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Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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4
votes
1answer
70 views

Is the UK unusual in not requiring identification to vote?

When one votes in the UK, all that is asked of you at the polling station is your name and address, which is then checked against a list to ensure that you are registered and eligible to vote. There ...
6
votes
1answer
49 views

What executive powers does the Prime Minister have?

In a presidential republic like, say, America, there are executive powers afforded to the President; for example the power to veto legislation. In the United Kingdom, as I understand it, the powers of ...
6
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2answers
99 views

Double voting in the UK

In the UK you are allowed to be registered to vote in two constituencies (usually your home address and a student house) but are only allowed to vote in one of these locations. In my experience, when ...
14
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1answer
295 views

How did Boris Johnson manage to be elected Mayor of London for two terms when London is usually staunchly Labour?

In 2008, Boris Johnson beat Ken Livingstone by 6.4% of the vote share in the second round of voting. He repeated this feat in 2012, if by a slimmer margin. How did he manage to win these elections, ...
5
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2answers
107 views

How did India replace of pre 1947 currency?

As India and Pakistan got independence from British, there were British Indian currency in circulation. Was that currency banned/replaced in a similar fashion as demonetisation of 2016, where old ...
5
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1answer
122 views

When private companies are nationalized, does the Government set the price?

The Labour Party manifesto for the 2019 General Election is expected to detail the nationalisation of many former publicly owned companies such as the Rail Network, Energy Networks, and even the ...
7
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3answers
499 views

If India got independence in 1947, how come there were governments by Indians before then?

I was looking at many early politicians of India and wondered why some of them are listed as Prime Minister, Chief minister, etc. of certain Indian states, before 1947. But I read India received ...
1
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0answers
67 views

What effect do TV debates have on voting intention?

The first head-to-head debate between Boris Johnson and Jeremy Corbyn will take place within an hour from this question being posted. In the past, there have been occasions where leaders have ...
3
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0answers
23 views

Is there an online source for pre-1942 UK general election polls from the British Institute of Public Opinion?

I know that there are records of UK general election polls from before 1942, since I have read them in back issues of Cavalcade in the British Library (because I'm fun). I'm looking for an online ...
2
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1answer
249 views

Is VAT on private school tuition fees against EU law?

According to a leaked source, the Labour government plans to introduce VAT on private school fees to pay for free meals for all primary school pupils. But isn’t this clearly illegal under EU law? The ...
1
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1answer
218 views

Lawful for some English public hospitals to stock more kinds of medications than others?

Left to right – Guy's, Cambridgeshire, Salisbury, Oxford. How's it legal for NHS trusts to have different formularies? Assume you live in Cambridge, but your migraine can be only treated with a ...
15
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2answers
2k views

What are the limits of parliamentary privilege?

From what I understand, parliamentary privilege affords MPs and Lords freedom of speech without fear of prosecution within their respective Houses of Parliament. I’ve only seen it come up into ...
3
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1answer
122 views

In the Revised Irish Protocol, what would the nature of the Irish Sea border be?

In the Revised Irish Protocol, a customs and regulatory border would be erected between Great Britain and Northern Ireland if Great Britain wished to diverge in tariffs and/or goods regulations from ...
4
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1answer
379 views

What's the procedure of the Tory party if the Prime Minister lost his seat in the upcoming UK general election?

It is quite possible that Mr Johnson loses his seat in the upcoming general election, while the Conservative party gains a majority. Does the Conservative party have official procedures for what ...
5
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1answer
212 views
+50

What difference does a winter election make?

The last December election took place almost a century ago, in 1923. Why are winter elections so rare, what difference does it make to voters, turnout, and campaigners, and how has it affected the ...
7
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5answers
1k views

Can the UK and the EU delay Brexit again?

That would be the fourth delay. But is it legally possible to delay Brexit again?
9
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1answer
76 views

Is the postponement of the release of the Intelligence Security Committee’s report on Russian interference in UK elections abnormal?

Over the last couple of weeks, there has been criticism of the government over the decision to postpone the release of the report until parliament reconvenes after the election. This comes despite the ...
1
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0answers
56 views

Can the UK general election be cancelled? [duplicate]

The sh*t hits the fan. The Russia scandal blows up. Boris Johnson is photographed handing a suitcase of money to Nigel Farage. Vast swathes of the country is under water. A yellow weather warning is ...
8
votes
1answer
285 views

Where would UK political parties fit on the US party political spectrum?

I have often heard the statement that the British Conservative party would be considered left-wing if they were to run in the US - in some cases further left than the Democrats. How true is this ...
6
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1answer
146 views

Are there previous cases of the incumbent Prime Minister standing in a different seat to the one they were previously elected in?

There are rumours floating around that the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson may switch seats from his current Uxbridge and South Ruislip constituency to a safer Tory seat: ...
4
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1answer
276 views

Why did the Conservatives yield the Speaker chair?

I know it has been a tradition of sorts for the Speaker to alternate between the main parties, but isn't it rather dangerous for the Conservatives to have allowed a Labour MP (Hoyle) to become speaker,...
12
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4answers
3k views

Is there any evidence that the Brexit Party simply didn't have the resources to field as many candidates as they claimed?

After being rebuffed by the Tories a number of times in the offer to forge an alliance between their two parties, The Brexit Party, led by Nigel Farage, originally claimed to be ready to stand ...
7
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3answers
360 views

Why does the Remain Alliance not contest all Northern Ireland seats?

With its abstentionist policy, Sinn Féin cannot be counted as a remain party for the purpose of the election. Sinn Féin will effectively abstain in any voting on Brexit, while a remainer MP could vote ...
0
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1answer
125 views

Cabinets in USA (presidential) and UK (parliamentary) system difference? [closed]

What differences are there in the way the cabinets work between the UK, with their parliamentary system, and the USA, with their presidential system?
3
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2answers
141 views

Are there examples in the UK in which candidates for MP didn't formally withdraw but said openly something like “don't vote for me”?

Since there is a formal deadline for withdrawal of candidacies from UK Parliament elections, are there historical examples in which some candidates nonetheless informally withdrew after such a ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Can candidates for MP seats “stand down” in a formal way after declaring candidacy?

As the Guardian reported Farage began the party’s election campaign last week saying he would put up candidates across the country unless Johnson abandoned his Brexit deal and formed a leave ...
1
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1answer
33 views

When is the deadline for candidacies for Parliament for the UK election this year?

In the context of Nigel Farage threatening to contest or not some seats, when is the deadline for the candidacies for seats to be announced?
5
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1answer
153 views

Can the United Kingdom Legislature legislate anything it wants?

This question arises from an answer to a question here regarding Parliamentary Sovereignty. If the UK Parliament was to legislate for something, assuming it didn't violate international treaties etc., ...
6
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3answers
241 views

Is it possible for the UK Parliament to create a legally binding referendum?

Throughout the Brexit saga, one thing I’ve heard repeatedly is that due to the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, referendums are not legally binding: Parliamentary sovereignty is a principle ...
10
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8answers
2k views

Can a 'Second Referendum' on Brexit contain three options?

Lots of people seem to be calling for a second referendum on the United Kingdoms status as members of the European Union. The Labour Party policy is to renegotiate a deal with the European Union and ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

The Belfast/Good Friday Agreement and the revised Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol

The revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland means Northern Ireland will stay in European Union Single Market regulatory alignment for goods, for a minimum of six years (four before the first ...
5
votes
1answer
371 views

Are there some high profile cases of convictions for influence peddling in the UK?

According to Wikipedia, some countries have a more encompassing standard of a corrupt act compared to the US (which following McDonnell v US has tightened the definition of a corrupt act considerably),...
14
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2answers
3k views

Why is the Speaker of the House of Commons (UK) elected by secret ballot?

In the UK, parliamentary votes are usually public, so that MPs remain accountable for their actions. Since 2009, votes to choose the Speaker of the House of Commons have been taken by secret ballot. I ...
28
votes
4answers
6k views

Is it usual for a US president to make specific comments about a UK Prime Minister's suitability during a general election?

According to a BBC ariticle, Trump has made comments like: Jeremy Corbyn would be "so bad" as prime minister Of Boris Johnson: "[He's] the exact right guy for the times" Is it usual for a US ...
4
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0answers
163 views

How did British Parliament Speaker John Bercow change the pace of debate in the House of Commons?

The Washington Post's British Parliament Speaker John Bercow bellows ‘Orrrrder!’ for the last time says: (Boris) Johnson, the prime minister, in his farewell this week, said Bercow had “done more ...
4
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1answer
106 views

Decisions vs recommendations in the Withdrawal Agreement

What is the distinction between a decision and a recommendation in the Withdrawal Agreement? Article 166 says decisions are legally binding. Are recommendations legal demands placed upon the ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there a convention regarding when election manifestos are launched in the UK?

The Independent is claiming that both the Conservative and Labour parties will launch their election manifestos in the week beginning 18/11/19. Is this assertion based on some tradition or convention, ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

In the revised Irish Protocol when would the first Northern Irish consent vote occur?

In Article 18 of the revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland (an annex to the Withdrawal Agreement), the Northern Irish Assembly is given the ability to consent or deny consent for the ...
7
votes
1answer
335 views

What is the significance of the restrictions on the Speaker in the Programme Motion for the Early Parliamentary Election Bill

See the Programme Motion Paragraph (3)(b) States: When the Bill has been read a Second Time the Speaker shall leave the Chair whether or not notice of an Instruction has been given. Paragraph (7) ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Was there a precedent of circumventing Commons supermajority requirement?

Background: current UK government led by prime minister Boris Johnson wants to call an early election. But Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 requires 2/3 supermajority in Commons for that, which the ...
9
votes
1answer
504 views

What does Boris Johnson stand to gain from holding an election on the 12th rather than the 9th of December?

Boris Johnson stated that he wants to have a general election on the 12th of December, and very clearly he is trying to paint these election as a "referendum" (even though a referendum is not based on ...
-2
votes
1answer
106 views

Why does the British government need permission to start a general election? [duplicate]

I've just read that an "early election" has failed to go through the lower house. This strikes me as really odd. Why would the opposition be the ones who say when the current government stops working?...
18
votes
4answers
8k views

What does “2 fingers to Scotland” mean in Peter Grant's statement about Johnson not listening to the SNP's Westminster leader speeches?

SNP MP Peter Grant accuses Boris Johnson of walking out of the chamber while his party's Westminster leader Ian Blackford was still speaking. In a tweet, he claims it is the "third or fourth time ...
2
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0answers
152 views

Are there reoccurring taunts or put downs within UK Parliament?

This Powerline article alludes to a certain heckle, "Who Are You?" directed at UK Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn and that Nigel Farage employs to much less success at the EU as sort of a mainstay ...
3
votes
2answers
250 views

Why has Macron/France insisted that the UK must nominate a commissioner?

According to some Elysee officials quoted by the Guardian All weekend, France took the initiative with Germany, Ireland, Donald Tusk’s team and a few other countries, to fix the terms of the ...
-1
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2answers
252 views

Given the Kinnock amendment, is the Benn Act still legally effective?

According to one constitutional legal opinion, the Kinnock amendment makes the Benn Act impossible to satisfy: ‘The Prime Minister must seek … an extension of the period under Article 50(3) … in ...
8
votes
2answers
383 views

Haven't the DUP violated their confidence-and-supply arrangement?

One of the key points of the DUP-Tory agreement arranged in 2017 was that the DUP would support the Tories in key votes, including those on Brexit. However, to my memory, they have not supported the ...
6
votes
1answer
272 views

How does the Millenials' support for Corbyn square off with the anti-Brexit stance of most young people in the UK?

According to Yougov, among Millennials, Corbyn is the most popular politician in the UK (although he fares far worse among other age groups). At the same time, the youth is the most anti-Brexit/pro-...
10
votes
2answers
322 views

Why is Labour sticking with Jeremy Corbyn?

Labour under Corbyn has already lost two elections, including getting humiliating 13.7% in the European Parliament poll. One of the reasons for such an extremely poor result was Corbyn's confusing ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

How are London's cabs licensed?

Is there any similarity between the medallion system predominant in US cities, in which taxicab licenses once (and seldom) issued are forever sold on the open market, with a large secondary (and ...