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4
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a politically appointed vs. permanent Civil Service?

The United Kingdom1 has a permanent, and (in theory, at least) politically neutral Civil Service - although it is sometimes argued that this neutrality has been eroded in recent decades. In contrast, ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Do opinion polls constitute a way of indirect demarchy?

Opinion polls may influence politicians. As opinion polls are based on a random sample of citizens, does this influence constitute an indirect form of demarchy? In governance, sortition (also known ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between sortition and demarchy?

What is the difference between demarchy and sortition? The Wikipedia article for demarchy: Demarchy (or lottocracy) is a form of government in which the state is governed by randomly selected ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Does radical pacifism reject police violence?

Pacifism is the opposition to war and violence. Does radical pacifism reject the use of violence by the police force? See also: How is crime addressed according to (radical) pacifism?
2
votes
1answer
256 views

How is crime addressed according to (radical) pacifism?

Pacifism is the opposition to war and violence. Most pacifists propose to abolish the army, such as Costa Rica and a small number of other nations have done. Some also propose to abolish the police. ...
6
votes
2answers
470 views

What alternatives have been proposed for prison sentences for violent crimes?

According to prison critics and others, prisons are schools of crime. This viewpoint holds that when someone gets a prison sentence for a small crime, they will meet bigger criminals and build a ...
12
votes
1answer
19k views

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of sortition?

Ancient Athens, what is by many considered the first democracy, resorted extensively to sortition to assign its political offices. In modern times however the only place where this method of selection ...
12
votes
2answers
621 views

Has there ever been a successful application of Liquid Democracy in recent (non-ancient) history?

While looking for the best application of a Democratic regime, people tend to look either at Athenian Democracy (as applied in Ancient Athens that is) or at Grassroots/Liquid Democracy (as supposedly ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the differences between the Tea Party and the Republican Party?

To Republicans, the Tea Party movement is considered a separate organization espousing some Republican ideals. What are the particular idiosyncrasies that differentiate between the Republicans and the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What methodologies of measuring the power of the state are researched today?

What methodologies are used today to measure the power of the state in an objective way? Most of the classifications are based on either intuition (publicist one) or take into account only one or few ...
44
votes
11answers
166k views

What is the difference between fascism and nazism?

Many politicians and social groups use "fascism" and "nazism" synonymously, and this has confused me (and maybe others) for a long time. Is there any big difference between them, or are the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Does the head-of-state pardon violate separation of powers?

In a rechtsstaat, separation of powers in legislative, executive, and judicial powers provides some protection to the civilians and reduces the power of government. In some legislations, however, the ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the president unable to grant a pardon for State offenses?

In the US, as in many modern countries, we have a presidential pardon. However, we also have many state government pardons. The constitution states and he shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

Do referendums lead to significantly different decisions than when decisions are taken by parliament?

One argument that is used against decision-making by popular referendum is that they tend to lead to populist, perhaps even impossible decisions. It seems that referendums can lead to decisions that ...
20
votes
3answers
19k views

Why are Sheriffs elected in United States?

In other parts of the world the police's chiefs are selected by the city mayor or the city council, but in almost all counties of United States they are elected. Why are they elected, and not ...
10
votes
18answers
5k views

If all the citizens have same rights why some must pay a higher tax rate?

If all the citizens of a country have the same rights and are equal before the law, why some must pay more taxes? Isn't that a kind of discrimination?
34
votes
4answers
21k views

Is there any objective reason why some states can have nuclear weapons but others can't?

Many countries around the world suspect that Iran is attempting to build a nuclear weapon. Regardless of whether this is true or not, is there any objective reason why the US, UK, France, and others ...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

Why hasn't the Senate's "Nuclear Option" been invoked? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In the U.S., why does the majority party in a new Senate session always approve the filibuster rule? I have heard recently that there is (likely) a parliamentary procedure by ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

Are there any states that require leaders to respect empirical studies?

It's possible to divide policy positions into two broad categories: X is good/bad - for example: Smoking is bad Home-ownership is good Bovine tuberculosis is bad X will encourage/discourage Y - for ...
11
votes
1answer
454 views

What is the head-of-state pardon for?

I've read that the King of Thailand pardoned 30,000 prisoners on his birthday this year. They are said to be all sick, elderly or close to the end of their sentence. But it seems strange anyway. The ...
26
votes
3answers
7k views

Are there any negative consequences for a country having no debt?

It would seem that having no debt would categorically be a good thing. I have heard Dave Ramsey say many times that: The Forbes 400 is a list of the richest 400 people in America as rated by Forbes ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

What countries have (at some point in history) been able to significantly reduce their country's debt and what policies are generally attributed?

As we here in the US (and many others in other countries) worry about our mounting debt, I wonder if there are any historical examples of countries (including the US) which have been able to ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Why three levels of territorial units in the NUTS?

The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics is an EU standard which defines three levels of territorial units. Whether directly because of this or because of related regulations, Poland ...
7
votes
1answer
315 views

What is the legal role for parties in the U.S.?

Article 21 of the German Basic Law states Political parties shall participate in the formation of the political will of the people. [...] Details shall be regulated by federal laws. ...and they are, ...
19
votes
5answers
1k views

Has there been a headless state?

Has there been a state without an office satisfying the definition of a head of state? This question is mostly about the modern times because I'm not sure if we can give a satisfactory definition for ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

What amendment to the U.S. Constitution removed the provision for slaves to count as three fifths of a person?

One of the compromises in the original U.S. Constitution provided that slaves counted as three fifths of a person for the purposes of computing populations and thus allocating seats to the House of ...
6
votes
2answers
345 views

In European monarchies, do any of the monarchs have the right of legislative initiative?

Which of the European monarchs have the right of legislative initiative? Are there any who do? I'm finding it difficult to find any information on the internet about the right of initiative in various ...
7
votes
1answer
468 views

How do anarchist decision models scale?

I have personally experienced anarchist decision models in groups of people up to several hundred people. Building consensus around a particular decision in smaller "affinity groups", sending ...
4
votes
2answers
433 views

Do individual Commonwealth countries have to accept the new rules of succession?

Roughly coincident with the birth of a child to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Parliament is set to make changes to the Act of Succession, allowing females to be directly in the line. The problem ...
10
votes
1answer
580 views

How is constitutional monarchy perceived in Commonwealth realms other than United Kingdom?

Especially in countries with huge population and economy like Canada and Australia, what's the opinion of people about constitutional monarchy? Are there any well known groups or indivuals who opposes ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

Do scholars still use Mussolini's taxonomy of the history of capitalism?

Benito Mussolini divided the history of capitalism from 1830 to at least 1933 into "heroic capitalism" (1830-1870), "static capitalism" (1870-1914) and "supercapitalism" (1914-?). Are this division, ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a link between political system and any of the various quality of life indicators, including environmental impacts?

This question asks about the correlation between political system and economic growth. A similar but distinctly different question: is there any correlation between political system and one of the ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

What exactly formally constitutes recognition of a country?

So, there is a spectrum of political entities that make up the national stage. There is, of course, the "nation-state" like the U.S.A, China, Russia, Germany, Lithuania, you name it - full fledged "...
13
votes
1answer
632 views

Does any organisation refer to itself as terrorist?

Does any organisation refer to itself as terrorist ? It seems to me this word is only used by political opponents to such organisations, as the term terrorism has a quite negative connotation. But I'm ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Are the viable political alternatives in the US (e.g. Democrats and Republicans) considered (far) left and (far) right?

This question phrases the US political situation as: Today the federal government is in a seemingly interminable pendulum effect going between far-right and far-left. Coming from Europe and ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Does Anonymous have a coherent ideology?

The direct action group Anonymous has gained a great deal of attention in recent years as a result of its various "ops", usually targeted against governments and large corporations. However, because ...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

Are there any major parties identifying themselves with Rosa Luxemburg's ideas?

It's difficult for me to understand why I'm not hearing about any Luxemburgist parties. The ideas of Rosa Luxemburg seem not to have been refuted like some other branches of communist theory have in ...
3
votes
2answers
437 views

How have greater than two party systems functioned in the past?

An earlier question (Why can't voting be fair if there are more than two alternatives?) got me thinking. Are there any examples of governments where more than 2 parties have had major roles in the ...
20
votes
8answers
3k views

Has a libertarian party ever won a parliamentary election anywhere?

Libertarian ideas seem to have a strong following in the developed world, but I've never heard of any libertarian party being in power. In Poland, where I live, the main libertarian party (which might ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How does Social Security work in the United States?

There are political discussions in the United States regarding whether Social Security is maintainable over time. I want to know how the Social Security system works in United States, and what the ...
4
votes
3answers
399 views

Was the war in Iraq legal according to the US law?

Is it true that the recent war conducted by The United States in Iraq was undeclared and illegal? Have there been any rulings by the US courts on this? What are the arguments for and against the ...
44
votes
6answers
24k views

Why don't British kings and queens veto laws? [duplicate]

I've learned from Wikipedia that the British king or queen has the right to veto laws, but they don't use the right. Why is that? Is it because of tradition, respect for democracy, some regulations or ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a correlation between political system and economic growth?

I would like to know whether there are any pieces of scientific research indicating that some political systems are more likely to produce a large economic growth than others. Which systems are they? ...
5
votes
2answers
401 views

What do the US and Australian governments gain from a US Marine presence in Darwin?

The US has decided to establish a US Marine presence in Darwin. What do benefits do both governments gain from this?
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Plato's The Republic influence any of the 20th century's despotic regimes?

Did Plato's The Republic and the ideas presented in it have any practical influence on any of the 20th century's despotic regimes? The idea of despotism of the wisest, those that know better than the ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there any mechanism in USA to prevent someone from voting by mail AND in person?

Theoretically speaking, there are mechanisms that prevent someone from voting twice (you are only allocated to vote to one polling place based on your residence address, and that polling place has a ...
9
votes
5answers
3k views

Why does the United States have voting districts?

Why do we in the United States have voting districts? Wouldn't it be better to allow people to vote wherever is most convenient and then group relevant votes based on the voters' addresses? Since we ...
8
votes
3answers
13k views

May the United States Congress remove any secretary?

Is it possible for a United States Secretary to be removed by the House of Representatives or the Senate?
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Why was the Electoral College the system selected by the founding fathers?

What advantages did the founding fathers see in electoral college that made them pick it over other potential voting systems?
20
votes
3answers
1k views

What would be required for states to split off and become their own nation?

What would need to happen for a state such as California or Texas to split off and form its own independent nation? Who would need to agree and what would need passing (bills etc.)?

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