Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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1answer
70 views

Who are the current “working members” of the UK Royal Family?

In relation to recent news that "The Sussexes will not use their HRH titles as they are no longer working members of the Royal Family." (HRH = "His/Her Royal Highness".) Is there an official ...
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0answers
30 views

What are the (bidirectional) flows of skilled workers between Australia and the UK, presently?

In relation to an Australian statement that there would be "brain drain" from Australia to the UK should a visa-free worker system be adopted between the two countries... Surely, both Australia and ...
3
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1answer
197 views

Can the Scottish Parliament pass a law to stop labeling anything in imperial?

As expected, The PM has responded with 'No' to a second Scotland referendum. I was wondering what Scotland can do to 'protest' that and as per a discussion on my previous question (What can Scotland ...
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5answers
931 views

Why would low-skilled British workers go to Sydney and Melbourne (in large numbers)?

News from earlier this month The Australian government has turned down the UK’s offer of a post-Brexit trade agreement that included visa-free work and travel between the two countries. Trade ...
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80 views

Parliament and US regulation of profits from railways [closed]

The Beeching line railway closures refers to a restructuring of British Railways during the 60's Britain railways developed as a result of these changes in law that were peculiar in a few ways: ...
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2answers
162 views

Is it possible for the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland to form a Government if they win a majority?

The last election in the Northern Ireland produced a vote share, for the Alliance Party, of double what they got in the last election (16.8% from 7.9%). Reality may not permit a party gaining a ...
3
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1answer
168 views

Brighton Pavilion and the Green Party

The sole Green Party MP in the House of Commons is Caroline Lucas, who has continuously represented the seat of Brighton Pavilion since 2010, prior to which it was held by Labour. East Sussex, like ...
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0answers
35 views

Speakers and Constituency Concerns [duplicate]

The current Speaker's seat in the UK House of Commons is Chorley. As the Speaker does not take part in debate at all, how can he hope to resolve any concerns regarding his constituents?
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1answer
82 views

Role of Speakers and Deputy Speakers in voting

In the UK House of Commons, the Speaker can only vote to break ties. The Deputy Speakers do not take part in partisan politics either, and can only raise constituency concerns. Now, suppose the ...
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0answers
150 views

To what extent does the British Royal Family provide the United Kingdom with soft power?

A common argument that is given for the continuation of the monarchy in Britain is that it provides the United Kingdom with soft power. The OED defines soft power as: a persuasive approach to ...
16
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1answer
415 views

What are the Brexit steps for 2020 and beyond?

As I understand it, Brexit and the start of the transition period on January 31st, 2020, still require the approval of the UK Parliament. This is generally assumed to be certain, given Johnson's ...
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2answers
762 views

Dependencies, autonomous territories and the EU

UK Crown Dependencies (e.g.: Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man), Overseas Territories (e.g.: The Falkland Islands) as well as Danish autonomous territories (Greenland and the Faroe Islands) are not ...
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1answer
419 views

Brexit deal and the EU national governments

Once the Brexit deal has finished going through the UK parliament, does it still have to be ratified by the national government of each EU member or has it already got past that stage?
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307 views

Why are offshore wind farms in the UK situated within sight of land? [closed]

The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea defines an Exclusive Economic Zone of 200nm from the shore of each country. The UK has invested in offshore wind farms. One of the contentious issues of ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Liberal Democrats (UK) on exiting the EU: 2008 vs. 2019

In the late 2000s, the Liberal Democratic party wanted a referendum on whether or not the UK should stay in the EU. A decade later, they did not merely want a second referendum, but they wanted to ...
4
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1answer
214 views

A tale of two referenda: 1975 and 2016

In 1975, the Labour Party was famously split over the question of remaining in the EEC. While the party took no official position, those on the left of the party such as Michael Foot and Tony Benn ...
6
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1answer
109 views

Where did the withdrawal agreement extension mechanism come from?

The withdrawal agreement stipulates that the UK government or the EU have the option, before but not after 1 July 2020, to ask for an extension of the transition period for one or two years. This is ...
4
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1answer
131 views

Is there a mechanism for forcibly removing the leader of the Labour Party?

After the resounding defeat of Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour Party in the recent General Election, the Labour leadership - not only Corbyn himself, but other top members of his leadership team, such as John ...
3
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1answer
144 views

What happens next with the UK review of parliamentary constituency boundaries?

With all the focus on Brexit, everyone has gone very quiet about the proposed reduction in the number of Commons seats to 600 and the long-overdue implementation of boundary changes to even out the ...
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1answer
140 views

Eligibility to vote in the UK- non-British nationals

In local elections in the UK, Commonwealth, Irish and EU citizens can vote. Why is this the case? Moreover, why are Commonwealth and Irish citizens allowed to vote in general elections and referenda, ...
4
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2answers
167 views

How does taking the Chiltern Hundreds to resign work?

Recently I posted the question Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament? and got a reference to: So if the Conservatives win a majority but Johnson loses his ...
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4answers
1k views

What would it take for a mainstream UK political party to cease to exist

Listening to former British Prime Minister Tony Blair this morning discussing the recent Labour defeat in the General Election. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-2019-50829352 From the article: "...
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3answers
302 views

Why was Thatcher apparently unwilling to use Britain's nuclear deterrent in negotiations with China over Hong Kong's future?

Apparently during the negotiations that led to the Sino-British Joint Declaration, the British were hamstrung because they were in a much-weaker position militarily, and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping ...
4
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1answer
110 views

Do Lords in the Cabinet have to answer questions in the House of Commons?

Nicky Morgan has been retained as Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. However, she is no longer an MP, but has been given a peerage instead. As Cabinet members ordinarily answer ...
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0answers
143 views

How did the Asians vote in the “double digit” Asian-minority areas in the Brexit referendum?

I found two competing narratives on the Asian minorities vote in the Brexit referendum. The simple overall picture: Two thirds (67%) of those describing themselves as Asian voted to remain And ...
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1answer
182 views

Is there a more in-depth explanation why Asians in (Greater) London voted to leave the EU, breaking with the national trend for ethnic minorities?

A ward-level BBC analysis of the 2016 EU referendum pointed out these patterns of Asian vote in London, breaking with the national trend: White populations were generally more pro-Leave, and ethnic ...
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2answers
5k views

Why did a decent number of London constituencies vote to Leave?

London has been seen as a Remain stronghold. However, I see that there are a decent number of London constituencies which voted to leave (eg: Carshalton and Wallington, Croydon Central, Uxbridge and ...
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8answers
12k views

What can Scotland legally do to get independence?

All conservatives members so far confirmed that it is an absolute No to second Scotland referendum. As per that, assuming that no approval is given for a second referendum in the coming months, is ...
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1answer
111 views

How long do you have to live somewhere to register to vote? (UK)

Assuming I'm entirely in the UK here, totally UK resident, British citizen, etc... If I were to start renting a flat somewhere, would I be allowed to register to vote in that flat's constituency ...
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2answers
11k views

Can a polling station in the UK shut early if everyone has voted?

If everyone on the voting list for a polling station had been to vote and have been marked off on the list the polling clerks have, would the polling station shut early? Or would it remain open until ...
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2answers
718 views

Which seat 'predicts' the outcomes of UK General Elections the best?

I remember reading about a swing seat in the UK that always 'predicted' the outcomes of the election (e.g. if the Conservatives were the largest party then the seat would swing Conservative, etc.). Do ...
4
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1answer
233 views

Losers Consent, Winners Lament? [closed]

There have been angry protests against the UK Parliamentary Election result and I commented that the result was democracy in action. In response, another person said that the protests are a result of ...
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1answer
84 views

If this UK parliament runs its full term, will the next general election be in December? [duplicate]

If this parliament runs its full term, does the fixed term parliament act mean that the next general election will be in December?
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1answer
354 views

Is there any hard data on what factors motivated voters to switch from Labour to Conservative in the 2019 election?

After the Conservative party's landslide victory in the December 2019 House of Commons election, there have been many theories put forward to explain Labour's loss, including: Labour's left wing ...
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2answers
452 views

Why does SNP support in Scotland seem disproportionate with actual support for independence?

In the recent 2019 UK election the Scottish National Party(SNP), an explicitly pro independence party, increased their share of seats up to 48 out of 55, a commanding majority. However, recent ...
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3answers
146 views

What, if anything, are the consequences of nationalist parties winning a majority of constituencies in Northern Ireland?

At the same time that the Conservative party won a landslide majority in the UK Parliament, nationalist parties in Scotland and Northern Ireland also posted significant gains. Before the 2019 ...
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1answer
171 views

Why have the Liberal Democrats historically been strong in northern Scotland?

After the 2015 General Election, the Scottish Lib Dems retained only Orkney and Shetland in northern Scotland. They also tend to do well in Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross. Why are these areas ...
4
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1answer
943 views

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
6
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3answers
356 views

Why did the UK handover the entirety of Hong Kong in '97?

The leased portion of Hong Kong due to be returned to China in 1997 was the "New Territories" section shown in this Wikipedia map: The other regions (Kowloon and Hong Kong Island), as I understand it,...
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1answer
784 views

Ballot anonymity at UK polling stations

When voting at the parliamentary election polling station I noticed the following practice mentioned in the Electoral Commission's Polling station handbook: UK Parliamentary election (PDF) Stage ...
5
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1answer
287 views

Does writing a message on an otherwise acceptable English ballot paper “spoil” the vote?

Suppose I vote today, in the UK general election, by making a mark as usual in a box, but I also add a protest comment in handwriting on the ballot form. Does this stop my vote being valid or ...
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0answers
109 views

Has anything been published about how YouGov determined the figures they are using for predicted turnout by age?

YouGov's MRP model is seen as one of the most reliable pre-election predictors of what results will look like in the UK. Their turnout predictions by age are as follows: According to the ...
2
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1answer
265 views

Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament?

On December 12, 2019, UK will hold a general election. As stated in Wikipedia's 2019 United Kingdom general election: The election is to be contested under the same boundaries for 650 ...
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2answers
316 views

Why does the number of votes not correspond to the number of elected MPs?

I understand the first past the post system in that the candidate with the most votes in a constituency is elected as the MP for their particular party, but what I don't understand why the SNP can get ...
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2answers
101 views

Are letters from MPs to other MPs on the internet?

I read a letter from the Prime Minister to another MP on some website, and I want to read the MPs letter in response (if there was one). Is there a database of letters that MPs send to each other? I'm ...
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0answers
83 views

Do the changes to constituencies proposed by the Boundary Commissions unduly benefit the Conservative party?

The proposed changes to the constituency boundaries in the UK were drawn up by four independent commissions, one for each of the UK’s constituent countries, and presented to the Government in 2018. ...
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2answers
307 views

What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
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1answer
196 views

Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
5
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1answer
116 views

What is an MRP poll, and is it more accurate than a conventional poll?

On Nov 27th, the polling company YouGov released an “MRP” poll that predicts the Conservative party winning a majority of 68 in the upcoming General Election. The poll has been treated as practically ...
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223 views

How has the Brexit process affected eurosceptic movements in other European countries?

The rocky and unpredictable state of the Brexit negotiations over the past three and a half years seems to have had an effect on the level of support for the EU, with 68% of respondents across the ...