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Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for gathering and counting votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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+50

Has negative voting ever been officially implemented in elections, or seriously proposed, or even studied?

I struggled to name what I'm asking about here. I'm talking about the kind of voting that happens on many websites, including stackexchange: you can upvote something (a question), or you can downvote ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Do freedom-of-information laws increase corruption?

That's the general conclusion of a 2007 study: It has been argued that greater transparency is needed to reduce corruption. One way of increasing transparency is through the adoption of Freedom ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

What would the process look like for adopting Ranked Choice (in particular, instant-runoff) Voting in the US?

I'm not asking to discuss whether Ranked Choice is a good system, or the particulars of how it would be implemented with regards to our electoral college system, or even whether people would choose ...
40
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5answers
8k views

What is it called when someone votes for an option that's not their first choice?

Say we have three candidates: A, B, and C. Say, a voter wants to vote for C. However, he knows that C can’t win and hence choose A instead. Hence, in a sense, the voter is “dishonest”. He doesn’t ...
3
votes
3answers
90 views

Does the number of constituencies in First Past The Post system affect the strength of third parties?

If the number of constituencies in an assembly elected by FPTP was increased from 200 to 500 will that make it easier for third parties to win seats or does it not have any effect?
4
votes
2answers
230 views

Does running dead happen in elections outside of Australia?

In Australia, to “run dead” means to have a candidate run, but deliberately not do any campaigning, in order for your candidate to come third and be able to direct preferences reliably to another ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Why are constituency members and list members elected under MMP/AMS paid the same salary?

Under Mixed Member Proportional representation there are two types of members of parliament some representing constituencies and others elected from closed party lists. Shouldn't members representing ...
2
votes
3answers
190 views

How long does it take to count votes in different voting systems?

In the UK (which uses first-past-the-post voting) the results of elections are usually declared the next day. If the UK (or any other country) switched to single transferable vote or instant-runoff ...
7
votes
4answers
261 views

Are there any electoral systems that give the runner up some office?

Originally, the US constitution specified that the runner up to the president in the electoral college becomes vice president, which would currently be Hillary Clinton instead of Mike Pence. This was ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Voting system to elect multiple winners from a large field of candidates

I have a large number of candidates (65) for an award which will be granted to a handful of winners (6). There will be a relatively small number of voters (9). We are looking for a voting method which ...
3
votes
3answers
110 views

What could be an appropriate electoral system, when some of the alternatives are similar to each other?

Let us say people in a certain institution are given the choice to select one of four alternatives. While alternative 1 is to reject a certain policy, alternatives 2,3 and 4 are in favor of putting a ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Which voting system gives geographic representation while not requiring districts?

I'm pondering the idea of very small, local councils taking up at least part of city governance. My city is already divided into boroughs of average 10 000 people. There seem to be little point in ...
7
votes
2answers
298 views

Why don't third parties in the United States advocate for Approval/Range Voting?

I've been thinking a lot about governance systems and how a certain governance structure may systemically reinforce certain behaviors. Specifically, it seems experimentally impossible for third ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Is arresting an opposition leader right before elections can be considered pre-poll rigging? [closed]

Opposition leader is arrested a week prior to elections in Pakistan. Can that be considered as pre poll rigging?
15
votes
12answers
6k views

Is there a voting system to elect multiple candidates and ensure diversity within those elected?

Let's say I have a number of places that I need to fill with elected candidates. I would like people to be able to vote for the candidates using a system that does its best to end up with a diverse ...
7
votes
1answer
180 views

What is the term for the polisci problem of having to vote for a single individual holding many beliefs?

What's the term for the problem where voters have to pick a single person to vote for, but they may support different candidates on different issues? For example, maybe you like the Democrats ...
3
votes
3answers
588 views

Why is proportional representation a nonpartisan issue in the US?

In Western Europe for example, many legislatures have a party-list system and are structured with proportionality, but in the US supporters for a change of system are almost entirely nonpartisan. The ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Is Zelig an Arrovian dictator?

This question is a follow-up to this one, and particular serves to clarify a potential error in one of the presented references. The Context When elaborating Arrow’s non-dictatorship criterion, the ...
8
votes
6answers
505 views

Why isn't approval voting used more often in elections?

Approval voting is a single-winner electoral system where each voter may select ("approve") any number of candidates. The winner is the most-approved candidate. On paper, approval voting seems like ...
7
votes
3answers
341 views

How do elections for multi-member wards work in England?

In English local elections, some wards have multiple members. For example, see the Wokingham Borough Council election, 2016 for Bulmershe and Whitegates. Considering that English elections us a ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

In Mixed-Member Proportional representation system what percentage of people vote for different party than MP's party?

In Mixed-Member Proportional representation system electors have two votes first for an MP and second for party. My question is there some figure of how many people vote for party in second vote ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

How can voter ID laws in U.S. hurt minorities from voting? [duplicate]

A lot of studies have found out that compulsory registration for voter ID card primarily hurts minorities like African Americans and so most Republican states are deploying it. Link - https://www.vox....
2
votes
1answer
96 views

What measures can be taken, so that no political party takes undue advantage of rivalry of other 2 parties?

Suppose that in a country, there are 3 parties, out of which 2 are opposition and 1 ruling. If people are not really happy with the ruling party and want to replace it, then they have the option to ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How do abstentions affect Majority Judgment voting?

In the examples of Majority Judgment on Wikipedia et al, every voter submits a rating of every candidate, conveniently making the vote bars equal width. What happens when that doesn't happen? In ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Election system where votes dictate the power of the representative [duplicate]

Has there ever been a system where the votes received were the measure of power each winning candidate had in the legislature? I have found this under the name Direct Representation and Interactive ...
2
votes
3answers
161 views

Do any countries vote for representatives non-geographically?

In the United States, we vote for the president representing our country, two senators representing our state, a US representative from our district, and various state and local representatives based ...
1
vote
1answer
327 views

Presidential Election via STV?

STV when talking about voting systems stands for Single Transferable Vote. Is it even possible to fairly elect a president via STV? Representatives, yes, but a president? Here is what I think would ...
6
votes
1answer
214 views

Statistics of Instant Runoff Voting

Has anyone published statistics on how many recounts (i.e. runoffs) are necessary for resolving an instant runoff election, versus the number of candidates? Data from real life would be good, but ...
-3
votes
1answer
783 views

What can UK citizens do to replace first past the post with a proportional representation voting system? [closed]

First past the post (FPP) is the voting system that is used in the United Kingdom to elect representatives to its lower house, the House of Commons. Due to FPP's winner-takes-all setup, voters have ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Tie Breaking in Final Round of Ranked Choice Vote

Been thinking about RCV a lot because Virginia (where I live) may pass a bill to use it in state elections. Also been thinking about ties in elections because one of the delegate districts here is ...
7
votes
1answer
259 views

How does ethnic voting in Bosnia&Herzegovina work?

Bosnia & Herzegovina is made up of 3 main ethnicities, Croats, Bosniaks and Serbs, with a very small number of people not part of any those. They elect 3 presidents for each of the 3 ethnicities, ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the biggest flaw with this Democratic Taxation system? [closed]

Imagine a country where up to 50% of the tax dollars are allocated by the people instead of congress/government. Once a year, the citizens file a vote with their tax return, which allocates ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there a name for a voting system that is based on issues rather than people?

I'm not super familiar with the intricacies of the various voting systems, so forgive me if I'm way off in an assumption I have. However, in all election formats I know of, voters are expected to ...
4
votes
2answers
428 views

Does open-list proportional representation have an advantage over single transferable vote (STV)?

I'm a Canadian struggling to understand what voting system would be the best for my country as an alternative to first-past-the-post. STV appears to be better than proportional representation because ...
9
votes
4answers
676 views

How to recount ballots with minimal influence of outliers?

I've noticed some unusual voting on an online poll I'm running for work (Ranked choice). It's nothing serious, however as the results are open to everyone (as a matter of transparency). I have had ...
33
votes
3answers
7k views

Why is the new German parliament 12 % bigger?

Before the German federal election in September 2017, the parliament (Bundestag) had 631 members; now it has 709 . How did this come about? Does it matter, or is it a second-order effect? See also: ...
14
votes
3answers
4k views

Why do proportional representation voting systems not evolve to first past the post systems?

The first past the post voting system tends to favour a two-party system. Suppose an election is held using a proportional representation voting system. Then suppose that the two largest parties, ...
7
votes
1answer
424 views

In Bundestag election, can a party abuse the system by endorsing independents in constituency (first vote) races?

In its federal election, Germany uses mixed-member proportional representation, where a voter makes two votes: one picks a particular candidate in local constituency, second for a party. In short, a ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Has this election system been used before?

I am thinking about this particular form of proportional representation for a parliamentary system and I am wondering if it has been used before. This is how it works. Half the seats in Parliament ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

How would the Single Transferable Vote be implemented in the United States? (House and Senate)

I understand how the ranked vote can be used to fill a presidential position, and how that can be implemented in the US. At a high level could the Single Transferable Vote be applied to the House and ...
3
votes
2answers
244 views

Effect of Fair Representation Act

The Fair Representation Act was recently introduced by House Member Don Bayer. The main changes that I've read about were that it would introduce instant-runoff style ranked choice voting and that it ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

How do Panachage and removal work in Proportional Representation

I'm interested in the effects of the different voting system over the result of an election. In Proportional Representation, some countries allow voter to remove the name of a candidate from a list ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Why haven't national elections in some countries devolved into a two-party system despite having an FPTP voting system? [duplicate]

If the First Past the Post voting system is the main culprit behind the formation of two-party systems, why haven't we seen such an outcome in many nations like the U.K and Canada that still use FPTP? ...
3
votes
2answers
489 views

Does Arrow's Theorem invalidate an alternate voting system?

Imagine this voting algorithm: Each voter ranks their choices. Then, the 1st choice votes are tallied, and the one with the lowest score removed from the running. Those who have the removed contender ...
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Vote weighting based on fiscal contribution [duplicate]

Does any political system in the world have electoral vote weighting based on the voter's fiscal contribution? The premise being that the taxes paid are a reasonable approximation of merit and value ...
4
votes
3answers
373 views

What methods are available to resolve elections with an equal number of votes

On the BBC Wales news feed today for the local elections it was reported that in three separate councils had candidates with an equal number of votes after a recount - so they drew lots (pulled ...
13
votes
1answer
753 views

Why are there so many voting systems used in UK elections?

Today, I went to vote in elections to select a regional mayor for the first time. Local government elections in the UK, like elections for Parliament, use the first past the post system. I was thus ...
11
votes
1answer
551 views

Why hasn't Estonia discontinued e-voting?

According to EstoniaVoting: Estonia is the only country in the world that relies on Internet voting in a significant way for legally-binding national elections — up to 25% of voters cast their ...
13
votes
1answer
529 views

Why does the French election have a runoff election instead of preferential voting

In the recent French election, there will now be another vote between Macron and La Pen to determine a winner. A lot of other countries seem to have this system. Elections are not cheap and having ...
5
votes
2answers
533 views

Is this a good way to count Single Transferable Vote ballots?

I've been asked by my employer to create an online voting system for internal elections (e.g. board of directors). Our bylaws dictate that we need to use STV. I wasn't satisfied with the existing ...