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Questions tagged [treaty]

Questions related to the official agreement between sovereign states and/or international organizations. The parties involved in the treaty hold an obligation onto themselves and if they fail to meet the requirements of said treaty, they're held liable under international law.

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What did the US government concede in the New NAFTA/USMCA negotiations?

I keep reading all about the US having extracted from Canada more access to their dairy market, getting rid of the diafiltered milk loophole, etc. The only things that they were portrayed as losing ...
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4answers
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How do states trust each other to comply with treaties?

There is no global power that enforces treaties so when entering into one a state has to make a prediction about whether the other parties will comply with it. I'm guessing they base their predictions ...
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9answers
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Why is the EU concerned about the UK “unilaterally withdrawing” from a proposed Irish backstop?

As I understand, one of the sticking points in the Brexit negotiations has been Britain's level of obligation to a proposed customs union backstop. I understand also that this is essentially a ...
6
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2answers
542 views

Why do the US and Russia not seem to support INF anymore?

According to Time, Donald Trump plans to withdraw US from Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: President Donald Trump revealed Saturday the United States intends to withdraw from a 31-...
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1answer
210 views

Does the US withdrawal from 1955 Treaty of Amity have any effect on the ICJ's vote about US sanctions on Iran?

As you may already know, today the International Court of Justice ordered the United States to lift new Iran sanctions. The news headline says: The UN’s international court of justice has ...
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1answer
84 views

How many treaties did US presidents terminate without Congress approval?

An opinion piece by Senator Russ Feingold on NBC says: although it took a 1945 vote in the Senate to allow President Harry Truman to ratify the U.N. Charter, the current weight of legal opinion ...
0
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1answer
131 views

What's the ratio of treaties ratified by Congress to other forms of international agreements the US is part of?

An NBC opinion piece says by former Senator Russ Feingold states: There have been relatively few treaties considered by Congress in recent decades, in part because executive agreements and regular ...
4
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1answer
223 views

How many treaties ratified by Congress did the US exit unilaterally?

In an attempt to better focus a recent question asked here that is popular but very open to interpretation (which alas often happens on politics SE), I want to ask: Are there any statistics on ...
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2answers
256 views

Why did France not sign the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties?

It looks like France is the only Security Council permanent member that did not sign the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. (The US signed in 1970, but has yet to ratify, although successive US ...
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0answers
114 views

Why does France have so many bilateral treaties?

According to Miles & Posner (2008) "Which States Enter into Treaties, and Why?" The average for North America is more than ten times that of Africa. The North American average is driven by ...
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4answers
9k views

Is the US unusually prone to walking away from signed treaties/accords?

For example, the Iran proliferation Deal. Letting aside considerations about where or not it was a good agreement, this is still the US agreeing to something and then not carrying it out. Other ...
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0answers
77 views

Who has pressed for the “2020 global sulphur limit”

In 2020 the maximum allowable sulfur limit in marine fuels will be only 0.5 %, compared to 3.5 % now. This will probably lead to pains in the industry, because the world's refineries haven't extended ...
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2answers
280 views

Why is North Korea so active in Intellectual Property-related conventions?

North Korea is a poor, communist and very isolated country, that is not very active on the international stage (except when it comes to nuclear weapons). It therefore is also not party to a large ...
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2answers
802 views

Why hasn't Canada signed the Apostille Convention?

Looking at this map of signatories to the Hague Convention/Apostille Convention, one can see that Canada is the only Western nation (as well as the only NATO nation, etc.) to not be a signatory. Why ...
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1answer
6k views

Does Congress not have to approve the US withdrawal from the Iran deal?

How is Trump able to withdraw from the Iran deal without Congressional approval?
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1answer
271 views

What type of agreement is the Iran Nuclear Deal considered to be by non-US countries and how does that affect the agreement as a whole?

Following President Donald Trump's announcement today that he would not recertify the Iran Nuclear Agreement (JCPOA) and was withdrawing the US from the deal, I was interested to learn more about what ...
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1answer
142 views

What was George W. Bush's explanation at the time, for unilaterally withdrawing from the ABM treaty?

The Wikipedia page on the ABMT says Supporters of the withdrawal argued that it was a necessity in order to test and build a limited National Missile Defense to protect the United States from ...
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2answers
152 views

What changes (from 2016) with the US out of the 2018 Trans Pacific Partnership?

The United States was a member to the 2016 Trans Pacific Partnership deal. Then Trump pulled out. Now the 2018 Trans Pacific Partnership is starting up - without the US. This could result in ...
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1answer
121 views

What has changed with the Trans Pacific Partnership in 2018?

In March 2017 - Trump signed an order withdrawing the US from the TPP - effectively killing it. In 2018 - the Trans Pacific Partnership has arisen again. This feels like a change of direction. As ...
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1answer
103 views

How do the parties choose the location for international treaty?

How do the parties choose the exact place for carrying out the specific treaty, protocol, or agreement signing act? Can the place of treaty be considered a sign of something? What is the point of ...
8
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1answer
470 views

Who can get UN kicked out of New York City?

There's a fairly large amount of people who think UN should be kicked out of New York City. Why and whether it's a valid point of view is rather irrelevant. What I'm interested in, what would be ...
4
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1answer
228 views

Could the USA rejoin the Paris Climate Accord?

Could the USA rejoin the Paris Climate Accord in the future, now that it has withdrawn from them? If they are able to re-join, will they have to 'catch up' to meet the terms of the agreement? And ...
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5answers
15k views

Is Japan still bound by the terms of its surrender in WWII?

After Japan surrendered to Allied forces in 1945, the Potsdam Declaration required Japanese military forces to be disarmed, limited Japanese sovereignty to specific islands, and prohibited Japanese ...
5
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0answers
109 views

Would Australia leaving ANZUS affect its Five Eyes benefits?

I'm preparing an oral presentation on whether or not Australia should leave ANZUS, but can't find much information regarding the effect the separation would have on the Five Eyes agreement. On the ...
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0answers
110 views

Do current EU treaties allow any discussions (“reinterpretations”) of Treaty of Trianon?

This article comments upon a public speech held by János Lázár (Minister of Prime Minister's Office): “The Hungarian nation should receive if not material at least moral reparations for the ...
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1answer
305 views

Which countries are at a prolonged war? [closed]

So I've just discovered Russia and Japan are still at war as they never signed the WW2 treaty. They are apparently hoping to get all 4 of the islands seized during the war back, but only 2 of them ...
6
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1answer
250 views

Has the Syrian Government used barrel bombs with chlorine since Trump's airstrike?

A few days ago, President Trump launched an airstrike against a Syrian airbase in response to the Syrian Government launching a Saren gas attack. Today, Secretary of Defense Mattis said that further ...
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3answers
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How would Germany increase its military size beyond 370,000 personnel?

A followup question from this answer. Germany is currently bound by the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany from 1990. It, among other things, prevents Germany from having over 370,...
7
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1answer
247 views

Can the United States withdraw/renegotiate from NAFTA without approval from the Senate?

The current political environment makes NAFTA worth considering. I haven't been able to find good research on this topic. I know that a country can withdraw from NAFTA by notifying the other parties ...
8
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1answer
215 views

How can international treaties like TTIP be secret and effective?

As you might know, TTIP is negotiated in secret. This is somewhat irritating, but there may be valid reasons (speaking as a citizen of one of the negotiators) to attempt secrecy during the ...
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2answers
101 views

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and Indian politics

What are the hindrances for India to sign 'Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty` and how Indian politics is working for/against it?
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1answer
1k views

If Turkey enters in war, are other NATO members obligated to assist her?

Let's say Turkey enters the war that is going on in the middle east. It does not matter against who. Are other NATO members in the obligation to assist her? Normally they should have to, if Turkey is ...
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1answer
110 views

Is the free trade agreement between Europe and the US (TTIP) held in secret?

I have heard in a lot of places that the treaty is being negotiated in secret. Is this true? If true, is there an official reason for it?
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1answer
225 views

What were the exact debt relief terms for Germany in 1953?

I read the Wikipedia article about the London treaty but it doesn't give me a bullet list with the exact concessions made and the terms. Such a list would be perfect to understanding what exactly ...
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1answer
108 views

Finding the vote count for a Debate on TTIP in the EU parliament

I've been trying to find the exact vote count for the debate that took place yesterday on TTIP at the European Parliament but can't find it. I only found one count of 436 for and 216 against or ...
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2answers
1k views

Does Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty violate the U.S. Constitution?

Under Article 5, if one member country is attacked, all member countries may be required to respond with military force. But the U.S. Constitution says we aren't allowed to go to war without ...
9
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1answer
764 views

Does the Outer Space Treaty expire?

I recently read an article on the New York Times that talks about China's interests in Antarctica, and it mentions that the Antarctic Treaty (created in 1959) expires in 2048: But Mr. Xi’s visit ...
2
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1answer
194 views

Article II, section 2, clause 2; and listing(s) of relevent treaties

I have some information relevant to the Panama Canal on my website. I also have, in a database, the US constitution broken down by clause which includes: [the President] shall have Power, by and ...
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1answer
2k views

Why doesn't the House of Representatives have a say in treaties?

[The President] shall have Power, by and with Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur... (US Constitution) Is there any evidence from ...
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5answers
8k views

Can USA exit a treaty that was signed and ratified?

Can USA exit a treaty that was signed and ratified by President with Senate approval? If so, what is the precise mechanism for withdrawing from a treaty for US Government? If the answer differs for ...
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1answer
805 views

What are the consequences of exiting the Outer Space Treaty

In a hypothetical scenario that Russia, China or USA decide to "occupy" the Moon, they can not legally do that now due to having signed the Outer Space Treaty. Can one of the signing countries exit ...
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1answer
60k views

What is the difference between a treaty and an executive agreement in American Foreign Policy?

So a treaty requires the consent of the United States Senate to come into effect while an executive agreement does not. However, beyond that, what are the differences between the two? Are there ...
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1answer
247 views

What are the possible actions against a signatory that fails to follow the Kyoto Protocol?

Kyoto Protocol's signatory member nations are grouped as annex I and II countries (Developed) and non-annex countries (Developing). It legally binding only on annex I and II nations. So, What ...
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3answers
5k views

Why has the United States not signed and ratified the International Criminal Court?

The International Criminal Court (ICC) treaty has been signed by 121 countries. A number of countries are not parties; China, Russia, United States. From the countries that are not parties to the ICC, ...
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4answers
691 views

Is preemptive war illegal or just politically untenable?

In the lead up to the Iraq war, and to a lesser degree in the discussion before the military action in Libya in 2011, there was much discussion in the United States about the possibility that any ...
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2answers
1k views

How are conflicts between constitutional and treaty obligations resolved?

The present Constitution of Bolivia, which came into effect on the 7th of February 2009, has this to say about coca (an English translation follows the original Spanish): Artículo 384. El Estado ...