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Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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Will there be a vote in the Commons to decide the fate of Johnson's deal?

My understanding is that next week the parliament is going to have a vote which effectively decides the fate of Johnson's deal: if it passes, Brexit with a deal on 31 Oct or after a short extension ...
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What options do supporters of a confirmatory referendum have?

There is a considerable number of MPs who support a confirmatory referendum on the deal. What legal options do these MPs have now? If there are several possible strategies they can pursue, which one ...
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Has the UK had an election, referendum, or similar result either not implemented or put again before being implemented (in modern times)?

Are there any examples from modern times of the result of a UK election, referendum, etc., not being implemented, or the question being put a second time (perhaps in modified form) before the first ...
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Can Johnson safely ignore the Benn Act assuming his deal passes next week?

What's the worst thing that can happen to Johnson or his government, legally, if he ignores the Benn Act (for now at least) given that he intends to bring legislation on the deal Tuesday, it seems? ...
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Why did the Government cancel Saturday's Brexit-deal vote?

I'm not sure I understand why the Government called off the Brexit vote today, after the Letwin amendment passed. The BBC reported After five hours of MPs debating the government's new Brexit deal ...
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Will the recent US tariffs against Scottish (and more generally UK) products cease to apply after Brexit?

The BBC has some details as to the list of products tariffed by the US as a result of the Airbus WTO ruling. Among these Single malt Scotch whisky According to the Scotch Whisky Association (...
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139 views

Can the UK make a no-deal “real Brexit” next year, even if the Johnson-EU deal is approved (by all involved)?

Some breaking news from the Guardian: The Tory Brexiter John Baron told the BBC this morning that ministers like Dominic Raab, the foreign secretary, and Michael Gove, the Cabinet Office minister, ...
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Why would an elected (absentionist) Sinn Féin MP resign from the House of Commons?

I came across the List of by-elections in the UK and noticed that there was a by-election in West Tyrone in 2018. Nothing unusual about that except that the seat was won by Sinn Féin in the 2017 ...
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Did the ERG leadership comment on the deal agreed by Johnson with the EU?

I think most other significant parties (Labour, SNP, LibDems, DUP) have taken a stance on the Johnson-EU deal, rejecting it. Of note however is that 18 Labor MPs have vowed to defect (i.e. support ...
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Why is there a strong link between education and voting Remain?

The more highly educated you are, the more you are likely to have voted for remain rather than leave, in the EU referrendum. Why is this the case? From YouGov: 70% of voters whose educational ...
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Has Boris Johnson effectively told the EU that a “No Deal” Brexit is a bluff?

Boris Johnson is not happy about the Benn Act because he wants to use "No Deal" as a bargaining chip. This strikes me as a bluff. If it is a bluff, he's told the EU it's a bluff as well. However, he ...
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Are Leave Labour voters still an actual thing?

Leave Labour voters have been brought up in political chatter since the Brexit vote. They continue to be if today's Guardian Politics Weekly podcast is anything to go by. But are they an actual thing ...
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Are there any pre-Brexit-referendum polls on UK electorate preference for a strongman leader?

An article in The Economist this summer says: The gridlock in Parliament, where mps have been caught between loyalty to their constituents, their party and the instruction of the referendum, has ...
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Could another member of UK Parliament request an extension or even negotiate Brexit? [duplicate]

Apparently John Bercow (House of Commons speaker) has been directly talking with David Sassoli of the EU Parliament John Bercow has sparked outrage after it has emerged the meddling Speaker of the ...
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Does any politician - honestly - want a No Deal Brexit? [closed]

As a German, it seems to me that No Deal Brexit without preparations would hurt so much that it makes no sense to prefer it. That is so clear that it should be the case for any conceivable expectation ...
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Could the Prime Minister resign on 19th October in order not to ask for an extension to Article 50? [duplicate]

The European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 states that the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom must request a Brexit delay no later than 19th October 2019 if certain conditions are not met. If ...
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Was the Franchise for the EU Referendums in 1975 and 2016 the same?

The details of those allowed to vote in the two EU membership referendums seems slightly different from my reading. 1975 Franchise The right to vote in the referendum was given to those who were ...
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How can the British government both obey the Benn Act and still leave without a Brexit deal?

The European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 mandates the Prime Minister of the UK to seek a Brexit extension unless a withdrawal agreement is agreed. However Boris Johnson has also repeatedly ...
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Has any other act of parliament compelled the Government or PM to take action like the Benn Act does?

The 'Benn Act' compels the Prime Minister to take certain actions by certain dates and times. Has any previous legislation (passed, or otherwise) compelled the government to take action like this? ...
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What power does the UK parliament hold over a Prime Minister whom they refuse to remove from power?

I've seen several questions deal with the issues surrounding this issue, but none have tried to tackle this head on. Boris Johnson had a defection within his party over a key Brexit vote. He then ...
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Can Boris Johnson invoke the Civil Contingencies Act to suspend the Benn law?

The Economist lists that among the possibilities of what Johnson might do to avoid asking the EU for an extension past Oct 31: He might invoke an emergency under the Civil Contingencies Act, to ...
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Has Boris Johnson's government explained why its latest Brexit proposal does not include a referendum for Northern Ireland leaving the single market?

The "final offer" that Boris Johnson has made to the EU includes a provision that the single-market (for goods) arrangement for Northern Ireland needs to be explicitly approved and then extended by ...
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What does the British parliament hope to achieve by requesting a third Brexit extension?

It appears that the UK will indeed ask for another extension in the Brexit process, as mandated by the Benn act. But what is the purpose of asking for another extension? Does Parliament expect the EU ...
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1answer
127 views

Can the UK vote against a Brexit extension? [duplicate]

There is a situation now where the British PM may be forced by the U.K. parliament against his will to ask for a Brexit extension past October. I know all the EU countries have to agree to allow an ...
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Was Leo Varadkar correct that polls have indicated a UK desire to remain in the EU?

The BBC shows several UK papers with front page headlines that the Irish Taoiseach (Prime Minister) has said that polls in the United Kingdom have indicated a majority of those recently surveyed ...
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1answer
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How does the Privy Council produce advice?

The Meeting of Parliament Act 1797 and the Prorogation Act 1867 both grant the monarch powers "by and with the advice of the Privy Council". What is the process by which the Privy Council decides what ...
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1answer
203 views

Can the Speaker of the House of Commons return to politics once their tenure as Speaker is over (UK)

My understanding is that once a Speaker retires he is barred for life from returning to partisan politics, as per the following quote from the parliament website "Speakers must be politically ...
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1answer
117 views

What is determined as “advice of Ministers of the Crown”?

Erskine May states the following: The Crown is hereditary, subject, however, to special limitations by Parliament; and the King or Queen has always enjoyed, by prescription, custom and law, the ...
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1answer
193 views

What personal decision-making powers does the British monarch retain in practice? [duplicate]

De-jure, the Queen is the supreme ruler of the UK and retains significant decision-making power. But in practice she is obliged to follow the instructions of Parliament and the Prime Minister. ...
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510 views

Parliament Cannot Bind Future Parliaments

The recent act passed in by the UK Parliament EU Withdrawal No.2 Act, that forces the Prime Minister to seek an extension if no deal is agreed or parliament does not agree to no deal, is said by the ...
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4answers
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UK PM is taking his proposal to EU but has not proposed to his own parliament - can he legally bypass the UK parliament?

According to latest Brexit news, UK is offering a 'compromise' to EU. An article on Bloomberg quotes the British PM as saying “I hope very much that our friends understand that and compromise in ...
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Customs checks and Brexit

The UK Government has recently been reiterating that customs checks will not be located at or near the North/South Irish border. But the Withdrawal Agreement treaty (Article 184) commits the UK to ...
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1answer
719 views

What does “bracketing” a UK political party mean?

In the article PM strikes secret deal with DUP as he draws up 'final Brexit offer' by Lisa O'Carroll , Heather Stewart, Daniel Boffey and Rowena Mason it says: "Johnson will draw up battle lines ...
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Is a no-deal Brexit illegal, and therefore invalid?

From what I understand, article 50 of the Lisbon treaty requires any state leaving to do so according to their domestic law. It seems to be well understood that any form of hard border in Ireland is ...
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1answer
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What did Emanuel Shinwell mean by “his country”?

On 30th of October 1956, during the Suez Canal crisis, 17 Jewish MPs voted to censure the government on a resolution which did not explicitly mention Israel1. Former Jewish Minister of Defence, ...
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1answer
74 views

Was the e-Borders CTA border management system replaced?

On 20th December 2011, the Irish and British governments signed the Joint Statement Regarding Co-Operation on Measures to Secure the External Common Travel Area Border. This document committed the ...
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1answer
251 views

Do members of the UK Royal Family have immunity to prosecution in the UK?

Prince Andrew has long been linked with Jeffery Epstein, and has been accused of sexual assault by multiple women, though the charges have never been tested in court. Now, in the wake of Epstein's ...
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1answer
279 views

Do all EU treaties cease to apply on exit day if no agreement is reached?

Article 50 TEU says: The Treaties shall cease to apply to the State in question from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement or, failing that, two years after the notification ...
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2answers
190 views

Would this use of *nobile officium* be a separation of powers violation?

I've mentioned here and here that certain Brexit-pursuing actions as Prime Minister, by Theresa May and Boris Johnson, raised separation of powers concerns quite separate from the policy question of ...
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Is the text of all UK treaties and laws public?

Is the text of all UK treaties and laws public? For example, could an international agreement (treaty) be kept secret from the public?
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Minimum number of MPs

In recent years there has been a period of recess in the UK parliament to allow for party conferences. This year however parliament was prorogued and while this action was ultimately overturned it did ...
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202 views

Is it ever possible to suspend the PM from the House of Commons?

From this Wikipedia page, it states that Members of Parliament (MPs) can be suspended from sitting in the House of Commons by the Speaker for "disorderly conduct". The Speaker can order that an MP ...
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Did the supreme court overrule the monarch?

We heard that the Supreme Court not only decided that the Prime Minister's advice to the Queen was unlawful, but that the prorogation was therefore void: it didn't happen, Parliament was not prorogued....
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Could the Queen refuse to proroge parliament if it would be unlawful? [duplicate]

This question is closely related to Can the Queen refuse to suspend the Parliament? but based on the new situation given the Supreme Court ruling. Suppose the Prime Minister asked the Queen to ...
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1answer
213 views

Does the UK need a Prime Minister to have a government?

"Who would be prime minister?" seems to be a bone-of-contention at present, were an alternative government to be formed within the present house. As I understand it, the phrase "prime minister" was ...
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1answer
168 views

Can the UK government propose a motion of no confidence in itself?

As people may know, there is all kinds of excitement in UK politics at the moment. As part of this, the UK government has challenged the opposition to propose a motion of no confidence in it but the ...
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1answer
157 views

How many members of the Privy Council are there, and how many are required to form a quorum?

Former Prime Minister John Major has suggested that the government could obtain an "Order of Council" postponing the Benn Act until after 31 October. He indicates that this would not require the ...
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1answer
149 views

What would be the minimum required approval for the monarch of the United Kingdom to expand their powers?

From what I understand, Britain has a long-standing tradition of parliamentary rule in the stead of their monarch, and the powers of the monarch are very limited. Yet, assuming a degree of popular ...
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Why did Boris Johnson fly home after the prorogation of parliament was declared illegal?

After the Supreme Court judgement declaring the prorogation illegal, Boris Johnson flew home to attend to parliamentary business. Why did he do this? Was it for personal gain or is he required to by ...
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1answer
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Is the PM obligated to answer questions from the House of Commons?

I watched the PM at the dispatch box from start to finish yesterday. He did not answer one question from any opposition MP. Is he, or any other MP (Gove's performance came a close 2nd), required to ...