Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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162 views

Are there election systems where voters cast a vote on the final composition of the legislature, rather than individual parties or candidates?

As an example, Germany is well known for having the problem of forming a coalition due to a large number of parties being elected to their legislative body. I imagine this can be frustrating to some ...
7
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1answer
283 views

What would it take to change the voting in the UK away from "first past the post"?

Question from a naive US citizen here: In a podcast from the BBC I heard it claimed that there are districts with a Tory representative elected with 1000 votes when the other parties (combined) had ...
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4answers
197 views

Plurality voting: Advantages?

Context: I'm a 1st time voter in a plurality voting state. As part of deciding how I'm going to vote, I'm trying to know what is the intention of a state choosing plurality vote (I'm assuming they all ...
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1answer
150 views

Is there a version of IRV where eliminated candidates may come back if they gain enough votes?

In 2009 the Burlington mayoral election failed to elect the Condorcet winner while using IRV. Looking at the results table, there seems to be two simple modifications that could've changed the outcome:...
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1answer
96 views

Does Meek STV Incentivise Strategic Voting?

I have recently looked at the explanation of the Meek Single Transferable Vote method of elections, and it seems like it's a rather multi-step algorithm. Now, a major reason for STV systems seems to ...
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1answer
180 views

UK alternative electoral system design

Background: I am seeking an alternative UK electoral system that would have multi-member constituencies instead of single member, which would create multi-party (proportional) governments. ...
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0answers
123 views

Is this variant of STV used anywhere else?

In the rules of a political party in my (U.S.) state, a procedure for intra-party elections in which multiple positions are to be filled is described which is clearly a variant of the single ...
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1answer
135 views

Any active wikidemocracy projects post-2019?

I have been reading about this form of electronic democracy called wikidemocracy. The article on wikipedia talks about attempts to implement Wikidemocracy in 2011, but it doesn't mention any modern ...
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1answer
85 views

What would be the political effects of the implementation of a Bhutan-like electoral system on a federal state? [closed]

Bhutan has a unique political system, in which elections to the National Assembly ( the lower house of the bicameral Bhutanese parliament ) happen in two rounds. In the first round, a nationwide vote ...
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2answers
150 views

Assigning fractional seats in a parliament

In proportional party-list voting systems, each party is entitled to a fraction of the seats in proportion to its vote count. This fraction is always rounded up or down according to some rule of "...
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1answer
266 views

Can this paradox happen in single transferable vote?

Suppose we conduct a single transferable vote election and everyone has given their ranked preference of candidates. If we use these votes to elect three candidates, we get candidates A, B, and C. If ...
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2answers
115 views

Is there a country where people votes don't equal one another based on their personal circumstances?

Sorry if this question is a bit harsh, but I am looking for any country (past or current) who implemented a system where people don't just have 1 equal vote each, a vote/point system that is based on ...
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0answers
107 views

Has an electoral ceiling ever been implemented or proposed?

The concept of electoral threshold is well established. What about the upper limit though? I mean a reduction of possible party/block power grasp to say 40% and transferring power to smaller players. ...
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1answer
80 views

What are the best choices of voting systems for a relatively small number of voters [closed]

Ranked choice with 4-5 options doesn't really seem to work / can be easily gamed with 4-5 voters. What options give the best way to ensuring more people are happy with the result?
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2answers
338 views

Who is the Condorcet winner of NYC's 2021 mayoral Democratic primary?

The 2021 mayoral primary in New York City was done using Instant Runoff Voting ("Ranked Choice Voting"). This system does not necessarily elect the Condorcet winner, if one exists. (The ...
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1answer
148 views

Why is tactical voting considered important given it seems to require such detailed information? [duplicate]

When voting systems are evaluated, tactical voting is considered a problem. I agree to the extent that an average voter has enough information to successfully tactically vote. For example, in a FPTP ...
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8answers
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Why does ranked-choice voting give such high preference to the second choice of the least-favored candidate's voters?

Ranked choice voting is in the news lately because of the big mess New York City has made of implementing it in its Democratic primaries for the mayoral race. But in the talk about how it works, one ...
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1answer
350 views

New York's ranked choice voting, dealing with "a tie at the bottom"

I guess I have understood the mechanism of ranked choice voting, except for one detail: what happens if two candidates have exactly the same least number of first choices and the same exact numbers of ...
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4answers
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How will New York City physically implement the ranked choice voting algorithm with thousands of unique mayoral votings possible?

Politico's New Yorkers pick a new mayor after chaotic, historic primary begins: NEW YORK — Polls have closed in New York City’s first ever ranked-choice election and, while the die has been cast, ...
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6answers
3k views

Why do referendums use a binary choice rather than a numerical score?

In some democracies, citizens may be asked if they accept a law or the modification of a law in a "yes or no" referendum. Most of the time, legal texts are complicated and specialized, so ...
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4answers
502 views

Is an "enlightened public" political system a form of democracy, or of technocracy/epistocracy?

I am not sure who originally came up with this idea, but in his book Against Democracy, Jason Brennan talks about a political system he calls "simulated oracle", or an "enlightened ...
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1answer
235 views

What is "satellite party" in South Korea?

I was reading about South Korean politics and I found the term "satellite party". Some article suggests that Platform Party is a satellite of Democratic Party and United Future Party has a ...
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2answers
118 views

Must Scottish voters cast both constituency and regional votes for their vote to be valid?

Scottish voters are heading to the polls on the 6th of May to elect 129 MSPs to a new term in the Scottish parliament at Holyrood. Each voter gets to cast two votes. Their first vote is a local ...
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1answer
236 views

What voting system are we using over on CGCC to elect chat ROs?

Currently, over on CodeGolf.SE (CGCC for short), we are holding an informal election for new room owners of our main chat room. As this is an informal election, we haven't asked SE for the same ...
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2answers
4k views

Voting system with two votes as a defense against fear of voting for a loser - is it anywhere in the world?

In some countries there is a big fear among voters of voting for a party that doesn't end up in the parliament because they didn't reach the minimum threshold of votes, making their votes go in vain. ...
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5answers
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Electing fewer group representatives than groups when the whole electorate votes on them

At my work we need to elect three representatives among four separate departments. There is a max of one representative per department. Any member of a department can run as a candidate. There is no ...
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1answer
280 views

How does Alba's "list only" strategy work in Scottish Elections?

The Wikipedia section on the Election method for the 2021 Scottish Parliment describes the set up as; The Scottish Parliament uses an Additional Members System, designed to produce approximate ...
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3answers
884 views

In open-list voting systems, how do political parties ensure their leaders (and key figures) get elected?

In open-list voting systems, voters are free to select any candidate they prefer on the party list. The number of votes each candidate receives determines their rank within the list, and the higher ...
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1answer
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How did Alaska "change its primary system recently" and was it "to dilute the possibility of a conservative or Trump-inspired challenger"?

Politico's GOP pushes Murkowski to stay in line against Biden’s Covid bill includes the following: Murkowski is unique, however, and so is her home of Alaska. The state is suffering economically, the ...
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7answers
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Is there an election System that allows for seats to be empty?

Is there an election System that allows for potential seats to be empty? E.g if there are 7 seats that could potentially be filled but the people voting only want 5 to be filled. For context: We are ...
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1answer
2k views

Name of a voting system where you can transfer your vote to anyone at any time

I remember reading about a theoretical electoral system where votes are passed on in a continuously changing graph. I would like to know the name or origin of this system. This is my approximate ...
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8answers
7k views

Why doesn't the UK Labour Party push for proportional representation?

There is a consistent majority for liberal (progressive) parties in the UK, but they regularly cannibalise each other in the first-past-the-post voting system (see Wikipedia for details). The last ...
27
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4answers
5k views

Is there an operating political system in which an election can be invalidated because of a too little participation?

I don't know enough about the many election systems throughout the world, but what I often see is that the abstention rate is at best an indicator (of something), if it's taken into account at all. I ...
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4answers
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What states used voting equipment by Dominion Voting Systems for the 2020 election (if any)?

I heard about that "Dominion" system of electronic voting. Did any states use it during the 2020 election? And if so, which exactly?
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Could blockchain voting bring both secrecy and traceability to elections? [closed]

This was raised in a comment in another thread and a user: It's not impossible, especially not with the kind of technology we have today. When you cast a vote, you could be given a randomly generated ...
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2answers
332 views

Is it possible to vote multiple times in a US presidential election i.e. in more than one state?

It has been reported that the Trump campaign has announced a Nevada lawsuit over non-resident voters alleging inter alia that a significant number of Nevada voters were resident outside the state, and ...
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1answer
159 views

With a single transferable vote, how are the transfers selected?

With a single transferable vote, when a candidate's votes exceed the quota, the remaining votes are transferred to the next ranking candidate on each of the excess ballots. However, how is it decided ...
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8answers
5k views

What are the fundamental reasons for indirect presidential vote in the US?

I am French and therefore have understandably a hard time understanding the cultural aspects of indirect voting in the United States. I read the history of this approach and some of the main technical ...
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1answer
233 views

What are the main arguments by proponents of the American two party system? [duplicate]

Q: What are the main arguments by proponents of the American two party system as opposed to a multi-party system in other federated countries like for example Germany? Note: The answers in the ...
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0answers
56 views

How would national ranked voting or approval voting (cumulative voting?) affect US elections? [duplicate]

The first-past-the-post voting system that is primarily used in the USA has resulted in a two party system with a very large number of voters practicing tactical voting. This has caused some voters to ...
6
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1answer
345 views

What US states allow voting from space?

Answers to How do US citizens vote in space? tell us that this is possible and outline the history, and that the state of Texas has specific provisions since most US astronauts active in trips to ...
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25answers
6k views

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

For a hypothetical world, how can I build a political system in which: People are represented by someone local to them. And: The number of representatives elected representing a movement in total ...
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0answers
186 views

Does stronger geographic representation lead to stronger regional identities?

Are there any studies which would conclude whether stronger geographic representation in voting systems is a significant contributor to strong regional identities in a country?
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1answer
192 views

What are the actual mechanics of counting rank-choice (instant-runoff) votes?

I've been volunteering at my City Clerk's office as a poll worker working on preparing to count votes on vote-by-mail and early-voting ballots. Our work is governed by very specific procedures (as it ...
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2answers
399 views

When voting for US president are signatures always compared by a volunteer to previous signature on record? Is there any training for this?

updates: Politico 2020-10-23 Pennsylvania Supreme Court says ballots can’t be rejected based on signature comparisons Los Angeles Times 2020-10-28 ‘Ripe for error’: Ballot signature verification is ...
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4answers
291 views

Is it important to know the final vote count (tally) of an election very soon after Election day?

I realize that political parties and their candidates would like to know what the vote count is as soon as possible after the polls close. But I'm also aware that vote count is not finalized for at ...
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4answers
688 views

Would an online voting system using a secure id be more subject to coercion than the current mail in ballot system?

A system which allows each voter to audit his vote in the final result via a unique ID has been suggested. The arguments against seem centered around the secrecy issue and coercion. For example, a ...
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1answer
311 views

What is this voting system called?

Each person gets the same fixed number of points, and they can allocate the points to each candidate however they prefer, as long as the sum of points allocated equals the number of points given. The ...
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1answer
438 views

Is there any new evidence that mail-in balloting is "fraudulent in many cases"?

Donald Trump (4/7/2020):"Mail ballots are a very dangerous thing for this country, because they're cheaters. They're fraudulent in many cases."NPR and others I'm looking for actual numbers, How many ...
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1answer
232 views

Have any countries used blockchain voting in elections?

Have any countries used blockchain voting in national or local elections?

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