Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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Who becomes Conservative Acting Leader in the event of the Leader's death or incapacitation?

In 1994, when Labour Leader John Smith suddenly died, the Deputy Leader Margaret Beckett became Acting Leader until a leadership election could take place. The Conservative Party has not had a Deputy ...
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108 views

If the UK Prime Minister dies who is “next in line” given there is no current deputy PM [duplicate]

"Because of this there is not always a sitting Deputy Prime Minister. This means that it is up to the Prime Minister to choose whether or not he/she wants to have a deputy. The position was created in ...
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How did Boris Johnson chair the cabinet meetings while he has COVID-19?

I didn't follow the UK news closely, so please enlighten me on how cabinet meetings were conducted by Boris Johnson while he has COVID-19. All I've read on this is that: Prime Minister Boris ...
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Why is the UK government advising, but not requesting to stay at home this weekend?

The background is obvious. I'm really curious about the wording. In particular, UK told that staying home this weekend is 'not a request'. To me, it sounds like loosening restriction, in an unofficial ...
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If the UK Prime Minister suddenly dies, what happens?

With the news that Boris Johnson has tested positive for COVID-19, and was later hospitalised, a question occurred to me: What happens if the UK Prime Minister suddenly dies? I know that the ...
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Are nations required to allow their own citizens entry under international law?

The motivation for this question is the recent US travel ban on foreigners entering the country from Schengen area countries, which is due to expand to include the UK and Ireland on Tuesday, and the ...
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357 views

Does the World Health Organization have the power to impose sanctions?

In the last couple of days, WHO officials have criticised the UK government's approach to the COVID-19 pandemic, describing the government's reliance on developing herd-immunity amongst the British ...
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4answers
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What is the rationale behind delaying the imposition of more radical Covid-19 countermeasures?

On March 3rd, the UK government released a publication detailing its Coronavirus action plan, which contains the four-stage plan that will be implemented throughout the country, in all four devolved ...
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183 views

Is the British Immigration health surcharge unique in the world?

People moving to the UK for longer than six months are required to pay an Immigration health surcharge. I.e., they pay a tax when they request a Visa to be allowed to use the National Health Service (...
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308 views

What prevented the Tampon Tax from being abolished?

Today, in his first Budget speech, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi Sunak, has announced that "now that we have left the European Union", the Tampon Tax - the controversial imposition of VAT on ...
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345 views

What are the arguments for and against gender-neutral passports?

On March 10th, campaigner Christie Elan-Cane lost an case in the Court of Appeal against the UK government's policy that the "Sex" field on the British passport can only contain "M" or "F". The case ...
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Does the Queen have the power to dissolve the UK parliament?

Half a year ago the prime minister asked the queen to suspend parliament and she approved. UK government queen suspend parliament Another new said Supreme Court said suspending parliament was ...
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Do voters get to elect their governors and mayors in unitary states?

I've read the introduction to the Wiki page, but I still don't get it: is there such a thing as regional elections in unitary states, for example Ukraine? President Zelensky appointed one governor, ...
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111 views

Why is legislation passed in accordance with the Parliament Acts not valid on its face?

Public Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (2019 4 edn). p 461. Wade’s Argument: Parliament Act 1911 Delegates Parliament’s Power In his book *Constitutional Fundamentals*9 and his article ‘The ...
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What did George Orwell mean by “belief in ‘the law’ as something above the State and above the individual”?

Public Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (2019 4 edn). p 88 quotes from J.E.K. Murkens, ‘The quest for constitutionalism in UK public law discourse’ (2009) 29 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 427, 430– 2,...
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Why did HWR Wade write that passports have “no status or legal effect at common law whatever”?

Public Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (2019, 4th edition), page 316: Moreover, since Wade says that prerogative decisions must affect rights, he argues that a decision by the UK government to ...
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Why can't the British government pass a law allowing the Heathrow expansion to proceed, rather than bothering with an appeal to the Supreme Court?

According to a recent BBC article: On 27 February 2020, the Court of Appeal ruled the decision to allow the expansion was unlawful because it did not take climate commitments into account. ...
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How can an UK judge rule over Dubai's Chief of State?

As I understand it, Princess Haya is moving legal action in the UK against her husband, the vice-president of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. As he is a chief of ...
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Why doesn't the UK want to be part of the European Convention on Human Rights?

As per recent news coming from the negotiation for a deal between the UK and the EU, Michel Barnier said: Yet the UK informs us that they do not wish to commit formally to continuing to apply the ...
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454 views

Why is the British Chancellor allowed to drink alcohol in the House of Commons chamber?

On the parliament.uk site's information about the annual budget, it describes the tradition of "Despatch box drinks", where the Chancellor is afforded the privilege to drink alcohol at the despatch ...
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Why does the Scottish National Party object to being called nationalist?

On a number of occasions in the House of Commons I have noticed MPs, usually Conservatives, referring to the Scottish National Party (SNP) as "the Scottish Nationalist Party", or just "the Scottish ...
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267 views

Was Change UK the shortest-lived political party ever?

Change UK was a centrist political party founded by disgruntled members of parliament from the Labour and Conservative parties which sought to achieve a second Brexit referendum. The party's final ...
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132 views

What is the modern role of the Serjeant at Arms?

The parliament.uk website describes the Serjeant at Arms as the official responsible for keeping order within the Commons part of the parliamentary estate. The page describes various ceremonial ...
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Is the blocking of Heathrow's third runway the first time a national government has been held to an international climate agreement by the judiciary?

On the 27th of February, the UK Court of Appeal ruled that the government's decision to allow the expansion of Heathrow Airport was unlawful because the government had not taken its commitments made ...
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Why is the UK withdrawing from the European Arrest Warrant?

On Feb 27th, in a document setting out its approach to negotiations with the EU, the UK government announced its intention to withdraw from the European Arrest Warrant. (Pg. 27) Is the UK obligated ...
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Have the contents of the letters of last resort ever been revealed?

The letters of last resort are the letters written by the UK Prime Minister to the naval officers in command of the four nuclear submarines which provide the UK's nuclear deterrent, containing ...
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160 views

What difference did the Brexit Party's decision to stand down in Conservative seats make to the result of the 2019 General Election?

On the 11th of November - a month before the general election - the leader of the Brexit Party, Nigel Farage, announced that the party would not field candidates in seats that had been won in the ...
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119 views

How does the Barnett Formula work?

I've often heard the Barnett Formula come up in debates regarding the topic of Scottish independence, and I know it relates in some way to the mechanism used to determine the amount of money allocated ...
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Post-Brexit UK-EU trading relationship: Why (not) Canada?

While the UK seems to pushing for an FTA with the EU similar to the one between the EU and Canada (or Japan or South Korea), the EU seems to have said no to this immediately on the grounds of ...
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145 views

What are UK executive's abuses of executive power, barring Boris Johnson's prorogation in 2019 voided by UKSC? [closed]

What are abuses of executive power that the UK Parliament and parliamentary oversight failed to adequately safeguard against, judicial oversight ought to be increased for? Please list multiple ...
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First non-elected person in line of succession for British Government or Parliament?

The US government has a defined order of succession should a catastrophic event take out many senior officials, but the British parliamentary system does not seem to have one. If the current Prime ...
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In Westminster systems that are not Australian is the term “Dorothy Dixer” known?

In Australia, during questions without notice (the equivalent of PMQ), the softball questions from the government backbenchers to the PM (or other ministers) are called a Dorothy Dixer. Is this term ...
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283 views

Why's it difficult to tell whether practice on a certain matter has hardened into a rule, particularly when the practice is negative in character?

I don't grasp the boldened sentences. If a member of the House of Lords last held office as Prime Minister in 1902, then how can't we "conclude that this has always been the case since 1902"? Doesn't "...
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In the UK parliament, how much of Prime Minister's Questions is pre-planned?

So I was watching PMQs today and realised that almost everyone, certainly the party leaders, refers to notes during their time to talk. Is the PM given a list of questions beforehand? However during ...
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363 views

Is there a summary of Johnson's government plans to defund the BBC (assuming this is correct)?

According to CNN Johnson's government announced plans that pave the way to removing the BBC's public funding model. Johnson's government has been locking horns with the BBC virtually since he came ...
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355 views

If Parliament doesn't approve the use of most prerogative powers, where's the accountability?

Anne Dennett. Public Law Directions (1 ed 2019). p 269. 12.2.3 Royal prerogative The royal prerogative ‘encompasses the residue of powers which remain vested in the Crown, and they ...
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247 views

Why hasn't Minister of the Civil Service been abandoned, when this is always just the PM?

Wasn't this title superfluous back when The ministership was created for Harold Wilson on 1 November 1968 when responsibilities for the pay and management of the Civil Service was transferred ...
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295 views

Parliament v. Crown in Parliament v. Queen in Parliament

Please compare contrast all three terms? Pls note the 3 other separate questions below. Anne Dennett. Public Law Directions (1 ed 2019). p 101. It is common ground that the most fundamental ...
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Has there been a significant difference in sympathy for Israel between the public in Ireland and in the UK?

There's fairly lengthy article in Foreign Policy that attempts to explain why the Irish have been supportive of the Palestinian cause, actually its champions in Europe according to that article. The ...
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How many seats did the anti-hard Brexit parties lose in the 2019 general elections due to the spoiler effect?

Are there any calculations available that evaluate the following scenarios? How would the elections end up under a proportional voting system? or How many seats did the spoiler effect (the ...
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Why are political speeches published in advance?

In the UK (and perhaps elsewhere) it is common for politicians to publish speeches ahead of the speech itself, leading to news articles such as the following: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-...
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Has there been a comparison of party discipline in the UK with other European countries?

On one hand, the fact that MPs are elected in single-member districts would suggest they are more likely to break party discipline if their constituency has different interests. On the other hand, ...
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Why did the UK not trade more with countries outside the EU?

The UK is leaving the EU in the process called Brexit. For companies in the UK, the interaction with customers in the EU will become more difficult for the customer. I suspect that it also becomes ...
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Is it unprecedented for a party to nominate someone from an opposing party to the House of Lords?

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has nominated former Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, who was previously a Conservative, to the House of Lords for the dissolution honours list. Prime Minister ...
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UK Parliament Act Usage (Lords v Commons)

Is there a limit to the number of times that a bill can be bounced between the Commons and the Lords before the Commons are allowed to use the Parliament Act?
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Who are the current “working members” of the UK Royal Family?

In relation to recent news that "The Sussexes will not use their HRH titles as they are no longer working members of the Royal Family." (HRH = "His/Her Royal Highness".) Is there an official ...
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What are the (bidirectional) flows of skilled workers between Australia and the UK, presently?

In relation to an Australian statement that there would be "brain drain" from Australia to the UK should a visa-free worker system be adopted between the two countries... Surely, both Australia and ...
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Can the Scottish Parliament pass a law to stop labeling anything in imperial?

As expected, The PM has responded with 'No' to a second Scotland referendum. I was wondering what Scotland can do to 'protest' that and as per a discussion on my previous question (What can Scotland ...
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Why would low-skilled British workers go to Sydney and Melbourne (in large numbers)?

News from earlier this month The Australian government has turned down the UK’s offer of a post-Brexit trade agreement that included visa-free work and travel between the two countries. Trade ...
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Is it possible for the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland to form a Government if they win a majority?

The last election in the Northern Ireland produced a vote share, for the Alliance Party, of double what they got in the last election (16.8% from 7.9%). Reality may not permit a party gaining a ...

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