Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about political terminology, including established definitions and appropriate usage, and subjects directly related to it.

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32
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6answers
4k views

What is the difference between totalitarianism and authoritarianism?

Both ideologies seem to have a dictatorship-like system of governance, no tolerance of dissenting opinions, and an executive which holds absolute power. What is the difference between these two ...
4
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1answer
174 views

In Westminster systems that are not Australian is the term “Dorothy Dixer” known?

In Australia, during questions without notice (the equivalent of PMQ), the softball questions from the government backbenchers to the PM (or other ministers) are called a Dorothy Dixer. Is this term ...
1
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1answer
347 views

Why do Christian democratic parties often name themselves “popular” and “people's”?

Parties such as those united under the European People's Party tend to tag themselves as "popular" or "people's" parties. Does this term have any ideological value? Or is it just a non-religious ...
0
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1answer
78 views

Is there a term in US politics for when the President's party doesn't control (both chambers) of Congress?

In French (and other) semi-presidential systems, when the PM (voted by the assembly) is from a different party than the (directly elected) president, the term "cohabitation" is used. Is there a [...
7
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1answer
542 views

How did the term 'whip' come to be?

I was just reading about what a whip is in the US Senate here. It got me wondering, why is it called a whip? It seems like an odd name to me when it could have just been called like 'leader' or '...
1
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1answer
196 views

Name of concept when an oppressed group itself becomes an oppressor

What would you call the effect when an oppressed group is finally acknowledged and given power, but then the group starts using this newly acquired power to oppress others or gets corrupted?
1
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1answer
220 views

US Chief Justice Roberts' choices of “in conformity with” and “in conformance with” during the swearing in at the Senate

US Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts used both the phrases in conformity with and in conformance with within the same minute during a swearing-in process in the senate. This can be heard in CNN’...
-2
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1answer
251 views

What is the name of this kind of political regime run by AI? [closed]

What is the name of a political regime where an Artificial Intelligence rules all and make decisions?
16
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5answers
7k views

Grey area of “impeachment”

According to what I've read: the House has the ability to impeach a President, however this doesn't mean the President has to leave office. He only has to leave office if the Senate finds him guilty. ...
0
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0answers
20 views

As adjectives, not in math: 'different' vs 'differential'

I looked up differential, but still don't savvy why the books below use 'differential' rather than 'different' and vice versa. The Oxford Handbook of Political Science edited by Robert E. Goodin. p ...
4
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2answers
213 views

Are 'state religion' and 'official religion' the same things?

Are 'state religion' and 'official religion' the same things? For example, Pakistan has state religion while Sri Lanka has official religion. On https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_religion , it ...
8
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1answer
141 views

What is the name of a doctrine that aims to solidify state loyalty by allowing minorities to secede?

Is there a name for a doctrine that states that a nation state would be better off by allowing minorities, such as the Arabs in Israel, Kurds in Turkey, or Albanians in Macedonia, to actually secede ...
5
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2answers
317 views

What vexillologically (flag-based) named coalitions exist (theoretically) in German politics?

In German political speech, multi-party (three or more party) coalitions are sometimes described by vexillological analogy:: I have seen: Jamaica coalition between conservatives (black), liberals (...
5
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2answers
391 views

Methodology of Deny, Obfuscate, Admit but deny significance; generally accepted term, notable implementations?

A recent comment below the question What is Trump's position on the whistle blower allegations? What does he mean by “witch hunt”? includes the following (I've reformatted for easier reading): The ...
2
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1answer
311 views

Is there a clearly-defined meaning of “asset” in authoritative US national-security documents?

Although aware of the subsequent correction from Clinton's spokesperson, defending the original claim of Clinton that Gabbard is a Russian asset, former double-agent Naveed Jamali writes in Newsweek: ...
2
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0answers
86 views

Differences between “political theory”, “political philosophy”, and “political thought”?

What're the differences between these terms: political theory; political philosophy; political thought? I ask because these terms seem to mean the same thing in common usage.
6
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3answers
546 views

What is the meaning of “artificial borders”?

In the political analysis of many conflicts, especially regarding Africa or the Middle East, many people explain the conflicts as being caused, in part, by "artificial borders." There are also ...
30
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8answers
7k views

Is there an unambiguous name for the social/political theory “liberalism” without “leftist”?

Wikipedia defnes liberalism as follows: Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views ...
5
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3answers
236 views

Which political philosophy takes a situational approach as to whether government or private enterprise solves a problem better?

Background There are several political philosophies that presume that government tends to be the solution to most societal problems as a major aspect of each philosophy. By contrast, there are also ...
26
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4answers
5k views

What is gerrymandering called if it's not the result of redrawing districts?

The result of gerrymandering is a set of voting districts that are not representative of the overall demographics in a larger region. Gerrymandering refers specifically to obtaining that result by ...
16
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1answer
2k views

What is “demographic engineering” and how does it differ from ethnic cleansing?

The Guardian reports (emphasis mine): Ankara says the planned safe zone could allow up to two million Syrian refugees currently living in Turkey to return, although international observers and the ...
1
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2answers
190 views

Why the use of the term “whistleblower”? [closed]

Strictly in regard to the current events happening in the US involving its president and the Ukrainian call, I'm confused by the use of the term "whistleblower". The context I've been able to infer ...
3
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2answers
161 views

What is the political meaning of “shaheed” in India?

Literally, the word "shaheed" in Arabic means "martyr". But the word also has a more specific political meaning. In the Middle East, the term "shaheed" often indicates a Muslim suicide bomber acting ...
2
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0answers
66 views

What's process constitutionalism?

Can someone pls explain like I'm 5 what process constitutionalism is? The author failed to define it, and I see no simple answers after Googling "process constitutionalism". Robert Schütze. European ...
-1
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1answer
185 views

Can left and right be reduced to who takes care of whom? [duplicate]

In my country (Belgium) there are quite some discussions between left- and right-wing political parties, but do those terms mean? I've developed my own definition, and I'd like to verify it here on ...
31
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11answers
9k views

Is there a term for someone whose preferred policies are a mix of left and right?

I, um, know a guy, 'Bob'. Bob is in favor of social safety nets and LGBTQ rights (leftist). Bob is also very pro-capitalism and in favor of gun rights (rightist). We have terms in the political ...
6
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1answer
263 views

Do any political groups self-describe as reactionary?

Merriam-webster describes reactionism as of, pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction, especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics; opposing political or social change. And ...
32
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3answers
8k views

Where are the “shires” in the UK?

Today's Guardian article, "Local elections: Tories tipped for heavy losses," contains the following statement: ...the Conservatives could lose about 500 seats to the Lib Dems and 300 to Labour. ...
4
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1answer
169 views

Has the US government adopted the extended UNHCR definition of refugee?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
6
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1answer
175 views

How did the extended UNHCR definition of refugee come about?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
4
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2answers
251 views

Is the there a term for state (or local) officers not caring about enforcing federal law?

I think it's generally accepted that in the US: state officers cannot be compelled to enforce federal law. For more details as to why that is accepted: In Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, ...
15
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2answers
3k views

Who coined the term “madman theory”?

Madman theory revolves around the idea of appearing more "crazy" than one actually is. It is actually a signaling game in its simplest form. At least nowadays such games are exemplified with a "...
2
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1answer
125 views

Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called “confirmatory” at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any ...
42
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4answers
8k views

What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
3
votes
2answers
684 views

What is an arch-remainer or arch-leaver?

In coverage of the ongoing Brexit votes, I'm seeing individuals being referred to as “arch-remainers”. Google also suggests there's some minor usage of the term “arch-leaver”. I've never heard this ...
4
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4answers
338 views

What is a “government by techology” called?

What is the technical term for a "government by technology" called? By "by technology" I mean that, for example, a computer program's decisions form the basis of governance. Is this "technocracy"?
10
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2answers
755 views

Why are the Greek nationalists against resolving the name dispute and calling FYROM “North Macedonia”?

According to yesterday's newspapers (22th January, 2019), Greek nationalists made street protests against the agreement to resolve the infamous naming dispute when it comes to former-Yugoslav ...
17
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5answers
2k views

Does “government” mean something different in British and American English?

There's been lots of news in the past couple of days about votes in the UK Parliament regarding Brexit. These reports seem to use the word "government" in a way that I don't understand. For instance, ...
2
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0answers
228 views

Difference between Islamism and Political Islam

Sometimes the terms Islamism and political Islam seem to be used interchangeably and sometimes not. I appreciate the fact that these concepts may not have a precise consensual definition just yet ...
42
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8answers
12k views

Why do Republicans and others accept the propagandaic use of the term “Progressives”?

The word "progressives" has always confused me. It's sort of like an antonym to "conservatives", but the difference is that "conservative" is a neutral word. It tells us that you want to "conserve" ...
12
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9answers
4k views

What is the opposite of populism?

The Guardian (a UK newspaper) is running a series on populism. Among other things, it has a quiz, which places you in a 2-dimensional political map, with axes being how populist and left/right-wing. ...
2
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0answers
93 views

Who coined the term “herding” in the context of polling?

Nate Silver defines herding as the tendency of polling firms to produce results that closely match one another, especially toward the end of a campaign On November 5 2012 Drew Linzer wrote a post ...
2
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1answer
377 views

Economically social Democratic and nationalist on immigration

What would you call someone who is economically a social Democrat (supports things like Medicare for all, tuition-free college, strong labor unions, tariffs to protect manufacturing), but also ...
10
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1answer
663 views

What does Farrakhan mean by “false Jews”?

In a speech of his, Farrakhan referenced "false Jews": These false Jews promote the filth of Hollywood that is seeding the American people and the people of the world and bringing you down in moral ...
4
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2answers
350 views

Term for the trend where a political party does worse in State elections when holding power Federally

In Australia it's well-known (see, for example, here) that a party that holds power at Federal level will - all other things being equal - tend to hold a disadvantage in State elections. Similarly, ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Since Greece wants FYROM to be named “North Macedonia”, why don't they make an example call their own region “South Macedonia”?

Greece refuses to recognise the name "Republic of Macedonia" (often named "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", FYROM) because this country is only a part of historical Macedonia, the other part ...
29
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10answers
13k views

Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
6
votes
3answers
803 views

At what point does a conservative become a reactionary?

If we think of conservatives as being opposed to reform, and wanting things to go on as they are, what happens when conservatives lose on an issue but refuse to accept it? For example, many ...
1
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1answer
135 views

Definition of active measures in a political warfare context

Is there a good definition of active measures in a political warfare context? Wikipedia has an article on active measures in that context, but it lacks a concise definition. Rather than stating a ...
29
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11answers
16k views

How does anti-Semitism differ from racism?

If 'anti-Semitism' is no different to 'racism', then why is it necessary to have a separate "...ism" that relates specifically to only one religious/racial group?