Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about political terminology, including established definitions and appropriate usage, and subjects directly related to it.

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Is there a term for a socialist who scorns government spending tax revenue on art, culture, tourism? [closed]

What term fits my grandparents? They support tax expenditure for, and dislike Doug Ford on: Environment Cancelled Cap and Trade Ended Drive Clean, a mandatory biannual emissions test ...
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1answer
162 views

Can left and right be reduced to who takes care of whom? [duplicate]

In my country (Belgium) there are quite some discussions between left- and right-wing political parties, but do those terms mean? I've developed my own definition, and I'd like to verify it here on ...
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Is there a term for someone whose preferred policies are a mix of left and right?

I, um, know a guy, 'Bob'. Bob is in favor of social safety nets and LGBTQ rights (leftist). Bob is also very pro-capitalism and in favor of gun rights (rightist). We have terms in the political ...
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Do any political groups self-describe as reactionary?

Merriam-webster describes reactionism as of, pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction, especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics; opposing political or social change. And ...
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Where are the “shires” in the UK?

Today's Guardian article, "Local elections: Tories tipped for heavy losses," contains the following statement: ...the Conservatives could lose about 500 seats to the Lib Dems and 300 to Labour. ...
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Has the US government adopted the extended UNHCR definition of refugee?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
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1answer
120 views

How did the extended UNHCR definition of refugee come about?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
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1answer
147 views

Is the there a term for state (or local) officers not caring about enforcing federal law?

I think it's generally accepted that in the US: state officers cannot be compelled to enforce federal law. For more details as to why that is accepted: In Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, ...
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Who coined the term “madman theory”?

Madman theory revolves around the idea of appearing more "crazy" than one actually is. It is actually a signaling game in its simplest form. At least nowadays such games are exemplified with a "...
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83 views

Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called “confirmatory” at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any ...
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What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
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What is an arch-remainer or arch-leaver?

In coverage of the ongoing Brexit votes, I'm seeing individuals being referred to as “arch-remainers”. Google also suggests there's some minor usage of the term “arch-leaver”. I've never heard this ...
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What is a “government by techology” called?

What is the technical term for a "government by technology" called? By "by technology" I mean that, for example, a computer program's decisions form the basis of governance. Is this "technocracy"?
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Why do some people believe that antisemiticism means hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination exclusively against Jews? [closed]

According to Wikipedia (a secondary source) Semitic means Semitic most commonly refers to the Semitic languages, a name used since the 1770s to refer to the language family currently present in ...
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Why are the Greek nationalists against resolving the name dispute and calling FYROM “North Macedonia”?

According to yesterday's newspapers (22th January, 2019), Greek nationalists made street protests against the agreement to resolve the infamous naming dispute when it comes to former-Yugoslav ...
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Does “government” mean something different in British and American English?

There's been lots of news in the past couple of days about votes in the UK Parliament regarding Brexit. These reports seem to use the word "government" in a way that I don't understand. For instance, ...
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Difference between Islamism and Political Islam

Sometimes the terms Islamism and political Islam seem to be used interchangeably and sometimes not. I appreciate the fact that these concepts may not have a precise consensual definition just yet ...
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Why do Republicans and others accept the propagandaic use of the term “Progressives”?

The word "progressives" has always confused me. It's sort of like an antonym to "conservatives", but the difference is that "conservative" is a neutral word. It tells us that you want to "conserve" ...
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What is the opposite of populism?

The Guardian (a UK newspaper) is running a series on populism. Among other things, it has a quiz, which places you in a 2-dimensional political map, with axes being how populist and left/right-wing. ...
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Who coined the term “herding” in the context of polling?

Nate Silver defines herding as the tendency of polling firms to produce results that closely match one another, especially toward the end of a campaign On November 5 2012 Drew Linzer wrote a post ...
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1answer
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Economically social Democratic and nationalist on immigration

What would you call someone who is economically a social Democrat (supports things like Medicare for all, tuition-free college, strong labor unions, tariffs to protect manufacturing), but also ...
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What does Farrakhan mean by “false Jews”?

In a speech of his, Farrakhan referenced "false Jews": These false Jews promote the filth of Hollywood that is seeding the American people and the people of the world and bringing you down in moral ...
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Term for the trend where a political party does worse in State elections when holding power Federally

In Australia it's well-known (see, for example, here) that a party that holds power at Federal level will - all other things being equal - tend to hold a disadvantage in State elections. Similarly, ...
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Since Greece wants FYROM to be named “North Macedonia”, why don't they make an example call their own region “South Macedonia”?

Greece refuses to recognise the name "Republic of Macedonia" (often named "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", FYROM) because this country is only a part of historical Macedonia, the other part ...
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Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
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At what point does a conservative become a reactionary?

If we think of conservatives as being opposed to reform, and wanting things to go on as they are, what happens when conservatives lose on an issue but refuse to accept it? For example, many ...
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Definition of active measures in a political warfare context

Is there a good definition of active measures in a political warfare context? Wikipedia has an article on active measures in that context, but it lacks a concise definition. Rather than stating a ...
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How does anti-Semitism differ from racism?

If 'anti-Semitism' is no different to 'racism', then why is it necessary to have a separate "...ism" that relates specifically to only one religious/racial group?
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In the UK, what is pairing?

In The Guardian on July 19 2018 I found this under the headline "Tory MP casts doubt on claim pairing breach was honest mistake as row escalates - Politics live". Up to five Tory MPs were told to ...
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Who coined the term “precariat”?

Until recently I was under the impression that it is a recent term based on the works of Guy Standing. All publications (currently) cited in the Wikipedia page on the topic are from 2010 or newer. But ...
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Why do the Europeans and US consider Hezbollah Terrorists?

Some years ago and after the start of the Syrian war, Europe considered Hezbollah as a terrorist organization, while during the Syrian war this organization defeated terrorists such as daesh and ...
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What is the difference between a separatist and a rebel?

The internet does not give a satisfactory explanation as to the slightly differing nuances of these two notions. Question: When speaking politically, what is meant by "separatists" and "rebels" and ...
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What might “behavioral microtargeting with psychographic messaging” mean, in the context of political action committee research?

The New York Times article Bolton Was Early Beneficiary of Cambridge Analytica’s Facebook Data includes the passage: In the two years that followed, Mr. Bolton’s super PAC spent nearly $1.2 million ...
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Why hasn't legislation corrected the ambiguity of 'civil law'?

Source: A Brief Introduction to Law in Canada (Mar. 2017). p. 39 Bottom. Box 2.3. "Common Law" and "Civil Law": Alternate Meanings As we have seen, some legal expressions have different ...
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Difference between Deputy Prime Minister and Vice President

Wikipedia mentions this regarding deputy prime minister: The position is often likened to that of a vice president, but is significantly different even though both positions are "number two" ...
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What's the difference between a state and a country?

What's the difference between a state and a country? Is there any precise political definition that, perhaps, the UN would follow?
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Political term for an attitude of a political party to not avoid uncomfortable subjects

In Europe, the age at which people are starting their retirement, should go up (I don't know if you can say "increase" or "lift" in this context). But politicians avoid this subject because it is ...
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2answers
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Is there a political term for a strong (democratic) state that has much influence in contrast to a weak one?

Some political parties (ie economic liberalism) want a "weak" state that has less influence, other seek a strong one. Is there a term that describes a (democratic) state that is a strong one?
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1answer
362 views

Is there a term for the political concept of a nation always needing an enemy to fight?

I heard someone say recently that the United States had a political necessity to seek out an "enemy" to fight. They argued that when one was defeated, political leaders either explicitly or implicitly ...
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Can someone explain the difference between Civil Rights, Civil Liberties and Freedoms?

We encounter these terms frequently in everyday readings. Although they have almost the same meanings but there exist intricate differences. Please explain with some examples the differences and ...
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What is the term for the idea that everyone should vote according to their own best interests? [closed]

What is the name for the theory that democracy should work like the more optimistic theories of free market competition, where (ideally) things work best when everyone votes narrowly according to ...
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1answer
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How might you describe this political position?

There appears to be an "Oxbridge consensus" demonstrated by successive UK governments This approach is characterised by an uncompromising laissez-faire approach in some policy areas (migration, ...
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What do terms like “I yield my time, Mr. Speaker” mean?

What do terms like "I yield back" and "I reclaim my time" and "I yield to..." mean? I sorta get it, but am still quite clueless as to the details, let alone any name it may have.
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What is the origin of Left and Right in politics (before France)?

I've read many times that Left and Right in politics came from the French Revolution. But reading the Dao De Jing, chapter 31, it looks like a very similar definition, considering Left as "the people"...
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Can a US state senator be referred to as a representative?

To make a long story short, I wrote a letter to my district senator and referred to him as a "local representative." I did not mean to suggest that he is a member of the state House of Representatives,...
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What is the difference between negative rights and positive rights?

What's the difference between negative rights and positive rights? Can negative rights co-exist? Can positive rights co-exist? Can negative rights co-exist with positive rights?
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1answer
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What is another term for a deception operation? [closed]

Like we have the term False Flag for covert operations to put blame for an event on a third party, is there any term for deception covert operations that are meant to fool the opponent? I am looking ...
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Why does “extremist” concept for a political figure seem so unclear?

In order to narrow the scope of the question, I will consider the case of Marine Le Pen. According to this BBC article, she can be regarded as "far-right" due to hard line on immigration, treatment ...
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The act of identifying somone's group by their vocabulary

I heard this once before, but I forgot the word for it. I've already tried to searched it on google but I could not find anything useful. "Tribalism" is a new word to express the political bubbles ...
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536 views

Does someone knows what is “brainpower” in Doomsday clock?

It's a simple question, maybe it is obvious but I'm not a native English speaker and I don't know what this truly means... What does that mean? I've already searched it on Google and couldn't find ...