Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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-2
votes
1answer
275 views

How is second past the post voting democratic? [closed]

A recall election has been triggered in California. If Governor Gavin Newsom doesn't win the Keep/Remove part of the vote, it will go to a vote between the replacement candidates. Newsom has 48.8% ...
4
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2answers
140 views

Assigning fractional seats in a parliament

In proportional party-list voting systems, each party is entitled to a fraction of the seats in proportion to its vote count. This fraction is always rounded up or down according to some rule of "...
5
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1answer
258 views

Can this paradox happen in single transferable vote?

Suppose we conduct a single transferable vote election and everyone has given their ranked preference of candidates. If we use these votes to elect three candidates, we get candidates A, B, and C. If ...
2
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2answers
109 views

Is there a country where people votes don't equal one another based on their personal circumstances?

Sorry if this question is a bit harsh, but I am looking for any country (past or current) who implemented a system where people don't just have 1 equal vote each, a vote/point system that is based on ...
5
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0answers
106 views

Has an electoral ceiling ever been implemented or proposed?

The concept of electoral threshold is well established. What about the upper limit though? I mean a reduction of possible party/block power grasp to say 40% and transferring power to smaller players. ...
-4
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1answer
78 views

What are the best choices of voting systems for a relatively small number of voters [closed]

Ranked choice with 4-5 options doesn't really seem to work / can be easily gamed with 4-5 voters. What options give the best way to ensuring more people are happy with the result?
12
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2answers
286 views

Who is the Condorcet winner of NYC's 2021 mayoral Democratic primary?

The 2021 mayoral primary in New York City was done using Instant Runoff Voting ("Ranked Choice Voting"). This system does not necessarily elect the Condorcet winner, if one exists. (The ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Why is tactical voting considered important given it seems to require such detailed information? [duplicate]

When voting systems are evaluated, tactical voting is considered a problem. I agree to the extent that an average voter has enough information to successfully tactically vote. For example, in a FPTP ...
25
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8answers
5k views

Why does ranked-choice voting give such high preference to the second choice of the least-favored candidate's voters?

Ranked choice voting is in the news lately because of the big mess New York City has made of implementing it in its Democratic primaries for the mayoral race. But in the talk about how it works, one ...
11
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1answer
313 views

New York's ranked choice voting, dealing with "a tie at the bottom"

I guess I have understood the mechanism of ranked choice voting, except for one detail: what happens if two candidates have exactly the same least number of first choices and the same exact numbers of ...
15
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4answers
7k views

How will New York City physically implement the ranked choice voting algorithm with thousands of unique mayoral votings possible?

Politico's New Yorkers pick a new mayor after chaotic, historic primary begins: NEW YORK — Polls have closed in New York City’s first ever ranked-choice election and, while the die has been cast, ...
13
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6answers
3k views

Why do referendums use a binary choice rather than a numerical score?

In some democracies, citizens may be asked if they accept a law or the modification of a law in a "yes or no" referendum. Most of the time, legal texts are complicated and specialized, so ...
2
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4answers
489 views

Is an "enlightened public" political system a form of democracy, or of technocracy/epistocracy?

I am not sure who originally came up with this idea, but in his book Against Democracy, Jason Brennan talks about a political system he calls "simulated oracle", or an "enlightened ...
4
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1answer
185 views

What is "satellite party" in South Korea?

I was reading about South Korean politics and I found the term "satellite party". Some article suggests that Platform Party is a satellite of Democratic Party and United Future Party has a ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Must Scottish voters cast both constituency and regional votes for their vote to be valid?

Scottish voters are heading to the polls on the 6th of May to elect 129 MSPs to a new term in the Scottish parliament at Holyrood. Each voter gets to cast two votes. Their first vote is a local ...
4
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1answer
221 views

What voting system are we using over on CGCC to elect chat ROs?

Currently, over on CodeGolf.SE (CGCC for short), we are holding an informal election for new room owners of our main chat room. As this is an informal election, we haven't asked SE for the same ...
11
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2answers
4k views

Voting system with two votes as a defense against fear of voting for a loser - is it anywhere in the world?

In some countries there is a big fear among voters of voting for a party that doesn't end up in the parliament because they didn't reach the minimum threshold of votes, making their votes go in vain. ...
12
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5answers
2k views

Electing fewer group representatives than groups when the whole electorate votes on them

At my work we need to elect three representatives among four separate departments. There is a max of one representative per department. Any member of a department can run as a candidate. There is no ...
5
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1answer
241 views

How does Alba's "list only" strategy work in Scottish Elections?

The Wikipedia section on the Election method for the 2021 Scottish Parliment describes the set up as; The Scottish Parliament uses an Additional Members System, designed to produce approximate ...
5
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3answers
869 views

In open-list voting systems, how do political parties ensure their leaders (and key figures) get elected?

In open-list voting systems, voters are free to select any candidate they prefer on the party list. The number of votes each candidate receives determines their rank within the list, and the higher ...
27
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1answer
3k views

How did Alaska "change its primary system recently" and was it "to dilute the possibility of a conservative or Trump-inspired challenger"?

Politico's GOP pushes Murkowski to stay in line against Biden’s Covid bill includes the following: Murkowski is unique, however, and so is her home of Alaska. The state is suffering economically, the ...
13
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7answers
3k views

Is there an election System that allows for seats to be empty?

Is there an election System that allows for potential seats to be empty? E.g if there are 7 seats that could potentially be filled but the people voting only want 5 to be filled. For context: We are ...
26
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1answer
2k views

Name of a voting system where you can transfer your vote to anyone at any time

I remember reading about a theoretical electoral system where votes are passed on in a continuously changing graph. I would like to know the name or origin of this system. This is my approximate ...
31
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8answers
6k views

Why doesn't the UK Labour Party push for proportional representation?

There is a consistent majority for liberal (progressive) parties in the UK, but they regularly cannibalise each other in the first-past-the-post voting system (see Wikipedia for details). The last ...
25
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4answers
5k views

Is there an operating political system in which an election can be invalidated because of a too little participation?

I don't know enough about the many election systems throughout the world, but what I often see is that the abstention rate is at best an indicator (of something), if it's taken into account at all. I ...
4
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4answers
31k views

What states used voting equipment by Dominion Voting Systems for the 2020 election (if any)?

I heard about that "Dominion" system of electronic voting. Did any states use it during the 2020 election? And if so, which exactly?
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0answers
4k views

Could blockchain voting bring both secrecy and traceability to elections? [closed]

This was raised in a comment in another thread and a user: It's not impossible, especially not with the kind of technology we have today. When you cast a vote, you could be given a randomly generated ...
2
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2answers
324 views

Is it possible to vote multiple times in a US presidential election i.e. in more than one state?

It has been reported that the Trump campaign has announced a Nevada lawsuit over non-resident voters alleging inter alia that a significant number of Nevada voters were resident outside the state, and ...
6
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1answer
143 views

With a single transferable vote, how are the transfers selected?

With a single transferable vote, when a candidate's votes exceed the quota, the remaining votes are transferred to the next ranking candidate on each of the excess ballots. However, how is it decided ...
43
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8answers
5k views

What are the fundamental reasons for indirect presidential vote in the US?

I am French and therefore have understandably a hard time understanding the cultural aspects of indirect voting in the United States. I read the history of this approach and some of the main technical ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

What are the main arguments by proponents of the American two party system? [duplicate]

Q: What are the main arguments by proponents of the American two party system as opposed to a multi-party system in other federated countries like for example Germany? Note: The answers in the ...
2
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0answers
54 views

How would national ranked voting or approval voting (cumulative voting?) affect US elections? [duplicate]

The first-past-the-post voting system that is primarily used in the USA has resulted in a two party system with a very large number of voters practicing tactical voting. This has caused some voters to ...
6
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1answer
343 views

What US states allow voting from space?

Answers to How do US citizens vote in space? tell us that this is possible and outline the history, and that the state of Texas has specific provisions since most US astronauts active in trips to ...
6
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0answers
153 views

Does stronger geographic representation lead to stronger regional identities?

Are there any studies which would conclude whether stronger geographic representation in voting systems is a significant contributor to strong regional identities in a country?
6
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1answer
178 views

What are the actual mechanics of counting rank-choice (instant-runoff) votes?

I've been volunteering at my City Clerk's office as a poll worker working on preparing to count votes on vote-by-mail and early-voting ballots. Our work is governed by very specific procedures (as it ...
5
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2answers
386 views

When voting for US president are signatures always compared by a volunteer to previous signature on record? Is there any training for this?

updates: Politico 2020-10-23 Pennsylvania Supreme Court says ballots can’t be rejected based on signature comparisons Los Angeles Times 2020-10-28 ‘Ripe for error’: Ballot signature verification is ...
3
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4answers
290 views

Is it important to know the final vote count (tally) of an election very soon after Election day?

I realize that political parties and their candidates would like to know what the vote count is as soon as possible after the polls close. But I'm also aware that vote count is not finalized for at ...
2
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4answers
666 views

Would an online voting system using a secure id be more subject to coercion than the current mail in ballot system?

A system which allows each voter to audit his vote in the final result via a unique ID has been suggested. The arguments against seem centered around the secrecy issue and coercion. For example, a ...
5
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1answer
309 views

What is this voting system called?

Each person gets the same fixed number of points, and they can allocate the points to each candidate however they prefer, as long as the sum of points allocated equals the number of points given. The ...
8
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1answer
424 views

Is there any new evidence that mail-in balloting is "fraudulent in many cases"?

Donald Trump (4/7/2020):"Mail ballots are a very dangerous thing for this country, because they're cheaters. They're fraudulent in many cases."NPR and others I'm looking for actual numbers, How many ...
1
vote
1answer
224 views

Have any countries used blockchain voting in elections?

Have any countries used blockchain voting in national or local elections?
2
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1answer
710 views

Validating your US vote was counted accurately [duplicate]

Every time I go to vote and do my American civil duty, I've always wondered if my vote is being counted accurately. Question: Is there any method in the United States of America for a voting citizen ...
5
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4answers
623 views

In a PR/STV system, is there any point in voting for a candidate I don't like to fight against one I like even less?

There's an upcoming election which features a particular candidate whose politics I have a problem with. Not only do I not want them to get in but I don't even want them to feel good or encouraged by ...
2
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1answer
175 views

How many seats did the anti-hard Brexit parties lose in the 2019 general elections due to the spoiler effect?

Are there any calculations available that evaluate the following scenarios? How would the elections end up under a proportional voting system? or How many seats did the spoiler effect (the ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

How should a representative vote if they were elected under D'Hondt?

As I understand it, an elected representative is autonomous, and may vote in the legislature as they see fit - even if their opinion differs from the popular opinion of their constituents (as opposed ...
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votes
3answers
376 views

Does the USA have a proportional or majoritarian voting system?

I know that in each state the voting system is first-past-the-post, a majoritarian method, but I believe that the federal aggregation, for both the president and the Congress, is approximately ...
2
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4answers
461 views

How frequently is the winner of the election not the person/party that received the most votes?

Most modern democracies select the government somewhat indirectly. The UK votes in 650 (currently, the number changes over time) separate constituencies each selecting a single MP by a first past ...
3
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1answer
156 views

What happens next with the UK review of parliamentary constituency boundaries?

With all the focus on Brexit, everyone has gone very quiet about the proposed reduction in the number of Commons seats to 600 and the long-overdue implementation of boundary changes to even out the ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

What constitutes a vote for or against a motion in Congress?

In the UK, Members of Parliament vote on things by shouting either ‘aye’ or ‘no’, and when the winner is not clear it will go to division. I understand the US takes a lot of cues from Parliamentary ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Could a (maybe new) voting system, where people would be able to decide their personal supportee at any given moment work? [closed]

I just got a voting system idea (which might or might not be an already existing system) after watching two videos about voting. [1] [2] Disclaimer: The question(s) will be at the end, but the main ...

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