Skip to main content

Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-4 votes
0 answers
31 views

I need help guys I've got a window issue [closed]

What could be the electoral processes add up on telegram guys Cathlynvan
10 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the point of Germany's 299 "party seats" in the Bundestag?

This question about Bundestag elections (How does the German Bundestag election system work?) does a good job at summarising Bundestag elections. Long story short: 299 directly-elected candidate from ...
2 votes
1 answer
142 views

Why aren't alliances and independent runs more common in the UK?

Both Australia and the UK have single-member constituency-based representative electoral systems with a similar ratio of voters per seat. However, while it is common in Australia for parties to form ...
7 votes
2 answers
506 views

Weighted voting in the UN

Is any voting in the UN ever weighted against the population, contribution or consequences? I understand that some countries have a better footing due to historical reasons. However, just to name some ...
-1 votes
3 answers
535 views

What are the pros and cons of ranked-choice voting compared to first-past-the-post voting?

What are the pros and cons of ranked-choice voting (RCV) compared to first-past-the-post voting (FPTP), supported by research? Notes: I prefer answers supported by evidence, with data from actual ...
4 votes
1 answer
98 views

How would the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact handle non-FPTP elections?

It seems that people who argue that the President of the United States should be elected by popular vote, and supporting the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact (NPVIC or NaPoVoInterCo), are ...
47 votes
9 answers
20k views

What arguments are there against ranked-choice voting?

In America, most elections are based on first-past-the-post voting, where whoever gets a plurality of the votes wins. For instance if candidate A gets 40% of the vote and each of candidates B and C ...
5 votes
2 answers
380 views

What would it take to do away with the caucus system?

I went to my first caucus this spring and it was very enlightening. I am of the belief that our candidates are being chosen by the "fringe" people in each party.There were plenty of good citizens ...
3 votes
1 answer
271 views

What is the official reason for the low error rate of the 100k signature requirement for presidential candidates in Russia

In Russia, you need 100.000 signatures to be allowed to run for presidency. However, if I understood the article below correctly, only 105.000 signatures may be turned in. While the minimal support is ...
23 votes
3 answers
5k views

Does Gibbard–Satterthwaite theorem apply to all voting systems?

People often say "It's been mathematically proven that no perfect voting system is possible" and cite Arrow's Impossibility Theorem, but Arrow's theorem specifically only applies to ranked/...
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the most significant currently active organization using quadratic voting?

Is quadratic voting being significantly used anywhere in the world right now? Especially in any type of political system or social structure (beyond blockchains)?
84 votes
10 answers
13k views

Has negative voting ever been officially implemented in elections, or seriously proposed, or even studied?

I struggled to name what I'm asking about here. I'm talking about the kind of voting that happens on many websites, including stackexchange: you can upvote something (a question), or you can downvote ...
2 votes
1 answer
49 views

What voting process to use to fill multiple roles when voted for by the applicants

I'm looking for a voting system for a specific usecase: I have a scenario where a small group of (less than twenty) members will need to fill a number of roles. They should each be able to list their ...
12 votes
4 answers
3k views

Could the US become a multi-party democracy organically (without a change to the constitution)?

In many northern European countries (Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark) there is a large number of political parties and the government is always made up of a coalition of these because no single ...
46 votes
4 answers
7k views

Has there ever been a successful shift from a two-party system to a multi-party system in modern history?

The other day my friends and I gathered in the college dorm and expressed grievances about our electoral systems. Those from countries where one or two parties dominate the legislature were frustrated ...
4 votes
6 answers
405 views

What is an example of a political process in which every person’s vote amounts to something?

One of the most common grievances against elections is that it doesn’t matter if you vote because it won’t make a difference how the world is or significantly sway the outcome of an election. What is ...
6 votes
1 answer
316 views

Congressional vs. Party Votes: Secrets & Differences

In the domain of voting methodologies, what moral, ethical, and procedural distinctions arise when comparing secret ballots in congressional votes and party votes? Why do the principles and rationales ...
5 votes
5 answers
438 views

Where does First Past The Post voting favour left wing parties?

Today's UK by-elections are set to demonstrate the effect of spoiler candidates on a First Past The Post ballot. In the UK it is pretty clear that First Past The Post (FPTP) benefits the right-wing ...
2 votes
1 answer
144 views

Gerrymandering, Efficiency Gap Formula [closed]

I have a problem in which I have two parties. Party 1 is Purple. Party 2 is Yellow. There are a total of 135 votes. Purple has 75 of them while yellow has 60. There are 9 districts total. Each ...
13 votes
3 answers
3k views

In countries using Single Transferable Vote, how are voting results presented?

In electoral systems based on parties, it is easy to publish the results: it is sufficient to publish the number of votes each party received. These numbers contain all the information that is needed ...
8 votes
3 answers
413 views

Why the US does not have strong local parties except in Puerto Rico?

Often as a cause of two-party system in the US cited the first-past-the-post system. (see also Duverger's Law). But theoretically this should not prevent having strong local state-level parties. It ...
4 votes
1 answer
236 views

What is the maximum number of seats possible in the Bundestag?

As we know, the German Bundestag uses a mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, with constituency votes that are majoritarian (299 seats) and party votes that are proportional (299 seats), ...
12 votes
2 answers
773 views

Did the 2022 Alaska congressional special election have a Condorcet winner, who was not elected?

Does anyone know if Begich may have been the Condorcet winner? Nic Tideman emailed me a few days ago, asking me this question. I sure as hell do not know unless we can get the records of the ...
20 votes
4 answers
669 views

What legal impediments might there be to alternate voting systems?

Most jurisdictions in the US use first-past-the-post voting. This appears to me to be a historical artifact; I'm not aware of any legal impediments on a federal level that would prevent states or ...
13 votes
3 answers
5k views

Voting system with two votes as a defense against fear of voting for a loser - is it anywhere in the world?

In some countries there is a big fear among voters of voting for a party that doesn't end up in the parliament because they didn't reach the minimum threshold of votes, making their votes go in vain. ...
9 votes
7 answers
844 views

Why isn't approval voting used more often in elections?

Approval voting is a single-winner electoral system where each voter may select ("approve") any number of candidates. The winner is the most-approved candidate. On paper, approval voting seems like ...
10 votes
2 answers
529 views

Have any municipalities in the US ever used approval voting?

Approval voting is an alternate voting system which some people believe has many advantages over our standard first-past-the-post system. Instead of marking a single candidate, the voter marks every ...
8 votes
6 answers
648 views

Plurality voting: Advantages?

Context: I'm a 1st time voter in a plurality voting state. As part of deciding how I'm going to vote, I'm trying to know what is the intention of a state choosing plurality vote (I'm assuming they all ...
6 votes
2 answers
290 views

Do any voting system models try to take "realistic" tactical voting into account?

In standard voting system models (see example), there are two types of voters: honest voters who always choose their preferred candidate(s) and tactical voters who try to maximize the expected weight ...
2 votes
3 answers
313 views

What is the significance of the non-dictatorship principle in Arrow's theorem, and does this example fit the definition of a dictator? [duplicate]

Arrow's non-dictatorship principle states that "no single voter possesses the power to always determine the group's preference." I am unsure if I am missing some nuance from this definition, ...
15 votes
6 answers
2k views

What if no party crosses the electoral threshold in a parliamentary election?

In some countries, there is an electoral threshold that political parties must cross to win seats in the parliament. For example, in Germany, the threshold is 5% of national votes, in Sweden the ...
14 votes
4 answers
3k views

Which electoral systems minimise the extent to which political parties control who gets elected?

Political parties are, obviously, very important in democratic systems. Most candidates will be selected by a party. But many systems make it easy for the party to control which specific members end ...
16 votes
1 answer
269 views

Does stronger geographic representation lead to stronger regional identities?

Are there any studies which would conclude whether stronger geographic representation in voting systems is a significant contributor to strong regional identities in a country?
12 votes
10 answers
2k views

Are/were there any countries where rich people have more votes?

Are/were there any countries where richer people have more active votes than poorer people? For example: someone with an income of $5,000/month would have 5x more votes than a person with an income of ...
3 votes
3 answers
139 views

General term for voting system where one group pre-selects n out of m, other selects 1 out of n?

The Wikipedia article on Opus Dei, the somewhat controversial, conservative institution of the Roman Catholic Church, currently explains an aspect of the institution's leadership selection procedures ...
4 votes
2 answers
729 views

Condorcet method for two seats

Condorcet method is an election system where voters rate their candidates in order of preference. As an example, for candidates A B and C, a valid vote can be [A > B > C], [C > B > A], [B > A > C] etc....
2 votes
5 answers
330 views

Is first-past-the-post (plurality voting) neither an ordinal nor a cardinal method?

Wikipedia says: Cardinal methods (based on cardinal utility) and ordinal methods (based on ordinal preferences, also called ranked voting) are two main categories of modern voting systems, along ...
6 votes
1 answer
203 views

Which voting system criterion requires that changing your preference order of some candidates won't affect whether other candidates are elected?

Consider an election in which one voter's preference order was Alice > Bob > Carol. If she were to change her preference order to Carol > Alice > Bob, there are 9 possibilities as to what ...
1 vote
1 answer
241 views

Why does it have to be 50-50 in Germany's Bundestag [duplicate]

In Germany's Bundestag, 299 seats are for proportional representation and the other 299 are for regional representation in a first-past-the-post system. Is it just a coincidence that the seats are ...
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

How do party-list systems accommodate independent candidates?

I'm curious if there are countries that use party-list system while also allowing independent candidates to run? Logistically, what would the implementation look like? Do the independent candidates ...
-5 votes
2 answers
162 views

How prevalent is AI in electoral counting in different countries, or why is it not more prevalent?

How prevalent is AI in electoral counting in different countries, or why is it not more prevalent ? I see an ideal electoral counting system as one using both AI and human counters At each human ...
9 votes
6 answers
475 views

Polarization and electoral systems

Posted this question on Reddit. I am crossposting it here as well: https://www.reddit.com/r/AskSocialScience/comments/vpnviu/polarization_and_electoral_systems/ Is there research linking polarization ...
18 votes
5 answers
3k views

Ranked voting by a committee when some members cannot vote for a particular candidate because of a conflict of interest

I'm in a 12-person committee where we have to rank 5 candidates whom we have interviewed for a position. Some members of the committee have a conflict of interest, so they had to leave the room when a ...
-5 votes
3 answers
346 views

Would ranked choice voting force single issue voters to vote for more than one candidate or not be counted? [closed]

I am running for Senate in NJ in 2024 and I believe my voting bloc is merely a plural majority of all eligible voters but maybe not a majority (and probably not current voters, btw). If this is the ...
6 votes
3 answers
258 views

Ranked choice voting: Can a candidate who got dropped in early round come back in later rounds?

Location: Any country or state that uses RCV. One that has used it for a while and worked out the kinks would be preferable. Edit for clarity: I am talking about the “instant runoff” kind of RCV in a ...
25 votes
8 answers
6k views

Why does ranked-choice voting give such high preference to the second choice of the least-favored candidate's voters?

Ranked choice voting is in the news lately because of the big mess New York City has made of implementing it in its Democratic primaries for the mayoral race. But in the talk about how it works, one ...
3 votes
1 answer
526 views

Difference between RCV and STV

My question is about de difference between RCV and STV. If I am correct they are both voting systems where you are selecting multiple candidates and where the candidate with the lowest amount of votes ...
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

In open-list systems, how do individual candidates promote themselves while being a team player?

In open-list systems, political candidates are expected to promote their party platform while simultaneously advocate for a personal mandate so they can rise higher on the list. This might create a ...
-8 votes
2 answers
262 views

What is the point in having a democracy if it is unable to elect the smartest people? [closed]

Check this answer: https://politics.stackexchange.com/a/11185/32479 The government is supposed to be representative of its people. If the people are a bunch of idiots then the government should ...
4 votes
3 answers
328 views

Is Zelig an Arrovian dictator?

This question is a follow-up to this one, and particular serves to clarify a potential error in one of the presented references. The Context When elaborating Arrow’s non-dictatorship criterion, the ...

1
2 3 4 5 6