Hot answers tagged

52

In addition to the niceties listed by another answer, this allows Trump to appoint a temporary replacement according to the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998: The Vacancies Act’s requirements are triggered if an officer serving in an advice and consent position in the executive branch “dies, resigns, or is otherwise unable to perform the functions ...


39

o.m. has made some nice points for how it could/should work out, but one answer that shouldn't be missing here is the following: Very often, they don't. The crux of a parlamentary system, which by its nature is very party-oriented, is that there is a lot of internal party-politics going, which results in cabinet positions often not being assigned based on ...


34

Cabinet members often state that they serve at the pleasure of the President, and the President can fire any Cabinet member at any time, but can the Cabinet members legally and Constitutionally ignore anything that the President tells them to do? They ignore the president's will at their peril, because he can indeed dismiss them, apart from the vice ...


33

The Department of Education was created by the Department of Education Organization Act (1979). The description of the Secretary's role is: The Department shall be administered, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, under the supervision and direction of a Secretary of Education. The Secretary's job is to run the ...


32

The Federal government of Ethiopia has 12 PhDs. The names are listed below: Abiy Ahmed (PhD) Prime Minister Kene’a Yadeta (PhD) Minister of Defense Getahun Mekuria (PhD) Minister of Education Lia Tadesse (PhD) Minister of Health Samuel Urkato (PhD) Minister of Science and Higher Education Sileshi Bekele (PhD) Minister of Water, ...


31

Assuming we're allowing past governments - at the beginning of 2011, the second Merkel Cabinet (Germany) included twelve ministers with PhDs or other doctoral degrees. Unfortunately, only ten still retain their degrees, as in February 2011, Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg's doctorate was withdrawn by the University of Bayreuth after plagiarism was discovered (see ...


28

As a practical matter, if Pence were to resign, the already slim probability of invoking the 25th amendment would decrease to almost zero. If Pence resigned, the Vice Presidency would be vacant and it would be up to the President to nominate and both houses of Congress to confirm a new Vice President. Theoretically, this could be done quite quickly if the ...


26

This is absurd. It will never happen. That said, Bernie Sanders would have to do one of Get appointed Vice President. This requires the VP slot to be vacated (by death, impeachment, resignation, etc.) and for someone to pick Bernie for it. Then the President has to leave. Get appointed to the cabinet. Then everyone ahead of him has to vacate. Get ...


22

It's likely because there are two departments starting with E, the other being the Department of Energy. When the Department of Education was formed in 1979, the Department of Energy already existed. So the abbreviation DoE was already established for the Department of Energy. To avoid ambiguity, a different abbreviation has to be used for the Department of ...


21

In most cases, cabinet officials are not picked at random from the members of parliament. One would pick a member of the relevant subcommittee, who should have experience with the policy issues of the department -- either by defending relevant legislation and budgets, or by criticizing them. At a certain point, the key skill for leaders is leadership. The ...


19

The Iranian government has many PhDs as well. (At least 20!) President Dr. Rouhani obtained a PhD degree in Constitutional Law in 1999 for a thesis titled The Flexibility of Shariah (Islamic Law) with reference to the Iranian experience. First Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri Kouhshahi received a PhD from Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, ...


18

The President of the United States sets the job descriptions of the cabinet. Does the Secretary of Education have to support public education as part of their job No. or is their job simply to push for better education standards in the nation using whatever methods they think best? No. Their job is not necessarily to "push for better education ...


18

Simple Answer: The Constitution Says So The simplest answer is because the Constitution requires the Senate's approval before certain officials are hired, but doesn't mention them being fired. From Article 2, Section 2: ... and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and ...


18

Well, to begin with a classic, Winston Churchill was: President of the Board of Trade (1908-1910), Home Secretary (1910-1911), First Lord of the Admiralty (1911-1915), Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, i.e. minister without portfolio (1915) Minister of Munitions (1917-1919), Secretary of State for War (1919-1921), concurrently with Secretary of State ...


17

As mentioned in comments, the Vice President was originally the runner-up in the Presidential Election; this practically guaranteed that (until this was changed) the Vice President would be of a different party than the President. Now, because the Vice President is on the ticket alongside the President, they will almost certainly be of the same party, but ...


16

A recent Business Insider article reported on this: His White House has seen more firings, resignations, and reassignments in its first year than any other young administration in modern history. The president's senior staff turnover rate during his first year in office was three-times higher than both Presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton ...


15

The notice period is set out by the Employment Rights Act 1996, and is specific to employees. Ministers are not working under a contract of employment, or, for that matter, any other sort of contract. That means they are not "employees" nor even "workers" under UK employment law. The most appropriate status is "office holder", for which the idea of "notice" (...


15

Yes, he could do that, but it would only be successful if McConnell accepted the appointment, which seems rather unlikely.


13

Cabinet members follow rules similar to those of the VP and congress members: As with salaries, the rules governing the retirement benefits of the Vice President, Cabinet members, members of Congress and other federal officials are different than those that apply to the President, with benefits laid-out in the rules of the Federal Employees Retirement ...


13

See Wikipedia's entry on the Cabinet. The Cabinet consists of the Vice-President, the head of each department of the Executive branch, and assorted non-department-heads who hold cabinet-level positions. They are appointed by the President and confirmed by Congress, and for the most part can be fired by the President at will, but otherwise run their ...


11

Yes and no, but mostly No. 3 U.S.C. § 302 states The authority conferred by this chapter shall apply to any function vested in the President by law if such law does not affirmatively prohibit delegation of the performance of such function as herein provided for, or specifically designate the officer or officers to whom it may be delegated. This chapter ...


10

Picking cabinet members before election day is definitely rare. First, such decisions have no real force. Cabinet members must be approved by Congress, and they cannot be sent to Congress before the President is sworn in, so any name the candidate drops prior to the election is little more than a placeholder for a future choice. Further, choosing cabinet ...


10

It would be highly unusual for a President-Elect to have named his Cabinet before he is deemed elected. Usually these announcements will be made starting mid-November and continue through to January. For reference, President Trump made his first Cabinet announcement on November 18, 2016, naming his picks for Attorney General and CIA Director, and he made ...


10

The position of U.S. Attorney General was established in 1789, while the U.S. Department of Justice was established in 1870, nearly a century later. For awhile after the ratification of the Constitution, the role of the Attorney General was to advise the executive and legislative branches (equally) on legal matters, not be the person in charge of the law's ...


10

I haven't been able to discover anyone with a more varied collection of cabinet posts than Churchill, but in more recent years, John Reid, now Baron Reid, held eight Cabinet-level positions during Tony Blair's reign as Prime Minister - all within a seven-year period. Cabinet Position Ministry Dates Secretary of State for Scotland First Blair Ministry 1999–...


10

To illustrate how much power the President wields, the best known example would be the so-called Saturday Night Massacre. Richard Nixon wanted the special prosecutor investigating the Watergate Scandal fired. He asked U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire him and Richardson resigned rather than comply. Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus ...


9

Short version The Secretaries of State for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are responsible for policy where it differs from England. For example, the police in England are the responsibility of the Home Secretary. The distinct challenges of policing in Northern Ireland are handled by the Northern Ireland secretary. Longer version The UK is governed ...


9

Why would a president actually seek confirmation for any Cabinet position by the Senate ? Why wouldn't they just put whomever they want as acting Secretary of Whatever ? The Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998 limits who may serve as Acting Secretary and for how long. Courthouse New Service reports in Federal Judge Nullifies Actions Taken by Acting BLM ...


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