Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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2answers
180 views

How does taking the Chiltern Hundreds to resign work?

Recently I posted the question Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament? and got a reference to: So if the Conservatives win a majority but Johnson loses his ...
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8answers
13k views

What can Scotland legally do to get independence?

All conservatives members so far confirmed that it is an absolute No to second Scotland referendum. As per that, assuming that no approval is given for a second referendum in the coming months, is ...
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Why was Thatcher apparently unwilling to use Britain's nuclear deterrent in negotiations with China over Hong Kong's future?

Apparently during the negotiations that led to the Sino-British Joint Declaration, the British were hamstrung because they were in a much-weaker position militarily, and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping ...
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1answer
358 views

Is there any hard data on what factors motivated voters to switch from Labour to Conservative in the 2019 election?

After the Conservative party's landslide victory in the December 2019 House of Commons election, there have been many theories put forward to explain Labour's loss, including: Labour's left wing ...
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1answer
114 views

Do Lords in the Cabinet have to answer questions in the House of Commons?

Nicky Morgan has been retained as Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. However, she is no longer an MP, but has been given a peerage instead. As Cabinet members ordinarily answer ...
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1answer
281 views

Are party leaders typically from safe seats?

In the UK Parliament, the 2015 election results for party leaders going into the 2017 election were: Theresa May, Conservative Party, Maidenhead, 65.8%. Next party is Labour Party at 11.9%. Chance ...
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0answers
151 views

How did the Asians vote in the “double digit” Asian-minority areas in the Brexit referendum?

I found two competing narratives on the Asian minorities vote in the Brexit referendum. The simple overall picture: Two thirds (67%) of those describing themselves as Asian voted to remain And ...
18
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2answers
5k views

Why did a decent number of London constituencies vote to Leave?

London has been seen as a Remain stronghold. However, I see that there are a decent number of London constituencies which voted to leave (eg: Carshalton and Wallington, Croydon Central, Uxbridge and ...
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1answer
192 views

Is there a more in-depth explanation why Asians in (Greater) London voted to leave the EU, breaking with the national trend for ethnic minorities?

A ward-level BBC analysis of the 2016 EU referendum pointed out these patterns of Asian vote in London, breaking with the national trend: White populations were generally more pro-Leave, and ethnic ...
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2answers
563 views

Is it difficult for Scotland to become a member of the EU if they gain independence from the UK following Brexit

Britain is ready for Brexit (to quit the EU) and Scotland wants another independence referendum which the UK refused. Following Brexit, if Scotland gains independence from the UK, is it difficult for ...
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2answers
11k views

Can a polling station in the UK shut early if everyone has voted?

If everyone on the voting list for a polling station had been to vote and have been marked off on the list the polling clerks have, would the polling station shut early? Or would it remain open until ...
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454 views

Why does SNP support in Scotland seem disproportionate with actual support for independence?

In the recent 2019 UK election the Scottish National Party(SNP), an explicitly pro independence party, increased their share of seats up to 48 out of 55, a commanding majority. However, recent ...
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1answer
111 views

How long do you have to live somewhere to register to vote? (UK)

Assuming I'm entirely in the UK here, totally UK resident, British citizen, etc... If I were to start renting a flat somewhere, would I be allowed to register to vote in that flat's constituency ...
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720 views

Which seat 'predicts' the outcomes of UK General Elections the best?

I remember reading about a swing seat in the UK that always 'predicted' the outcomes of the election (e.g. if the Conservatives were the largest party then the seat would swing Conservative, etc.). Do ...
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3answers
372 views

Why did the UK handover the entirety of Hong Kong in '97?

The leased portion of Hong Kong due to be returned to China in 1997 was the "New Territories" section shown in this Wikipedia map: The other regions (Kowloon and Hong Kong Island), as I understand it,...
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1answer
239 views

Losers Consent, Winners Lament? [closed]

There have been angry protests against the UK Parliamentary Election result and I commented that the result was democracy in action. In response, another person said that the protests are a result of ...
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1answer
171 views

Why have the Liberal Democrats historically been strong in northern Scotland?

After the 2015 General Election, the Scottish Lib Dems retained only Orkney and Shetland in northern Scotland. They also tend to do well in Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross. Why are these areas ...
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1answer
89 views

If this UK parliament runs its full term, will the next general election be in December? [duplicate]

If this parliament runs its full term, does the fixed term parliament act mean that the next general election will be in December?
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What, if anything, are the consequences of nationalist parties winning a majority of constituencies in Northern Ireland?

At the same time that the Conservative party won a landslide majority in the UK Parliament, nationalist parties in Scotland and Northern Ireland also posted significant gains. Before the 2019 ...
4
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1answer
979 views

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
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1answer
784 views

Ballot anonymity at UK polling stations

When voting at the parliamentary election polling station I noticed the following practice mentioned in the Electoral Commission's Polling station handbook: UK Parliamentary election (PDF) Stage ...
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0answers
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Has anything been published about how YouGov determined the figures they are using for predicted turnout by age?

YouGov's MRP model is seen as one of the most reliable pre-election predictors of what results will look like in the UK. Their turnout predictions by age are as follows: According to the ...
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1answer
289 views

Does writing a message on an otherwise acceptable English ballot paper “spoil” the vote?

Suppose I vote today, in the UK general election, by making a mark as usual in a box, but I also add a protest comment in handwriting on the ballot form. Does this stop my vote being valid or ...
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1answer
311 views

Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament?

On December 12, 2019, UK will hold a general election. As stated in Wikipedia's 2019 United Kingdom general election: The election is to be contested under the same boundaries for 650 ...
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2answers
103 views

Are letters from MPs to other MPs on the internet?

I read a letter from the Prime Minister to another MP on some website, and I want to read the MPs letter in response (if there was one). Is there a database of letters that MPs send to each other? I'm ...
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311 views

What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
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85 views

Do the changes to constituencies proposed by the Boundary Commissions unduly benefit the Conservative party?

The proposed changes to the constituency boundaries in the UK were drawn up by four independent commissions, one for each of the UK’s constituent countries, and presented to the Government in 2018. ...
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1answer
118 views

What is an MRP poll, and is it more accurate than a conventional poll?

On Nov 27th, the polling company YouGov released an “MRP” poll that predicts the Conservative party winning a majority of 68 in the upcoming General Election. The poll has been treated as practically ...
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1answer
217 views

Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
32
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1answer
9k views

Can the Queen of the United Kingdom appoint her successor? [duplicate]

In some monarchies, a ruling monarch may choose his/her successor by public declaration, or by testament. In other, only an elder male child may inherit the throne, with no exceptions. There were ...
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3answers
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Why does the BBC claim that there is 'no clear winner' in England's 2018 local elections?

In the latest local elections in May, Labour won 2,350 seats (up 77), the Conservatives 1,332 (down 33). There were other parties involved, but these are the main two. The BBC has an article (2018-05-...
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3answers
11k views

What would happen if the Queen died immediately before a general election?

I'm an American so I don't have a total grasp of UK politics but my understanding is that when the Queen of the UK dies, the country shuts down for a few days. It's also my understanding that prior to ...
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1answer
104 views

Why are “formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation” unknown?

I don't grok the boldening. Why Unknown? Because no parliamentarian ever tried to impose "formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation"? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and ...
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1answer
818 views

Can an MP be impeached?

Inspired by the current impeachment process in the US - and recognising that the Prime Minister is just an MP who has shown that they can command the confidence of the House of Commons - is there any ...
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3answers
232 views

Why didn't European Union Referendum Act 2015 require ministers to implement the referendum's majority outcome by secondary legislation?

Is "infamously" alluding some hoodwink or deviltry? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and Administrative Law (2018 17 ed). Emboldening on p 80.       Dicey famously observed that the ...
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87 views

Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
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1answer
61 views

Does the consent process for the Revised Irish Protocol breach the Belfast Agreement?

The Belfast Agreement specifies that key decisions require cross-community support, and it specifies what this means. In the Revised Irish Protocol, staying in the protocol arrangement requires a ...
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1answer
115 views

majority of the relevant group of MPs who actually vote on the matter v. a majority of all MPs who belong to the relevant group

I don't grok the distinction in footnote 59. Can anyone pls illustrate it?       Once it has been determined that a given Bill or provision falls within the EVEL rules, the core ...
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2answers
115 views

What does it mean to protect parliamentary papers if published ‘bonâ fide and without malice’? [duplicate]

In other words how can you publish Parlimentary Papers WITHOUT bona fide and WITH malice? Why not protect in this case?       Two other aspects of parliamentary privilege should be ...
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6answers
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Could Boris Johnson face criminal charges for illegally proroguing Parliament?

Since the UK Supreme Court has ruled that the proroguing of the UK Parliament was illegal, is Boris Johnson personally culpable? Does this depend on whether the UK Parliament and its democratic ...
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126 views

“But not legislation enacted by the UK Parliament”?

What does footnote 119 mean? 5.10 Some conclusions on the rule of law We end this discussion of the rule of law with the point with which it began— that the meaning of the concept cannot be ...
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462 views

Has Labour failed to deal with antisemitism within their party?

Today the Chief Rabbi, Ephraim Mirvis, wrote in the Times that "a new poison - sanctioned from the very top - has taken root" in Labour. In particular, he accused the party leadership of not doing ...
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126 views

Why does the UK retain the Chagos Islands when it is a US military base

The Chagos Islands is at the centre of an ongoing dispute over ownership between the UK and Mauritius. The validity of each claim is covered in another question However, current the only use The ...
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234 views

What is the minimum vote share a party could obtain and still win a majority in a General Election?

Inspired by the US equivalent - what is the minimum total vote share that a party could obtain while still winning over 325 seats in the Commons? What is the smallest share of the vote that a party ...
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3k views

What was Jeremy Corbyn’s involvement in the Northern Ireland peace process?

I’ve heard mixed reports as to his involvement; some reports describe him as a broker of peace whose efforts brought an early end to the Troubles, while others describe him as a terrorist sympathizer ...
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1answer
125 views

How are the Queen's royal prerogative / reserve powers executed technically?

It is constitutional convention in the United Kingdom that the royal prerogatives are only carried out on the advice of the responsible minister. It is clear that it would be a political and ...
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1answer
500 views

What happens if they run out of space on the Government benches in the House of Commons?

As far as I’m aware, the House of Commons chamber is symmetrical, which begs the question - what happens if the Government wins, say, a majority of 220; as one of the most recent (and optimistic) ...
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3answers
358 views

Is the UK’s claim over the Chagos Islands valid?

This morning, the UK missed/ignored a 6 month deadline given by the UN to hand over control of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius. The Mauritians say that they were forced to sell the islands in 1965 in ...
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2answers
232 views

When private companies are nationalized, does the Government set the price?

The Labour Party manifesto for the 2019 General Election is expected to detail the nationalisation of many former publicly owned companies such as the Rail Network, Energy Networks, and even the ...
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344 views

Is VAT on private school tuition fees against EU law?

According to a leaked source, the Labour government plans to introduce VAT on private school fees to pay for free meals for all primary school pupils. But isn’t this clearly illegal under EU law? The ...

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