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Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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Why is the majority bonus systems so rarely used across the world?

According to Wikipedia the majority bonus system is used only by a few countries: Armenia San Marino Italy Argentina (Chamber of Deputies of the Province of Santa Fe and the Province of Entre Ríos ...
8
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1answer
413 views

Why did a party with more votes get fewer seats in the 2019 European Parliament election in Denmark?

The official result of the 2019 European Parliament election in Denmark is: Parti Antal Pct. Mandater A. Socialdemokratiet 592.645 21,5% 3 B. ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Are there influential theories why the Lib Dems have survived on the UK political landscape?

Generally a first-past the post FPTP electoral system favors a two-party system, aka Duverger's law. In the UK however, the Lib Dems have managed to survive for (approximately) a century the ...
2
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1answer
77 views

How many extra votes does a party receive by being number 1 on the senate ticket in Australia

There is an understanding that if a party is number 1 on the senate ticket they will pick up extra votes from people who aren't serious and just number from the left. Has this been studied and if so ...
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0answers
60 views

What drawbacks are there in preferential voting? [duplicate]

I recently discovered that Australia uses the preferential voting system. It looks like a great system, so great that I do not see any immediate drawbacks. What are they?
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3answers
918 views

What is the point of Germany's 299 “party seats” in the Bundestag?

This question about Bundestag elections (How does the German Bundestag election system work?) does a good job at summarising Bundestag elections. Long story short: 299 directly-elected candidate from ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Is the single plurality system the same as the winner take all system?

Is the single plurality system the same as the winner take all system? I've heard both terms, and they sound the same. Are they?
73
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7answers
11k views

Has negative voting ever been officially implemented in elections, or seriously proposed, or even studied?

I struggled to name what I'm asking about here. I'm talking about the kind of voting that happens on many websites, including stackexchange: you can upvote something (a question), or you can downvote ...
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0answers
89 views

Do freedom-of-information laws increase corruption?

That's the general conclusion of a 2007 study: It has been argued that greater transparency is needed to reduce corruption. One way of increasing transparency is through the adoption of Freedom ...
3
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1answer
81 views

What would the process look like for adopting Ranked Choice (in particular, instant-runoff) Voting in the US?

I'm not asking to discuss whether Ranked Choice is a good system, or the particulars of how it would be implemented with regards to our electoral college system, or even whether people would choose ...
41
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5answers
8k views

What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
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3answers
96 views

Does the number of constituencies in First Past The Post system affect the strength of third parties?

If the number of constituencies in an assembly elected by FPTP was increased from 200 to 500 will that make it easier for third parties to win seats or does it not have any effect?
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2answers
239 views

Does running dead happen in elections outside of Australia?

In Australia, to “run dead” means to have a candidate run, but deliberately not do any campaigning, in order for your candidate to come third and be able to direct preferences reliably to another ...
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1answer
53 views

Why are constituency members and list members elected under MMP/AMS paid the same salary?

Under Mixed Member Proportional representation there are two types of members of parliament some representing constituencies and others elected from closed party lists. Shouldn't members representing ...
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3answers
215 views

How long does it take to count votes in different voting systems?

In the UK (which uses first-past-the-post voting) the results of elections are usually declared the next day. If the UK (or any other country) switched to single transferable vote or instant-runoff ...
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4answers
275 views

Are there any electoral systems that give the runner up some office?

Originally, the US constitution specified that the runner up to the president in the electoral college becomes vice president, which would currently be Hillary Clinton instead of Mike Pence. This was ...
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2answers
163 views

Voting system to elect multiple winners from a large field of candidates

I have a large number of candidates (65) for an award which will be granted to a handful of winners (6). There will be a relatively small number of voters (9). We are looking for a voting method which ...
3
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3answers
112 views

What could be an appropriate electoral system, when some of the alternatives are similar to each other?

Let us say people in a certain institution are given the choice to select one of four alternatives. While alternative 1 is to reject a certain policy, alternatives 2,3 and 4 are in favor of putting a ...
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2answers
159 views

Which voting system gives geographic representation while not requiring districts?

I'm pondering the idea of very small, local councils taking up at least part of city governance. My city is already divided into boroughs of average 10 000 people. There seem to be little point in ...
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2answers
371 views

Why don't third parties in the United States advocate for Approval/Range Voting?

I've been thinking a lot about governance systems and how a certain governance structure may systemically reinforce certain behaviors. Specifically, it seems experimentally impossible for third ...
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1answer
135 views

Is arresting an opposition leader right before elections can be considered pre-poll rigging? [closed]

Opposition leader is arrested a week prior to elections in Pakistan. Can that be considered as pre poll rigging?
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12answers
7k views

Is there a voting system to elect multiple candidates and ensure diversity within those elected?

Let's say I have a number of places that I need to fill with elected candidates. I would like people to be able to vote for the candidates using a system that does its best to end up with a diverse ...
7
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1answer
194 views

What is the term for the polisci problem of having to vote for a single individual holding many beliefs?

What's the term for the problem where voters have to pick a single person to vote for, but they may support different candidates on different issues? For example, maybe you like the Democrats ...
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3answers
672 views

Why is proportional representation a nonpartisan issue in the US?

In Western Europe for example, many legislatures have a party-list system and are structured with proportionality, but in the US supporters for a change of system are almost entirely nonpartisan. The ...
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2answers
189 views

Is Zelig an Arrovian dictator?

This question is a follow-up to this one, and particular serves to clarify a potential error in one of the presented references. The Context When elaborating Arrow’s non-dictatorship criterion, the ...
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6answers
550 views

Why isn't approval voting used more often in elections?

Approval voting is a single-winner electoral system where each voter may select ("approve") any number of candidates. The winner is the most-approved candidate. On paper, approval voting seems like ...
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3answers
459 views

How do elections for multi-member wards work in England?

In English local elections, some wards have multiple members. For example, see the Wokingham Borough Council election, 2016 for Bulmershe and Whitegates. Considering that English elections us a ...
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1answer
105 views

In Mixed-Member Proportional representation system what percentage of people vote for different party than MP's party?

In Mixed-Member Proportional representation system electors have two votes first for an MP and second for party. My question is there some figure of how many people vote for party in second vote ...
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1answer
211 views

How can voter ID laws in U.S. hurt minorities from voting? [duplicate]

A lot of studies have found out that compulsory registration for voter ID card primarily hurts minorities like African Americans and so most Republican states are deploying it. Link - https://www.vox....
2
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1answer
104 views

What measures can be taken, so that no political party takes undue advantage of rivalry of other 2 parties?

Suppose that in a country, there are 3 parties, out of which 2 are opposition and 1 ruling. If people are not really happy with the ruling party and want to replace it, then they have the option to ...
5
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1answer
76 views

How do abstentions affect Majority Judgment voting?

In the examples of Majority Judgment on Wikipedia et al, every voter submits a rating of every candidate, conveniently making the vote bars equal width. What happens when that doesn't happen? In ...
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0answers
67 views

Election system where votes dictate the power of the representative [duplicate]

Has there ever been a system where the votes received were the measure of power each winning candidate had in the legislature? I have found this under the name Direct Representation and Interactive ...
2
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3answers
163 views

Do any countries vote for representatives non-geographically?

In the United States, we vote for the president representing our country, two senators representing our state, a US representative from our district, and various state and local representatives based ...
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1answer
357 views

Presidential Election via STV?

STV when talking about voting systems stands for Single Transferable Vote. Is it even possible to fairly elect a president via STV? Representatives, yes, but a president? Here is what I think would ...
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1answer
222 views

Statistics of Instant Runoff Voting

Has anyone published statistics on how many recounts (i.e. runoffs) are necessary for resolving an instant runoff election, versus the number of candidates? Data from real life would be good, but ...
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1answer
830 views

What can UK citizens do to replace first past the post with a proportional representation voting system? [closed]

First past the post (FPP) is the voting system that is used in the United Kingdom to elect representatives to its lower house, the House of Commons. Due to FPP's winner-takes-all setup, voters have ...
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1answer
161 views

Tie Breaking in Final Round of Ranked Choice Vote

Been thinking about RCV a lot because Virginia (where I live) may pass a bill to use it in state elections. Also been thinking about ties in elections because one of the delegate districts here is ...
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1answer
261 views

How does ethnic voting in Bosnia&Herzegovina work?

Bosnia & Herzegovina is made up of 3 main ethnicities, Croats, Bosniaks and Serbs, with a very small number of people not part of any those. They elect 3 presidents for each of the 3 ethnicities, ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the biggest flaw with this Democratic Taxation system? [closed]

Imagine a country where up to 50% of the tax dollars are allocated by the people instead of congress/government. Once a year, the citizens file a vote with their tax return, which allocates ...
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3answers
4k views

Is there a name for a voting system that is based on issues rather than people?

I'm not super familiar with the intricacies of the various voting systems, so forgive me if I'm way off in an assumption I have. However, in all election formats I know of, voters are expected to ...
4
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2answers
455 views

Does open-list proportional representation have an advantage over single transferable vote (STV)?

I'm a Canadian struggling to understand what voting system would be the best for my country as an alternative to first-past-the-post. STV appears to be better than proportional representation because ...
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4answers
678 views

How to recount ballots with minimal influence of outliers?

I've noticed some unusual voting on an online poll I'm running for work (Ranked choice). It's nothing serious, however as the results are open to everyone (as a matter of transparency). I have had ...
33
votes
3answers
7k views

Why is the new German parliament 12 % bigger?

Before the German federal election in September 2017, the parliament (Bundestag) had 631 members; now it has 709 . How did this come about? Does it matter, or is it a second-order effect? See also: ...
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3answers
4k views

Why do proportional representation voting systems not evolve to first past the post systems?

The first past the post voting system tends to favour a two-party system. Suppose an election is held using a proportional representation voting system. Then suppose that the two largest parties, ...
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1answer
440 views

In Bundestag election, can a party abuse the system by endorsing independents in constituency (first vote) races?

In its federal election, Germany uses mixed-member proportional representation, where a voter makes two votes: one picks a particular candidate in local constituency, second for a party. In short, a ...
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1answer
173 views

Has this election system been used before?

I am thinking about this particular form of proportional representation for a parliamentary system and I am wondering if it has been used before. This is how it works. Half the seats in Parliament ...
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2answers
305 views

How would the Single Transferable Vote be implemented in the United States? (House and Senate)

I understand how the ranked vote can be used to fill a presidential position, and how that can be implemented in the US. At a high level could the Single Transferable Vote be applied to the House and ...
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2answers
262 views

Effect of Fair Representation Act

The Fair Representation Act was recently introduced by House Member Don Bayer. The main changes that I've read about were that it would introduce instant-runoff style ranked choice voting and that it ...
3
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1answer
219 views

How do Panachage and removal work in Proportional Representation

I'm interested in the effects of the different voting system over the result of an election. In Proportional Representation, some countries allow voter to remove the name of a candidate from a list ...
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0answers
49 views

Why haven't national elections in some countries devolved into a two-party system despite having an FPTP voting system? [duplicate]

If the First Past the Post voting system is the main culprit behind the formation of two-party systems, why haven't we seen such an outcome in many nations like the U.K and Canada that still use FPTP? ...