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11
votes
1answer
2k views

India - States and Union Territories

India has 28 States, and seven Union Territories. While States have their own elected Governments, Union Territories are directly controlled by the federal government. What was the purpose of ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Who first proposed the idea that "Supreme executive power derives from a mandate from the masses"?

King Arthur: The Lady of the Lake, her arm clad in the purest shimmering samite, held aloft Excalibur from the bosom of the water, signifying by divine providence that I, Arthur, was to carry ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

How are conflicts between constitutional and treaty obligations resolved?

The present Constitution of Bolivia, which came into effect on the 7th of February 2009, has this to say about coca (an English translation follows the original Spanish): Artículo 384. El Estado ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

What special regulations make Freetown Christiania autonomous?

Freetown Christiania is a self-proclaimed autonomous neighbourhood in Copenhagen. Picture from Wikimedia Commons, Bruno Jargot Christiania is an anarchist, autonomous community. According to ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Does Mcullough v. Maryland mean that charitable donations cannot be taxed?

In McCulough v. Maryland, Chief Justice John Marshall promulgated the doctrine the power to tax is the power to destroy. Additionally, as we all know, the Lemon Test prohibits the United States ...
22
votes
5answers
4k views

How does DOMA get around the "Full Faith and Credit" clause to the Constitution?

Regardless of what one feels about "gay marriage", the recent decision by the Supreme Court to review the case brings up an interesting Constitutional question. Namely, if, say, Maryland recognizes ...
24
votes
5answers
6k views

Is there an optimal size of a parliament?

Are there any studies that have been done correlating size of the electorate (or in general the population) to size of parliament and stability criteria? I was wondering which size of a parliament is ...
8
votes
1answer
295 views

Did the Socialist and the Fascist party share the electoral programme in Italy?

I was taught that in the early twenties the Socialist and the Fascist parties programmes were more or less identical, except for just one nationalist clause in the Fascist party's programme. Despite ...
41
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is West Virginia a state?

First off, I am a resident of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and am completely aware of the circumstances of the creation of the state of West Virginia. In 1863, in the midst of the Rebellion, ...
4
votes
2answers
681 views

What policies can reduce or prevent cost overruns on big infrastructure projects?

Big infrastructure projects often lead to major cost overruns. For example: Betuweroute railway in The Netherlands, planned at 2.5 billion €, final costs 4.7 billion € Gotthard base tunnel, estimated ...
45
votes
5answers
265k views

What is the difference between liberalism and libertarianism?

According to wikipedia Liberalism (from the Latin liberalis) is a political philosophy or worldview founded on the idea of liberty and equality. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on ...
7
votes
2answers
334 views

Can copyright be interpreted as a liberal economic policy?

Note: This question refers to liberal as in Liberalism, not as in American Liberalism! As copyright is considered a state-guaranteed monopoly for the creators of works, could it be considered a true ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Which are the symptoms of a decadent Democracy degenerating to Ochlocracy? [closed]

The Ochlocracy is by the Wikipedia's definition: Or mob rule is government by mob or a mass of people, or the intimidation of legitimate authorities. As a pejorative for majoritarianism, it is akin ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Are political parties based on ethnicity democratic?

Does a political party based on a minor (or major) ethnicity have a place in democracy ?
14
votes
5answers
2k views

What evidence did the Bush administration have that Iraq stored WMD?

The U.S. and its allies have justified the Iraq war, among other things, by citing the danger of weapons of mass destruction. According to wikipedia (emphasis mine) the U.S. stated that the intent ...
25
votes
2answers
2k views

(Why) does the US left promote federal powers over state powers?

This comment states that the modern left is often promoting federal powers over state powers. I assume that the comment relates to the United States. It surprises me, because in (northern) Europe, ...
3
votes
4answers
11k views

Is there any rational alternative besides the Democracy? [closed]

At the moment the most spread system in the world is the democracy with different accents, some parliamentary, some representative, other presidential, etc. But recently I have asked my self if ...
14
votes
10answers
16k views

Are worker cooperatives socialist, capitalist, or their own category?

This question inquires about private ownership vs. state ownership. However, there is a 3rd category that may or may not be considered as private ownership: Worker cooperatives. In the model of ...
55
votes
5answers
3k views

What form of government does StackExchange resemble?

It's not representative democracy, because the decisions are taken by the entire community, but they are weighted :P The closest one that comes into my mind is the "Venus project" :)
20
votes
6answers
12k views

Was Hitler's regime a right-wing regime?

Left- and right-wing ideologies seem to change over time. From what I've read so far, the Nazi regime was considered a right-wing party at that time by the people who voted it. But currently, right-...
11
votes
3answers
571 views

Are there any proposed systems of running the government like a corporation?

Has there ever been a legitimately proposed system whereby either the entire government or the executive branch of it was run the way a corporation is usually supposed to - more specifically, with set ...
28
votes
4answers
21k views

Are there any countries with no elections at all?

I was browsing the Wikipedia article on Voting age and the following map struck me. The colours refer to different ages, full legend here: Regardless of other restrictions (only men, only one party, ...
12
votes
1answer
652 views

Is there any evidence that public transport splitting, corporatisation or privitisation affects quality?

In Europe in the last 10–30 years, many public transportation companies have been split up in parts, with some parts corporatised and some parts privatised. This has partly been motivated by an ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there good examples of countries "incorrectly" self-identifying as "socialist"?

Let's make the following definition: "Private ownership" of means of production means 3 things: The profit from selling things produced go to someone dubbed an "owner", who is one or more private ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Where and how has crowdsourcing been implemented in politics?

The Socialist Party in The Netherlands has previously employed a crowdsourcing website (Dutch-language link) to gather ideas on popular ways to bring down unnecessary health-care costs. Anybody could ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the main arguments in favour and against general assemblies as legislative bodies?

The Swiss canton of Glarus still practices the concept of the Landsgemeinde. Quoting from Wikipedia: Eligible citizens of the canton meet on a certain day in the open air to decide on laws and ...
6
votes
1answer
451 views

Are there any parliaments with more than two chambers?

All parliaments that I know off are either unicameral or bicameral. Wikipedia has articles on tricameral and even tetracameral parliaments. Do any such multicameral parliaments presently exist?
13
votes
1answer
484 views

Does the two-party system influence engagement?

In the last US elections, the voting turnout was approximately 57.5% (Bipartisan Research Center). Over the last few decades, it has been shifting between 50 and 60 percent. This is in stark contrast ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there countries considered socialist that do NOT have parliaments and elections?

I know that in USSR, even during the most totalitarian times, there used to be elections and a representative legislative body (Supreme Soviet) - leaving aside the actual competitiveness of the ...
1
vote
1answer
630 views

Is the United States Electoral College constitutional?

A question that has long been standing in my mind is whether the Electoral College is constitutional. Republicans in California, or Democrats in Texas, for that matter, actually do not have a say in ...
3
votes
1answer
898 views

Is there any difference between demarchy and stochocracy?

According to the Wikipedia article on demarchy: Demarchy (or lottocracy) is a form of government in which the state is governed by randomly selected decision makers who have been selected by ...
14
votes
5answers
15k views

What is the difference between representative and parliamentary democracy?

In the case of "representative democracy", the common sense makes you think that you elect congressmen or speakers to represent your wishes, and in the "parliamentary democracy" you do almost the same;...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a politically appointed vs. permanent Civil Service?

The United Kingdom1 has a permanent, and (in theory, at least) politically neutral Civil Service - although it is sometimes argued that this neutrality has been eroded in recent decades. In contrast, ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Do opinion polls constitute a way of indirect demarchy?

Opinion polls may influence politicians. As opinion polls are based on a random sample of citizens, does this influence constitute an indirect form of demarchy? In governance, sortition (also known ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between sortition and demarchy?

What is the difference between demarchy and sortition? The Wikipedia article for demarchy: Demarchy (or lottocracy) is a form of government in which the state is governed by randomly selected ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Does radical pacifism reject police violence?

Pacifism is the opposition to war and violence. Does radical pacifism reject the use of violence by the police force? See also: How is crime addressed according to (radical) pacifism?
2
votes
1answer
257 views

How is crime addressed according to (radical) pacifism?

Pacifism is the opposition to war and violence. Most pacifists propose to abolish the army, such as Costa Rica and a small number of other nations have done. Some also propose to abolish the police. ...
6
votes
2answers
476 views

What alternatives have been proposed for prison sentences for violent crimes?

According to prison critics and others, prisons are schools of crime. This viewpoint holds that when someone gets a prison sentence for a small crime, they will meet bigger criminals and build a ...
12
votes
1answer
19k views

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of sortition?

Ancient Athens, what is by many considered the first democracy, resorted extensively to sortition to assign its political offices. In modern times however the only place where this method of selection ...
12
votes
2answers
630 views

Has there ever been a successful application of Liquid Democracy in recent (non-ancient) history?

While looking for the best application of a Democratic regime, people tend to look either at Athenian Democracy (as applied in Ancient Athens that is) or at Grassroots/Liquid Democracy (as supposedly ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the differences between the Tea Party and the Republican Party?

To Republicans, the Tea Party movement is considered a separate organization espousing some Republican ideals. What are the particular idiosyncrasies that differentiate between the Republicans and the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What methodologies of measuring the power of the state are researched today?

What methodologies are used today to measure the power of the state in an objective way? Most of the classifications are based on either intuition (publicist one) or take into account only one or few ...
45
votes
11answers
166k views

What is the difference between fascism and nazism?

Many politicians and social groups use "fascism" and "nazism" synonymously, and this has confused me (and maybe others) for a long time. Is there any big difference between them, or are the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Does the head-of-state pardon violate separation of powers?

In a rechtsstaat, separation of powers in legislative, executive, and judicial powers provides some protection to the civilians and reduces the power of government. In some legislations, however, the ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the president unable to grant a pardon for State offenses?

In the US, as in many modern countries, we have a presidential pardon. However, we also have many state government pardons. The constitution states and he shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Do referendums lead to significantly different decisions than when decisions are taken by parliament?

One argument that is used against decision-making by popular referendum is that they tend to lead to populist, perhaps even impossible decisions. It seems that referendums can lead to decisions that ...
20
votes
3answers
19k views

Why are Sheriffs elected in United States?

In other parts of the world the police's chiefs are selected by the city mayor or the city council, but in almost all counties of United States they are elected. Why are they elected, and not ...
10
votes
18answers
5k views

If all the citizens have same rights why some must pay a higher tax rate?

If all the citizens of a country have the same rights and are equal before the law, why some must pay more taxes? Isn't that a kind of discrimination?
35
votes
4answers
21k views

Is there any objective reason why some states can have nuclear weapons but others can't?

Many countries around the world suspect that Iran is attempting to build a nuclear weapon. Regardless of whether this is true or not, is there any objective reason why the US, UK, France, and others ...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

Why hasn't the Senate's "Nuclear Option" been invoked? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In the U.S., why does the majority party in a new Senate session always approve the filibuster rule? I have heard recently that there is (likely) a parliamentary procedure by ...

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