Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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Jeremy Corbyn and the Queen's speech

A recent "storm in a teacup" controversy concerned Jeremy Corbyn and his apparent claim to watch (or perhaps listen to) the Queen's Speech in the morning. See, for example https://metro.co.uk/2019/...
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What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
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Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
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What is an MRP poll, and is it more accurate than a conventional poll?

On Nov 27th, the polling company YouGov released an “MRP” poll that predicts the Conservative party winning a majority of 68 in the upcoming General Election. The poll has been treated as practically ...
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How has the Brexit process affected eurosceptic movements in other European countries?

The rocky and unpredictable state of the Brexit negotiations over the past three and a half years seems to have had an effect on the level of support for the EU, with 68% of respondents across the ...
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Can an MP be impeached?

Inspired by the current impeachment process in the US - and recognising that the Prime Minister is just an MP who has shown that they can command the confidence of the House of Commons - is there any ...
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What would happen if the Queen died immediately before a general election?

I'm an American so I don't have a total grasp of UK politics but my understanding is that when the Queen of the UK dies, the country shuts down for a few days. It's also my understanding that prior to ...
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Why didn't European Union Referendum Act 2015 require ministers to implement the referendum's majority outcome by secondary legislation?

Is "infamously" alluding some hoodwink or deviltry? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and Administrative Law (2018 17 ed). Emboldening on p 80.       Dicey famously observed that the ...
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96 views

Why are “formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation” unknown?

I don't grok the boldening. Why Unknown? Because no parliamentarian ever tried to impose "formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation"? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and ...
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Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
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Does the consent process for the Revised Irish Protocol breach the Belfast Agreement?

The Belfast Agreement specifies that key decisions require cross-community support, and it specifies what this means. In the Revised Irish Protocol, staying in the protocol arrangement requires a ...
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113 views

majority of the relevant group of MPs who actually vote on the matter v. a majority of all MPs who belong to the relevant group

I don't grok the distinction in footnote 59. Can anyone pls illustrate it?       Once it has been determined that a given Bill or provision falls within the EVEL rules, the core ...
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Is the dossier released by Labour proof that the NHS is for sale?

Today, Labour released a 451 page dossier at a press event, which they say was leaked from the Department for International Trade, and is a record of preliminary discussions that have taken place ...
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What does it mean to protect parliamentary papers if published ‘bonâ fide and without malice’? [duplicate]

In other words how can you publish Parlimentary Papers WITHOUT bona fide and WITH malice? Why not protect in this case?       Two other aspects of parliamentary privilege should be ...
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“But not legislation enacted by the UK Parliament”?

What does footnote 119 mean? 5.10 Some conclusions on the rule of law We end this discussion of the rule of law with the point with which it began— that the meaning of the concept cannot be ...
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439 views

Has Labour failed to deal with antisemitism within their party?

Today the Chief Rabbi, Ephraim Mirvis, wrote in the Times that "a new poison - sanctioned from the very top - has taken root" in Labour. In particular, he accused the party leadership of not doing ...
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Why does the UK retain the Chagos Islands when it is a US military base

The Chagos Islands is at the centre of an ongoing dispute over ownership between the UK and Mauritius. The validity of each claim is covered in another question However, current the only use The ...
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What is the minimum vote share a party could obtain and still win a majority in a General Election?

Inspired by the US equivalent - what is the minimum total vote share that a party could obtain while still winning over 325 seats in the Commons? What is the smallest share of the vote that a party ...
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What was Jeremy Corbyn’s involvement in the Northern Ireland peace process?

I’ve heard mixed reports as to his involvement; some reports describe him as a broker of peace whose efforts brought an early end to the Troubles, while others describe him as a terrorist sympathizer ...
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How are the Queen's royal prerogative / reserve powers executed technically?

It is constitutional convention in the United Kingdom that the royal prerogatives are only carried out on the advice of the responsible minister. It is clear that it would be a political and ...
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485 views

What happens if they run out of space on the Government benches in the House of Commons?

As far as I’m aware, the House of Commons chamber is symmetrical, which begs the question - what happens if the Government wins, say, a majority of 220; as one of the most recent (and optimistic) ...
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Is the UK’s claim over the Chagos Islands valid?

This morning, the UK missed/ignored a 6 month deadline given by the UN to hand over control of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius. The Mauritians say that they were forced to sell the islands in 1965 in ...
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Is the UK unusual in not requiring identification to vote?

When one votes in the UK, all that is asked of you at the polling station is your name and address, which is then checked against a list to ensure that you are registered and eligible to vote. There ...
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What executive powers does the Prime Minister have?

In a presidential republic like, say, America, there are executive powers afforded to the President; for example the power to veto legislation. In the United Kingdom, as I understand it, the powers of ...
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Double voting in the UK

In the UK you are allowed to be registered to vote in two constituencies (usually your home address and a student house) but are only allowed to vote in one of these locations. In my experience, when ...
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How did Boris Johnson manage to be elected Mayor of London for two terms when London is usually staunchly Labour?

In 2008, Boris Johnson beat Ken Livingstone by 6.4% of the vote share in the second round of voting. He repeated this feat in 2012, if by a slimmer margin. How did he manage to win these elections, ...
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How did India replace of pre 1947 currency?

As India and Pakistan got independence from British, there were British Indian currency in circulation. Was that currency banned/replaced in a similar fashion as demonetisation of 2016, where old ...
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When private companies are nationalized, does the Government set the price?

The Labour Party manifesto for the 2019 General Election is expected to detail the nationalisation of many former publicly owned companies such as the Rail Network, Energy Networks, and even the ...
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532 views

If India got independence in 1947, how come there were governments by Indians before then?

I was looking at many early politicians of India and wondered why some of them are listed as Prime Minister, Chief minister, etc. of certain Indian states, before 1947. But I read India received ...
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What effect do TV debates have on voting intention?

The first head-to-head debate between Boris Johnson and Jeremy Corbyn will take place within an hour from this question being posted. In the past, there have been occasions where leaders have ...
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Is there an online source for pre-1942 UK general election polls from the British Institute of Public Opinion?

I know that there are records of UK general election polls from before 1942, since I have read them in back issues of Cavalcade in the British Library (because I'm fun). I'm looking for an online ...
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330 views

Is VAT on private school tuition fees against EU law?

According to a leaked source, the Labour government plans to introduce VAT on private school fees to pay for free meals for all primary school pupils. But isn’t this clearly illegal under EU law? The ...
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226 views

Lawful for some English public hospitals to stock more kinds of medications than others?

Left to right – Guy's, Cambridgeshire, Salisbury, Oxford. How's it legal for NHS trusts to have different formularies? Assume you live in Cambridge, but your migraine can be only treated with a ...
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What are the limits of parliamentary privilege?

From what I understand, parliamentary privilege affords MPs and Lords freedom of speech without fear of prosecution within their respective Houses of Parliament. I’ve only seen it come up into ...
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In the Revised Irish Protocol, what would the nature of the Irish Sea border be?

In the Revised Irish Protocol, a customs and regulatory border would be erected between Great Britain and Northern Ireland if Great Britain wished to diverge in tariffs and/or goods regulations from ...
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394 views

What's the procedure of the Tory party if the Prime Minister lost his seat in the upcoming UK general election?

It is quite possible that Mr Johnson loses his seat in the upcoming general election, while the Conservative party gains a majority. Does the Conservative party have official procedures for what ...
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266 views

What difference does a winter election make?

The last December election took place almost a century ago, in 1923. Why are winter elections so rare, what difference does it make to voters, turnout, and campaigners, and how has it affected the ...
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Can the UK and the EU delay Brexit again?

That would be the fourth delay. But is it legally possible to delay Brexit again?
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Is the postponement of the release of the Intelligence Security Committee’s report on Russian interference in UK elections abnormal?

Over the last couple of weeks, there has been criticism of the government over the decision to postpone the release of the report until parliament reconvenes after the election. This comes despite the ...
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Can the UK general election be cancelled? [duplicate]

The sh*t hits the fan. The Russia scandal blows up. Boris Johnson is photographed handing a suitcase of money to Nigel Farage. Vast swathes of the country is under water. A yellow weather warning is ...
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296 views

Where would UK political parties fit on the US party political spectrum?

I have often heard the statement that the British Conservative party would be considered left-wing if they were to run in the US - in some cases further left than the Democrats. How true is this ...
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Are there previous cases of the incumbent Prime Minister standing in a different seat to the one they were previously elected in?

There are rumours floating around that the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson may switch seats from his current Uxbridge and South Ruislip constituency to a safer Tory seat: ...
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Why did the Conservatives yield the Speaker chair?

I know it has been a tradition of sorts for the Speaker to alternate between the main parties, but isn't it rather dangerous for the Conservatives to have allowed a Labour MP (Hoyle) to become speaker,...
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Is there any evidence that the Brexit Party simply didn't have the resources to field as many candidates as they claimed?

After being rebuffed by the Tories a number of times in the offer to forge an alliance between their two parties, The Brexit Party, led by Nigel Farage, originally claimed to be ready to stand ...
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Why does the Remain Alliance not contest all Northern Ireland seats?

With its abstentionist policy, Sinn Féin cannot be counted as a remain party for the purpose of the election. Sinn Féin will effectively abstain in any voting on Brexit, while a remainer MP could vote ...
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Cabinets in USA (presidential) and UK (parliamentary) system difference? [closed]

What differences are there in the way the cabinets work between the UK, with their parliamentary system, and the USA, with their presidential system?
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Are there examples in the UK in which candidates for MP didn't formally withdraw but said openly something like “don't vote for me”?

Since there is a formal deadline for withdrawal of candidacies from UK Parliament elections, are there historical examples in which some candidates nonetheless informally withdrew after such a ...
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Can candidates for MP seats “stand down” in a formal way after declaring candidacy?

As the Guardian reported Farage began the party’s election campaign last week saying he would put up candidates across the country unless Johnson abandoned his Brexit deal and formed a leave ...
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When is the deadline for candidacies for Parliament for the UK election this year?

In the context of Nigel Farage threatening to contest or not some seats, when is the deadline for the candidacies for seats to be announced?
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Can the United Kingdom Legislature legislate anything it wants?

This question arises from an answer to a question here regarding Parliamentary Sovereignty. If the UK Parliament was to legislate for something, assuming it didn't violate international treaties etc., ...