Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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25
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4answers
5k views

Is there an operating political system in which an election can be invalidated because of a too little participation?

I don't know enough about the many election systems throughout the world, but what I often see is that the abstention rate is at best an indicator (of something), if it's taken into account at all. I ...
4
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2answers
15k views

What states used voting equipment by Dominion Voting Systems for the 2020 election (if any)?

I heard about that "Dominion" system of electronic voting. Did any states use it during the 2020 election? And if so, which exactly?
9
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0answers
4k views

Could blockchain voting bring both secrecy and traceability to elections? [closed]

This was raised in a comment in another thread and a user: It's not impossible, especially not with the kind of technology we have today. When you cast a vote, you could be given a randomly generated ...
2
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2answers
271 views

Is it possible to vote multiple times in a US presidential election i.e. in more than one state?

It has been reported that the Trump campaign has announced a Nevada lawsuit over non-resident voters alleging inter alia that a significant number of Nevada voters were resident outside the state, and ...
6
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1answer
124 views

With a single transferable vote, how are the transfers selected?

With a single transferable vote, when a candidate's votes exceed the quota, the remaining votes are transferred to the next ranking candidate on each of the excess ballots. However, how is it decided ...
43
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8answers
5k views

What are the fundamental reasons for indirect presidential vote in the US?

I am French and therefore have understandably a hard time understanding the cultural aspects of indirect voting in the United States. I read the history of this approach and some of the main technical ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

What are the main arguments by proponents of the American two party system? [duplicate]

Q: What are the main arguments by proponents of the American two party system as opposed to a multi-party system in other federated countries like for example Germany? Note: The answers in the ...
2
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0answers
52 views

How would national ranked voting or approval voting (cumulative voting?) affect US elections? [duplicate]

The first-past-the-post voting system that is primarily used in the USA has resulted in a two party system with a very large number of voters practicing tactical voting. This has caused some voters to ...
6
votes
1answer
334 views

What US states allow voting from space?

Answers to How do US citizens vote in space? tell us that this is possible and outline the history, and that the state of Texas has specific provisions since most US astronauts active in trips to ...
6
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0answers
150 views

Does stronger geographic representation lead to stronger regional identities?

Are there any studies which would conclude whether stronger geographic representation in voting systems is a significant contributor to strong regional identities in a country?
6
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1answer
135 views

What are the actual mechanics of counting rank-choice (instant-runoff) votes?

I've been volunteering at my City Clerk's office as a poll worker working on preparing to count votes on vote-by-mail and early-voting ballots. Our work is governed by very specific procedures (as it ...
6
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2answers
336 views

When voting for US president are signatures always compared by a volunteer to previous signature on record? Is there any training for this?

updates: Politico 2020-10-23 Pennsylvania Supreme Court says ballots can’t be rejected based on signature comparisons Los Angeles Times 2020-10-28 ‘Ripe for error’: Ballot signature verification is ...
3
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4answers
281 views

Is it important to know the final vote count (tally) of an election very soon after Election day?

I realize that political parties and their candidates would like to know what the vote count is as soon as possible after the polls close. But I'm also aware that vote count is not finalized for at ...
3
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1answer
247 views

What is this voting system called?

Each person gets the same fixed number of points, and they can allocate the points to each candidate however they prefer, as long as the sum of points allocated equals the number of points given. The ...
8
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1answer
398 views

Is there any new evidence that mail-in balloting is “fraudulent in many cases”?

Donald Trump (4/7/2020):"Mail ballots are a very dangerous thing for this country, because they're cheaters. They're fraudulent in many cases."NPR and others I'm looking for actual numbers, How many ...
1
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1answer
199 views

Have any countries used blockchain voting in elections?

Have any countries used blockchain voting in national or local elections?
2
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1answer
641 views

Validating your US vote was counted accurately [duplicate]

Every time I go to vote and do my American civil duty, I've always wondered if my vote is being counted accurately. Question: Is there any method in the United States of America for a voting citizen ...
3
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4answers
593 views

In a PR/STV system, is there any point in voting for a candidate I don't like to fight against one I like even less?

There's an upcoming election which features a particular candidate whose politics I have a problem with. Not only do I not want them to get in but I don't even want them to feel good or encouraged by ...
2
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1answer
158 views

How many seats did the anti-hard Brexit parties lose in the 2019 general elections due to the spoiler effect?

Are there any calculations available that evaluate the following scenarios? How would the elections end up under a proportional voting system? or How many seats did the spoiler effect (the ...
0
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1answer
115 views

How should a representative vote if they were elected under D'Hondt?

As I understand it, an elected representative is autonomous, and may vote in the legislature as they see fit - even if their opinion differs from the popular opinion of their constituents (as opposed ...
-2
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3answers
280 views

Does the USA have a proportional or majoritarian voting system?

I know that in each state the voting system is first-past-the-post, a majoritarian method, but I believe that the federal aggregation, for both the president and the Congress, is approximately ...
2
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4answers
411 views

How frequently is the winner of the election not the person/party that received the most votes?

Most modern democracies select the government somewhat indirectly. The UK votes in 650 (currently, the number changes over time) separate constituencies each selecting a single MP by a first past ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

What constitutes a vote for or against a motion in Congress?

In the UK, Members of Parliament vote on things by shouting either ‘aye’ or ‘no’, and when the winner is not clear it will go to division. I understand the US takes a lot of cues from Parliamentary ...
0
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1answer
130 views

Could a (maybe new) voting system, where people would be able to decide their personal supportee at any given moment work? [closed]

I just got a voting system idea (which might or might not be an already existing system) after watching two videos about voting. [1] [2] Disclaimer: The question(s) will be at the end, but the main ...
10
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2answers
2k views

What would it take to change first past the post voting?

I found this question and this question but they don't quite answer my curiosity. I'm wondering about what official changes would have to be made to laws/procedures, rather than how people should go ...
8
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2answers
287 views

Is the Random Ballot method really strategy-free?

In the Random Ballot voting method, every voter writes down their favorite candidate, the ballots are shuffled, one is drawn, and whoever is on that ballot is the winner. This is said to be a ...
4
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2answers
88 views

Selecting committees using the single transferable vote

Let's say we are electing a single district of twenty representatives using the single transferable vote. This is an unusually large district, but that's what it is. We would also like to select five ...
0
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2answers
144 views

How to run a ranked-choice vote that minimizes penalties to unranked candidates? [closed]

I want to run a vote to pick favorite video games, but I think this applies to many other voting domains. The scenario is people rank games they like from favorite to least favorite. I would like to ...
5
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3answers
759 views

Would switching to a proportionate House require a constitutional amendment?

A hopefully not-too-long not-too-short background The bicameral legislature of the USA occurred as an early compromise among its founding fathers, between those who believed in individual ownership ...
1
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1answer
297 views

Why is the majority bonus systems so rarely used across the world?

According to Wikipedia the majority bonus system is used only by a few countries: Armenia San Marino Italy Argentina (Chamber of Deputies of the Province of Santa Fe and the Province of Entre Ríos ...
8
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1answer
454 views

Why did a party with more votes get fewer seats in the 2019 European Parliament election in Denmark?

The official result of the 2019 European Parliament election in Denmark is: Parti Antal Pct. Mandater A. Socialdemokratiet 592.645 21,5% 3 B. ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Are there influential theories why the Lib Dems have survived on the UK political landscape?

Generally a first-past the post FPTP electoral system favors a two-party system, aka Duverger's law. In the UK however, the Lib Dems have managed to survive for (approximately) a century the ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

How many extra votes does a party receive by being number 1 on the senate ticket in Australia

There is an understanding that if a party is number 1 on the senate ticket they will pick up extra votes from people who aren't serious and just number from the left. Has this been studied and if so ...
1
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0answers
77 views

What drawbacks are there in preferential voting? [duplicate]

I recently discovered that Australia uses the preferential voting system. It looks like a great system, so great that I do not see any immediate drawbacks. What are they?
10
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3answers
1k views

What is the point of Germany's 299 “party seats” in the Bundestag?

This question about Bundestag elections (How does the German Bundestag election system work?) does a good job at summarising Bundestag elections. Long story short: 299 directly-elected candidate from ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Is the single plurality system the same as the winner take all system?

Is the single plurality system the same as the winner take all system? I've heard both terms, and they sound the same. Are they?
75
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7answers
11k views

Has negative voting ever been officially implemented in elections, or seriously proposed, or even studied?

I struggled to name what I'm asking about here. I'm talking about the kind of voting that happens on many websites, including stackexchange: you can upvote something (a question), or you can downvote ...
3
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0answers
101 views

Do freedom-of-information laws increase corruption?

That's the general conclusion of a 2007 study: It has been argued that greater transparency is needed to reduce corruption. One way of increasing transparency is through the adoption of Freedom ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

What would the process look like for adopting Ranked Choice (in particular, instant-runoff) Voting in the US?

I'm not asking to discuss whether Ranked Choice is a good system, or the particulars of how it would be implemented with regards to our electoral college system, or even whether people would choose ...
42
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4answers
8k views

What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
3
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3answers
106 views

Does the number of constituencies in First Past The Post system affect the strength of third parties?

If the number of constituencies in an assembly elected by FPTP was increased from 200 to 500 will that make it easier for third parties to win seats or does it not have any effect?
4
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2answers
267 views

Does running dead happen in elections outside of Australia?

In Australia, to “run dead” means to have a candidate run, but deliberately not do any campaigning, in order for your candidate to come third and be able to direct preferences reliably to another ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Why are constituency members and list members elected under MMP/AMS paid the same salary?

Under Mixed Member Proportional representation there are two types of members of parliament some representing constituencies and others elected from closed party lists. Shouldn't members representing ...
3
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3answers
382 views

How long does it take to count votes in different voting systems?

In the UK (which uses first-past-the-post voting) the results of elections are usually declared the next day. If the UK (or any other country) switched to single transferable vote or instant-runoff ...
7
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4answers
299 views

Are there any electoral systems that give the runner up some office?

Originally, the US constitution specified that the runner up to the president in the electoral college becomes vice president, which would currently be Hillary Clinton instead of Mike Pence. This was ...
5
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2answers
179 views

Voting system to elect multiple winners from a large field of candidates

I have a large number of candidates (65) for an award which will be granted to a handful of winners (6). There will be a relatively small number of voters (9). We are looking for a voting method which ...
3
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3answers
123 views

What could be an appropriate electoral system, when some of the alternatives are similar to each other?

Let us say people in a certain institution are given the choice to select one of four alternatives. While alternative 1 is to reject a certain policy, alternatives 2,3 and 4 are in favor of putting a ...
1
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2answers
172 views

Which voting system gives geographic representation while not requiring districts?

I'm pondering the idea of very small, local councils taking up at least part of city governance. My city is already divided into boroughs of average 10 000 people. There seem to be little point in ...
6
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2answers
458 views

Why don't third parties in the United States advocate for Approval/Range Voting?

I've been thinking a lot about governance systems and how a certain governance structure may systemically reinforce certain behaviors. Specifically, it seems experimentally impossible for third ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Is arresting an opposition leader right before elections can be considered pre-poll rigging? [closed]

Opposition leader is arrested a week prior to elections in Pakistan. Can that be considered as pre poll rigging?