Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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Did conservatives in the U.K. in the 1950s used to be more like American liberals?

In the book Thinking in Time on page 194, it says ...contributed to a substantial Tory victory at the general election of 1959. Tory budgeting, which held down defense expenditure while boosting ...
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Who becomes Conservative Acting Leader in the event of the Leader's death or incapacitation?

In 1994, when Labour Leader John Smith suddenly died, the Deputy Leader Margaret Beckett became Acting Leader until a leadership election could take place. The Conservative Party has not had a Deputy ...
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If the UK Prime Minister suddenly dies, what happens?

With the news that Boris Johnson has tested positive for COVID-19, and was later hospitalised, a question occurred to me: What happens if the UK Prime Minister suddenly dies? I know that the ...
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Why is the UK government advising, but not requesting to stay at home this weekend?

The background is obvious. I'm really curious about the wording. In particular, UK told that staying home this weekend is 'not a request'. To me, it sounds like loosening restriction, in an unofficial ...
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If the UK Prime Minister dies who is “next in line” given there is no current deputy PM [duplicate]

"Because of this there is not always a sitting Deputy Prime Minister. This means that it is up to the Prime Minister to choose whether or not he/she wants to have a deputy. The position was created in ...
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How did Boris Johnson chair the cabinet meetings while he has COVID-19?

I didn't follow the UK news closely, so please enlighten me on how cabinet meetings were conducted by Boris Johnson while he has COVID-19. All I've read on this is that: Prime Minister Boris ...
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What did George Orwell mean by “belief in ‘the law’ as something above the State and above the individual”?

Public Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (2019 4 edn). p 88 quotes from J.E.K. Murkens, ‘The quest for constitutionalism in UK public law discourse’ (2009) 29 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 427, 430– 2,...
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Does the United Kingdom, in practice, have other constitutional principles which limit the principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty?

In the United Kingdom it seems to me that the only Constitutional principle that matters is the principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty. From that link this part sums up my reasoning quite nicely: ...
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What constitutes a bad deal for Brexit?

Theresa May has clearly stated that she would prefer a no deal with the EU on Brexit over a bad deal for Britain: And while I am confident that this scenario need never arise – while I am sure a ...
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What is the rationale behind delaying the imposition of more radical Covid-19 countermeasures?

On March 3rd, the UK government released a publication detailing its Coronavirus action plan, which contains the four-stage plan that will be implemented throughout the country, in all four devolved ...
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In the UK parliament, how much of Prime Minister's Questions is pre-planned?

So I was watching PMQs today and realised that almost everyone, certainly the party leaders, refers to notes during their time to talk. Is the PM given a list of questions beforehand? However during ...
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Why can't the British government pass a law allowing the Heathrow expansion to proceed, rather than bothering with an appeal to the Supreme Court?

According to a recent BBC article: On 27 February 2020, the Court of Appeal ruled the decision to allow the expansion was unlawful because it did not take climate commitments into account. ...
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Why does Donald Trump seem to help raising of the tension between US and UK? [closed]

US and UK has had what some call a "special relation" for decades. Just a glimpse of recent declarations about this subject (Wikipedia): In 2015, Cameron stated the US President calls him "bro" and ...
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Does the World Health Organization have the power to impose sanctions?

In the last couple of days, WHO officials have criticised the UK government's approach to the COVID-19 pandemic, describing the government's reliance on developing herd-immunity amongst the British ...
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On what basis is Theresa May triggering Article 50 (Brexit) if the Supreme Court said she couldn't?

Just today (March 21st 2017), the news came out around the web that Theresa May will trigger Article 50 (Brexit) on March 29th: The UK will begin official divorce proceedings with the European ...
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Are nations required to allow their own citizens entry under international law?

The motivation for this question is the recent US travel ban on foreigners entering the country from Schengen area countries, which is due to expand to include the UK and Ireland on Tuesday, and the ...
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Why are UK Bank Holidays on Mondays?

Why are UK bank holidays always on a Monday except Good Friday, Christmas Day and Boxing Day? I ask, because this year, May Day Bank Holiday is next week on Monday when there is a Friday between 1st ...
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What are the arguments for and against gender-neutral passports?

On March 10th, campaigner Christie Elan-Cane lost an case in the Court of Appeal against the UK government's policy that the "Sex" field on the British passport can only contain "M" or "F". The case ...
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Is the British Immigration health surcharge unique in the world?

People moving to the UK for longer than six months are required to pay an Immigration health surcharge. I.e., they pay a tax when they request a Visa to be allowed to use the National Health Service (...
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Do voters get to elect their governors and mayors in unitary states?

I've read the introduction to the Wiki page, but I still don't get it: is there such a thing as regional elections in unitary states, for example Ukraine? President Zelensky appointed one governor, ...
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What prevented the Tampon Tax from being abolished?

Today, in his first Budget speech, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi Sunak, has announced that "now that we have left the European Union", the Tampon Tax - the controversial imposition of VAT on ...
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Are there data on how England's European Parliament constituencies voted in the 2017 UK General Election?

For some research/data analysis, I would like to find electoral data from the 2017 UK general election aggregated by European Parliament constituency. For Scotland, Wales, and NI, these data are ...
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What governmental power does the Monarch hold in Great Britain in practice?

We have been led to believe that much of the power that was once held by the monarchy has been transferred to the Parliament and that the Queen is mostly a figurehead. However, the government is still ...
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Does the Queen have the power to dissolve the UK parliament?

Half a year ago the prime minister asked the queen to suspend parliament and she approved. UK government queen suspend parliament Another new said Supreme Court said suspending parliament was ...
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Why doesn't the UK want to be part of the European Convention on Human Rights?

As per recent news coming from the negotiation for a deal between the UK and the EU, Michel Barnier said: Yet the UK informs us that they do not wish to commit formally to continuing to apply the ...
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Why did Change UK not stand in the Peterborough By-Election?

I've found articles that talk about attempts to set up a Single Pro-Remain candidate to stand directly against the Brexit party. The linked article makes clear these talks broke down, but doesn't ...
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Why did HWR Wade write that passports have “no status or legal effect at common law whatever”?

Public Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (2019, 4th edition), page 316: Moreover, since Wade says that prerogative decisions must affect rights, he argues that a decision by the UK government to ...
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How can an UK judge rule over Dubai's Chief of State?

As I understand it, Princess Haya is moving legal action in the UK against her husband, the vice-president of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. As he is a chief of ...
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Why is legislation passed in accordance with the Parliament Acts not valid on its face?

Public Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (2019 4 edn). p 461. Wade’s Argument: Parliament Act 1911 Delegates Parliament’s Power In his book *Constitutional Fundamentals*9 and his article ‘The ...
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Are there reoccurring taunts or put downs within UK Parliament?

This Powerline article alludes to a certain heckle, "Who Are You?" directed at UK Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn and that Nigel Farage employs to much less success at the EU as sort of a mainstay ...
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How did British Parliament Speaker John Bercow change the pace of debate in the House of Commons?

The Washington Post's British Parliament Speaker John Bercow bellows ‘Orrrrder!’ for the last time says: (Boris) Johnson, the prime minister, in his farewell this week, said Bercow had “done more ...
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Are there any pre-Brexit-referendum polls on UK electorate preference for a strongman leader?

An article in The Economist this summer says: The gridlock in Parliament, where mps have been caught between loyalty to their constituents, their party and the instruction of the referendum, has ...
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Has there been a significant difference in sympathy for Israel between the public in Ireland and in the UK?

There's fairly lengthy article in Foreign Policy that attempts to explain why the Irish have been supportive of the Palestinian cause, actually its champions in Europe according to that article. The ...
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Why does the Scottish National Party object to being called nationalist?

On a number of occasions in the House of Commons I have noticed MPs, usually Conservatives, referring to the Scottish National Party (SNP) as "the Scottish Nationalist Party", or just "the Scottish ...
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Has a law or amendment been passed without a vote in Parliament because there were no tellers before?

If the breaking news is correct, MPs started voting on Stephen Kinnock’s amendment 6. But then, a few minutes into voting, Lindsay Hoyle, announced that the division had been called off because ...
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Why is the British Chancellor allowed to drink alcohol in the House of Commons chamber?

On the parliament.uk site's information about the annual budget, it describes the tradition of "Despatch box drinks", where the Chancellor is afforded the privilege to drink alcohol at the despatch ...
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Is the blocking of Heathrow's third runway the first time a national government has been held to an international climate agreement by the judiciary?

On the 27th of February, the UK Court of Appeal ruled that the government's decision to allow the expansion of Heathrow Airport was unlawful because the government had not taken its commitments made ...
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What is the modern role of the Serjeant at Arms?

The parliament.uk website describes the Serjeant at Arms as the official responsible for keeping order within the Commons part of the parliamentary estate. The page describes various ceremonial ...
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Has there been a comparison of party discipline in the UK with other European countries?

On one hand, the fact that MPs are elected in single-member districts would suggest they are more likely to break party discipline if their constituency has different interests. On the other hand, ...
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Was Change UK the shortest-lived political party ever?

Change UK was a centrist political party founded by disgruntled members of parliament from the Labour and Conservative parties which sought to achieve a second Brexit referendum. The party's final ...
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Why is the UK withdrawing from the European Arrest Warrant?

On Feb 27th, in a document setting out its approach to negotiations with the EU, the UK government announced its intention to withdraw from the European Arrest Warrant. (Pg. 27) Is the UK obligated ...
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How many seats did the anti-hard Brexit parties lose in the 2019 general elections due to the spoiler effect?

Are there any calculations available that evaluate the following scenarios? How would the elections end up under a proportional voting system? or How many seats did the spoiler effect (the ...
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Are there precedents for the EU fining the UK for undervalued Chinese imports?

With all the Brexit talks, this has become a barely noticed case, but it might be relevant for future border relations between UK and EU: Britain faces a potential €2 billion bill from Brussels ...
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Post-Brexit UK-EU trading relationship: Why (not) Canada?

While the UK seems to pushing for an FTA with the EU similar to the one between the EU and Canada (or Japan or South Korea), the EU seems to have said no to this immediately on the grounds of ...
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What difference did the Brexit Party's decision to stand down in Conservative seats make to the result of the 2019 General Election?

On the 11th of November - a month before the general election - the leader of the Brexit Party, Nigel Farage, announced that the party would not field candidates in seats that had been won in the ...
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Have the contents of the letters of last resort ever been revealed?

The letters of last resort are the letters written by the UK Prime Minister to the naval officers in command of the four nuclear submarines which provide the UK's nuclear deterrent, containing ...
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How does the Barnett Formula work?

I've often heard the Barnett Formula come up in debates regarding the topic of Scottish independence, and I know it relates in some way to the mechanism used to determine the amount of money allocated ...
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To what extent does the British Royal Family provide the United Kingdom with soft power?

A common argument that is given for the continuation of the monarchy in Britain is that it provides the United Kingdom with soft power. The OED defines soft power as: a persuasive approach to ...
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Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called “confirmatory” at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any ...
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What are UK executive's abuses of executive power, barring Boris Johnson's prorogation in 2019 voided by UKSC? [closed]

What are abuses of executive power that the UK Parliament and parliamentary oversight failed to adequately safeguard against, judicial oversight ought to be increased for? Please list multiple ...

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