Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about political terminology, including established definitions and appropriate usage, and subjects directly related to it.

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2
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1answer
373 views

Is there a clearly-defined meaning of “asset” in authoritative US national-security documents?

Although aware of the subsequent correction from Clinton's spokesperson, defending the original claim of Clinton that Gabbard is a Russian asset, former double-agent Naveed Jamali writes in Newsweek: ...
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0answers
98 views

Differences between “political theory”, “political philosophy”, and “political thought”?

What're the differences between these terms: political theory; political philosophy; political thought? I ask because these terms seem to mean the same thing in common usage.
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3answers
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What is the difference between democracy and ochlocracy?

The Wikipedia definition of democracy states: Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία dēmokratía, literally "rule by people") is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their ...
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3answers
948 views

What is the meaning of “artificial borders”?

In the political analysis of many conflicts, especially regarding Africa or the Middle East, many people explain the conflicts as being caused, in part, by "artificial borders." There are also ...
30
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9answers
7k views

Is there an unambiguous name for the social/political theory “liberalism” without “leftist”?

Wikipedia defnes liberalism as follows: Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views ...
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3answers
244 views

Which political philosophy takes a situational approach as to whether government or private enterprise solves a problem better?

Background There are several political philosophies that presume that government tends to be the solution to most societal problems as a major aspect of each philosophy. By contrast, there are also ...
27
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4answers
5k views

What is gerrymandering called if it's not the result of redrawing districts?

The result of gerrymandering is a set of voting districts that are not representative of the overall demographics in a larger region. Gerrymandering refers specifically to obtaining that result by ...
16
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1answer
2k views

What is “demographic engineering” and how does it differ from ethnic cleansing?

The Guardian reports (emphasis mine): Ankara says the planned safe zone could allow up to two million Syrian refugees currently living in Turkey to return, although international observers and the ...
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2answers
192 views

Why the use of the term “whistleblower”? [closed]

Strictly in regard to the current events happening in the US involving its president and the Ukrainian call, I'm confused by the use of the term "whistleblower". The context I've been able to infer ...
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2answers
198 views

What is the political meaning of “shaheed” in India?

Literally, the word "shaheed" in Arabic means "martyr". But the word also has a more specific political meaning. In the Middle East, the term "shaheed" often indicates a Muslim suicide bomber acting ...
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2answers
673 views

Difference between Motion and Resolution

Often in legislative bodies, we can find terms like "the motion is accepted" or "the resolution is accepted". Now, I know that they both mean the same thing of a house's deliberation on a particular ...
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0answers
73 views

What's process constitutionalism?

Can someone pls explain like I'm 5 what process constitutionalism is? The author failed to define it, and I see no simple answers after Googling "process constitutionalism". Robert Schütze. European ...
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2answers
285 views

Has anyone self-identified as “neoliberal”?

I am an American. In America, the term “neoliberal” is not used at all in common political conversation. I encounter it solely when speaking to people from other countries on the Internet. It seems to ...
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3answers
464 views

What is the difference between a “nation” and a “country”?

I often see certain territories/ semi-sovereignties alternatively referred to as a "nation" or a "country". For example, Quebec (the province in Canada) likes to be referred to as a "nation". Native ...
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1answer
172 views

Could the European Union (or an element of it) be described as a government?

Could the European Union (or an element of it) be described as a government? The Wikipedia definition of government seems quite broad: A government is the system or group of people governing an ...
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1answer
193 views

Can left and right be reduced to who takes care of whom? [duplicate]

In my country (Belgium) there are quite some discussions between left- and right-wing political parties, but do those terms mean? I've developed my own definition, and I'd like to verify it here on ...
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2answers
530 views

Do legislators hold the right of legislative initiative?

The OED definition of legislator is: A person who makes laws; a member of a legislative body. A semi-colon is not read as an “or” but as an “and.” Does this mean a legislator must have the right ...
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11answers
10k views

Is there a term for someone whose preferred policies are a mix of left and right?

I, um, know a guy, 'Bob'. Bob is in favor of social safety nets and LGBTQ rights (leftist). Bob is also very pro-capitalism and in favor of gun rights (rightist). We have terms in the political ...
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1answer
546 views

Do any political groups self-describe as reactionary?

Merriam-webster describes reactionism as of, pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction, especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics; opposing political or social change. And ...
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3answers
9k views

Where are the “shires” in the UK?

Today's Guardian article, "Local elections: Tories tipped for heavy losses," contains the following statement: ...the Conservatives could lose about 500 seats to the Lib Dems and 300 to Labour. ...
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1answer
178 views

Has the US government adopted the extended UNHCR definition of refugee?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual residence and ...
6
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1answer
183 views

How did the extended UNHCR definition of refugee come about?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
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4answers
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What is the difference between globalisation and imperialism?

It seems obvious to start by looking at the first few lines on Wikipedia: Wikipedia on globalisation Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration among people, ...
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2answers
279 views

Is the there a term for state (or local) officers not caring about enforcing federal law?

I think it's generally accepted that in the US: state officers cannot be compelled to enforce federal law. For more details as to why that is accepted: In Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, ...
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1answer
183 views

How did there come to be a range of definitions of socialism?

Introduction Socialism seems to have many definitions, and we sometimes come across arguments and discussions based on different definitions on this site as well. For example, user4012 stated on meta:...
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2answers
3k views

Who coined the term “madman theory”?

Madman theory revolves around the idea of appearing more "crazy" than one actually is. It is actually a signaling game in its simplest form. At least nowadays such games are exemplified with a "...
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1answer
140 views

Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called “confirmatory” at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any alternative ...
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3answers
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What exactly is ineptocracy?

I heard about some people arguing about ineptocracy as applying to the country I live in. I searched up the term and found these definitions: The phenomenon of governance or leadership by the ...
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4answers
8k views

What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
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2answers
841 views

What is an arch-remainer or arch-leaver?

In coverage of the ongoing Brexit votes, I'm seeing individuals being referred to as “arch-remainers”. Google also suggests there's some minor usage of the term “arch-leaver”. I've never heard this ...
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1answer
182 views

What is the difference between a one party state & non-partisan democracy?

A one-party state often in practice appears to consider that all nationals are de-facto members of the ruling party, so how is there really any difference between that & a non-partisan democracy? ...
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5answers
6k views

Democratic Socialism vs Social Democracy

When Senator Bernie Sanders announced his campaign for the presidency, the term “Democratic Socialism” has been heavily thrown around in political discourse. However, people who believe in Sanders’s “...
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5answers
3k views

Is the concept of nation explicitly ethnic?

Is the concept of nation explicitly ethnic? I always thought that a “nation-state” was a synonym for a sovereign country, but the Wikipedia article on the subject reads a little ambiguous. It is a ...
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4answers
380 views

What is a “government by techology” called?

What is the technical term for a "government by technology" called? By "by technology" I mean that, for example, a computer program's decisions form the basis of governance. Is this "technocracy"?
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2answers
829 views

Why are the Greek nationalists against resolving the name dispute and calling FYROM “North Macedonia”?

According to yesterday's newspapers (22th January, 2019), Greek nationalists made street protests against the agreement to resolve the infamous naming dispute when it comes to former-Yugoslav ...
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5answers
2k views

Does “government” mean something different in British and American English?

There's been lots of news in the past couple of days about votes in the UK Parliament regarding Brexit. These reports seem to use the word "government" in a way that I don't understand. For instance, ...
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1answer
350 views

Difference between Islamism and Political Islam

Sometimes the terms Islamism and political Islam seem to be used interchangeably and sometimes not. I appreciate the fact that these concepts may not have a precise consensual definition just yet ...
42
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8answers
12k views

Why do Republicans and others accept the propagandaic use of the term “Progressives”?

The word "progressives" has always confused me. It's sort of like an antonym to "conservatives", but the difference is that "conservative" is a neutral word. It tells us that you want to "conserve" ...
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9answers
8k views

What is the opposite of populism?

The Guardian (a UK newspaper) is running a series on populism. Among other things, it has a quiz, which places you in a 2-dimensional political map, with axes being how populist and left/right-wing. ...
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0answers
112 views

Who coined the term “herding” in the context of polling?

Nate Silver defines herding as the tendency of polling firms to produce results that closely match one another, especially toward the end of a campaign On November 5 2012 Drew Linzer wrote a post ...
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1answer
410 views

Economically social Democratic and nationalist on immigration

What would you call someone who is economically a social Democrat (supports things like Medicare for all, tuition-free college, strong labor unions, tariffs to protect manufacturing), but also ...
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1answer
675 views

What does Farrakhan mean by “false Jews”?

In a speech of his, Farrakhan referenced "false Jews": These false Jews promote the filth of Hollywood that is seeding the American people and the people of the world and bringing you down in moral ...
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2answers
358 views

Term for the trend where a political party does worse in State elections when holding power Federally

In Australia it's well-known (see, for example, here) that a party that holds power at Federal level will - all other things being equal - tend to hold a disadvantage in State elections. Similarly, ...
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3answers
2k views

Since Greece wants FYROM to be named “North Macedonia”, why don't they make an example call their own region “South Macedonia”?

Greece refuses to recognise the name "Republic of Macedonia" (often named "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", FYROM) because this country is only a part of historical Macedonia, the other part ...
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10answers
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Can the U.S. technically be called an oligarchy and a democracy?

I thought theoretically the U.S. could be a democracy (because people have a say in the daily workings of the government) and an oligarchy ( the president, the Supreme Court, etc... are the only ones ...
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3answers
2k views

What exactly is “hyper-partisanship”?

Though I'm not a native English speaker I've still a rough idea what hyper-partisanship is. But that's not good enough: I'm looking for some kind of definition - and not only a primitive dictionary ...
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3answers
1k views

At what point does a conservative become a reactionary?

If we think of conservatives as being opposed to reform, and wanting things to go on as they are, what happens when conservatives lose on an issue but refuse to accept it? For example, many ...
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1answer
137 views

Definition of active measures in a political warfare context

Is there a good definition of active measures in a political warfare context? Wikipedia has an article on active measures in that context, but it lacks a concise definition. Rather than stating a ...
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11answers
16k views

How does anti-Semitism differ from racism?

If 'anti-Semitism' is no different to 'racism', then why is it necessary to have a separate "...ism" that relates specifically to only one religious/racial group?
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2answers
5k views

In the UK, what is pairing?

In The Guardian on July 19 2018 I found this under the headline "Tory MP casts doubt on claim pairing breach was honest mistake as row escalates - Politics live". Up to five Tory MPs were told to ...