Questions tagged [united-nations]

For questions on The United Nations, an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace.

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Weighted voting in the UN

Is any voting in the UN ever weighted against the population, contribution or consequences? I understand that some countries have a better footing due to historical reasons. However, just to name some ...
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1 answer
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Is there any truth to Russia's claim at the United Nations that there have been food embargos against the Donbass by Ukraine?

For eight years, the people of the Donbas region have been subject to economic, transport and food embargos, the elderly and children were forced to hide from shelling and tens of thousands of ...
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-3 votes
3 answers
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Is armament considered an aggression in international law? [closed]

I have read many articles claiming the armament of Ukraine or other post-Soviet states to consist an act of aggression vs. Russia. However the UN charta gives the following definition of aggression: &...
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Are there benefits except moral support for the victim country to approach ICJ when the offender is a UNSC Permanent member?

I am having some trouble understanding the present relevance of ICJ in matters of war between two countries when at least one of them is a permanent member of UNSC. Indeed, cases of 2 permanent ...
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24 votes
3 answers
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On what grounds did Vladimir Putin invoke Article 51 of the UN Charter for self defence while going into Ukraine?

In his announcement (at 20:02) of the special military operations, Vladimir Putin invoked article 51 of the UN charter, justifying these operations as self-defence. However, since Russia was never ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Are families with trans teens who leave Texas counted as Internally Displaced Persons?

Internally displaced persons are defined as, "Persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a ...
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2 votes
2 answers
142 views

What troops does the United Nations use to enforce a no-fly zone?

The United Nations Security Council has in the past declared no-fly zones over conflict regions. https://www.un.org/press/en/2011/sc10200.doc.htm But, what troops does the UN use to enforce this given ...
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37 votes
1 answer
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What reasoning did Eritrea provide for its vote on the UN resolution against the war in Ukraine?

In the recent UN General Assembly resolution denouncing Russia's actions in Ukraine, only four countries were opposed, besides Russia itself. We have Belarus, a close ally of Russia that is involved ...
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23 votes
3 answers
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Why has India abstained on the UNSC resolution on Russia in Ukraine?

Why has India abstained on the UN Security Council resolution condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine? EDIT: The Finantial Times published India sticks with Russia after Vladimir Putin’s invasion ...
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29 votes
1 answer
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Was it advantageous for Russia to invade while holding the presidency of UN Security Council?

The Russian Federation is the current president of the UN Security Council. During the emergency UN security meeting, Ukraine asked that Russia give up their title in light of the recent attack. Did ...
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What institutions are currently in place to prevent authoritarian militarism?

Russia invaded Crimea in 2014 without any real consequences as evidenced by their ability to pull this stunt again now. Maybe tomorrow China annexes Taiwan, Serbia annexes Bosnia etc. Do we have ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Legal basis for self-determination vs. territorial integrity

There are many examples where self-determination means secession of a territory from a state, typically opposed by the latter. The most obvious recent example are the eastern regions of the Ukraine, ...
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Solutions to the problem of the US's strong offensive capabilities incentivising potential adversaries to create 'buffers'?

The US has great reach with very destructive conventional weapons, particularly aircraft carriers and their entourage, which can sit off an enemy coastline and pummel a large landmass indefinitely. ...
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1 answer
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Which countries or territories are not parties to the UNFCCC?

According to Wikipedia's list of parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: As of 2015, the UNFCCC has 197 parties including all United Nations member states, United ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Penal labour in United States

Penal labour is banned in most if not all of the United Kingdom. Perhaps because of No prisoner shall be employed, in the service of the institution, in any disciplinary capacity https://www.ohchr....
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10 votes
6 answers
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Who defines which countries are permanent members of UN Security Council?

The P5+1 refers to the UN Security Council's five permanent members (the P5); namely China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany. Here on Wikipedia it says that ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How many people are no longer registered refugees with UNRWA?

UNRWA is the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. The number of registered refugees on UNRWA's books has continuously risen1: Year Refugees 1949 726,000 ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Can the United Nations security council deploy forces in areas of conflict without consent from a rebel group?

On a United Nations site for, DEPLOYING PEACEKEEPERS, it said that As a conflict develops, worsens, or approaches resolution, the UN is frequently involved in a number of consultations to determine ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Why did China and Russia abstain on the UN security council resolution 2593 on the situation in Afghanistan?

The United Nations security council passed resolution 2593 (2021) on the 30th of August, 2021 with a vote of 13 in favour and 2 abstentions. Why did China and the Russian Federation abstain on this ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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How did the UN (or at least the member states which were involved in this decision) motivate the rejection of the Gibraltar referenda?

Wikipedia says: Gibraltar is largely a self-governing British territory on the tip of the Iberian Peninsula with a population of about 30,000 people, whose territory is claimed by Spain. It continues ...
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What are the consequences for Iraq if it chooses to not repay the amount of war reparation owed?

After the Gulf War, Iraq accepted United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, which declared Iraq's financial liability for damage caused in its invasion of Kuwait.[17] The United Nations ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution?

Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution? Let's say a U.N. resolution passes, but a country decides to infringe that resolution. What would be the likely consequences of such an ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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How binding are International Tribunal decisions on nations? Can the International Tribunal supercede the law of a nation or force it to abide?

I was reading the UN Security Council's Resolution 827, formally establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and came across the following clause, "Decides that ...
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13 votes
1 answer
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Where can I find a copy of Iran's proposal pertaining to Palestine to U.N. Security Council on November 1, 2019?

From the official Khamenei.ir's "Which final solution?" It appears that the uproar and the responses of the American and Zionist authorities and their mercenaries are for the most part ...
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1 answer
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What do these posts mean? [closed]

In the organisation of the UN, what are the roles of these posts: Secretary General of the UN. Director General. General Counsel and Head of Global Public Policy First Vice President (The post that ...
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4 votes
1 answer
866 views

For what reasons, doesn't the West push for the inclusion of India as a member of United Nations Security Council?

For what reasons, doesn't the West push for the inclusion of India as a member of United Nations Security Council? India is more powerful than France or Britain and India is against China and pro-West ...
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47 votes
3 answers
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Why does the US block a UN statement calling for violence to stop in the Palestine-Israel conflict?

The US is blocking* what seems to be a simple statement asking both parties to stop violence: The United States has today blocked - for the third time in a week - the adoption of a joint UN Security ...
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1 answer
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What is the purpose of the UN having multiple conventions on the same thing rather than making amendments to previous conventions?

The UN often has multiple conventions on the same thing (example). Is there any reason they do this rather than amending a previous convention? e.g. maybe it is harder to make an amendment than a ...
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5 votes
2 answers
210 views

What does India not being a member to the 1951 Refugee Convention mean?

What does India not being a party to the protocol mean in the context of legal documents pertaining to refugee protection. A slightly detailed insight to this is most welcome. https://www.unhcr.org/...
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4 votes
1 answer
239 views

What would happen if the US did not pay its yearly fees to the UN?

If the US did not pay the UN they would lose their GA vote, under article 19: A Member of the United Nations which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization ...
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0 votes
2 answers
193 views

What is preventing the exploit of the UN’s voting system? [duplicate]

What is preventing a country, say, China, for example, from giving 500 adults 1 square acre of land per 5 people, and giving them ownership of the land, (under threat of invasion and murder if they ...
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0 votes
0 answers
67 views

If a permanent security council member of the UN goes through a name change or a split, what would happen to their membership? [duplicate]

The UN charter (article 23) very specifically says: The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations. The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,...
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5 votes
1 answer
162 views

Meaning of article 22 and 7 of the UN charter (about organs of the UN)

In my opinion, article 22 and part of 7 of the UN charter seem a bit vague, and I can’t understand exactly what they means. Article 22 is: The General Assembly may establish such subsidiary organs as ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
152 views

Where can you find how much each country pays to the UN?

Where is a trustworthy site that shows how much each country (not just the major countries) has payed to the UN every year for the past 5-10 years. I have looked on the internet and the UN website but ...
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3 votes
2 answers
410 views

What does “recommendation of the security council” involve in the UN charter

In article 6 of the UN charter it mentions “ A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by ...
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2 votes
2 answers
237 views

What is preventing UN from playing a more assertive role atleast in Global Pandamic situation?

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the UN member nation's response was more or less defined by the country leaders' personality. WHO guidelines were generally followed and acted upon. However, few ...
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8 votes
2 answers
236 views

What was the US reaction to the 2004 ruling by the World Court that the Israeli border wall was illegal?

Did the US accept the ruling or reject it? I'm curious given the fact that the US judge in his dissenting opinion (though I believe it's not called a dissent in this case) wrote that the border wall ...
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2 votes
2 answers
361 views

The legal status of the State of Israel [closed]

Here is mentioned that: The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine was a proposal by the United Nations, which recommended a partition of Mandatory Palestine at the end of the British Mandate. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
289 views

Has the permanent membership of the UNSC of China (PRC) helped them to attain such a big economy?

Has the permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council of China (PRC) helped them to attain their big economy? In other words, was the permanent membership of China beneficial to their ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What effect do economic sanctions for human rights violations have?

"Protect Human Rights" page of UN says The UN Security Council, at times, deals with grave human rights violations, often in conflict areas. [...] the Security Council can opt for ...
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29 votes
6 answers
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Why were China, Russia and Cuba allowed to join the UN human rights council?

China, Cuba, Russia elected to UN Human Rights Council The UN General Assembly voted Tuesday to elect a new tranche of 15 Human Rights Council (HRC) members, including China, Cuba and Russia. The ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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What is the impact of migration on sustainable developement

The UN global compact on migration contains this line : Ensure the full and effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda by ...
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3 votes
2 answers
230 views

What Problems are the UN facing and what Reforms will be needed to boost UN's efficiency?

I have been watching the recent 75th General Debate and I have seen some presidents (Ghanaian President...) urging and proclaiming for UN Reforms to boost UN efficiency on dealing with problems but ...
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16 votes
2 answers
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Why, according to the UN, "gender-biased abortion" is against human rights but "abortion in general" is not?

The UN Population Fund, in their latest report about violence against women, states: Interpretations of human rights treaties identify “gender-biased sex selection” in favour of boys as a harmful ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Can the permanent members of the UN Security Council also veto UN General Assembly resolutions?

I have always thought that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council can veto any UN resolution. Reading the UN Charter more carefully, the veto power seems to be restricted only to UN ...
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2 votes
0 answers
41 views

What is the source of data for international indices/reports?

I believe most (if not all) reports & indices prepared by UN agencies, WEF, Welthungerhilfe,etc. (eg. HDI,MPI,GHI,etc.)are based on survey data provided by various national governments. I would ...
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2 answers
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Why do countries go to the UN rather than lobbying to the super/great powers?

Super/great powers have the ability to bend/flout international laws. For instance, (1) in Libya, GNA is the UN-recognized govt. But France is backing Haftar, (2) Israel is annexing the West Bank with ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why is a UN Security Council seat important to Canada?

Canada loses its bid for a seat on UN Security Council. Some politicians are very disappointed with that fact. I am of the opinion that instead of Canada, we have Norway or Ireland. I believe they ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Under what domestic legal framework did Trump withdraw the US from UNESCO?

I've read that in Jan last year (2019): The United States and Israel officially quit the U.N.’s educational, scientific and cultural agency at the stroke of midnight, the culmination of a process ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Why have so many countries withdrawn recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic?

The international recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, a partially recognized de facto sovereign state located in the western Maghreb, which claims the non-self-governing territory of ...
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