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Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

Questions relating to the government and politics of the United Kingdom, including that of Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland.

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1answer
386 views

On what grounds have hundreds of EU nationals claimed asylum in the UK in the last 5 years?

According to recent reports in the British press of a speech by Home Secretary Theresa May, hundreds of EU nationals have applied for asylum in Britain in the last 5 years. To list a few sources, ...
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1answer
2k views

Why was Edward VIII's marriage a problem, but not Prince Charles's?

When Edward VIII wanted to marry Wallis Simpson, the fact she had been divorced was a problem that ultimately led to his abdication. Decades later, Charles, Prince of Wales married Camilla Parker ...
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1answer
137 views

How are decisions made by the Cabinet of the UK implemented?

I am having trouble understanding how decisions made by the Cabinet of the UK or its committees are implemented. The Cabinet Manuel says the following: Ministers are responsible for ensuring that ...
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1answer
948 views

How is a budget surplus different from a negative GDP to debt percentage ratio, and does the latter automatically result in the former?

I understand the question may come across broad, I am new to government economics, but I am looking for a somewhat textbook answer. I hope you can make a rational guess, if the question seems odd, as ...
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1answer
113 views

Why does UK not have a scheme for researchers from third countries?

If UK and Ireland are both members of the EU, why does UK not have a scheme for researchers from third countries (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=URISERV:i23023), while Ireland does ...
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390 views

Consequences if the British Labour party (or any political party) were to split into two roughly equal parts?

This question is prompted by widespread speculation that the Labour party might split if and when Jeremy Corbyn becomes its leader, but I am also interested in general terms. When parties split, if ...
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179 views

Who says “what you mustn't do in politics is listen to people” in the On The Hour introduction? [closed]

In the introduction to radio news satire On The Hour, who says "what you mustn't do in politics is listen to people."? Is it John Major?
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97 views

What are the residency requirements to vote in the 2015 U.K. Labour Party elections?

In the U.K. Labour Party leadership election, 2015, people who want to vote need to register as members or supporters can vote. But what are the U.K. residency requirements to register as a supporter ...
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UK Austerity - Where does the money from all the cutbacks go?

So in the last election, there was a coalition between the Tories and Lib Dems. There were cutbacks, but some thing were stopped by the Lib Dems, such as tuition fees only going to £9000 instead of ...
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1answer
673 views

Why did Labour abstain rather than oppose the Welfare Bill from the conservative government?

In the United Kingdom, a government welfare bill was supported by the Conservative party, opposed by the Scottish National Party, the Liberal Democrats, and others, while the Labour Party, forming the ...
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5answers
872 views

How would a country leaving the EU be worse off economically?

I've been told the UK would be worse off but how exactly would it be? Would a country that left the EU: Lose anything more than just funding they receive from the EU? Not just copy the EU's policies ...
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Why is the drive for undocumented migration so strong between France and the United Kingdom?

Since years, undocumented migrants camp in Calais and try to get to the United Kingdom. In recent days, media have reported this has increased. For example, BBC News. I can understand why ...
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Who controls the British Armed Forces?

I am trying to research this for a friend. I understand that the Government of the United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, in which the Queen is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the ...
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4answers
1k views

Is there a danger for democracy when a party gains more than half the seats in a parliament?

In recent elections in the UK, the Conservative Party received 330 seats, and the absolute majority because it is more than half of the 650 available seats. This means there was all across the UK more ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the practicalities of having a non-MP as your party leader?

Recent examples of non-MP leaders for well-known UK parties are Natalie Bennett and Nigel Farage. This seems to generally only be the case if the party had very few or no elected MPs when choosing a ...
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1answer
527 views

Who was the last prime minister never to have been elected at all

Who was the last prime minister of the UK never to have been elected to the House of Commons. I believe Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury was prime minister while a member of the House ...
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698 views

UK Westminster party with unelected leader calling the shots

I am interested in the possibility of a party being elected into Westminster in a UK General election, with the party leader failing to be elected in his or her constituency. If the party in question ...
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1answer
173 views

UK MPs being in the Armed Services

The BBC list of likely contenders for the upcoming Labour leadership bid says of Dan Jarvis: elected MP [...] having resigned his commission as a major in the Parachute Regiment to contest the seat.. ...
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791 views

What are the arguments in favor of the “first past the post” system?

With the election results in the UK election finishing up, a lot of people have pointed out that the number of seats some of the parties got in parliament is far disproportionate to their vote share. ...
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3k views

What if a party loses its majority in the Commons, midway through a term?

After a general election, the party with a majority of seats in the House of Commons gets to form the next Government. With a few exceptions, elections end with one party having a majority. Usually, ...
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2answers
1k views

If a country leaves the European Union, would also leave the European Economic Area?

In the event of some member country supporting leaving the EU, would that mean that the country would stop participating in the EEA? Other countries participate in it, despite not being EU members. e....
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472 views

If the UK left the EU, would that affect people in the UK who work for German companies? [closed]

If the UK were to leave the EU, would it have any noticeable impact on my working life due to the fact that I work in the UK for a German company? Edit for clarification: I am UK born and bred
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223 views

UK: What is the significance of Labour ruling out a confidence and supply deal with the SNP in the 2015 General Election?

Assume that Labour and the SNP collectively hold enough seats to form a majority. If Labour can make the assumption that the SNP will, of their own accord, choose not to bring down a Labour ...
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2answers
1k views

Do any MPs have maths degrees?

I have looked online but I can't find the answer to this question. Did any MPs (elected representatives in the UK Parliament, stands for Members of Parliament) from the election term just finished (...
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Does your boss have to let you vote?

If you have a job that sometimes involves travel or long high pressure days , is it legal for your boss to not allow you time off to vote? I would be interested in the situation in the UK and US.
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How can I research UK parties' Mental Health policies before I vote?

The mainstream media is reporting about the key issues prior to the general election on May 7th here in the UK. Key issues include Law & Order, Education, Immigration etc. But what about other ...
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1answer
422 views

What would happen if commons and lords votes on bills were made anonymous? [closed]

In the UK and other countries it is the job of the party whip to ensure that MPs vote on bills in line with party policy. This effectively means the majority party leadership decide which bills become ...
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5answers
8k views

Freedom of speech in the UK versus United States of America

It is said that there is no constitutional clause ensuring the freedom of speech to UK citizens. Despite that, the press in the UK and United States have similar freedoms. How does the US contrast ...
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2answers
480 views

Why would an anonymous vote have hurt John Bercow's chances of being re-elected?

On Thursday 26th March, a bill which the Tories tried to slyly get past the House on the last day of parliament was defeated. The bill would have meant that elections for the Speaker of the House ...
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1answer
486 views

Right to vote in police custody

This question is primarily regarding the situation in the UK but I suppose it applies abroad. It states on the home office website that providing you have not been found guilty of a crime you still ...
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2answers
156 views

Do parliamentary bodies meet year-round?

I'm wondering if bodies such as the U.S. Senate, or particularly the U.K. House of Lords meet year-round, or do the Senators/Lords simply live in the capital the entire year? What about historically, ...
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2answers
751 views

What is Liberal Democracy?

The Liberal Democrats are a social-liberal supporting party in the United Kingdom. The third largest party in the UK is the Liberal Democrats.This is because of number of seats in the quarters of ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does the United Kingdom still have a monarchy (of some sort)?

How has this peculiarity survived into the present day? In a democratic country where we elect our leaders what is the purpose of the monarchy? This may come across as a loaded question but it's not, ...
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1answer
100 views

Number of voters not registered

What is the number, and how is the answer reached, of people in UK eligible to vote who are not registered to vote?
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1answer
104 views

Where do the Green Party and NHA differ on NHS policy?

Both the British Green Party and the National Health Action (NHA) Party stand for an end to privatisation of health service provision and support services. The NHA is a single-issue party while the ...
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1answer
410 views

Why is the East Coast railway being reprivatized?

The various private rail franchises in Britain have all had their share of difficulties. East Coast actually collapsed, and was renationalized. As a public concern, it has outperformed the private ...
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1answer
480 views

Is the UK a republic?

Obviously not in name, but in theory. The UK is a representative democracy; its administration is elected by the people, who are recognised as citizens, not subjects, enjoying the various freedoms (...
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5answers
2k views

What does “middle class” mean in America?

In the UK the phrase "middle class" refers to a large proportion of the population who, broadly speaking, earn more money than they need to pay rent and bills, clothe themselves, eat food etc. There ...
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1answer
155 views

Does any US defense whitepaper or public policy document espouse boosting the UK's force projection or military power?

Having a regional ally with a powerful and active military may ease pressure on the US military and foreign policy objects. Does any US defense whitepaper, public policy document or party platform ...
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2answers
861 views

Why do UK government ministers not vote on backbench motions?

According to the BBC: It is convention that ministers abstain when voting takes place on a backbench MP's motion What is the history and reasoning behind this convention? Is it therefore ...
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2answers
767 views

How can the UK Labour Party get a majority without a plurality of the popular vote?

It's often said in UK politics that the Conservatives usually require a 7 percent lead in the popular vote to gain an overall majority of seats in the House of Commons; but the Labour party can get a ...
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3answers
7k views

What personal identification documents does the British Queen have?

What documents does the Queen use to travel abroad and to identify her personally domestically? Candidates include: A UK identity card An EU passport A diplomatic passport of a sort Any ID card ...
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2answers
333 views

What is the rationale for “Employer's National Insurance” in the UK?

In the UK, there's a type of income tax called "Employer’s National Insurance". This is calculated just like the other forms of income tax and is paid by the employer directly, but the employee never ...
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3answers
175 views

Can the SNP and Plaid Cymru be accurately categorized as national socialists?

Can the SNP and Plaid Cymru be accurately categorized as national socialists ? They are nationalist parties with a left wing economic and social agenda. If this is the case how can the high level of ...
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Why is Scotland attempting to become independent?

I realize "Scotland" isn't trying to become independent; a group of politicians are trying to make Scotland independent, and a lot of people in Scotland (roughly half, depending on the poll and the ...
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1answer
214 views

What is the role of “Unite the Union” in UK politics?

I am trying to understand what is the meaning and place of "Unite the Union" in the UK. I've seen few times in the press that it is a major donor to the Labour party. Could it be possible that Unite ...
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1answer
618 views

How do parties justify a chief whip?

In the UK the major parties have a Chief Whip whose role it is keep the party members voting as the leadership want. The Chief Whip is a political office in some legislatures assigned to an ...
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1answer
629 views

In the Commonwealth realms, who succeeds when a King dies leaving a daughter and a son in-utero?

When Queen Elizabeth II became Queen on the death of her father, she was only able to do so because she had no brothers. (Otherwise, her eldest brother would have become King, under rules still in ...
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1answer
434 views

Is Russia socially freer than UK? [closed]

I always thought UK is a country where there is no actual social freedom, because of mass media culture... On the other hand, Russians have got a very indulgent culture, despite of right-wing ...
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1answer
761 views

What is the real role of the queen in UK in these days? [duplicate]

What is the role in the government or social of this Queen in UK in these days?