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Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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2 votes
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Why aren't alliances and independent runs more common in the UK?

Both Australia and the UK have single-member constituency-based representative electoral systems with a similar ratio of voters per seat. However, while it is common in Australia for parties to form ...
Probably's user avatar
  • 1,529
4 votes
1 answer
98 views

How would the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact handle non-FPTP elections?

It seems that people who argue that the President of the United States should be elected by popular vote, and supporting the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact (NPVIC or NaPoVoInterCo), are ...
dan04's user avatar
  • 4,340
-1 votes
3 answers
541 views

What are the pros and cons of ranked-choice voting compared to first-past-the-post voting?

What are the pros and cons of ranked-choice voting (RCV) compared to first-past-the-post voting (FPTP), supported by research? Notes: I prefer answers supported by evidence, with data from actual ...
Timur Shtatland's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
271 views

What is the official reason for the low error rate of the 100k signature requirement for presidential candidates in Russia

In Russia, you need 100.000 signatures to be allowed to run for presidency. However, if I understood the article below correctly, only 105.000 signatures may be turned in. While the minimal support is ...
Eulenfuchswiesel's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the most significant currently active organization using quadratic voting?

Is quadratic voting being significantly used anywhere in the world right now? Especially in any type of political system or social structure (beyond blockchains)?
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
50 views

What voting process to use to fill multiple roles when voted for by the applicants

I'm looking for a voting system for a specific usecase: I have a scenario where a small group of (less than twenty) members will need to fill a number of roles. They should each be able to list their ...
James's user avatar
  • 121
12 votes
4 answers
3k views

Could the US become a multi-party democracy organically (without a change to the constitution)?

In many northern European countries (Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark) there is a large number of political parties and the government is always made up of a coalition of these because no single ...
Peter's user avatar
  • 239
46 votes
4 answers
7k views

Has there ever been a successful shift from a two-party system to a multi-party system in modern history?

The other day my friends and I gathered in the college dorm and expressed grievances about our electoral systems. Those from countries where one or two parties dominate the legislature were frustrated ...
nkt32716's user avatar
  • 477
6 votes
1 answer
316 views

Congressional vs. Party Votes: Secrets & Differences

In the domain of voting methodologies, what moral, ethical, and procedural distinctions arise when comparing secret ballots in congressional votes and party votes? Why do the principles and rationales ...
The 'Bernie Sanders' Party's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
438 views

Where does First Past The Post voting favour left wing parties?

Today's UK by-elections are set to demonstrate the effect of spoiler candidates on a First Past The Post ballot. In the UK it is pretty clear that First Past The Post (FPTP) benefits the right-wing ...
Jontia's user avatar
  • 24.8k
2 votes
1 answer
144 views

Gerrymandering, Efficiency Gap Formula [closed]

I have a problem in which I have two parties. Party 1 is Purple. Party 2 is Yellow. There are a total of 135 votes. Purple has 75 of them while yellow has 60. There are 9 districts total. Each ...
Ayaan's user avatar
  • 21
13 votes
3 answers
3k views

In countries using Single Transferable Vote, how are voting results presented?

In electoral systems based on parties, it is easy to publish the results: it is sufficient to publish the number of votes each party received. These numbers contain all the information that is needed ...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
414 views

Why the US does not have strong local parties except in Puerto Rico?

Often as a cause of two-party system in the US cited the first-past-the-post system. (see also Duverger's Law). But theoretically this should not prevent having strong local state-level parties. It ...
Anixx's user avatar
  • 11.3k
4 votes
1 answer
237 views

What is the maximum number of seats possible in the Bundestag?

As we know, the German Bundestag uses a mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, with constituency votes that are majoritarian (299 seats) and party votes that are proportional (299 seats), ...
Marco Pastor Mayo's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
405 views

What is an example of a political process in which every person’s vote amounts to something?

One of the most common grievances against elections is that it doesn’t matter if you vote because it won’t make a difference how the world is or significantly sway the outcome of an election. What is ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
314 views

What is the significance of the non-dictatorship principle in Arrow's theorem, and does this example fit the definition of a dictator? [duplicate]

Arrow's non-dictatorship principle states that "no single voter possesses the power to always determine the group's preference." I am unsure if I am missing some nuance from this definition, ...
Ahmed's user avatar
  • 29
14 votes
4 answers
3k views

Which electoral systems minimise the extent to which political parties control who gets elected?

Political parties are, obviously, very important in democratic systems. Most candidates will be selected by a party. But many systems make it easy for the party to control which specific members end ...
matt_black's user avatar
  • 3,891
15 votes
6 answers
2k views

What if no party crosses the electoral threshold in a parliamentary election?

In some countries, there is an electoral threshold that political parties must cross to win seats in the parliament. For example, in Germany, the threshold is 5% of national votes, in Sweden the ...
QuantumWalnut's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
203 views

Which voting system criterion requires that changing your preference order of some candidates won't affect whether other candidates are elected?

Consider an election in which one voter's preference order was Alice > Bob > Carol. If she were to change her preference order to Carol > Alice > Bob, there are 9 possibilities as to what ...
Joseph Sible-Reinstate Monica's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
241 views

Why does it have to be 50-50 in Germany's Bundestag [duplicate]

In Germany's Bundestag, 299 seats are for proportional representation and the other 299 are for regional representation in a first-past-the-post system. Is it just a coincidence that the seats are ...
Underwood's user avatar
  • 187
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

How do party-list systems accommodate independent candidates?

I'm curious if there are countries that use party-list system while also allowing independent candidates to run? Logistically, what would the implementation look like? Do the independent candidates ...
QuantumWalnut's user avatar
-5 votes
2 answers
163 views

How prevalent is AI in electoral counting in different countries, or why is it not more prevalent?

How prevalent is AI in electoral counting in different countries, or why is it not more prevalent ? I see an ideal electoral counting system as one using both AI and human counters At each human ...
infomtn's user avatar
  • 467
18 votes
5 answers
3k views

Ranked voting by a committee when some members cannot vote for a particular candidate because of a conflict of interest

I'm in a 12-person committee where we have to rank 5 candidates whom we have interviewed for a position. Some members of the committee have a conflict of interest, so they had to leave the room when a ...
Carlo Beenakker's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
774 views

Did the 2022 Alaska congressional special election have a Condorcet winner, who was not elected?

Does anyone know if Begich may have been the Condorcet winner? Nic Tideman emailed me a few days ago, asking me this question. I sure as hell do not know unless we can get the records of the ...
robert bristow-johnson's user avatar
-5 votes
3 answers
346 views

Would ranked choice voting force single issue voters to vote for more than one candidate or not be counted? [closed]

I am running for Senate in NJ in 2024 and I believe my voting bloc is merely a plural majority of all eligible voters but maybe not a majority (and probably not current voters, btw). If this is the ...
Nick Carducci for Carface Bank's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
539 views

Difference between RCV and STV

My question is about de difference between RCV and STV. If I am correct they are both voting systems where you are selecting multiple candidates and where the candidate with the lowest amount of votes ...
user avatar
9 votes
6 answers
475 views

Polarization and electoral systems

Posted this question on Reddit. I am crossposting it here as well: https://www.reddit.com/r/AskSocialScience/comments/vpnviu/polarization_and_electoral_systems/ Is there research linking polarization ...
amrods's user avatar
  • 191
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

In open-list systems, how do individual candidates promote themselves while being a team player?

In open-list systems, political candidates are expected to promote their party platform while simultaneously advocate for a personal mandate so they can rise higher on the list. This might create a ...
QuantumWalnut's user avatar
-8 votes
2 answers
263 views

What is the point in having a democracy if it is unable to elect the smartest people? [closed]

Check this answer: https://politics.stackexchange.com/a/11185/32479 The government is supposed to be representative of its people. If the people are a bunch of idiots then the government should ...
user366312's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
258 views

Ranked choice voting: Can a candidate who got dropped in early round come back in later rounds?

Location: Any country or state that uses RCV. One that has used it for a while and worked out the kinks would be preferable. Edit for clarity: I am talking about the “instant runoff” kind of RCV in a ...
Damila's user avatar
  • 2,687
-3 votes
5 answers
479 views

What are the possible solutions for a "stupid people in large numbers" situation in a democracy? [closed]

Context It's said that "Democracy counts the heads but doesn't weigh the brains". I think there's a book with that title but I didn't read it. So, what if the less intelligent people ...
ShivCK's user avatar
  • 425
4 votes
1 answer
216 views

Is there a ranked voting variant that prevents vote selling and identification?

As acknowledged also on Wikipedia, one of the drawbacks of ranked choice voting is that "it is likely that many preference voting patterns will be unique to individual voters, which could allow ...
Federico Poloni's user avatar
26 votes
8 answers
5k views

What are the disadvantages to 2-round elections where the top candidates from the first round compete head-to-head in the second round?

This is the election system in France and Ukraine. In the first round anyone can run. If no candidate wins an absolute majority, then the top two candidates go to a second round where they face off ...
Allure's user avatar
  • 35.7k
5 votes
1 answer
131 views

What happens when Webster's method can't narrow down to a working divisor?

I've been poking around and without trying, managed to bump into some scenarios where Webster's method gives inconclusive results. The fact I managed it more than once without trying implies to me ...
Hussein Duvigneau's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
507 views

Weighted voting in the UN

Is any voting in the UN ever weighted against the population, contribution or consequences? I understand that some countries have a better footing due to historical reasons. However, just to name some ...
Quora Feans's user avatar
  • 2,411
2 votes
1 answer
227 views

Has anyone published a plan for how to modernize the American voting system? [closed]

It’s been said that the American voting system is a relic of the past, with idiosyncratic features due to political negotiations and compromises at the time it was formed. Let’s say in a modern ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
54 views

Condorcet loser criterion implying majority loser criterion [closed]

I know that it is perfectly clear that Condorcet loser criterion implies majority criterion. However, I am looking for a citable source that states this. Can anyone suggest something? Thanks!
Newbie010's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
181 views

Do Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Germany and Austria disallow the official registration of electoral alliances (instead of their constituent parties)?

It seems to me that minimum election thresholds in Bulgaria, Slovenia, Czechia, Poland, Latvia, and Israel function to reduce risk of political gridlock due to fragmentation (which can compound ...
Tom's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
2 answers
196 views

Are there election systems where voters cast a vote on the final composition of the legislature, rather than individual parties or candidates?

As an example, Germany is well known for having the problem of forming a coalition due to a large number of parties being elected to their legislative body. I imagine this can be frustrating to some ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 50.9k
6 votes
2 answers
290 views

Do any voting system models try to take "realistic" tactical voting into account?

In standard voting system models (see example), there are two types of voters: honest voters who always choose their preferred candidate(s) and tactical voters who try to maximize the expected weight ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 50.9k
8 votes
1 answer
325 views

What would it take to change the voting in the UK away from "first past the post"?

Question from a naive US citizen here: In a podcast from the BBC I heard it claimed that there are districts with a Tory representative elected with 1000 votes when the other parties (combined) had ...
Kieran Mullen's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
650 views

Plurality voting: Advantages?

Context: I'm a 1st time voter in a plurality voting state. As part of deciding how I'm going to vote, I'm trying to know what is the intention of a state choosing plurality vote (I'm assuming they all ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 989
3 votes
1 answer
225 views

Is there a version of IRV where eliminated candidates may come back if they gain enough votes?

In 2009 the Burlington mayoral election failed to elect the Condorcet winner while using IRV. Looking at the results table, there seems to be two simple modifications that could've changed the outcome:...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 50.9k
2 votes
1 answer
163 views

Does Meek STV Incentivise Strategic Voting?

I have recently looked at the explanation of the Meek Single Transferable Vote method of elections, and it seems like it's a rather multi-step algorithm. Now, a major reason for STV systems seems to ...
vicky_molokh's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
198 views

UK alternative electoral system design

Background: I am seeking an alternative UK electoral system that would have multi-member constituencies instead of single member, which would create multi-party (proportional) governments. ...
Jonathan's user avatar
  • 131
8 votes
0 answers
152 views

Is this variant of STV used anywhere else?

In the rules of a political party in my (U.S.) state, a procedure for intra-party elections in which multiple positions are to be filled is described which is clearly a variant of the single ...
C. M. Sperberg-McQueen's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
151 views

Any active wikidemocracy projects post-2019?

I have been reading about this form of electronic democracy called wikidemocracy. The article on wikipedia talks about attempts to implement Wikidemocracy in 2011, but it doesn't mention any modern ...
Tyler Mc's user avatar
  • 6,354
1 vote
1 answer
107 views

What would be the political effects of the implementation of a Bhutan-like electoral system on a federal state? [closed]

Bhutan has a unique political system, in which elections to the National Assembly ( the lower house of the bicameral Bhutanese parliament ) happen in two rounds. In the first round, a nationwide vote ...
JERRY_XLII's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
208 views

Assigning fractional seats in a parliament

In proportional party-list voting systems, each party is entitled to a fraction of the seats in proportion to its vote count. This fraction is always rounded up or down according to some rule of "...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
331 views

Can this paradox happen in single transferable vote?

Suppose we conduct a single transferable vote election and everyone has given their ranked preference of candidates. If we use these votes to elect three candidates, we get candidates A, B, and C. If ...
eyeballfrog's user avatar
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