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52

In addition to the niceties listed by another answer, this allows Trump to appoint a temporary replacement according to the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998: The Vacancies Act’s requirements are triggered if an officer serving in an advice and consent position in the executive branch “dies, resigns, or is otherwise unable to perform the functions ...


34

The Department of Education was created by the Department of Education Organization Act (1979). The description of the Secretary's role is: The Department shall be administered, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, under the supervision and direction of a Secretary of Education. The Secretary's job is to run the ...


25

This is absurd. It will never happen. That said, Bernie Sanders would have to do one of Get appointed Vice President. This requires the VP slot to be vacated (by death, impeachment, resignation, etc.) and for someone to pick Bernie for it. Then the President has to leave. Get appointed to the cabinet. Then everyone ahead of him has to vacate. Get ...


22

It's likely because there are two departments starting with E, the other being the Department of Energy. When the Department of Education was formed in 1979, the Department of Energy already existed. So the abbreviation DoE was already established for the Department of Energy. To avoid ambiguity, a different abbreviation has to be used for the Department of ...


18

The President of the United States sets the job descriptions of the cabinet. Does the Secretary of Education have to support public education as part of their job No. or is their job simply to push for better education standards in the nation using whatever methods they think best? No. Their job is not necessarily to "push for better education ...


18

Simple Answer: The Constitution Says So The simplest answer is because the Constitution requires the Senate's approval before certain officials are hired, but doesn't mention them being fired. From Article 2, Section 2: ... and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and ...


16

A recent Business Insider article reported on this: His White House has seen more firings, resignations, and reassignments in its first year than any other young administration in modern history. The president's senior staff turnover rate during his first year in office was three-times higher than both Presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton ...


14

The notice period is set out by the Employment Rights Act 1996, and is specific to employees. Ministers are not working under a contract of employment, or, for that matter, any other sort of contract. That means they are not "employees" nor even "workers" under UK employment law. The most appropriate status is "office holder", for which the idea of "notice" (...


13

Cabinet members follow rules similar to those of the VP and congress members: As with salaries, the rules governing the retirement benefits of the Vice President, Cabinet members, members of Congress and other federal officials are different than those that apply to the President, with benefits laid-out in the rules of the Federal Employees Retirement ...


10

Picking cabinet members before election day is definitely rare. First, such decisions have no real force. Cabinet members must be approved by Congress, and they cannot be sent to Congress before the President is sworn in, so any name the candidate drops prior to the election is little more than a placeholder for a future choice. Further, choosing cabinet ...


9

Short version The Secretaries of State for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are responsible for policy where it differs from England. For example, the police in England are the responsibility of the Home Secretary. The distinct challenges of policing in Northern Ireland are handled by the Northern Ireland secretary. Longer version The UK is governed ...


9

The only way the Democrats would be able to delay or block the cabinet appointments would be if 3 or more Republican senators can be convinced not to vote for the appointments. A simple majority (51 votes) in the senate is sufficient for the appointments to proceed, and that vote can't be filibustered. (Source)


8

Valerie Jarrett is prominent because she is a long time friend of Barack Obama's (she hired Michelle in 1991). Her title in the White House was smaller than her role in the White House. She was more like Jared Kushner or Ivanka Trump in that regard. All three have or had titles that were somewhat blah, but they also have or had the ear of their respective ...


8

This is a necessarily incomplete answer, but gathers together a lot of the relevant data points. There are basically two parts of this question. One must both estimate the aggregate net worth of the cabinet, each time its membership changed, and one must estimate the share of wealth of less affluent Americans. The Changing Definition of the Cabinet One ...


8

The cabinet is the assembly of so-called cabinet-level officials, often labeled ministers or secretaries. The head of government may or may not be formally part of this group. Examples include Germany and the UK. In some systems, the dismissal of the entire cabinet by either the head of government or the head of state signals a new general election or -- ...


7

What the law requires Cabinet-level offices are established by statute. The existence of a Secretary and the need for Senate approval are also typically in the enabling statute. As an example, here's a section of the Department of Agriculture's enabling statute: The Department of Agriculture shall be an executive department, under the supervision and ...


7

Yes, the Senate can reject Cabinet nominees. The President can only appoint a Cabinet secretary with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the Senate can withhold that consent. This isn't terribly common (normally a nomination is pulled before it gets to that point), but the Senate has to agree to any Cabinet appointment.


6

Though Democrats wouldn't be able to block an appointment since they're not the majority, how exactly could they delay one if they chose to? Up until 2013, they could have blocked with just forty-one Senators even in the minority. Each appointment has to be confirmed by the Senate. A normal (not recess) appointment must be confirmed before taking office....


6

The Prime Minister has been chairing meetings via videoconference, specifically using Zoom (BBC News). It is being reported this evening (by ITV News among others) that tomorrow's COVID-19 meeting will be chaired by Dominic Raab, the First Secretary of State.


6

“Government” is somewhat ambiguous in English. It can be essentially synonymous with the word “cabinet” (especially in parliamentary systems) or it can have a broader meaning, covering the civil service and the entire apparatus of the state (“the US government”). In that case, the meaning is slightly different but reasonably clear: Yatsenyuk was indicating ...


5

Officially, every cabinet-level department is known as Department of _______, as shown on their official seals: Informally, the names, abbreviations, and word order are arbitrary. For example, the Department of Justice is the DoJ, but is often called the Justice Department. Homeland Security is DHS, and Health and Human Services is HHS. The Treasury ...


5

No. In the Westminster system (on which the Indian government is modelled) only members of a house may vote. So members of Lok Sabha may not vote in the Rajya Sabha. Constituion of India, part V article 88. Every Minister and the Attorney-General of India shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, either ...


4

President Obama nominated 3 Republicans to his Cabinet, but ultimately only two served. They are Robert Gates (Secretary of Defense, originally appointed by G.W. Bush and retained), Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood (Representative from Illinois), and Judd Gregg (Senator from New Hampshire and former Governor). Gregg withdrew his name from consideration ...


3

Not all Shadow Ministers and Ministers are members of the Shadow Cabinet and Cabinet, only the most important roles within Government are Cabinet roles. Cabinet Ministers are those that fill the top 20 or so most important roles in Government, the precise number varies, for instance the Minister for Exiting Europe role did not exist before the referendum. ...


3

Valerie Jarrett's name doesn't seem to appear much or anywhere in Google News in the week or two before the tweet, except for her name getting dropped in an interview by Newt Gingrich on Fox News (and a few articles that echoed it). If the Fox Radio summary is anything to go by, Gingrich predicts the Spygate scandal will be so big it'll reach Jarrett and ...


3

Why has Jarrett come to sudden prominence? Apparently, she was put in the news mainly by Roseanne Barr's tweet. The tweet itself was published in the discussion about President Obama's alleged interference in the US and French elections. Valerie Jarrett was targeted as a prominent member of the Obama administration. Here's the original conversation on ...


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