Questions tagged [wto]

Questions relating to the World Trade Organisation.

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63 views

Does the WTO address “technology theft” as opposed to trademark and copyright infringement?

Does the WTO address "technology theft" as opposed to trademark and copyright infringement? In all of the text I came across involving intellectual property protection in the WTO about China we talk ...
3
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0answers
75 views

What is the most severe retaliation possible under article 22 of WTO dispute settlement?

Article 22 of WTO dispute settlement as found in Annex 2 of the WTO Agreement deals with compensation and the suspension of concessions. I'm wondering what kind of retaliation this entails. The ...
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2answers
339 views

Open Irish border and WTO's most favoured nation principle

In a recent question on Brexit, Kevin suggested the following solution allowing the UK to be out of the EU customs union while keeping the UK-Ireland border to a minimum: One could imagine Ireland ...
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1answer
246 views

Why didn't any country complain to the WTO about the car company bailouts by the U.S.?

Why didn't any country complain to the WTO about the car company bailouts by the U.S.? Aren't financial bailouts considered to be illegal subsidies according to the WTO? If so, why didn't any country ...
3
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1answer
227 views

Is the U.S. pursuing the agenda of containing the economic development of developing countries?

Is the U.S. pursuing the agenda of containing the economic development of developing countries? Under the WTO, countries like Vietnam and India should have favorable treatment, but recently the Trump ...
2
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1answer
259 views

What happens if a country does not abide by WTO rules?

I've read a few articles lately about Brexit (for example this one at The Guardian and this one at the BBC) that take it for granted that the tariffs and conditions set by the WTO would have to be ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Under which conditions are WTO members allowed to slap a tariff on foreign goods?

Under which conditions are WTO members allowed to slap a tariff on foreign goods? I know China has protected its economy with tariffs and so did the EU against American goods, but I was wondering if ...
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1answer
190 views

If China is forcing U.S. firms to hand over technology, why hasn't the U.S. taken China to the WTO and filed a complaint?

The U.S. keeps saying that China is forcing its companies to hand over technology, but then if it's the case as they say, then why didn't the U.S. take China to the WTO in order to complain about it? ...
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43 views

What can other WTO members do against the American move to block the WTO judge reappointment?

What can other WTO members do against the American move to block the WTO judge reappointment? Is the WTO effectively frozen as the U.S. blocked the WTO judge reappointment? What can other members do ...
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1answer
87 views

Does the U.S. have the right to pressure Asian and European countries to not use Huawei equipments?

Does the U.S. have the right to pressure Asian and European countries to not use Huawei equipment? Is that against WTO rules? I thought the national security clause only applied within a country's own ...
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2answers
71 views

If technology transfer is part of the TRIPS agreement, then why does the U.S. see an issue with it in respect to China?

If technology transfer is part of the TRIPS agreement, then why does the U.S. see an issue with it in respect to China? https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/techtransfer_e.htm I've heard ...
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191 views

What is the U.S. seeking to achieve by trying to make sure that G20 members such as Mexico and Turkey cannot claim the WTO developing country status?

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-wto/u-s-drafts-wto-reform-to-halt-handouts-for-big-and-rich-states-idUSKCN1Q426T After reading that article, it seems that the U.S. is pushing to remove ...
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1answer
394 views

Are Washington's threats over Nord Stream pipeline against WTO rules?

I heard that the U.S. is considering imposing sanctions against Germany if it proceeds to build the Nord Stream pipeline and import gas from Russia, but I was wondering if such trade restrictions ...
2
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1answer
45 views

How does the WTO deal with the same core issue being replicated in multiple disputes?

For example, the US challenged (to the WTO) every retaliatory measure against its aluminium and steel tariffs it raised under national security considerations. These cases are DS557 to DS561; these ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Is imposing tariffs under the pretext of national security illegal under the WTO?

The U.S. as you know imposed tariffs against foreign steel earlier during Trump's presidency. I was wondering if such political moves can be considered to be illegal under the WTO.
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2answers
182 views

Is the practice of giving market access for technology transfer illegal under the WTO?

I was watching a documentary on the trade war and in the documentary a claim is made about the practice of giving market access for technology transfer. They say it was illegal under the WTO, but I ...
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1answer
75 views

How many WTO cases has the Trump administration launched (per year)?

Although Trump criticizes the WTO, his administration has nevertheless initiated case there, for example 5 cases against retaliatory tariffs last year: [07/16/2018:] The Trump administration on ...
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1answer
168 views

Why did Russia join the World Trade Organization so late?

According to Wikipedia, Russia joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) on August 2012. This is quite late, as all major economies had already joined the organization for some time. I am wondering ...
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2answers
319 views

What are the disadvantages of a WTO Brexit(Clean Break)? [closed]

So I just listened to Michel Barnier, the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator, say now in Dublin that "if the UK were to leave the EU without a deal, let me be very, very clear. We would not discuss anything ...
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1answer
2k views

What would be the main consequences for a country leaving the WTO?

Trump threatened to leave the WTO a while back. (This might be understated, but I won't search how many times he may have said that.) What I want to ask is: what would be the consequences for a ...
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2answers
365 views

Can a nation rely on trading under WTO rules as a default position?

The widespread view in the British press seems to be that if the UK leaves the EU without a specific deal, things will default to World Trade Organization rules. This article from Australia in 2016 ...
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5answers
506 views

Are WTO rules benign and easy to live with?

About 60% of Britain's export trade is with the EU (including those countries with whom the EU has trade agreements such as Japan, South Korea etc). It is frequently claimed by Brexiteers that we ...
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2answers
354 views

Does GATT Article 24 mean that a transitional tariff regime is permitted if the UK leaves the EU without a negotiated exit arrangement?

Does GATT Article 24 mean that a transitional tariff regime is permitted if the UK leaves the EU without a negotiated exit arrangement? Article 24, paragraph 5: Accordingly, the provisions of this ...
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1answer
780 views

Can the UK deal selectively with Ireland post-Brexit without falling afoul of WTO rules?

A major obstacle in the Brexit negotiation process currently is the issue of the Irish border. All available options seem insufficient to some or all of the negotating partners, as detailed in this ...
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1answer
445 views

No-deal Brexit: What would be the basis for a WTO complaint if goods entering Ireland are checked at Dunkirk?

There's a BBC article which goes over several scenarios in case of no-deal Brexit containing the following paragraph: It is possible that if EU authorities decide not to check UK goods at the Irish ...
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1answer
224 views

Are European Union WTO schedules certified?

IIUC WTO trade schedules can be unilaterally set, but are open to dispute and, when disputes are resolved, “certification”. Schedules can exist and take effect while not certified. I have read the ...
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2answers
113 views

Are “WTO rules” fine-grained and detailed or a set of general principles like Most-Favoured Nation?

I know the WTO mandates that members do not unfairly favour one trading partner over another, the so-called Most-Favoured Nation principle. Does the WTO have a fine-grained and detailed set of rules ...
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2answers
712 views

No-deal Brexit and Irish border; can third countries transit through Republic of Ireland?

In case the United Kingdom (UK) leaves the European Union (EU) without any deal, World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules would apply for trade between the UK and any other country or trade bloc. Some ...
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1answer
120 views

Does the WTO have a concept of “default” or standard tariffs?

Does the WTO have a concept of “default” or standard tariffs for when a state has not yet agreed schedules? Or does everything default to zero?
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1answer
498 views

Have any prominent Brexiteers argued for the UK to become a duty-free country (like Singapore)?

If the UK exits the EU without a written (and WTO-compliant) free-trade agreement, it would fall back to MFN rules: An exit from the EU, for example, would cause the UK to lose the preferential ...
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2answers
225 views

Leaving the EU without a deal and MFN rules

If the UK left the EU without a trade deal, trade with the EU would continue because it would be illegal to offer the UK worse trade terms than any other third country under WTO most-favoured nation ...
2
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1answer
95 views

FTAs permissible by WTO

As a WTO member a country attempts to strike bilateral trade deals to augment the baseline trade schedules agreed at the WTO (IIUC). I read that sectoral free trade agreements (FTAs) are prohibited ...
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2answers
439 views

What's Trump's frustration with the WTO?

I read in a June 2018 news piece that: The White House's legislative director, Marc Short, said that Trump was frustrated with the WTO but that he was not aware of any plan to get the US out of the ...
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1answer
762 views

Can schedules be bilaterally agreed in the WTO forum?

Can schedules be brokered bilaterally, i.e. without consent of other WTO members, or do all WTO members have to ratify all WTO deals? I am trying to understand if all WTO members will need to ratify ...
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1answer
264 views

Does the WTO itself have any input into trade agreements?

Does the WTO itself have any input into trade agreements, or is it merely a forum for sovereign states to negotiate and settle disputes?
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1answer
1k views

No deal Brexit - how to transition to a new UK/WTO legal interface

If the UK leaves the EU without an EU deal, then I thought UK trade would happen on WTO terms. If this is incorrect, on what terms would trade occur? Is it correct to say that WTO-based trade cannot ...
9
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1answer
148 views

Are counter-tariffs to the Trump tariffs going through the WTO?

Under WTO rules there is a dispute settlement process which WTO member states are expected to go through to settle trade disputes. Trump has sidestepped this process by declaring the steel and ...
2
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1answer
564 views

Why are economic sanctions allowed under WTO rules?

Russia is currently being sanctioned by numerous Western countries for occupying Crimea and invading Donbass. However both Russia and the Western countries are members of the World Trade Organization (...