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2
votes
0answers
52 views

What's process constitutionalism?

Can someone pls explain like I'm 5 what process constitutionalism is? The author failed to define it, and I see no simple answers after Googling "process constitutionalism". Robert Schütze. European ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why was the Lobbying Transparency and Accountability Act of 2006 deemed too weak?

In the Wikipedia article about lobbying in the U.S., I found this excerpt interesting: The Lobbying Transparency and Accountability Act of 2006 (H.R. 4975) legislation modified Senate rules, ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

UK Private Sector Receipts from the EU

The UK's membership fee in 2018 according to full fact goes from a £17bn gross payment, less rebate and public sector spending to a £9bn net payment. Specifically, this image shows this does not ...
12
votes
4answers
830 views

Why do Americans (US) want to keep their employee-based healthcare insurance?

The generalized argument against some sort of Medicare for All (M4A) is that Americans really like the employer based health insurance (EBHI). That approximately 150 million workers are enrolled in ...
2
votes
2answers
296 views

Why wasn't the supremacy of European law codified?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 121.       When the Union was born, the European Treaties did not expressly state the supremacy of European law.8 8The 2004 ...
5
votes
2answers
223 views

How does the DNC decide who they will let run?

How does the DNC decide who they will let run as a Democrat? Most people currently stray far from the platform already. What would happen if Rand Paul applied to run for president as a Democrat ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

What will happen to MLAs who were missing for the Karnataka CM HD floor test?

On the floor test day BJP garnered 105 votes of the required 103 since only 205 MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly), out of the full capacity of 222 MLAs, were present on the floor. What will ...
6
votes
0answers
139 views

What is the actual process in a US deportation to Mexico?

This question is a follow-up from a previous question Self-deportation of American Citizens from US, and the purpose of my question is not to discuss the particulars of the Galicia event, but to ask ...
-9
votes
1answer
212 views

Why are governments spending so much resources on fighting forest fires? [closed]

It has been recently reported that: Russian President Vladimir Putin on Wednesday (July 31) called in the military to fight forest fires that have been raging across vast expanses of Siberia for ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

In India, can cabinet ministers vote in the house that they are not part of?

Cabinet ministers are allowed to visit either of the houses - Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha - to discuss and debate the various bills. After the discussion when the bill goes to the division of votes, do ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Would it take any sort of amendment to make DC a state?

To achieve statehood for DC, would an amendment to the Constitution need to be passed, or would it just work like a regular territory, i.e. only needing Congress to pass a law?
3
votes
0answers
72 views

What is the most severe retaliation possible under article 22 of WTO dispute settlement?

Article 22 of WTO dispute settlement as found in Annex 2 of the WTO Agreement deals with compensation and the suspension of concessions. I'm wondering what kind of retaliation this entails. The ...
5
votes
3answers
345 views

Are the political compass and similar political tests scientific?

It seems to be increasingly accepted that the traditional left-right political spectrum is insufficient. Attempts have been made to create alternatives, such as the Political Compass, which adds and ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Sources for typed political debates

I generally feel like oral debates tend to lack nuance, be unconcise, and even worse, allow for many half-facts without proper sources. Typed, email-like debates where experts can go back and forth ...
7
votes
1answer
249 views

Can a U.S. Presidental candidate skip or avoid registering for the ballot in any given state?

Can a U.S. presidential candidate successfully run for national office without being on the ballot in one or more states? For example, recently some U.S. states have adopted requirements for ...
7
votes
2answers
308 views

Open Irish border and WTO's most favoured nation principle

In a recent question on Brexit, Kevin suggested the following solution allowing the UK to be out of the EU customs union while keeping the UK-Ireland border to a minimum: One could imagine Ireland ...
5
votes
2answers
431 views

What happens if a country redefines itself?

Consider the following possible scenarios for a country A: The legislature decides to change the name to B After a successful revolution or coup d'état, a new country is established having the same ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

What power does Congress have against acting administration officials?

An NPR article published July 12, 2019 notes that, in addition to the Department of Labor: Many other key agencies are also led by acting officials, including the Federal Aviation Administration, ...
-4
votes
1answer
95 views

How's Art 45(4) Public Services Exception connected to Hegel and “The march of God in the world, that is what the state is”? [closed]

I don't know anything about Hegel or his philosophy. Can someone pls ELI5 the red arrows in the following quote? Craig, P and De Burca, G. EU Law 6 ed. 2015. p. 769. All emboldenings are mine.
1
vote
0answers
28 views

“prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of market access” vs. “test based on substantial hindrance to market access”

Can someone pls unravel the distinctions between ii and iii in the quote beneath? How isn't "prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of" market access (in ii) the same principle as "test ...
-2
votes
1answer
212 views

Is there any reason why one candidate only runs for election once? [closed]

When running for an office such as the presidency for the USA, one candidate will never run for the office more than once. Why?
1
vote
2answers
101 views

How do export restrictions help domestic market and national production?

Sentence 1 under suggests that EX-port restrictions help national production. But how? I understand how IM-port restrictions help "domestic market" (from sentence 2) and "national production" - IM-...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Why's Title VII of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union called the “horizontal” clauses?

I read Chapter VI, but I don't understand what's horizontal? See the Select Committee on European Scrutiny's Fourteenth Report. The horizontal clauses 79. The final part of the Charter deals ...
6
votes
5answers
535 views

Have any countries established socialist democracy specifically based on Marxism?

As far as I know, there are no countries calling themselves Communist that have stayed real democracies, even though Marx wrote that he wanted democracy in Communist society. However, there are quite ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

What is the UK equivalent of the American Congressional Budget Office?

Is there any body in the UK that parallels the American Congressional Budget Office? One that could give a best estimate of the costs of various Brexit options? Obviously it’s very complex and the ...
50
votes
9answers
13k views

What would the United Kingdom's “optimal” Brexit deal look like?

As far as I could tell, the Brexit issue boils down to three core points for the UK: The UK no longer has to follow any EU regulations. The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland ...
1
vote
3answers
236 views

Can electors in US make complex “vows”?

I am just wondering can electors in US make complex vows. Even though the aggregate national popular vote is calculated by state officials, media organizations, and the Federal Election ...
-4
votes
1answer
127 views

Will electoral college benefit smaller states or bigger states? [closed]

I've heard about the following mathematical analysis Mathematically speaking the effect of your vote is inversely proportional to the standard deviation of the votes in your state but proportional to ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Simple explanation needed about EU's decisional and normative supranationalism

Please explain like I'm five: I get what's "supranationalism", but why didn't Craig define decisional supranationalism and normative supranationalism? Wikipedia was too gruff to help! European ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Why were the Treaty of Rome's travaux préparatoires not available for thirty years?

Craig, P. and De Burca, G. EU Law 6 ed. 2015. p. 63       The Court’s jurisprudence cannot be properly understood without an awareness of its approach to interpretation. This is ...
23
votes
2answers
10k views

Why did House of Representatives need to condemn Trumps Tweets?

Can someone elaborate on the reason why the House of Representatives needed to pass a resolution to condemn Trump's tweets? Many people in government have criticized Trump's tweets before, but I don'...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

Are the laws governing Antarctica legally binding?

Are the laws governing Antarctica legally binding? I heard that there's a mining ban in Antarctica that sets by the Antarctic Treaty, but I am wondering if it's legally binding and what would happen ...
0
votes
2answers
234 views

Non-politically flavoured source for US news [closed]

[Below refers to getting news on US [esp US domestic] politics] I am a foreigner who has followed CNN on TV for probably the last 30 years, and on-line maybe 20, and until the US turmoil that started ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

If Trump gets impeached, how long would Pence be president?

If President Donald Trump were impeached and convicted, and Mike Pence became president, how long would his term be? Would it be for 4 years or would there still be a 2020 election?
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Two countries jointly sharing territorial waters of an island; precedent or impossibility of?

This 27-July-2019 CNN report mentions: The remote Pacific outcrop, called the Dokdo Islands in South Korea and the Takeshima Islands in Japan, made headlines Tuesday following an alleged violation ...
20
votes
7answers
10k views

Why does Canada require bilingualism in a lot of federal government posts?

As I learnt from this video, in Canada, having fluency in English and French is mandatory (In some important government jobs like prime minister). This is considering that the group of French people ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Why is indian spy case in international court?

Pakistan has captured Indian spy Kulbhushan Jadhav and awarded him death sentence. But India pursued this in international court. How does the international court has jurisdiction into such cases? I ...
2
votes
2answers
455 views

Why did so many MPs not vote in Meaningful Vote 3?

Nineteen MPs did not vote in Meaningful Vote 3 on the Withdrawal Agreement. Some of these I can explain, and have posted at the end of this question, but others I cannot currently explain. Why did ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Has anyone self-identified as “neoliberal”?

I am an American. In America, the term “neoliberal” is not used at all in common political conversation. I encounter it solely when speaking to people from other countries on the Internet. It seems to ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Is a state-level legal proceeding against a sitting president any less of a burden on the president?

As contrasted with a federal-level proceeding One of the pillars of the 2000 OLC argument to support the shield of a sitting president against federal indictment is the concept that such a proceeding ...
5
votes
3answers
364 views

What is the effect and/or good reasons of changing a paper bill to a coin?

Recently, there's this news circulating that our country's government is planning to change our 20 pesos paper bill into a coin. I believe there are issues solved here but I can not tell what. So, I'd ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

How likely is a reform on the status of 'developing' country pushed by the Trump adminstration only affect China?

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-wto/trump-targets-china-in-call-for-wto-to-reform-developing-country-status-idUSKCN1UL2G6 The Trump administration is trying to weaken China using any ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Prime Minister's Official Spokesperson (PMOS) under Boris Johnson

I know that James Slack was the last PMOS under Theresa May. Who is in this position under Boris Johnson?
3
votes
3answers
394 views

What causes long-running disputes over sovereignty?

There are many disputes that appear pointless in my eyes. These are disputes that seem to have an easy resolution, but which the countries involved continue to fight over. A couple examples: Taiwan ...
25
votes
10answers
7k views

Why isn't there a serious attempt at creating a third mass-appeal party in the US?

Most people in the US do not identify themselves as either Republican or Democrat (see Gallup data). There seems to be four possible explanations. These independent-leaning Americans prefer more ...
5
votes
4answers
361 views

How is justice supposed to work for the president of the United States?

I am having trouble understanding how the President of the United States should be brought to justice if one should commit a crime. This question should not be viewed as pro-vel-contra Trump, but an ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

Can avoiding the Strait of Hormuz (ideally with a canal south of Kumzar) prevent further escalation of the high tensions there?

In recent weeks the tensions in the Strait of Hormuz has been the highest in years [1], since Iran does not recognize any of the water in the Strait of Hormuz as being International Water, and given ...
26
votes
5answers
3k views

How do campaign rallies gain candidates votes?

In my mind, only people that are already excited about the candidate would go. This means the attendees are mostly voting for the candidate anyway. Obviously this is not the whole story, rallies must ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Political barriers to UNPOL activities?

It seems that many UN member countries would benefit from a increased police support force. For example, Honduras is notorious for its high crime rates. This is ostensibly the role that UNPOL is ...
36
votes
3answers
8k views

Why are so many countries still in the Commonwealth?

53 countries, all of them former British colonies except for two, are in the Commonwealth. Why are countries such as India, which had a major protest movement to gain independence from Imperialist ...

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