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195

The EU is like a club that countries can join. The club has rules, one of which is called Article 50 and was written by a British guy. Article 50 says how countries can leave the club, and that it takes two years during which time they have to negotiate the terms they want to leave on. A lot of people in Britain like being in the club, and a lot of ...


181

it was generally expected that the pro-Brexit politicians had some idea of how negotiations for a Brexit deal would fare and what the outcome would be. Who by? Everyone knew the lead Brexit team (Boris Johnson, Jacob Rees-Mogg et al) had no plans for how this would work. They didn't even have any grasp of how much things currently cost, never mind how ...


153

Dani Rodrik's trilemma states that you can pick any two of three from "nation state", "prosperity" and "democracy". The argument goes that if you want prosperity then you must have free trade (hermit kingdoms are always poor). Trade requires common standards, so either you merge your democratic nation states into something bigger like the EU, or you have ...


151

If you don't understand Irish history then you can't understand anything about Northern Ireland. Briefly, the whole of Ireland used to be part of the British Empire. This was due to some uncommonly bloody history since the Tudor era (roughly 1550 to 1600) in which the Protestant UK invaded Ireland and then tried to suppress repeated rebellions by Catholics. ...


145

In the strictest sense, it is of course possible; but it doesn’t make any sense, unless Brexit is only for symbolism. The whole point of Brexit (beside the symbolism) and of leaving the single market and the customs union is to allow Britain to act independently from its former partners – at least in trade issues. On the other hand, one main point of a ...


123

The United Kingdom shall not leave the European Union without a deal That is not a legal decision. This is just a wish that Parliament has expressed. If nothing else changes, as things currently stand¹ (2019-08-28T13:32Z), the UK is scheduled to leave without a deal on 2019-10-31 . Without any further agreement beyond this delay beyond the original ...


113

Brexit is more popular among Britons than what is happening in Hong Kong is among Hong Kong residents There was a vote for Brexit where a majority of voters voted for Brexit, but there was absolutely no vote in Hong Kong for any of the things happening in Hong Kong. To draw a parallel between these two events as if something that was actually voted on by ...


109

The sum is quite small compared to the EU GDP, but that is not what you should be comparing it to. It would make more sense to compare it to the EU budget (as there the additional money would gradually end up to). According to this website (in the left side infographic in the page) the EU budget in 2011 (a bit outdated) was 129.3 billion euros. Compared to ...


94

The problem stems from three issues. I'll explain those, then the backstop issue will be more obvious. Brexit will create two sovereign regions, with (over time) different borders and import rules. This is the express intent of Brexit after all. Where two sovereign regions meet, there needs to be some kind of formal controls over goods and people crossing ...


91

Brexit is a submarine made out of cheese. Nobody sane at all thinks there is a good Brexit deal to be had. (Every proposed "good Brexit deal" uniformly assumes they can dictate terms to the EU; that has not proven to be the case). However, May has been forced (in order to become PM) to pretend there is a good cheese-submarine, and has in fact built a ...


91

Both the Burgundy color and the words 'European Union' are recommended as part of passports issued by member states, but neither are compulsory. As such, the legal basis of the UK's decision is: there's no legal basis for this to be illegal.


91

There's a constellation of reasons: Johnson lost his majority (which makes him toothless and unable to get anything done), is getting humiliated day after day, and is putting his inadequacy on display more often than not. The longer this drags on, the more damage to his credibility as a viable PM. The optics of a PM calling for a vote of no confidence, with ...


89

Article 50 of the Treaties of the European Union (the article which governs leaving the EU) has a clause which explicitly mentions that rejoining the EU is possible after leaving it: If a State which has withdrawn from the Union asks to rejoin, its request shall be subject to the procedure referred to in Article 49. Article 49, in case you wonder, ...


86

This might be described as an "eat your vegetables" strategy by the EU27. The three preliminary issues are not palatable to the UK government: It is reluctant to discuss the divorce bill. Paying any money at all to the EU will be unpopular, especially in the wake of false promises by the Leave campaign about money saved by Brexit. It is reluctant to ...


86

Parliament has already voted on Article 50 and Article 50 has already been invoked. If nothing else happens between now and March 29th, EU membership ends for the UK. That was the case whether this vote took place or not. So that's the simplest answer with what is known to factually and legally be in place at this time. Anything else borders on wild ...


86

You are making the same mistake as the remain campaign did: This is not a rational decision, at the core, it's an emotional decision. It's not about what financial, economic or whatever benefits either way brings it's about whether people want to be in or out of the union and what they emotionally consider their main political entity (i.e. "nation"). Any ...


85

Simplified, one key issue that drove or drives the Brexit movement is for the UK to have full sovereign control over the standards goods must adhere to. Equally simplified, one key issue for the EU is what is known as the integrity of the internal market, i.e. that goods all across the EU adhere to the same sets of standards that were agreed upon by ...


84

In decreasing order of certainty: If you work (or intend to work) in a field dealing with border/customs/phytosanitary etc., Brexit may have new job opportunities. If your job/income was somehow threatened by potential immigrants from the EU, it might be less so. If national legislation on environment or other business regulations gets streamlined ...


80

While the data given seems factually correct, I agree that the framing on that website is biased towards staying in the EU (evidenced by only giving a button to contact your MP if you're worried about leaving the EU and the non-neutral exclamation points everywhere) As someone without a bone in this fight (As in: I'm a European, find Brexit interesting, ...


80

No. The referendum was legally not binding, it just caused a political situation which made the article 50 notification seem a political necessity. The UK could have stayed or left regardless of the referendum result, so a court could not conclude from campaign "violations" that the notification was invalid. Also, many election campaigns contain predictions ...


79

In short all Leave candidates who put themselves forward for the PM job lost in a run-off to Andrea Leadsom (a Leave supporter) who then backed out. Major Leave supporters were given top level ministerial jobs, including arguably the most important one of Brexit Secretary - the Chief Negotiator position - and then resigned when they were unable to deliver ...


78

The "optimal" solution for Brexiteers is:- The UK does not have to follow any EU rules. The UK gets to decide rules for imports. UK industry gets to export to the EU freely in spite of those goods not being produced to the same rules as set by the EU. The UK can stop people entering freely from the EU. People from Ireland can enter Northern Ireland freely. ...


76

It was discussed in the discussion on one of the online petitions. The standard Tory line against it is: 17.4 million people voted to leave. After that, 499 Members of Parliament voted in favour of invoking article 50, and 122 voted against But Brexit, as currently being operated, is not a public-driven process. Even if it was, making it opinion-poll-...


75

First off, per the other answers so far, €50 billion (or €100) is by no means peanuts. More importantly, this article gives, I think, a reasonably level-headed breakdown of what the Brexit bill is about and what's at stake in practice. A large chunk of the money being asked for by the European commission was pledged by David Cameron, when he was prime ...


74

A no deal Brexit would also hurt the EU. Not so much as to offer the pact that the Parliament wants (in the case that the Parliament knew what it wants), but enough to provide an extension to see if the deal gets approved. In the worst case scenario, the EU has a few more days to roll out its own contingency measures for a no deal Brexit. It shows the EU as ...


70

The Parliament doesn't have a single opinion. It probably has 650 different opinions (perhaps more!). Individual members may be hoping to achieve different things by an extension: Strong remainers, such as Jo Swinson, are hoping that the UK will eventually have to retract its article 50 request, and remain in the EU. Requesting another extension is the ...


68

"Northern Ireland" itself was created by a variation of that process: there was a referendum on whether to become independent after the Irish War Of Independence, and those electoral regions which voted to remain in the UK were assembled into a unit. Forced population transfer is usually considered to be a crime against humanity and is included in the UN ...


67

The EU is acting in the interests of the remaining 27 members. In this case it is specifically acting in the interests and on the instructions of the Republic of Ireland, which opposes a hard border under any circumstances. The Republic of Ireland, and so the EU, are opposed to the UK having the ability to unilaterally exit the backstop as it removes any ...


66

The EU fundamentally cannot accept the trade portions of the Chequers proposal which in short propose Single Market access for goods from the UK, without requiring the UK to accept freedom of movement. Equally allowing the UK to negotiate separate trade deals outside the EU's tariff and quota system, but then ship goods from the UK to the EU without customs ...


64

Is there any indication at all that the EU would be willing to re-open negotiations on this matter No. BBC, Dec 2018 European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker said there could be clarifications but no renegotiation. Reuters, May 2019 European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said on Tuesday that the European Union was not willing to ...


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