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Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about political terminology, including established definitions and appropriate usage, and subjects directly related to it.

31
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5answers
5k views

What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
2
votes
2answers
288 views

What is an arch-remainer or arch-leaver?

In coverage of the ongoing Brexit votes, I'm seeing individuals being referred to as “arch-remainers”. Google also suggests there's some minor usage of the term “arch-leaver”. I've never heard this ...
4
votes
4answers
289 views

What is a “government by techology” called?

What is the technical term for a "government by technology" called? By "by technology" I mean that, for example, a computer program's decisions form the basis of governance. Is this "technocracy"?
-12
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2answers
223 views

Why do some people believe that antisemiticism means hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination exclusively against Jews? [closed]

According to Wikipedia (a secondary source) Semitic means Semitic most commonly refers to the Semitic languages, a name used since the 1770s to refer to the language family currently present in ...
8
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2answers
491 views

Why are the Greek nationalists against resolving the name dispute and call FYROM “North Macedonia”?

According to yesterday's newspapers (22th January, 2019), Greek nationalists made street protests against the agreement to resolve the infamous naming dispute when it comes to former-Yugoslav ...
14
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5answers
617 views

Does “government” mean something different in British and American English?

There's been lots of news in the past couple of days about votes in the UK Parliament regarding Brexit. These reports seem to use the word "government" in a way that I don't understand. For instance, ...
2
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0answers
163 views

Difference between Islamism and Political Islam

Sometimes the terms Islamism and political Islam seem to be used interchangeably and sometimes not. I appreciate the fact that these concepts may not have a precise consensual definition just yet ...
43
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8answers
11k views

Why do Republicans and others accept the propagandaic use of the term “Progressives”?

The word "progressives" has always confused me. It's sort of like an antonym to "conservatives", but the difference is that "conservative" is a neutral word. It tells us that you want to "conserve" ...
11
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8answers
2k views

What is the opposite of populism?

The Guardian (a UK newspaper) is running a series on populism. Among other things, it has a quiz, which places you in a 2-dimensional political map, with axes being how populist and left/right-wing. ...
1
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0answers
50 views

Who coined the term “herding” in the context of polling?

Nate Silver defines herding as the tendency of polling firms to produce results that closely match one another, especially toward the end of a campaign On November 5 2012 Drew Linzer wrote a post ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Economically social Democratic and nationalist on immigration

What would you call someone who is economically a social Democrat (supports things like Medicare for all, tuition-free college, strong labor unions, tariffs to protect manufacturing), but also ...
6
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1answer
447 views

What does Farrakhan mean by “false Jews”?

In a speech of his, Farrakhan referenced "false Jews": These false Jews promote the filth of Hollywood that is seeding the American people and the people of the world and bringing you down in moral ...
4
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2answers
214 views

Term for the trend where a political party does worse in State elections when holding power Federally

In Australia it's well-known (see, for example, here) that a party that holds power at Federal level will - all other things being equal - tend to hold a disadvantage in State elections. Similarly, ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Since Greece wants FYROM to be named “North Macedonia”, why don't they make an example call their own region “South Macedonia”?

Greece refuses to recognise the name "Republic of Macedonia" (often named "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", FYROM) because this country is only a part of historical Macedonia, the other part ...
29
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10answers
12k views

Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
5
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3answers
553 views

At what point does a conservative become a reactionary?

If we think of conservatives as being opposed to reform, and wanting things to go on as they are, what happens when conservatives lose on an issue but refuse to accept it? For example, many ...
1
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0answers
103 views

Definition of active measures in a political warfare context

Is there a good definition of active measures in a political warfare context? Wikipedia has an article on active measures in that context, but it lacks a concise definition. Rather than stating a ...
30
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10answers
13k views

How does anti-Semitism differ from racism?

If 'anti-Semitism' is no different to 'racism', then why is it necessary to have a separate "...ism" that relates specifically to only one religious/racial group?
21
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2answers
5k views

In the UK, what is pairing?

In The Guardian on July 19 2018 I found this under the headline "Tory MP casts doubt on claim pairing breach was honest mistake as row escalates - Politics live". Up to five Tory MPs were told to ...
3
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2answers
633 views

Who coined the term “precariat”?

Until recently I was under the impression that it is a recent term based on the works of Guy Standing. All publications (currently) cited in the Wikipedia page on the topic are from 2010 or newer. But ...
1
vote
3answers
461 views

Why do the Europeans and US consider Hezbollah Terrorists?

Some years ago and after the start of the Syrian war, Europe considered Hezbollah as a terrorist organization, while during the Syrian war this organization defeated terrorists such as daesh and ...
25
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4answers
7k views

What is the difference between a separatist and a rebel?

The internet does not give a satisfactory explanation as to the slightly differing nuances of these two notions. Question: When speaking politically, what is meant by "separatists" and "rebels" and ...
1
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2answers
255 views

What might “behavioral microtargeting with psychographic messaging” mean, in the context of political action committee research?

The New York Times article Bolton Was Early Beneficiary of Cambridge Analytica’s Facebook Data includes the passage: In the two years that followed, Mr. Bolton’s super PAC spent nearly $1.2 million ...
1
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2answers
282 views

Why hasn't legislation corrected the ambiguity of 'civil law'?

Source: A Brief Introduction to Law in Canada (Mar. 2017). p. 39 Bottom. Box 2.3. "Common Law" and "Civil Law": Alternate Meanings As we have seen, some legal expressions have different ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Difference between Deputy Prime Minister and Vice President

Wikipedia mentions this regarding deputy prime minister: The position is often likened to that of a vice president, but is significantly different even though both positions are "number two" ...
1
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2answers
191 views

What's the difference between a state and a country?

What's the difference between a state and a country? Is there any precise political definition that, perhaps, the UN would follow?
4
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3answers
129 views

Political term for an attitude of a political party to not avoid uncomfortable subjects

In Europe, the age at which people are starting their retirement, should go up (I don't know if you can say "increase" or "lift" in this context). But politicians avoid this subject because it is ...
2
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2answers
173 views

Is there a political term for a strong (democratic) state that has much influence in contrast to a weak one?

Some political parties (ie economic liberalism) want a "weak" state that has less influence, other seek a strong one. Is there a term that describes a (democratic) state that is a strong one?
4
votes
1answer
263 views

Is there a term for the political concept of a nation always needing an enemy to fight?

I heard someone say recently that the United States had a political necessity to seek out an "enemy" to fight. They argued that when one was defeated, political leaders either explicitly or implicitly ...
6
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3answers
532 views

Can someone explain the difference between Civil Rights, Civil Liberties and Freedoms?

We encounter these terms frequently in everyday readings. Although they have almost the same meanings but there exist intricate differences. Please explain with some examples the differences and ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the term for the idea that everyone should vote according to their own best interests? [closed]

What is the name for the theory that democracy should work like the more optimistic theories of free market competition, where (ideally) things work best when everyone votes narrowly according to ...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

How might you describe this political position?

There appears to be an "Oxbridge consensus" demonstrated by successive UK governments This approach is characterised by an uncompromising laissez-faire approach in some policy areas (migration, ...
17
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3answers
11k views

What do terms like “I yield my time, Mr. Speaker” mean?

What do terms like "I yield back" and "I reclaim my time" and "I yield to..." mean? I sorta get it, but am still quite clueless as to the details, let alone any name it may have.
3
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3answers
688 views

What is the origin of Left and Right in politics (before France)?

I've read many times that Left and Right in politics came from the French Revolution. But reading the Dao De Jing, chapter 31, it looks like a very similar definition, considering Left as "the people"...
0
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2answers
108 views

Can a US state senator be referred to as a representative?

To make a long story short, I wrote a letter to my district senator and referred to him as a "local representative." I did not mean to suggest that he is a member of the state House of Representatives,...
4
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6answers
5k views

What is the difference between negative rights and positive rights?

What's the difference between negative rights and positive rights? Can negative rights co-exist? Can positive rights co-exist? Can negative rights co-exist with positive rights?
0
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1answer
84 views

What is another term for a deception operation? [closed]

Like we have the term False Flag for covert operations to put blame for an event on a third party, is there any term for deception covert operations that are meant to fool the opponent? I am looking ...
0
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5answers
313 views

Why does “extremist” concept for a political figure seem so unclear?

In order to narrow the scope of the question, I will consider the case of Marine Le Pen. According to this BBC article, she can be regarded as "far-right" due to hard line on immigration, treatment ...
2
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1answer
137 views

The act of identifying somone's group by their vocabulary

I heard this once before, but I forgot the word for it. I've already tried to searched it on google but I could not find anything useful. "Tribalism" is a new word to express the political bubbles ...
8
votes
1answer
529 views

Does someone knows what is “brainpower” in Doomsday clock?

It's a simple question, maybe it is obvious but I'm not a native English speaker and I don't know what this truly means... What does that mean? I've already searched it on Google and couldn't find ...
2
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2answers
3k views

What's the difference between Institution, Organization and Regime in IR studies?

I am a newcomer to the field of study of IR who's interested in understanding jargon such as "organization," "institution" and "regime". Are they interchangeably used or do they each have a unique ...
0
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1answer
91 views

What is a the correct way of expressing a (vote) majority? [closed]

During the time, I have kept hearing about various expressions of a vote majority (TV discussions and titles, printed/on-line media etc.). The most common are 50% + 1 and 51%. A simple search reveals ...
11
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2answers
977 views

What is “politology”?

I have seen this word "politology" twice recently on politics.SE [here and here]. What does it mean? Judging by the context it seems to be similar to political science. I googled it, but only got ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Lumpenproletariat In Marxist Theory?

I am having a lot of trouble visualizing Karl Marx's socio-economic class Lumpenproletariat. Marx gives these examples: Alongside decayed roués with dubious means of subsistence and of dubious ...
3
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3answers
766 views

What is the opposite of “antitrust”?

For example, a dictionary definition of antitrust is: : of, relating to, or being legislation against or opposition to trusts or combinations; specifically : consisting of laws to protect trade ...
1
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3answers
222 views

is this definition of the State complete?

The State is an organization intended/designed/created and maintained by a People in order to make known, apply and defend People's Will. The State ensures the progress in fulfilling the People's ...
7
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2answers
2k views

What is a fourth party candidate (USA)?

Wikipedia: Third party is a term used in the United States for American political parties other than the Republican and Democratic parties. What is a fourth party candidate supposed to be? ...
-2
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2answers
12k views

What is nazbol?

What's nazbol, I'm probably really late on this... I've been hearing mixed things everywhere and I've heard it's pretty much capitalism but I also see communist symbols when searching around. I've ...
6
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4answers
723 views

What is 'post truth', and why do I hear it all the time?

Some are pushing this idea that somehow there is something to the media environment, that does not allow for truth. The Oxford definition of it goes relating to or denoting circumstances in which ...
1
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1answer
235 views

What's the definition of “fake news” in the context of facebook? [closed]

Facebook is being asked by some people to do something about fake news. Does the term "fake news" refer to hit and run operations that try to get traffic for a particular article, or does it also ...