Questions tagged [treaty]

Questions related to the official agreement between sovereign states and/or international organizations. The parties involved in the treaty hold an obligation onto themselves and if they fail to meet the requirements of said treaty, they're held liable under international law.

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Has there been identifiable tension against the Outer Space Treaty or other key “idealistic” treaties regarding space flight?

There are a number of widely-signed treaties concerning outer space and travel into, colonization of, and exploration of space which many nations might find encumbering to their ambitions. The Outer ...
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Is Canada required to allow transit to and from Alaska?

Currently, the US/Canada border is closed to "non-essential" travel. US citizens travelling to and from Alaska are allowed, with some restrictions, to make this journey by car. Is the right ...
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Why hasn't Israel signed the biological weapons convention?

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parties_to_the_Biological_Weapons_Convention Refer to the section Non-signatory states Out of the 10 states listed there, the Ratification status of ...
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What stops the US from getting Open Skies data from its allies?

Recently there's been news about how the US is intending to pull out of the Open Skies treaty, which allows participating nations to perform unarmed reconnaissance flights over each other's airspace. ...
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Under what domestic legal framework did Trump withdraw the US from UNESCO?

I've read that in Jan last year (2019): The United States and Israel officially quit the U.N.’s educational, scientific and cultural agency at the stroke of midnight, the culmination of a process ...
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Are there secret treaties between major powers anymore?

A significant factor in the Great War, World War I, was the existence of many secret treaties between the combatants. These treaties promised help in the event of war, and guaranteed that one country ...
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Why is France not a member of the Environmental Modification Convention?

What are the reasons that led France not to sign the Environmental Modification Convention? This can also be checked from here.
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Why is the UK withdrawing from the European Arrest Warrant?

On Feb 27th, in a document setting out its approach to negotiations with the EU, the UK government announced its intention to withdraw from the European Arrest Warrant. (Pg. 27) Is the UK obligated ...
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In what respect exactly is Turkey accusing Russia of violating their agreement in Syria?

Breaking news on the BBC is that Assad's army and Turkey's military have exchanged significant shelling in the past couple of days. It's also mentioned that: In 2017, Turkey and Russia signed a "...
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Has Iran threatened to leave the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty before?

News is that Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif said on Monday that Tehran would withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) if Europeans continued with what he called “their improper ...
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Is there an automatic series of treaties in the EU?

Reform in the EU is performed via treaties. There have been a series of them all named after cities. Is this sequence pre-determined with the content attached to the treaty? Or are new treaties ...
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If Turkey enters a war, are other NATO members obligated to assist it?

Let's say Turkey enters a war that is going on in the Middle East. It does not matter against whom. Are other NATO members in the obligation to assist her? Normally they should have to, if Turkey is ...
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Quantitative study of time between signature and ratification of multilateral economic treaties

Does anyone know of a good quantitative study of economic multilateral treaties that specifically looks at how much time passes between the date of signature and date of ratification/accession? I have ...
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Under international law, can a country partially withdraw from a treaty?

Are there any explicit provisions (such as in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties) or traditions in international law that allow a country to partially, but not totally withdraw from a treaty,...
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Did the US exercise a formal right to withdraw from JCPOA as set out in the treaty itself?

It's been said in a comment here on another equestion Trump "withdrew" from JCPOA because he formally indeed did so. Iran "violates" JCPO because it did not formally withdraw from it, so is in fact ...
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Is Japan still bound by the terms of its surrender in WWII?

After Japan surrendered to Allied forces in 1945, the Potsdam Declaration required Japanese military forces to be disarmed, limited Japanese sovereignty to specific islands, and prohibited Japanese ...
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Can a country be expelled from NATO? [duplicate]

It seems a country can leave NATO, seeing as France did so in 1966 (and rejoined in 2009), but can a country be expelled from NATO? Who would make such a decision? Must all member countries vote FOR, ...
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Is the text of all UK treaties and laws public?

Is the text of all UK treaties and laws public? For example, could an international agreement (treaty) be kept secret from the public?
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Do all EU treaties cease to apply on exit day if no agreement is reached?

Article 50 TEU says: The Treaties shall cease to apply to the State in question from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement or, failing that, two years after the notification ...
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Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU?

Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU? Is the EU a sovereign entity in and of itself?
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Why has the US not ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty?

There is a known treaty about full banning nuclear tests, from 1996. Many states have signed it, but not all ratified. I can understand, why, for example, DPRK haven't signed it - it is critical for ...
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Why has the UK has not yet signed a continuity trade agreement with Turkey?

From UNCTAD, as of 3 Sep 2019: Among the countries which currently grant preferences to the EU but for which the UK has not yet reached an agreement to grant continued preferential market access, ...
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What happens when during the negotiation of a treaty when all the members don't agree on a particular provision?

What happens when during the negotiation of a treaty when all the members don't agree on a particular provision? For example, during the Iran deal, how did members solve their disagreements? Is there ...
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What benefits does the African trade bloc bring to the African Union's member states?

What benefits does the African trade bloc bring to the AU's member states and what changes does this deal bring?
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Why did France not sign the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties?

It looks like France is the only Security Council permanent member that did not sign the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. (The US signed in 1970, but has yet to ratify, although successive US ...
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Who can get UN kicked out of New York City?

There's a fairly large amount of people who think UN should be kicked out of New York City. Why and whether it's a valid point of view is rather irrelevant. What I'm interested in, what would be ...
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Why hasn't Canada signed the Apostille Convention?

Looking at this map of signatories to the Hague Convention/Apostille Convention, one can see that Canada is the only Western nation (as well as the only NATO nation, etc.) to not be a signatory. Why ...
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What is Montana worth?

I came across an interesting article that points to a change.org petition suggesting that the United States sell the state of Montana to Canada for one trillion dollars ($1,000,000,000,000) and put ...
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Why is it frequently claimed that the US 'signed' a given treaty before it's been ratified by Congress?

As an example, it was often claimed that the US 'signed' and then 'left' the Paris climate treaty, even though it was merely agreed to by the US President, rather than by Congress as required by the ...
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Who has pressed for the “2020 global sulphur limit”

In 2020 the maximum allowable sulfur limit in marine fuels will be only 0.5 %, compared to 3.5 % now. This will probably lead to pains in the industry, because the world's refineries haven't extended ...
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What did the US government concede in the New NAFTA/USMCA negotiations?

I keep reading all about the US having extracted from Canada more access to their dairy market, getting rid of the diafiltered milk loophole, etc. The only things that they were portrayed as losing ...
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Why is the EU concerned about the UK “unilaterally withdrawing” from a proposed Irish backstop?

As I understand, one of the sticking points in the Brexit negotiations has been Britain's level of obligation to a proposed customs union backstop. I understand also that this is essentially a ...
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How do states trust each other to comply with treaties?

There is no global power that enforces treaties so when entering into one a state has to make a prediction about whether the other parties will comply with it. I'm guessing they base their predictions ...
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Why do the US and Russia not seem to support INF anymore?

According to Time, Donald Trump plans to withdraw US from Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: President Donald Trump revealed Saturday the United States intends to withdraw from a 31-...
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How many treaties ratified by Congress did the US exit unilaterally?

In an attempt to better focus a recent question asked here that is popular but very open to interpretation (which alas often happens on politics SE), I want to ask: Are there any statistics on ...
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Does the US withdrawal from 1955 Treaty of Amity have any effect on the ICJ's vote about US sanctions on Iran?

As you may already know, today the International Court of Justice ordered the United States to lift new Iran sanctions. The news headline says: The UN’s international court of justice has reprimanded ...
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Why is North Korea so active in Intellectual Property-related conventions?

North Korea is a poor, communist and very isolated country, that is not very active on the international stage (except when it comes to nuclear weapons). It therefore is also not party to a large ...
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Is the US unusually prone to walking away from signed treaties/accords?

For example, the Iran proliferation Deal. Letting aside considerations about where or not it was a good agreement, this is still the US agreeing to something and then not carrying it out. Other ...
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Can USA exit a treaty that was signed and ratified?

Can USA exit a treaty that was signed and ratified by President with Senate approval? If so, what is the precise mechanism for withdrawing from a treaty for US Government? If the answer differs for ...
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How many treaties did US presidents terminate without Congress approval?

An opinion piece by Senator Russ Feingold on NBC says: although it took a 1945 vote in the Senate to allow President Harry Truman to ratify the U.N. Charter, the current weight of legal opinion ...
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What's the ratio of treaties ratified by Congress to other forms of international agreements the US is part of?

An NBC opinion piece says by former Senator Russ Feingold states: There have been relatively few treaties considered by Congress in recent decades, in part because executive agreements and regular ...
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Why does France have so many bilateral treaties?

According to Miles & Posner (2008) "Which States Enter into Treaties, and Why?" The average for North America is more than ten times that of Africa. The North American average is driven by ...
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How can international treaties like TTIP be secret and effective?

As you might know, TTIP is negotiated in secret. This is somewhat irritating, but there may be valid reasons (speaking as a citizen of one of the negotiators) to attempt secrecy during the ...
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What type of agreement is the Iran Nuclear Deal considered to be by non-US countries and how does that affect the agreement as a whole?

Following President Donald Trump's announcement today that he would not recertify the Iran Nuclear Agreement (JCPOA) and was withdrawing the US from the deal, I was interested to learn more about what ...
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Does Congress not have to approve the US withdrawal from the Iran deal?

How is Trump able to withdraw from the Iran deal without Congressional approval?
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What was George W. Bush's explanation at the time, for unilaterally withdrawing from the ABM treaty?

The Wikipedia page on the ABMT says Supporters of the withdrawal argued that it was a necessity in order to test and build a limited National Missile Defense to protect the United States from ...
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How would Germany increase its military size beyond 370,000 personnel?

A followup question from this answer. Germany is currently bound by the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany from 1990. It, among other things, prevents Germany from having over 370,...
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What changes (from 2016) with the US out of the 2018 Trans Pacific Partnership?

The United States was a member to the 2016 Trans Pacific Partnership deal. Then Trump pulled out. Now the 2018 Trans Pacific Partnership is starting up - without the US. This could result in ...
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What has changed with the Trans Pacific Partnership in 2018?

In March 2017 - Trump signed an order withdrawing the US from the TPP - effectively killing it. In 2018 - the Trans Pacific Partnership has arisen again. This feels like a change of direction. As ...
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How do the parties choose the location for international treaty?

How do the parties choose the exact place for carrying out the specific treaty, protocol, or agreement signing act? Can the place of treaty be considered a sign of something? What is the point of ...