Questions tagged [united-nations]

For questions on The United Nations, an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace.

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What is the validity of the Doha amendment on the Kyoto protocol?

The Doha amendment to the Kyoto protocol has been adopted in 2012 at the COP18, and contained extended their obligations and created a second commitment period for 37 countries to cut their emissions ...
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Who defines which countries are permanent members of UN Security Council?

The P5+1 refers to the UN Security Council's five permanent members (the P5); namely China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany. Here on Wikipedia it says that ...
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How many people are no longer registered refugees with UNRWA?

UNRWA is the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. The number of registered refugees on UNRWA's books has continuously risen1: Year Refugees 1949 726,000 ...
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Can the United Nations security council deploy forces in areas of conflict without consent from a rebel group?

On a United Nations site for, DEPLOYING PEACEKEEPERS, it said that As a conflict develops, worsens, or approaches resolution, the UN is frequently involved in a number of consultations to determine ...
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Why did China and Russia abstain on the UN security council resolution 2593 on the situation in Afghanistan?

The United Nations security council passed resolution 2593 (2021) on the 30th of August, 2021 with a vote of 13 in favour and 2 abstentions. Why did China and the Russian Federation abstain on this ...
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How did the UN (or at least the member states which were involved in this decision) motivate the rejection of the Gibraltar referenda?

Wikipedia says: Gibraltar is largely a self-governing British territory on the tip of the Iberian Peninsula with a population of about 30,000 people, whose territory is claimed by Spain. It continues ...
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106 views

What are the consequences for Iraq if it chooses to not repay the amount of war reparation owed?

After the Gulf War, Iraq accepted United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, which declared Iraq's financial liability for damage caused in its invasion of Kuwait.[17] The United Nations ...
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168 views

Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution?

Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution? Let's say a U.N. resolution passes, but a country decides to infringe that resolution. What would be the likely consequences of such an ...
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How binding are International Tribunal decisions on nations? Can the International Tribunal supercede the law of a nation or force it to abide?

I was reading the UN Security Council's Resolution 827, formally establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and came across the following clause, "Decides that ...
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Where can I find a copy of Iran's proposal pertaining to Palestine to U.N. Security Council on November 1, 2019?

From the official Khamenei.ir's "Which final solution?" It appears that the uproar and the responses of the American and Zionist authorities and their mercenaries are for the most part ...
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What do these posts mean? [closed]

In the organisation of the UN, what are the roles of these posts: Secretary General of the UN. Director General. General Counsel and Head of Global Public Policy First Vice President (The post that ...
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655 views

For what reasons, doesn't the West push for the inclusion of India as a member of United Nations Security Council?

For what reasons, doesn't the West push for the inclusion of India as a member of United Nations Security Council? India is more powerful than France or Britain and India is against China and pro-West ...
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Why does the US block a UN statement calling for violence to stop in the Palestine-Israel conflict?

The US is blocking* what seems to be a simple statement asking both parties to stop violence: The United States has today blocked - for the third time in a week - the adoption of a joint UN Security ...
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What is the purpose of the UN having multiple conventions on the same thing rather than making amendments to previous conventions?

The UN often has multiple conventions on the same thing (example). Is there any reason they do this rather than amending a previous convention? e.g. maybe it is harder to make an amendment than a ...
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What does India not being a member to the 1951 Refugee Convention mean?

What does India not being a party to the protocol mean in the context of legal documents pertaining to refugee protection. A slightly detailed insight to this is most welcome. https://www.unhcr.org/...
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What would happen if the US did not pay its yearly fees to the UN?

If the US did not pay the UN they would lose their GA vote, under article 19: A Member of the United Nations which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization ...
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What is preventing the exploit of the UN’s voting system? [duplicate]

What is preventing a country, say, China, for example, from giving 500 adults 1 square acre of land per 5 people, and giving them ownership of the land, (under threat of invasion and murder if they ...
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If a permanent security council member of the UN goes through a name change or a split, what would happen to their membership? [duplicate]

The UN charter (article 23) very specifically says: The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations. The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,...
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Meaning of article 22 and 7 of the UN charter (about organs of the UN)

In my opinion, article 22 and part of 7 of the UN charter seem a bit vague, and I can’t understand exactly what they means. Article 22 is: The General Assembly may establish such subsidiary organs as ...
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115 views

Where can you find how much each country pays to the UN?

Where is a trustworthy site that shows how much each country (not just the major countries) has payed to the UN every year for the past 5-10 years. I have looked on the internet and the UN website but ...
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What does “recommendation of the security council” involve in the UN charter

In article 6 of the UN charter it mentions “ A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by ...
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What is preventing UN from playing a more assertive role atleast in Global Pandamic situation?

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the UN member nation's response was more or less defined by the country leaders' personality. WHO guidelines were generally followed and acted upon. However, few ...
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What was the US reaction to the 2004 ruling by the World Court that the Israeli border wall was illegal?

Did the US accept the ruling or reject it? I'm curious given the fact that the US judge in his dissenting opinion (though I believe it's not called a dissent in this case) wrote that the border wall ...
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358 views

The legal status of the State of Israel [closed]

Here is mentioned that: The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine was a proposal by the United Nations, which recommended a partition of Mandatory Palestine at the end of the British Mandate. ...
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Has the permanent membership of the UNSC of China (PRC) helped them to attain such a big economy?

Has the permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council of China (PRC) helped them to attain their big economy? In other words, was the permanent membership of China beneficial to their ...
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What effect do economic sanctions for human rights violations have?

"Protect Human Rights" page of UN says The UN Security Council, at times, deals with grave human rights violations, often in conflict areas. [...] the Security Council can opt for ...
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Why were China, Russia and Cuba allowed to join the UN human rights council?

China, Cuba, Russia elected to UN Human Rights Council The UN General Assembly voted Tuesday to elect a new tranche of 15 Human Rights Council (HRC) members, including China, Cuba and Russia. The ...
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What is the impact of migration on sustainable developement

The UN global compact on migration contains this line : Ensure the full and effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda by ...
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2answers
181 views

What Problems are the UN facing and what Reforms will be needed to boost UN's efficiency?

I have been watching the recent 75th General Debate and I have seen some presidents (Ghanaian President...) urging and proclaiming for UN Reforms to boost UN efficiency on dealing with problems but ...
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Why, according to the UN, "gender-biased abortion" is against human rights but "abortion in general" is not?

The UN Population Fund, in their latest report about violence against women, states: Interpretations of human rights treaties identify “gender-biased sex selection” in favour of boys as a harmful ...
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495 views

Can the permanent members of the UN Security Council also veto UN General Assembly resolutions?

I have always thought that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council can veto any UN resolution. Reading the UN Charter more carefully, the veto power seems to be restricted only to UN ...
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What is the source of data for international indices/reports?

I believe most (if not all) reports & indices prepared by UN agencies, WEF, Welthungerhilfe,etc. (eg. HDI,MPI,GHI,etc.)are based on survey data provided by various national governments. I would ...
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Why do countries go to the UN rather than lobbying to the super/great powers?

Super/great powers have the ability to bend/flout international laws. For instance, (1) in Libya, GNA is the UN-recognized govt. But France is backing Haftar, (2) Israel is annexing the West Bank with ...
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365 views

Why is a UN Security Council seat important to Canada?

Canada loses its bid for a seat on UN Security Council. Some politicians are very disappointed with that fact. I am of the opinion that instead of Canada, we have Norway or Ireland. I believe they ...
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134 views

Under what domestic legal framework did Trump withdraw the US from UNESCO?

I've read that in Jan last year (2019): The United States and Israel officially quit the U.N.’s educational, scientific and cultural agency at the stroke of midnight, the culmination of a process ...
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597 views

Why have so many countries withdrawn recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic?

The international recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, a partially recognized de facto sovereign state located in the western Maghreb, which claims the non-self-governing territory of ...
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1answer
704 views

Why is Esperanto recognized by the United Nations?

I read how Esperanto is recognized by the United Nations and is popular in certain parts of the world. The United Nations has also begun presenting the The UNESCO Courier, its widest ranging ...
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How does the United Nations get information on North Korea's economy?

I have read from a Bloomberg article that the North Korea economy has expanded by 1.8% according to the United Nations. However, I know the North Korean government is secretive with information about ...
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Right to declare a war in modern time

While browsing random articles I found an interesting fact - that USA never formally declared a war in Vietnam. After googling a bit more it turned out that since WW2 USA never formally declared a war ...
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UN condemns Rohingya human rights abuses 134-9 with 28 abstentions. Which countries voted against?

On 2019-12-27, the UN General Assembly approved a resolution strongly condemning human rights abuses against Myanmar's Rohingya, 134-9 with 28 abstentions. I can't find which countries opposed or ...
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357 views

Why does the UK retain the Chagos Islands when it is a US military base

The Chagos Islands is at the centre of an ongoing dispute over ownership between the UK and Mauritius. The validity of each claim is covered in another question However, currently the only use The ...
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466 views

Is the UK’s claim over the Chagos Islands valid?

This morning, the UK missed/ignored a 6 month deadline given by the UN to hand over control of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius. The Mauritians say that they were forced to sell the islands in 1965 in ...
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886 views

Why did the US vote against a UN anti-Nazi resolution?

Recently, there was a UN vote (similar to the one in 2017) on a resolution that condemned the glorification of Nazism. As in the previous vote, the USA (along with Ukraine), voted against the motion, ...
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Have the US and Russia (or USSR before it) co-vetoed a UN resolution before today?

In an interesting development today regarding the latest Turkish operation in northern Syria. The U.N. Security Council failed to agree on a statement on Turkey's counterterrorism operation in Syria ...
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Has the US explained why it vetoed the UN resolution condemning Turkey’s Syria invasion?

France, Germany, Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Poland just sponsored a resolution in the United Nations Security Council condemning Turkey’s invasion of Northern Syria (home of the Syrian Kurds). ...
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Can U.N. decide to send fire fighters to fight Amazon rainforest fires

I’m curious if U.N. has rights to call an emergency meeting and vote to send everything necessary to help to fight natural disaster, given that causes of rainforest extinction might be felt globally ? ...
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United Nations : Right to Self Determination and Secession working groups?

Article 1, paragraph 2 of the United Nations charter allows for the right of self-determination. To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights ...
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What was the legal basis for the arrest of Gerald Bull by the UN in South Africa?

https://www.damninteresting.com/project-babylon-gerald-bulls-downfall/ lives up to its name, being indeed a damn interesting summary of the career of supergun engineer Gerald Bull. The one part I'm ...
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Can there be a UN resolution to remove a country from the UN Security Council?

Can there be a United Nations (UN) resolution to remove a country from the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)? I am wondering if we can vote a country like France or China out of the UNSC. Is ...
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Are there recesses during the U.N. Security Council?

Are there recesses during the U.N. Security Council? I have watched a dozen of UNSC meetings and none of them had recesses. Is it because most meetings only last a few hours like 3-4 maximum? What ...

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