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Questions tagged [united-nations]

For questions on The United Nations, an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace.

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61 votes
9 answers
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How did Russia retain the UNSC veto power of the Soviet Union?

I am not sure what the criteria are to be a permanent member of the UN Security Council, but I do wonder how did Russia manage to keep its veto power after the dissolution of the Soviet Union? I ...
Jimmy's user avatar
  • 1,178
18 votes
5 answers
7k views

What are the steps to become an independent country once independence has been declared?

In How to Become a Country in 3 Easy Steps they mention: Step 1 Declare independence Step 2 Gain recognition Step 3 Join the United Nations Foreign Policy has a similar article How to Start Your Own ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 1,806
10 votes
3 answers
773 views

Legal basis for self-determination vs. territorial integrity

There are many examples where self-determination means secession of a territory from a state, typically opposed by the latter. The most obvious recent example are the eastern regions of the Ukraine, ...
Morisco's user avatar
  • 24.5k
29 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why has the United States not signed and ratified the International Criminal Court?

The International Criminal Court (ICC) treaty has been signed by 121 countries. A number of countries are not parties; China, Russia, United States. From the countries that are not parties to the ICC, ...
gerrit's user avatar
  • 48.5k
28 votes
6 answers
5k views

Non-subjective definition of "terrorist", or widely used equivalent term?

Philipp comments: ...We all know that one side's terrorists are another side's freedom fighters... Suppose big Country X provides arms to little Country y's native "freedom fighters", who do ...
agc's user avatar
  • 12.9k
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Do sanctions really serve their purpose?

Does economic sanctions on a country serve any purpose at all other than make the ordinary citizens suffer? Most of the times sanctions are placed on a country which is either not democratic or less ...
Allahjane's user avatar
  • 327
27 votes
5 answers
4k views

What is the legal background for Russia's seat as a Permanent Member of UNSC?

At the UN's founding in 1945, the Soviet Union became one of the five permanent members of the Security Council. When in December 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed, the Russia was arguably recognized ...
Be Brave Be Like Ukraine's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
476 views

United Nations : Right to Self Determination and Secession working groups?

Article 1, paragraph 2 of the United Nations charter allows for the right of self-determination. To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights ...
Jontia's user avatar
  • 24.8k
4 votes
4 answers
859 views

Is China considered to be democratic [closed]

Does China's government consider itself to be democratic? Does the United States of America have an official stance on whether China is democratic or not? If so, what is it? Does the UN have an ...
user 1's user avatar
  • 6,485
38 votes
1 answer
5k views

What reasoning did Eritrea provide for its vote on the UN resolution against the war in Ukraine?

In the recent UN General Assembly resolution denouncing Russia's actions in Ukraine, only four countries were opposed, besides Russia itself. We have Belarus, a close ally of Russia that is involved ...
Obie 2.0's user avatar
  • 15.9k
28 votes
8 answers
4k views

Is there bias against Israel at the UN?

According to UN Watch: UN committees, annual UN resolutions, an entire UN bureaucratic division, permanent UN exhibits in New York and Geneva headquarters -- all dedicated to a relentless and ...
Democrat's user avatar
  • 655
20 votes
12 answers
9k views

Why are non-Western countries siding with China in the UN?

https://www.reuters.com/world/china/un-body-rejects-historic-debate-chinas-human-rights-record-2022-10-06/ The U.N. rights council on Thursday voted down a Western-led motion to hold a debate about ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 43.7k
17 votes
2 answers
2k views

How are conflicts between constitutional and treaty obligations resolved?

The present Constitution of Bolivia, which came into effect on the 7th of February 2009, has this to say about coca (an English translation follows the original Spanish): Artículo 384. El Estado ...
user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why didn't Canada leave the UN conventions on illicit drugs before legalizing marijuana?

According to this article, Canada would be breaking at least three UN treaties once it legalized marijuana in October. But why didn't the Canadian government just leave the treaties beforehand? It ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 50.9k
6 votes
1 answer
662 views

Reform of United Nations Security Council

There is a proposed Reform of the United Nations Security Council, but there seems to be no time line of implementation and vote. The latest update I found is that there was a meeting of 120 UN member ...
ChrisR's user avatar
  • 281
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

When is a country recognized as a sovereign state?

In past years we have heard a lot about statehood of Palestine, and that got me wondering when a state actually becomes recognized. If you look at the Wikipedia entry for the State of Palestine it ...
pajevic's user avatar
  • 161
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

On what basis U.N. inducts new member states?

For example if a new nation is formed (e.g. South Sudan) then what are the necessary conditions a nation must satisfy so that they could be eligible for getting inducted into U.N. ??
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
850 views

Who decides which countries are third world and how can it be challenged?

South Africa has become exceptionally powerful and its infrastructure has grown into what I'd regard as a First World country. I'd like to challenge its third world status. How does one go about ...
Warren van Rooyen's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
612 views

Is the presence of the US forces in Syria contradictory to UN Charter articles 2.4 and 51?

US troops and bases are located in Syria without UN sanction or the Syrian government's permission. UN Article 2.4 states: All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat ...
άνθρωπος's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
498 views

Other country as permanent member of UN Security Council? [closed]

Is there any other country which might have the ability or credentials to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council?
Sikander's user avatar
  • 173
32 votes
2 answers
4k views

Have the US and Russia (or USSR before it) co-vetoed a UN resolution before today?

In an interesting development today regarding the latest Turkish operation in northern Syria. The U.N. Security Council failed to agree on a statement on Turkey's counterterrorism operation in Syria ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
25 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why has India abstained on the UNSC resolution on Russia in Ukraine?

Why has India abstained on the UN Security Council resolution condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine? EDIT: The Finantial Times published India sticks with Russia after Vladimir Putin’s invasion ...
krenkz's user avatar
  • 501
24 votes
4 answers
8k views

On what grounds did Vladimir Putin invoke Article 51 of the UN Charter for self defence while going into Ukraine?

In his announcement (at 20:02) of the special military operations, Vladimir Putin invoked article 51 of the UN charter, justifying these operations as self-defence. However, since Russia was never ...
Schwarz Kugelblitz's user avatar
21 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why did Ukraine abstain from the UNHRC vote on China?

After reading the answers to this question, I noticed something odd: Ukraine appears to have abstained in the recent vote over China's policy towards the Uyghurs. However, given the context of the ...
nick012000's user avatar
  • 4,418
21 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why did ten countries side with Russia in the UN General Assembly vote on Crimea?

The UN General Assembly just held a vote declaring the Russian annexation of Crimea to be illegal. Eleven countries voted against this resolution: Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Bolivia, Cuba, North Korea, ...
Stephen Collings's user avatar
20 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is Israel refusing to let the International Atomic Energy Agency inspect their facilities?

For years Israel has refused opening their nuclear facilities to IAEA inspection and Israel signing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. 45 member states, including Turkey, Russia, China and Iran, ...
Noah's user avatar
  • 4,873
17 votes
2 answers
1k views

Who decides on state names in foreign languages?

The questions really is just that: who decides what a state or country is called in foreign languages? As an example, the official title of Germany is "Bundesrepublik Deutschland" which is usually ...
jhr's user avatar
  • 273
17 votes
3 answers
3k views

Did the U.S. ever decide to not protect Israel at the U.N. or other international bodies?

While the call for a cease-fire has wider support among U.N. member states, building consensus for it among the five permanent members of the Security Council has been difficult if not impossible. “...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 43.7k
15 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why is there no call for Hamas to protect and reduce civilian casualties?

In a recent report in the Washington Post, the article indicates that the UN is placing the entire onus of reducing civilian casualties in its war with Hamas on Israel. In Washington, the Pentagon ...
SoylentGray's user avatar
  • 8,897
14 votes
5 answers
920 views

Are there benefits, except moral support for the victim country, to approach the ICJ when the offender is a UNSC Permanent member?

I am having some trouble understanding the present relevance of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in matters of war between two countries when at least one of them is a permanent member of the ...
Gary 2's user avatar
  • 2,363
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

Who and on what basis determines how much US pays for UN?

US pays 22% of UN's total budget and 28.5% of peacekeeping budget. Who; and on what basis, determines those figures? I'd prefer precise rules if they exist, over general principles like "US has ...
user4012's user avatar
  • 92.6k
14 votes
1 answer
3k views

Have UN forces ever successfully defended a region?

One suggested solution for the Gaza strip, once Hamas is eliminated, is to put it under UN control. The suggestion was made by Germany: “internationalization of Gaza under the umbrella of the United ...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
1k views

What was the exact vote of the UN Human Rights Council on Xinjiang?

There just was a vote in the 47-member U.N. Human Rights Council, and it is really easy to find quotes like this: The 47-member U.N. Human Rights Council has rejected a resolution to hold a debate ...
Thomas Koelle's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
524 views

Is the UK’s claim over the Chagos Islands valid?

This morning, the UK missed/ignored a 6 month deadline given by the UN to hand over control of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius. The Mauritians say that they were forced to sell the islands in 1965 in ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 108k
12 votes
1 answer
742 views

Can the permanent members of the UN Security Council also veto UN General Assembly resolutions?

I have always thought that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council can veto any UN resolution. Reading the UN Charter more carefully, the veto power seems to be restricted only to UN ...
DK2AX's user avatar
  • 1,341
12 votes
7 answers
3k views

What are the possible mechanisms of security guarantees for Ukraine?

My question is based on this post by Radio Free Europe. In a nutshell, there was a peace plan suggested that includes security guarantees for Ukraine. What are some reasonable mechanisms for such ...
Igor's user avatar
  • 1,182
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Was any UN Security Council vote triple-vetoed?

It's reasonably well known that some UN Security Council resolutions were vetoed by two permanent members. Recent examples include Russia and China jointly vetoing resolutions on Syria and on ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
1k views

Why does Russia back Serbia?

On YouTube, I heard Can Kosovo survive as an independent state?, which states that Russia prevents Kosovo from joining the United Nations (UN) because Russia backs Serbia, and Serbia doesn't want ...
Raphael's user avatar
  • 103
10 votes
2 answers
851 views

What stops any nation/country from leaving the UN?

Reading on the topic a little and I have learned that there is no provision in the United Nations for a member state to leave. Indonesia supposedly left the UN back in 1965, and a year later it was ...
KingsInnerSoul's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Which country benefited the most from UN Security Council vetoes?

By "benefited", I mean avoided any sort of negative decision that could have been made by the UN Security Council if a permanent member didn't use their veto, such as being condemned, ...
Mocas's user avatar
  • 7,373
9 votes
1 answer
708 views

Making sense of a vote about Israel and nuclear weapons at the UNGA

Israel must get rid of its nuclear weapons, UNGA majority decides Why did this voting take place? Did Egypt submit proof of Israel having nuclear weapons before proposing this vote? Why voted ...
user366312's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
843 views

Is China a "developing country" according to WTO, UN, IMF, etc?

In a recent phone call between Wall St. Journal reporter Bob Davis and President Trump, the president expressed his objection to the WTO's categorization of China as a "developing country". In UN ...
elliot svensson's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
4k views

Who didn't sign the Paris climate change agreement?

According to many news outlets, most, but not every nation has agreed to the terms of the Paris agreement. Which didn't? Is there a public list of all signees?
Andreas Hartmann's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

How did the UN (or at least the member states which were involved in this decision) motivate the rejection of the Gibraltar referenda?

Wikipedia says: Gibraltar is largely a self-governing British territory on the tip of the Iberian Peninsula with a population of about 30,000 people, whose territory is claimed by Spain. It continues ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
5k views

Which were the 55 countries that voted against condemning Hamas at the UN?

The Times of Israel reports on the recent UNGA resolution calling for an immediate ceasefire in Gaza (which was adopted by 120-14-45): Canada sought to have an amendment added to the resolution to ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
4k views

Can the Tyranny of the Majority rule be applied to the UN's General Assembly?

Looking at this question, and previous year's UNGA resolutions, it seems there's a certain bias in UNGA resolutions. They seem disproportional: 2022 UNGA Resolutions on Israel: 15 2022 UNGA ...
For Shani Nicole Louk's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Full List of Countries participating in the UN COP 21 in Paris

Does anyone have a full list of countries who took part in the UN Climate Change Conference? I know that it where about 150. Would find it interesting who exactly where involved. On top about 200 ...
MarvMind's user avatar
  • 163
6 votes
1 answer
272 views

How did the extended UNHCR definition of refugee come about?

According to Wikipedia: As of 2011, the UNHCR itself, in addition to the 1951 definition, recognizes persons as refugees: "who are outside their country of nationality or habitual ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
617 views

What is the relation between "recognition" and "legality" of a country"?

There are recognized countries that are members of UN. There are recognized countries that are not members of UN. There are legal countries that are not widely recognized. So, what is the relation ...
user12034's user avatar
  • 411
5 votes
1 answer
252 views

Has any state invoked or referenced the responsibility to protect in the 2023 war in Gaza?

The responsibility to protect (R2P) was "established" to intervene in situations where crimes against humanity are committed. Background: The Responsibility to Protect – known as R2P – is ...
whoisit's user avatar
  • 6,068