Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about political terminology, including established definitions and appropriate usage, and subjects directly related to it.

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20
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3answers
2k views

What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence?

What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence? Aren't those the same thing? Please help me make sense of the following sentence (but keep in mind that my question is ...
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2answers
187 views

Does an election necessarily involve selection?

An election is a kind of vote. A referendum is a vote, but is not an election. Therefore we infer not all votes are elections. What are the essential characteristics of an election then? Does an ...
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1answer
309 views

What does defeat on the Address mean?

What's the "Address"? Queen’s Speech | The Institute for Government It is rare for the government to be defeated on the address in the Commons – as governments usually have a majority in ...
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2answers
398 views

Was Hugo Chavez's regime an actual “Bolivarian” revolution?

Hugo Chavez claimed that his government was "Bolivarian" Wiki sayeth: The “Bolivarian Revolution” refers to a leftist social movement and political process in Venezuela led by Venezuelan president ...
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4answers
5k views

What specific political traits classify a political leader as a fascist?

Background Fascism does not have an easy clear cut definition. However, several figures throughout history are identified as unambiguously fascist, with Mussolini belonging to the original fascist ...
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3answers
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What did Marx and Engels mean by “Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes.”?

In the communist manifesto what did Marx and Engels mean by "Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes"?
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6answers
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What is the difference between negative rights and positive rights?

What's the difference between negative rights and positive rights? Can negative rights co-exist? Can positive rights co-exist? Can negative rights co-exist with positive rights?
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9answers
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Is there an unambiguous name for the social/political theory “liberalism” without “leftist”?

Wikipedia defnes liberalism as follows: Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views ...
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10answers
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How is North Korea democratic, if there's only one party with one ideology?

How is North Korea, which is officially called the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea", democratic, if there's only one party with one ideology? Is this a moving box in a non-movable box?...
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8answers
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A word that means rule by the vocal minority?

If plutocracy is rule by the wealthy, and meritocracy is rule by individual ability or achievement, then what's a word that means rule by the vocal minority? Extrovert-ocracy? An example I'm thinking ...
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1answer
189 views

When should a politician be referred to by their most senior held position, as opposed to strictly their current one?

Sometimes current/former politicians are referred to by their most senior held (previous or current) title, rather than strictly their current title. For example, in a 2016 Presidential debate, ...
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2answers
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Why did the acronym GOP stick to the Republicans and not to the Democrats?

The general definition “Grand Old Party” appears to have been originally used for both the Republicans and the Democrats, but it was finally used to specifically refer to the Republican Party: GOP ...
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1answer
90 views

Shared Sovereignty vs Indivisible Sovereignty

I came across these two words, "Shared Sovereignty" and "Indivisible Sovereignty" in the book I was reading: From Plassey to Partition and After A History of Modern India. I will ...
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2answers
285 views

Has anyone self-identified as “neoliberal”?

I am an American. In America, the term “neoliberal” is not used at all in common political conversation. I encounter it solely when speaking to people from other countries on the Internet. It seems to ...
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Are “keep your powder dry” or “Stand back and standby” arguably examples of “dog whistles”?

My question is as much about the proper use of terminology as it is about the use of the phrases. But I'm asking about instances and usage rather than intent, I'm not asking to read minds. Background ...
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1answer
270 views

Is there a term for politicians enacting a policy where the negative consequences will be far after their political career is over?

For example, Governor Newsom has recently committed to banning internal combustion engine cars starting from the year 2035 or 15 years from now. Given that this will be long after he's out of office, ...
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Why does the Scottish National Party object to being called nationalist?

On a number of occasions in the House of Commons I have noticed MPs, usually Conservatives, referring to the Scottish National Party (SNP) as "the Scottish Nationalist Party", or just "...
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2answers
491 views

Does “The Holocaust” refer only to the genocide of Jews or does it also include the killing of other persecuted minorities?

During WWII, around 12 million people died in concentration camps. European Jews comprised about half of it - 6 million. Others like Roma, Slavs and other ethnic minorities were also systematically ...
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236 views

Why do governments negotiate with warlords?

I just saw that Egypt launched talks with the UN backed government in Libya and warlord Haftar. Why do news agencies such as Al Jazeera states "Forces loyal to Warlord Haftar attacked Tripoli&...
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4answers
238 views

What is the difference between the terms 'government' and 'cabinet'?

Does this sentence make sense? 'Arseniy Yatsenyuk, said a day earlier that the opposition might sit down with the government for talks if Prime Minister Mykola Azarov's Cabinet is dismissed.' (...
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2answers
985 views

What exactly constitutes a “Weapon of Mass Destruction?”

There was a huge controversy because we didn't find stockpiles of chemical weapons after saying there were WMDs. Now we have charged in court people who use an IED at a marathon with using weapons of ...
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Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
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What is the difference between globalisation and imperialism?

It seems obvious to start by looking at the first few lines on Wikipedia: Wikipedia on globalisation Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration among people, ...
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0answers
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American's use of the word “socialism” [duplicate]

I have long been confused by many American's use of the word "socialism". AFAICT they appear to use it to mean communism... in which case, what word(s) would an American use to describe the ...
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23 views

What word might describe a position between progressive and reactionary [duplicate]

My understanding of both terms is that they relate to one's tolerance of the status quo, with "progressive" meaning someone who wants to progress beyond the current status quo ("change&...
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112 views

What is the name for a graph showing the estimated electoral vote share based on polling over time?

I'm looking for the right words to use to find a trend graph that shows how the US electoral vote count would look over time. "If the election were held today" kind of thing. This isn't ...
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1answer
268 views

Is there a name for the phenomenon of activists using seemingly unrelated global events to further their cause?

As an example, some activist organizations are claiming that the COVID-19 crisis was caused by the effects of climate change. In another example, a teachers union demands that voucher schools no long ...
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141 views

Is there a term for radical opposition to proportional representation?

Is there some standard name for radical opposition against proportional representation? Two examples: Quote of Vladimir Bukovsky from Former Soviet Dissident Warns For EU Dictatorship: The European ...
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2answers
482 views

Is there a term for the practice of defunding a public asset in order to privatize it?

In a lecture entitled The State-Corporate Complex: A Threat to Freedom and Survival given by Noam Chomsky in 2011, at the University of Toronto, a 'standard technique of privatization' is described: ...
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1answer
3k views

Why aren't White Americans called European-Americans? [closed]

Black Americans in the USA are commonly referred to as "African Americans", and similarly there are "Asian" and "native" Americans, and people from South America are called "Hispanics". From my ...
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What does unmasking refer to in the Flynn investigation?

A recent article on Politico mentions a list of names from the Obama administration that was recently sent to Republican senators: Acting Director of National Intelligence Richard Grenell on ...
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2answers
416 views

What is the difference between leadership and statesmanship?

Is there any difference between leadership and statesmanship? The terms are sometimes used interchangeably. But sometimes a significant difference is also observed. Please cite a few examples if ...
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3answers
570 views

How is the word “populist” used in practice?

A recent answer to another question on politics.se referred to the Nolan Chart as a method for describing political affiliation. The version of the chart shown at that link describes two axes: Left-...
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1answer
108 views

What are the factors exactly that will make missions like OTV-6 “Space Force launches”?

Space.com's US Space Force to launch the next X-37B space plane mystery mission on May 16 is not the first launch said to be a Space Force launch†. As I understand it the US Space Force is currently ...
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2answers
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What are the meanings of “Kangaroo”, “Guillotine”, and “Fox” in the UK House of Commons?

What are these concepts in UK House of Commons? Are they some kind of MPs or are they names given to some roles while debating? What exactly are they? The Kangaroo The Guillotine The Fox
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1answer
130 views

What is the difference between war powers and emergency powers?

What is the difference between war powers and emergency powers? I have been hearing about both war powers and emergency powers in the context of COVID-19, but I have not been able to find a clear ...
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2answers
100 views

What's the opposite of restrictionism on immigration?

If restrictionist is someone who wants restrictions on immigration, what do you call someone who opposes same?
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1answer
307 views

Difference between Islamism and Political Islam

Sometimes the terms Islamism and political Islam seem to be used interchangeably and sometimes not. I appreciate the fact that these concepts may not have a precise consensual definition just yet ...
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9answers
19k views

Why is Trump dubbing COVID-19 as the “Chinese virus” considered offensive, while many past epidemics have had similar naming schemes?

To preface this, I'm not a supporter of Trump, but I disagree with the way some major media outlets have criticized him over his nickname for COVID-19, the "Chinese virus". In addition, it is not ...
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How much of the US media referred to the COVID-19 as the “Wuhan Virus” until it received an official designation from the WHO?

It has been claimed in a fairly upvoted answer here (which is why this not a notable-enough claim for Skeptics SE) that For a fun exercise, put a news organization into google's search along with "...
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4answers
289 views

Is “emergency socialism” a neologism, or does it have significant and deeper historical context?

With Trump and other politicians talking about a form of a stimulus package for every adult in America as a means to address a dire situation, a turn of phrase has been popping about news articles and ...
2
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1answer
684 views

What is meant by the term “radical centrist”?

As I understand it currently, centrism is the stance that political decisions should be taken pragmatically, avoiding the advocacy of a "one size fits all" solution, combined with the aversion to ...
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2answers
154 views

Term for shifting positions toward the center during an election

I was thinking about various politicians who, at the beginning of their campaigns (usually presidential campaigns), held opinions typically associated with "left" or "liberal" ideology, and who, over ...
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6answers
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What is the difference between totalitarianism and authoritarianism?

Both ideologies seem to have a dictatorship-like system of governance, no tolerance of dissenting opinions, and an executive which holds absolute power. What is the difference between these two ...
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1answer
140 views

Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called “confirmatory” at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any alternative ...
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1answer
213 views

In Westminster systems that are not Australian is the term “Dorothy Dixer” known?

In Australia, during questions without notice (the equivalent of PMQ), the softball questions from the government backbenchers to the PM (or other ministers) are called a Dorothy Dixer. Is this term ...
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1answer
358 views

Why do Christian democratic parties often name themselves “popular” and “people's”?

Parties such as those united under the European People's Party tend to tag themselves as "popular" or "people's" parties. Does this term have any ideological value? Or is it just a non-religious ...
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115 views

Does any department of the United States government have an official definition of cyberwarfare?

I was able to read about cyber-warfare and how the United States regularly uses the term. However, the term is said to still be ambiguous with the former Cyber Security Coordinator for the Obama ...
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1answer
83 views

Is there a term in US politics for when the President's party doesn't control (both chambers) of Congress?

In French (and other) semi-presidential systems, when the PM (voted by the assembly) is from a different party than the (directly elected) president, the term "cohabitation" is used. Is there a [...
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1answer
654 views

Name of concept when an oppressed group itself becomes an oppressor

What would you call the effect when an oppressed group is finally acknowledged and given power, but then the group starts using this newly acquired power to oppress others or gets corrupted?