...
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9 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why is Chuck Schumer considered the Majority Leader if the Democrats don't have a majority? [duplicate]

Democrats hold 48 seats in the Senate, Republicans 50, with the two remaining seats belonging to Independents. I understand that Kamala Harris is a Democrat and can cast a tie-breaking vote, but her ...
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79 votes
12 answers
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What is the meaning of "Cancel Culture"?

This expression has getting popular these days. Googling it led to the explanation from Wikipedia that says: Cancel culture (or call-out culture) is a modern form of ostracism in which someone is ...
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20 votes
5 answers
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What does "bipartisan support" mean in the United States?

Is there a definition of "bipartisan support"? For the Senate in the US, when can you claim a bill was supported/passed by bipartisanship, and when you can't claim thus?
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33 votes
5 answers
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Is there a word or phrase for an election candidate who wants to win an office to prevent its role being done at all?

I am looking for a term for a candidate who wants and hopes to win an election, but has no intention of fulfilling the role if elected. He wishes to be elected in order to prevent it being done at all....
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2 votes
1 answer
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What is Stateism in the context of Ronald Reagan calling it a "naked desert?

The short National Review Institute video William F. Buckley Jr. Legacy Video plays an audio recording of Ronald Reagan presumably addressing William F. Buckley Jr. with Reagan saying: You didn’t ...
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29 votes
3 answers
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What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence?

What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence? Aren't those the same thing? Please help me make sense of the following sentence (but keep in mind that my question is ...
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6 votes
1 answer
414 views

What does defeat on the Address mean?

What's the "Address"? Queen’s Speech | The Institute for Government It is rare for the government to be defeated on the address in the Commons – as governments usually have a majority in ...
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29 votes
4 answers
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What specific political traits classify a political leader as a fascist?

Background Fascism does not have an easy clear cut definition. However, several figures throughout history are identified as unambiguously fascist, with Mussolini belonging to the original fascist ...
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Does an election necessarily involve selection?

An election is a kind of vote. A referendum is a vote, but is not an election. Therefore we infer not all votes are elections. What are the essential characteristics of an election then? Does an ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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When should a politician be referred to by their most senior held position, as opposed to strictly their current one?

Sometimes current/former politicians are referred to by their most senior held (previous or current) title, rather than strictly their current title. For example, in a 2016 Presidential debate, ...
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24 votes
8 answers
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A word that means rule by the vocal minority?

If plutocracy is rule by the wealthy, and meritocracy is rule by individual ability or achievement, then what's a word that means rule by the vocal minority? Extrovert-ocracy? An example I'm thinking ...
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20 votes
11 answers
11k views

How is North Korea democratic, if there's only one party with one ideology?

How is North Korea, which is officially called the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea", democratic, if there's only one party with one ideology? Is this a moving box in a non-movable box?...
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