Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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How do the Iowa caucuses differ from other elections in voter behavior?

The Iowa caucuses are of course different than other primaries and elections. Democratic ballots are not secret. However, the time costs are greater. A lot of research on voter participation mentions ...
Pburg's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
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How does offering two almost identical options in a Preferential Voting system affect the outcome?

New Zealand recently voted on a potential new design for their flag. The question was: "If the New Zealand flag changes, which flag would you prefer?" The five options were chosen by a government ...
BaronGrivet's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is "The Post" in "First Past The Post" voting?

In First Past The Post voting: Voters put a cross on a ballot paper next to their favoured candidate and the candidate with the most votes in the constituency wins. – electoral-reform.org.uk What ...
duozmo's user avatar
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1 answer
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What's a good way to estimate the number of constituency seats that will be won in Scotland on a given vote percentage?

I'm interested in how the election to the Scottish Parliament is going to go next year. Scotland uses the D'Hondt method to elect its representative (MSPs): 73 MSPs are elected to constituencies in a ...
Jim's user avatar
  • 111
12 votes
10 answers
2k views

Are/were there any countries where rich people have more votes?

Are/were there any countries where richer people have more active votes than poorer people? For example: someone with an income of $5,000/month would have 5x more votes than a person with an income of ...
kandi's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
685 views

What steps need to happen for the alternative vote to be implemented?

The alternative vote seems like an excellent replacement for the first-past the post voting system. Per the answers on this question, I understand some of the reasons of why it hasn't been implemented ...
n00b's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Is Tasmanian Style, and Optional Preferential Voting the same thing?

I was recently at a NFP's AGM (Not For Profit's Annual General Meeting). An election for 3 members of the board was carried out. (Board of 9, each with 3 year term, staggered such that 3 come up for ...
Frames Catherine White's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
185 views

Are there any studies that show impact of compulsory voting on outcomes?

Are there any studies that show impact of compulsory voting on outcomes? By outcomes, I mean (all other things being held equal), whether compulsory voting results in better HDI, or economic growth, ...
user4012's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
378 views

Has any elected American Politician endorsed proportional representation?

Has any elected American politician, on the state or federal level, endorsed using proportional representation to elect American legislators? I would consider an endorsement of single transferable ...
Publius's user avatar
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16 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why not give representatives as many votes as they received in the election?

A common complaint or source of disenfranchisement in democracies is that many constituents don't feel that their vote "counts" because the margin in most electorates is far greater than a single vote....
jim's user avatar
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Why is the National Diet of Japan so similar to the Houses of Parliament of the UK

For a new job I need to learn a considerable amount about political systems in Taiwan, Korea, Japan and Norway. Reading about the National Diet of Japan I notice that it holds of a lot of similarities ...
Adam Brown's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
138 views

General term for voting system where one group pre-selects n out of m, other selects 1 out of n?

The Wikipedia article on Opus Dei, the somewhat controversial, conservative institution of the Roman Catholic Church, currently explains an aspect of the institution's leadership selection procedures ...
Drux's user avatar
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Is there voting theory regarding combining the results of multiple votes by multiple groups on a single topic?

Suppose, for example, we have a small region of a country that wants to peacefully secede. We'll use California and the United States as examples. There could be a large number of possible secession ...
Stephen Collings's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
590 views

Why isn't the alternative vote standard for most nations? [closed]

Why isn't the alternative vote standard for most nations?
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11 votes
2 answers
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Consequences of hypothetical "cast one vote for OR against" system?

I've been reading about tactical voting - often it happens when a voter is more motivated to avoid one candidate than elect another. Tactical voting is considered a risk for many voting systems, or at ...
benxyzzy's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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third US (major) political party

Given whole bunch of political deadlocks and big number of non-aligned voters third US party would be good solution of many US problems. Why there is no even slightest sign of forming such third ...
lowtech's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
306 views

Why can't we directly elect ministers?

If we could elect Ministers directly and replace them at will, wouldn't it solve the problem of controversial Ministers' decisions provoking strikes? It can be applied to pretty much every country, ...
Vyg3R's user avatar
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7 answers
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Why are California Republicans against the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact?

States allocate their electoral college votes however they want to. Some, including California, legalized NPVIC (national popular vote interstate compact). This forces the state to give all its ...
Kevin Kostlan's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
4k views

Strategy to *not* vote for a candidate using Single Transferable Vote

If I was to participate in a election using the Single Transferable Vote system, what would be my best strategy to try and prevent one candidate from winning. For example if there are 5 candidates. ...
DarcyThomas's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
477 views

In what issue was Barack Obama the only dissenting vote

I think I heard somewhere that there was a vote in the senate where Barack Obama was the only dissenting vote. I believe it was a vote to validate a war action. This would be when Obama was a ...
user2449's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
320 views

Do parliaments exist where the amount of non-voters is represented?

Often a considerable amount of persons in a state are not taking part in the election of a parliament. Commonly this means, that their opinion is not represented in the parliament. But do parliaments ...
asmaier's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Do the procedural rules of US State legislatures have the power of law?

Any legislature will have “house rules” by which it operates. Do those house rules have the force of law for US States? If, for example, a house speaker miscounts votes, is that an ...
TRiG's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
319 views

Websites for understanding preference flows in the Australian senate

In Australia, candidates from some very minor parties look like they'll winning some seats. For example, a candidate from the Australian Sports Party looks set ABC link to win a seat in Western ...
Golden Cuy's user avatar
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19 votes
5 answers
2k views

What was the largest popular vote election ever held?

What was the largest popular vote election ever held for a personally-held position? This means an election for an elected position, with people directly voting for the choice of candidates (e.g. US ...
user4012's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
238 views

In Australian Senate elections, why isn't the quota recalculated based on exhausted votes after each count?

In Australian Senate elections, why isn't the quota recalculated based on exhausted votes after each count? In order to make sure the 2010 election was what I remembered it, I reviewed the AEC full ...
Samuel Russell's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
550 views

What other types of votes are there than roll call votes?

I know that roll call votes record the names of the voting politicians, and it ensures that they are present during the vote. Are all votes done not recorded to the name of the voting politician? ...
Ryan Mortensen's user avatar
13 votes
9 answers
5k views

What are the benefits/drawbacks of a weighted vote based upon federal taxes paid?

Alexander Fraser Tytler famously said: "A democracy cannot exist as a permanent form of government. It can only exist until the majority discovers it can vote itself largess out of the public ...
user1873's user avatar
  • 14k
9 votes
2 answers
408 views

Is there an equivalent to Arrow's Impossibility Theorem that applies to systems where voters can give multiple candidates the same ranking?

Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem very specifically applies only to rank-order voting systems. All candidates must be ranked in order, with no two candidates being given equal rankings. Has there been any ...
Stephen Collings's user avatar
23 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is there any possibility to have a democracy inherently discourage lobbying?

Can a democratic system be structured in a way that doesn't rely on ethics or brute-force, police-state-esque measures to disable lobbying? Is there a way to inherently make lobbying unattractive/...
kram1032's user avatar
  • 333
11 votes
2 answers
330 views

Does any other governmental body have constituencies similar to Seanad Éireann?

Seanad Éireann (the Irish Senate) has rather unusual (unique?) constituencies. Three senators are elected by graduates of the University of Dublin. Three senators are elected by graduates of the ...
TRiG's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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What are the most known examples of weighed voting that are practiced in democratic countries?

From Yannis' answer to What are the reasons against plural voting?: ...similarly to how forms of weighted voting are not generally considered undemocratic and are practiced and widely accepted in ...
user4012's user avatar
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23 votes
3 answers
55k views

Which US states give proportional Presidential electoral college votes to candidates?

The US Presidential election uses an "electoral college" system, where each state gets a certain number of "electors" (votes), and those electors cast the official votes for President. Each state's ...
user1873's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

What are the reasons against plural voting?

Plural voting is the practice whereby one person might be able to vote multiple times in an election. It used to exist historically (see Wikipedia) but was generally abandoned. It seems that modern ...
user4012's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
539 views

Are there modern examples of plural voting?

Plural voting is the practice of allocating more than one vote to a person based on some criteria (such as land ownership, university education, etc...). According to Wikipedia, anywhere it was in ...
user4012's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
205 views

How does range voting deal with lack of objective scoring?

It seems that in most real life examples of range voting, they are in a niche field where either: There are objective measurable criteria for how to determine ranges (physical distance, time distance)...
user4012's user avatar
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13 votes
6 answers
2k views

Why is insincere/tactical/strategic voting considered undesirable?

In most of scholarly discussions about voting systems, the implication seems to be that one of the desired goals is to minimize/eliminate insincere/tactical/strategic voting: Tactical voting is ...
user4012's user avatar
  • 92.2k
21 votes
4 answers
669 views

What legal impediments might there be to alternate voting systems?

Most jurisdictions in the US use first-past-the-post voting. This appears to me to be a historical artifact; I'm not aware of any legal impediments on a federal level that would prevent states or ...
Stephen Collings's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
527 views

Have any municipalities in the US ever used approval voting?

Approval voting is an alternate voting system which some people believe has many advantages over our standard first-past-the-post system. Instead of marking a single candidate, the voter marks every ...
Stephen Collings's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
508 views

What are practical steps citizens can take to alter a first past the post system?

Given the arguments against first past the post voting systems, I'd like to know what could be done to change them. However, there's a difficulty with proposing such a change to the system, and that'...
Keen's user avatar
  • 604
12 votes
1 answer
21k views

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of sortition?

Ancient Athens, what is by many considered the first democracy, resorted extensively to sortition to assign its political offices. In modern times however the only place where this method of selection ...
Fela's user avatar
  • 1,692
12 votes
2 answers
895 views

Has there ever been a successful application of Liquid Democracy in recent (non-ancient) history?

While looking for the best application of a Democratic regime, people tend to look either at Athenian Democracy (as applied in Ancient Athens that is) or at Grassroots/Liquid Democracy (as supposedly ...
Astyanax's user avatar
  • 231
3 votes
1 answer
205 views

Does a quorum to enter parliament guarantee government stability?

An argument in favor of quora enforced during elections to enter parliament is that it guarantees more stability for the governing parties and thus for the government. I was wondering whether this ...
Sven Clement's user avatar
  • 5,383
4 votes
0 answers
104 views

How does a mandatory voting system affect the outcome of elections? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are the advantages/disadvantages of a mandatory voting system? There are many countries where you are free to vote, but not free to choose to vote. How does mandatory ...
PearsonArtPhoto's user avatar
25 votes
4 answers
2k views

Has range voting been successfully implemented anywhere?

To improve upon traditional democracy, various alternatives to the normal up down voting have been put forth such as range voting. (Range voting is a voting method for one-seat elections under which ...
WilliamKF's user avatar
  • 1,547
15 votes
2 answers
2k views

How does Single Transferable Vote work?

I've heard that some elections use single transferable vote. What is this and how does it work? How does it differ from a standard majority vote election?
Jez's user avatar
  • 609
20 votes
2 answers
5k views

Why is the French democracy not using proportional representation for election of the assembly?

Proportional representation was used during the French Fourth Republic, while other kinds of voting systems were preferred during the French Third Republic and the French Fifth Republic (with an ...
Wok's user avatar
  • 311
14 votes
1 answer
234 views

How do instant runoffs work?

I've read that some elections have instant runoffs. What are they and how do they work? How do they differ from a standard majority vote election?
segiddins's user avatar
  • 403
46 votes
8 answers
68k views

What are the advantages/disadvantages of a mandatory voting system?

Living in a country where mandatory voting exists and experiencing the results in another without mandatory, I'm wondering: What are the advantages and disadvantages of mandatory voting?
Sven Clement's user avatar
  • 5,383
26 votes
4 answers
8k views

Why can't voting be fair if there are more than two alternatives?

I've heard that mathematically it can be shown that given any voting system with more than two choices, voters can cheat the system by not voting their true opinions in order to game the system and ...
WilliamKF's user avatar
  • 1,547
42 votes
3 answers
9k views

What are the disadvantages of first-past-the-post electoral systems?

We all know the situation could arise in the U.S. where one candidate wins the popular vote but another one the electoral college. Given that the same could arise in the United Kingdom and other ...
Sven Clement's user avatar
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