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14
votes
10answers
15k views

Are worker cooperatives socialist, capitalist, or their own category?

This question inquires about private ownership vs. state ownership. However, there is a 3rd category that may or may not be considered as private ownership: Worker cooperatives. In the model of ...
55
votes
5answers
3k views

What form of government does StackExchange resemble?

It's not representative democracy, because the decisions are taken by the entire community, but they are weighted :P The closest one that comes into my mind is the "Venus project" :)
20
votes
6answers
12k views

Was Hitler's regime a right-wing regime?

Left- and right-wing ideologies seem to change over time. From what I've read so far, the Nazi regime was considered a right-wing party at that time by the people who voted it. But currently, right-...
9
votes
3answers
292 views

Are there any proposed systems of running the government like a corporation?

Has there ever been a legitimately proposed system whereby either the entire government or the executive branch of it was run the way a corporation is usually supposed to - more specifically, with set ...
28
votes
4answers
20k views

Are there any countries with no elections at all?

I was browsing the Wikipedia article on Voting age and the following map struck me. The colours refer to different ages, full legend here: Regardless of other restrictions (only men, only one party, ...
12
votes
1answer
622 views

Is there any evidence that public transport splitting, corporatisation or privitisation affects quality?

In Europe in the last 10–30 years, many public transportation companies have been split up in parts, with some parts corporatised and some parts privatised. This has partly been motivated by an ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there good examples of countries “incorrectly” self-identifying as “socialist”?

Let's make the following definition: "Private ownership" of means of production means 3 things: The profit from selling things produced go to someone dubbed an "owner", who is one or more private ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

Where and how has crowdsourcing been implemented in politics?

The Socialist Party in The Netherlands has previously employed a crowdsourcing website (Dutch-language link) to gather ideas on popular ways to bring down unnecessary health-care costs. Anybody could ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the main arguments in favour and against general assemblies as legislative bodies?

The Swiss canton of Glarus still practices the concept of the Landsgemeinde. Quoting from Wikipedia: Eligible citizens of the canton meet on a certain day in the open air to decide on laws and ...
5
votes
1answer
440 views

Are there any parliaments with more than two chambers?

All parliaments that I know off are either unicameral or bicameral. Wikipedia has articles on tricameral and even tetracameral parliaments. Do any such multicameral parliaments presently exist?
12
votes
1answer
464 views

Does the two-party system influence engagement?

In the last US elections, the voting turnout was approximately 57.5% (Bipartisan Research Center). Over the last few decades, it has been shifting between 50 and 60 percent. This is in stark contrast ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there countries considered socialist that do NOT have parliaments and elections?

I know that in USSR, even during the most totalitarian times, there used to be elections and a representative legislative body (Supreme Soviet) - leaving aside the actual competitiveness of the ...
1
vote
1answer
609 views

Is the United States Electoral College constitutional?

A question that has long been standing in my mind is whether the Electoral College is constitutional. Republicans in California, or Democrats in Texas, for that matter, actually do not have a say in ...
3
votes
1answer
803 views

Is there any difference between demarchy and stochocracy?

According to the Wikipedia article on demarchy: Demarchy (or lottocracy) is a form of government in which the state is governed by randomly selected decision makers who have been selected by ...
14
votes
5answers
15k views

What is the difference between representative and parliamentary democracy?

In the case of "representative democracy", the common sense makes you think that you elect congressmen or speakers to represent your wishes, and in the "parliamentary democracy" you do almost the same;...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a politically appointed vs. permanent Civil Service?

The United Kingdom1 has a permanent, and (in theory, at least) politically neutral Civil Service - although it is sometimes argued that this neutrality has been eroded in recent decades. In contrast, ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Do opinion polls constitute a way of indirect demarchy?

Opinion polls may influence politicians. As opinion polls are based on a random sample of citizens, does this influence constitute an indirect form of demarchy? Of course, it's not real demarchy ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between sortition and demarchy?

What is the difference between demarchy and sortition? The Wikipedia article for demarchy: Demarchy (or lottocracy) is a form of government in which the state is governed by randomly selected ...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

Does radical pacifism reject police violence?

Pacifism is the opposition to war and violence. Does radical pacifism reject the use of violence by the police force? See also: How is crime addressed according to (radical) pacifism?
1
vote
1answer
249 views

How is crime addressed according to (radical) pacifism?

Pacifism is the opposition to war and violence. Most pacifists propose to abolish the army, such as Costa Rica and a small number of other nations have done. Some also propose to abolish the police. ...
2
votes
2answers
243 views

What alternatives have been proposed for prison sentences for violent crimes?

According to prison critics and others, prisons are schools of crime. This viewpoint holds that when someone gets a prison sentence for a small crime, they will meet bigger criminals and build a ...
12
votes
1answer
19k views

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of sortition?

Ancient Athens, what is by many considered the first democracy, resorted extensively to sortition to assign its political offices. In modern times however the only place where this method of selection ...
13
votes
1answer
465 views

Has there ever been a successful application of Liquid Democracy in recent (non-ancient) history?

While looking for the best application of a Democratic regime, people tend to look either at Athenian Democracy (as applied in Ancient Athens that is) or at Grassroots/Liquid Democracy (as supposedly ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the differences between the Tea Party and the Republican Party?

To Republicans, the Tea Party movement is considered a separate organization espousing some Republican ideals. What are the particular idiosyncrasies that differentiate between the Republicans and the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What methodologies of measuring the power of the state are researched today?

What methodologies are used today to measure the power of the state in an objective way? Most of the classifications are based on either intuition (publicist one) or take into account only one or few ...
42
votes
11answers
166k views

What is the difference between fascism and nazism?

Many politicians and social groups use "fascism" and "nazism" synonymously, and this has confused me (and maybe others) for a long time. Is there any big difference between them, or are the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Does the head-of-state pardon violate separation of powers?

In a rechtsstaat, separation of powers in legislative, executive, and judicial powers provides some protection to the civilians and reduces the power of government. In some legislations, however, the ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the president unable to grant a pardon for State offenses?

In the US, as in many modern countries, we have a presidential pardon. However, we also have many state government pardons. The constitution states and he shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Do referendums lead to significantly different decisions than when decisions are taken by parliament?

One argument that is used against decision-making by popular referendum is that they tend to lead to populist, perhaps even impossible decisions. It seems that referendums can lead to decisions that ...
18
votes
3answers
18k views

Why are Sheriffs elected in United States?

In other parts of the world the police's chiefs are selected by the city mayor or the city council, but in almost all counties of United States they are elected. Why are they elected, and not ...
9
votes
18answers
4k views

If all the citizens have same rights why some must pay a higher tax rate?

If all the citizens of a country have the same rights and are equal before the law, why some must pay more taxes? Isn't that a kind of discrimination?
34
votes
4answers
21k views

Is there any objective reason why some states can have nuclear weapons but others can't?

Many countries around the world suspect that Iran is attempting to build a nuclear weapon. Regardless of whether this is true or not, is there any objective reason why the US, UK, France, and others ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Why hasn't the Senate's “Nuclear Option” been invoked? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In the U.S., why does the majority party in a new Senate session always approve the filibuster rule? I have heard recently that there is (likely) a parliamentary procedure by ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Are there any states that require leaders to respect empirical studies?

It's possible to divide policy positions into two broad categories: X is good/bad - for example: Smoking is bad Home-ownership is good Bovine tuberculosis is bad X will encourage/discourage Y - for ...
11
votes
1answer
447 views

What is the head-of-state pardon for?

I've read that the King of Thailand pardoned 30,000 prisoners on his birthday this year. They are said to be all sick, elderly or close to the end of their sentence. But it seems strange anyway. The ...
27
votes
3answers
7k views

Are there any negative consequences for a country having no debt?

It would seem that having no debt would categorically be a good thing. I have heard Dave Ramsey say many times that: The Forbes 400 is a list of the richest 400 people in America as rated by Forbes ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What countries have (at some point in history) been able to significantly reduce their country's debt and what policies are generally attributed?

As we here in the US (and many others in other countries) worry about our mounting debt, I wonder if there are any historical examples of countries (including the US) which have been able to ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

Why three levels of territorial units in the NUTS?

The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics is an EU standard which defines three levels of territorial units. Whether directly because of this or because of related regulations, Poland ...
7
votes
1answer
308 views

What is the legal role for parties in the U.S.?

Article 21 of the German Basic Law states Political parties shall participate in the formation of the political will of the people. [...] Details shall be regulated by federal laws. ...and they are, ...
18
votes
5answers
992 views

Has there been a headless state?

Has there been a state without an office satisfying the definition of a head of state? This question is mostly about the modern times because I'm not sure if we can give a satisfactory definition for ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

What amendment to the U.S. Constitution removed the provision for slaves to count as three fifths of a person?

One of the compromises in the original U.S. Constitution provided that slaves counted as three fifths of a person for the purposes of computing populations and thus allocating seats to the House of ...
6
votes
2answers
333 views

In European monarchies, do any of the monarchs have the right of legislative initiative?

Which of the European monarchs have the right of legislative initiative? Are there any who do? I'm finding it difficult to find any information on the internet about the right of initiative in various ...
7
votes
1answer
463 views

How do anarchist decision models scale?

I have personally experienced anarchist decision models in groups of people up to several hundred people. Building consensus around a particular decision in smaller "affinity groups", sending ...
5
votes
2answers
428 views

Do individual Commonwealth countries have to accept the new rules of succession?

Roughly coincident with the birth of a child to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Parliament is set to make changes to the Act of Succession, allowing females to be directly in the line. The problem ...
8
votes
1answer
531 views

How is constitutional monarchy perceived in Commonwealth realms other than United Kingdom?

Especially in countries with huge population and economy like Canada and Australia, what's the opinion of people about constitutional monarchy? Are there any well known groups or indivuals who opposes ...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

Do scholars still use Mussolini's taxonomy of the history of capitalism?

Benito Mussolini divided the history of capitalism from 1830 to at least 1933 into "heroic capitalism" (1830-1870), "static capitalism" (1870-1914) and "supercapitalism" (1914-?). Are this division, ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a link between political system and any of the various quality of life indicators, including environmental impacts?

This question asks about the correlation between political system and economic growth. A similar but distinctly different question: is there any correlation between political system and one of the ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

What exactly formally constitutes recognition of a country?

So, there is a spectrum of political entities that make up the national stage. There is, of course, the "nation-state" like the U.S.A, China, Russia, Germany, Lithuania, you name it - full fledged "...
13
votes
1answer
600 views

Does any organisation refer to itself as terrorist?

Does any organisation refer to itself as terrorist ? It seems to me this word is only used by political opponents to such organisations, as the term terrorism has a quite negative connotation. But I'm ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Are the viable political alternatives in the US (e.g. Democrats and Republicans) considered (far) left and (far) right?

This question phrases the US political situation as: Today the federal government is in a seemingly interminable pendulum effect going between far-right and far-left. Coming from Europe and ...

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