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The left bank of the Dnieper, which is controlled by Russia, is lower than the right bank controlled by Ukraine. So Russia is getting more damage by the flood of water. This flooding will damage and deactivate many of the minefields laid out by Russia and could help Ukrainian troops to more easily cross unencumbered to the Russian side (via boats etc.).

The Washington Post, in an article on December 29, 2022 also describes how the Ukranian had considered, practised and simulated blowing up the dam in 2022:

“There were moments when we turned off their supply lines completely, and they still managed to build crossings,” Kovalchuk said. “They managed to replenish ammunition. … It was very difficult.”

Kovalchuk considered flooding the river. The Ukrainians, he said, even conducted a test strike with a HIMARS launcher on one of the floodgates at the Nova Kakhovka dam, making three holes in the metal to see if the Dnieper’s water could be raised enough to stymie Russian crossings but not flood nearby villages. The test was a success, Kovalchuk said ...

Military experts quoted in an article - Why did Kiev decide to flood: What is happening at the Kakhovskaya HPP (Russian) - describe how this further helps the Ukranian:

Why did the Armed Forces of Ukraine blow up the Kakhovskaya hydroelectric power station

The Dnieper spill complicates the AFU's plans for a counteroffensive in the southern direction. But it improves the situation in the direction above the Dnieper ... The May rains greatly increased the level of the reservoir above the dam.

The undermining of the Kakhovskaya hydroelectric power station is connected with the plans of Kyiv, and is part of the general operation of the counteroffensive of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. It was a man-made explosion, with predictable results in the key - how much water will flow, how long the river will overflow. This affected the positions of the Russian army on the left bank. Because most of the settlements that were located on this side of the Dnieper, the same Bare Pier and a number of others, were equipped with Russian fortified areas, from which attacks were carried out on the AFU, military experts say.

"Now they are flooded, we can't use mortar artillery and we can use barrel artillery to a very limited extent. The enemy gets the opportunity to concentrate artillery complexes and multiple launch rocket systems on the right bank and work according to the scheme of stray artillery, shelling our settlements further than usual," military expert Alexey Leonkov comments on the situation.

According to him, the lowered water level to the Kakhovka reservoir will make it possible to build pontoon crossings for the transfer of troops ... According to our experts, the explosion will ... eventually affect the North Crimean Canal.

(Translated from Russian source using Google and Yandex translate).

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