Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about political terminology, including established definitions and appropriate usage, and subjects directly related to it.

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5
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2answers
282 views

What vexillologically (flag-based) named coalitions exist (theoretically) in German politics?

In German political speech, multi-party (three or more party) coalitions are sometimes described by vexillological analogy:: I have seen: Jamaica coalition between conservatives (black), liberals (...
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2answers
370 views

Methodology of Deny, Obfuscate, Admit but deny significance; generally accepted term, notable implementations?

A recent comment below the question What is Trump's position on the whistle blower allegations? What does he mean by “witch hunt”? includes the following (I've reformatted for easier reading): The ...
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1answer
281 views

Is there a clearly-defined meaning of “asset” in authoritative US national-security documents?

Although aware of the subsequent correction from Clinton's spokesperson, defending the original claim of Clinton that Gabbard is a Russian asset, former double-agent Naveed Jamali writes in Newsweek: ...
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0answers
81 views

Differences between “political theory”, “political philosophy”, and “political thought”?

What're the differences between these terms: political theory; political philosophy; political thought? I ask because these terms seem to mean the same thing in common usage.
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1answer
338 views

What is the meaning of “artificial borders”?

In the political analysis of many conflicts, especially regarding Africa or the Middle East, many people explain the conflicts as being caused, in part, by "artificial borders." There are also ...
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8answers
7k views

Is there an unambiguous name for the social/political theory “liberalism” without “leftist”?

Wikipedia defnes liberalism as follows: Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views ...
5
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3answers
227 views

Which political philosophy takes a situational approach as to whether government or private enterprise solves a problem better?

Background There are several political philosophies that presume that government tends to be the solution to most societal problems as a major aspect of each philosophy. By contrast, there are also ...
26
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4answers
5k views

What is gerrymandering called if it's not the result of redrawing districts?

The result of gerrymandering is a set of voting districts that are not representative of the overall demographics in a larger region. Gerrymandering refers specifically to obtaining that result by ...
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1answer
1k views

What is “demographic engineering” and how does it differ from ethnic cleansing?

The Guardian reports (emphasis mine): Ankara says the planned safe zone could allow up to two million Syrian refugees currently living in Turkey to return, although international observers and the ...
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2answers
188 views

Why the use of the term “whistleblower”? [closed]

Strictly in regard to the current events happening in the US involving its president and the Ukrainian call, I'm confused by the use of the term "whistleblower". The context I've been able to infer ...
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2answers
143 views

What is the political meaning of “shaheed” in India?

Literally, the word "shaheed" in Arabic means "martyr". But the word also has a more specific political meaning. In the Middle East, the term "shaheed" often indicates a Muslim suicide bomber acting ...
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0answers
56 views

What's process constitutionalism?

Can someone pls explain like I'm 5 what process constitutionalism is? The author failed to define it, and I see no simple answers after Googling "process constitutionalism". Robert Schütze. European ...
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1answer
173 views

Can left and right be reduced to who takes care of whom? [duplicate]

In my country (Belgium) there are quite some discussions between left- and right-wing political parties, but do those terms mean? I've developed my own definition, and I'd like to verify it here on ...
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11answers
9k views

Is there a term for someone whose preferred policies are a mix of left and right?

I, um, know a guy, 'Bob'. Bob is in favor of social safety nets and LGBTQ rights (leftist). Bob is also very pro-capitalism and in favor of gun rights (rightist). We have terms in the political ...
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1answer
228 views

Do any political groups self-describe as reactionary?

Merriam-webster describes reactionism as of, pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction, especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics; opposing political or social change. And ...
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3answers
7k views

Where are the “shires” in the UK?

Today's Guardian article, "Local elections: Tories tipped for heavy losses," contains the following statement: ...the Conservatives could lose about 500 seats to the Lib Dems and 300 to Labour. ...
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1answer
166 views

Has the US government adopted the extended UNHCR definition of refugee?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
6
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1answer
168 views

How did the extended UNHCR definition of refugee come about?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
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2answers
232 views

Is the there a term for state (or local) officers not caring about enforcing federal law?

I think it's generally accepted that in the US: state officers cannot be compelled to enforce federal law. For more details as to why that is accepted: In Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, ...
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3k views

Who coined the term “madman theory”?

Madman theory revolves around the idea of appearing more "crazy" than one actually is. It is actually a signaling game in its simplest form. At least nowadays such games are exemplified with a "...
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1answer
92 views

Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called “confirmatory” at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any ...
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5answers
8k views

What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
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2answers
543 views

What is an arch-remainer or arch-leaver?

In coverage of the ongoing Brexit votes, I'm seeing individuals being referred to as “arch-remainers”. Google also suggests there's some minor usage of the term “arch-leaver”. I've never heard this ...
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4answers
331 views

What is a “government by techology” called?

What is the technical term for a "government by technology" called? By "by technology" I mean that, for example, a computer program's decisions form the basis of governance. Is this "technocracy"?
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370 views

Why do some people believe that antisemiticism means hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination exclusively against Jews? [closed]

According to Wikipedia (a secondary source) Semitic means Semitic most commonly refers to the Semitic languages, a name used since the 1770s to refer to the language family currently present in ...
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Why are the Greek nationalists against resolving the name dispute and calling FYROM “North Macedonia”?

According to yesterday's newspapers (22th January, 2019), Greek nationalists made street protests against the agreement to resolve the infamous naming dispute when it comes to former-Yugoslav ...
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5answers
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Does “government” mean something different in British and American English?

There's been lots of news in the past couple of days about votes in the UK Parliament regarding Brexit. These reports seem to use the word "government" in a way that I don't understand. For instance, ...
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0answers
227 views

Difference between Islamism and Political Islam

Sometimes the terms Islamism and political Islam seem to be used interchangeably and sometimes not. I appreciate the fact that these concepts may not have a precise consensual definition just yet ...
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8answers
12k views

Why do Republicans and others accept the propagandaic use of the term “Progressives”?

The word "progressives" has always confused me. It's sort of like an antonym to "conservatives", but the difference is that "conservative" is a neutral word. It tells us that you want to "conserve" ...
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9answers
4k views

What is the opposite of populism?

The Guardian (a UK newspaper) is running a series on populism. Among other things, it has a quiz, which places you in a 2-dimensional political map, with axes being how populist and left/right-wing. ...
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0answers
91 views

Who coined the term “herding” in the context of polling?

Nate Silver defines herding as the tendency of polling firms to produce results that closely match one another, especially toward the end of a campaign On November 5 2012 Drew Linzer wrote a post ...
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1answer
369 views

Economically social Democratic and nationalist on immigration

What would you call someone who is economically a social Democrat (supports things like Medicare for all, tuition-free college, strong labor unions, tariffs to protect manufacturing), but also ...
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1answer
659 views

What does Farrakhan mean by “false Jews”?

In a speech of his, Farrakhan referenced "false Jews": These false Jews promote the filth of Hollywood that is seeding the American people and the people of the world and bringing you down in moral ...
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337 views

Term for the trend where a political party does worse in State elections when holding power Federally

In Australia it's well-known (see, for example, here) that a party that holds power at Federal level will - all other things being equal - tend to hold a disadvantage in State elections. Similarly, ...
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3answers
2k views

Since Greece wants FYROM to be named “North Macedonia”, why don't they make an example call their own region “South Macedonia”?

Greece refuses to recognise the name "Republic of Macedonia" (often named "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", FYROM) because this country is only a part of historical Macedonia, the other part ...
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10answers
13k views

Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
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3answers
750 views

At what point does a conservative become a reactionary?

If we think of conservatives as being opposed to reform, and wanting things to go on as they are, what happens when conservatives lose on an issue but refuse to accept it? For example, many ...
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1answer
135 views

Definition of active measures in a political warfare context

Is there a good definition of active measures in a political warfare context? Wikipedia has an article on active measures in that context, but it lacks a concise definition. Rather than stating a ...
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10answers
15k views

How does anti-Semitism differ from racism?

If 'anti-Semitism' is no different to 'racism', then why is it necessary to have a separate "...ism" that relates specifically to only one religious/racial group?
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2answers
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In the UK, what is pairing?

In The Guardian on July 19 2018 I found this under the headline "Tory MP casts doubt on claim pairing breach was honest mistake as row escalates - Politics live". Up to five Tory MPs were told to ...
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2answers
1k views

Who coined the term “precariat”?

Until recently I was under the impression that it is a recent term based on the works of Guy Standing. All publications (currently) cited in the Wikipedia page on the topic are from 2010 or newer. But ...
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3answers
505 views

Why do the Europeans and US consider Hezbollah Terrorists?

Some years ago and after the start of the Syrian war, Europe considered Hezbollah as a terrorist organization, while during the Syrian war this organization defeated terrorists such as daesh and ...
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4answers
7k views

What is the difference between a separatist and a rebel?

The internet does not give a satisfactory explanation as to the slightly differing nuances of these two notions. Question: When speaking politically, what is meant by "separatists" and "rebels" and ...
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2answers
343 views

What might “behavioral microtargeting with psychographic messaging” mean, in the context of political action committee research?

The New York Times article Bolton Was Early Beneficiary of Cambridge Analytica’s Facebook Data includes the passage: In the two years that followed, Mr. Bolton’s super PAC spent nearly $1.2 million ...
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2answers
311 views

Why hasn't legislation corrected the ambiguity of 'civil law'?

Source: A Brief Introduction to Law in Canada (Mar. 2017). p. 39 Bottom. Box 2.3. "Common Law" and "Civil Law": Alternate Meanings As we have seen, some legal expressions have different ...
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3answers
2k views

Difference between Deputy Prime Minister and Vice President

Wikipedia mentions this regarding deputy prime minister: The position is often likened to that of a vice president, but is significantly different even though both positions are "number two" ...
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2answers
246 views

What's the difference between a state and a country?

What's the difference between a state and a country? Is there any precise political definition that, perhaps, the UN would follow?
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3answers
133 views

Political term for an attitude of a political party to not avoid uncomfortable subjects

In Europe, the age at which people are starting their retirement, should go up (I don't know if you can say "increase" or "lift" in this context). But politicians avoid this subject because it is ...
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2answers
277 views

Is there a political term for a strong (democratic) state that has much influence in contrast to a weak one?

Some political parties (ie economic liberalism) want a "weak" state that has less influence, other seek a strong one. Is there a term that describes a (democratic) state that is a strong one?
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1answer
379 views

Is there a term for the political concept of a nation always needing an enemy to fight?

I heard someone say recently that the United States had a political necessity to seek out an "enemy" to fight. They argued that when one was defeated, political leaders either explicitly or implicitly ...