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60 votes
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Why does the U.S. Census deliberately transfer population to neighboring census blocks?

The Census Bureau practices disclosure avoidance to, as you suspect, protect the privacy of individual respondents. The Census Bureau wants to ensure that a consumer of the data it produces cannot de-...
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  • 5,261
54 votes

Why does Trump want a citizenship question on the census?

I think the best is for you to dive into the following two podcasts (both have a transcript) of Chris Hayes interviewing Dale Ho, one of the attorneys who filed the lawsuit (and won) against the Trump ...
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39 votes
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Why doesn't the US Census consider Hispanic a race?

The "Hispanic/non-Hispanic" is orthogonal to the White-Black-Asian-Native Amerian racial categorisation that the US census uses. A Hispanic person is a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican,...
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30 votes

How much can a US state grow by relative to the nation as a whole and still lose a seat?

See congressional apportionment... Mathematically speaking this is a difficult question to address (similar to the knapsack problem) because one is trying to get a 'best fit' between a near-continuous ...
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28 votes

What is the rationale for the United Kingdom statistics body not allowing black people to identify as having an English ethnicity in its surveys?

I'm not going to try and answer the question of how it should be phrased, but I can point you to a resource the ONS publishes explaining their own reasoning. Emphasis mine. https://www.ons.gov.uk/...
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22 votes
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Census boycott for political purposes

This is a bad idea for two reasons: it'll cause a decrease in state funding for where you live, and it may be tricky to actually cause your preferred party to get that representative/elector. First, ...
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18 votes

What is the rationale for the United Kingdom statistics body not allowing black people to identify as having an English ethnicity in its surveys?

My impression as a (white) immigrant to the UK is English/Scottish/Welsh identity is treated rather differently from British. While Britishness is a rather inclusive concept, the individual national ...
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  • 6,855
18 votes

Why doesn't the US Census consider Hispanic a race?

This answer focuses on the why aspect of the question, rather than the what aspect focused on in other answers. Why Ask About Race And Ethnicity? The U.S. Census, first and foremost is a ...
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15 votes
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Why does Trump want a citizenship question on the census?

Introduction Thomas Hofeller, a Republican strategist developed a "computerized mapping system" for state redistricting. To use that system in every state required knowing citizenship. The ...
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9 votes

How much can a US state grow by relative to the nation as a whole and still lose a seat?

Relative to the nation, what is the theoretical limit to how much a state's population can grow relative to the nation and still lose a seat in the US House? The 2010 Census Briefs say the "The ...
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9 votes

Why does Trump want a citizenship question on the census?

Your question has multiple parts. This answer does not attempt to determine the motivations of any of the relevant parties, but rather only to address the history of the census question as it ...
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8 votes

Census boycott for political purposes

Getting anywhere close to enough traction to even have an effect is a big hurdle. The average house seat represents 700,000 people, this is the upper bound for the number of people required to boycott ...
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8 votes
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Who is counted for representation in the US Congress?

Everyone who resides in the 50 states of the United States is counted, including noncitizens. U.S. Armed Forces personnel and federal civilian employees stationed outside the United States are also ...
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7 votes

Census boycott for political purposes

Interestingly enough, there's already a great deal of nonresponse in the census, they've calculated the Wave 1 nonresponse rate has grown to nearly 20% from 5%. This nonresponse bias is "corrected" by ...
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7 votes

Am I obligated to answer a citizenship question on the U.S. census?

Fines You can be fined up to $100 for failure to answer any question on the decennial census. The fine for submitting false information is up to $500. Federal Law $100 fine for not answering ...
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6 votes

Am I obligated to answer a citizenship question on the U.S. census?

I was an enumerator for the 2010 census, working on the Nonresponse Followup Operation (NRFU). Members of our team would go door-to-door to collect missing census information. Our instructions were to ...
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6 votes

How much can a US state grow by relative to the nation as a whole and still lose a seat?

You can't just think about how much each state grew by compared to the nation, you also have to think about how fair the previous apportionment was. For example, consider this diagram showing two ...
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6 votes
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When will 2021 UK census results be published?

https://www.ons.gov.uk/releases/initialfindingsfromthe2021censusinenglandandwales Provisional release date: March to April 2022. The initial findings from the 2021 Census of Population and Housing in ...
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6 votes

What happens if the US fails to conduct a census?

First, the apportionment basis is Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment: Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole ...
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5 votes

Census boycott for political purposes

Note that your boycott may be ineffective. The census bureau tries to correct for missing or inaccurate data in a process called imputation. In addition to this being illegal, I also think it ...
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  • 1,565
5 votes

What is the rationale for the United Kingdom statistics body not allowing black people to identify as having an English ethnicity in its surveys?

They are specifically asking about ethnicity. It really comes down to a rather clumsy mix of (a) race and (b) for white people, which part of Europe your ancestors were from. The question is about ...
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  • 602
5 votes
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How could a US state, party or rep. go about the process of contesting the loss of a seat in the House of Representatives? (slim census margin)

The process is spelled out in the Administrative Procedure Act. See, e.g., National Urban League v. Ross and Ohio v. Coggins. Basically, it amounts to a lawsuit against a federal government official ...
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4 votes
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Is there any example of gender identity replacing sex at birth in a census, outside of UK?

I wouldn't say anyone is replacing "sex at birth" anywhere, as that has never been a category to begin with. In the UK census, the question is - and has been - What is your sex? - not "...
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4 votes
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Where can I get census data containing details about each person of a particular village in India?

Hopefully, you really really can't. While India isn't a signature to any convention like GDPR it is a party to a number of other international declarations that recognize the right to privacy. ...
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4 votes
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Is the Census underreported, and are there corrections?

The Census Doesn't Work Like That "The census" - as in the official decennial United States census is not based on a sample. The Census Bureau will attempt to collect information from every household ...
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4 votes

Why doesn't the US Census consider Hispanic a race?

The strict answer to this is because it is required by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB); see the Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity. This ...
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3 votes

What happens if the US fails to conduct a census?

I don't know that there's anything official on that, but we do know that the US Census is used to draw congressional districts and award House representation. Without a new Census, you'd be stuck in ...
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3 votes
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Can people be "double counted" in different countries' census?

As with everything in international politics, there is no global standard. But one thing which comes pretty close to an international standard is the European population and housing census regulation ...
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  • 66.7k
3 votes

Who is counted for representation in the US Congress?

So who is counted for representation in the US Congress? Has it always been that way and if not, how has it changed? The three-fifths compromise in the United States constitution (Article I, Section ...
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  • 87.9k
3 votes

How could a US state, party or rep. go about the process of contesting the loss of a seat in the House of Representatives? (slim census margin)

The proper way to go about it is detailed by ohwilleke's answer. But for the sake of amusement let's ignore that and consider the fallback: Petition/Pressure/Obstruct Congress Reapportionment due to ...
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