52

Do European politicians typically do this too (Emphasis mine) Politicians who sport a pronoun in their profile are not typical in the US. I'm struggling to imagine how they might be more common in Europe. If we consider the Democratic candidates for 2020 as a sample, only Warren, Booker, Castro, and Steyer have a pronoun tucked into their Twitter profiles ...


49

No. While it is hard to prove a negative, wherever two people come into conflict, either the stronger will come to dominate the weaker, or both will defer to an even stronger power, ie a government. Consider the usual examples of anarchist societies such as The Paris Commune, Nestor Makhno's "free territory" all had systems of government. These might be "...


36

Iceland during the Icelandic Commonwealth period is itself one of the closest examples. For a lengthy period of time in the Middle Ages, it had an island-wide legislative/judicial body but not an executive branch. The legislative/judicial body would decree when laws were violated by someone to maintain basic honoring of contract, property and personal ...


33

Interesting question. I compiled a partial answer for Sweden. Swedish is rather similar to English with regards to pronouns and genders. I assumed that if there where any pronouns on twitter pages they would be most common for politicians in the Miljöpartiet (Greens), or Vänsterpartiet (Left). Working from the list of people in the Riksdag we have Party ...


24

Short Answer - no Slightly longer answer It is really dependent on your definition of anarchy. For most of human history, societies have been organised without the existence of a centralised bureaucracy. To quote Robert L. Carneiro from "Political Expansion as an Expression of the Principle of Competitive Exclusion" (1978) For 99.8 percent of human ...


21

Warning - Polish-centric answer: TLDR: No one tried this in Poland, it would be politically a bad move and linguistically total horror In Polish language we indeed have genders: "kubek" (mug) is "he", "klawiatura" (keyboard) is "she", "drzewo" (tree) is "it". To make everything more complicated "dziecko" (kid) is "it", "osoba" (person) is "she". Gender ...


17

Sharia law is a big and complex subject. A significant number of college students in Saudi Arabia and in Iran, for example, would have it has a college major and pursue graduate studies in it as well. This post focuses on some of the better known and most distinctive features of it from the perspective of an outsider. Needless to say, given the limitations ...


14

The UK has a GDP of $2.91 trillion (PPP). Japan has a GDP of $5.42 trillion. (source). The UK spends about 7% of the world's $1.36 trillion on pharma R&D, or about $95 billion. Japan spends 13%, or $177 billion. (source) So the UK spends 3.26% of GDP on pharma research. Japan spends 3.26% on pharma research. There is no significant difference in ...


13

Someone has to write the test. The United States, in particular, has a long and sordid history of imposing "literacy tests" on voters. These were used to disenfranchise ex-slaves (and black people more generally) after the civil war (and continuing on for a century thereafter). The general approach was to exempt white people from the test, while requiring ...


10

This answer is going to be a bit circular put a Pew poll found that the US public disapproves of adultery more than the Europeans do. And there's a fair inference from that that the US public cares more about such matters (like adultery) in politicians' private lives than the European public does. (There might be even polls on this explicitly, but I don't ...


9

In the United Kingdom, the process for nominating a judge to the Supreme Court starts with the Court itself forming a commission, almost entirely made up of legal professionals (judges, barristers, etc.) Once the Commission has consulted those it is required to consult, it will make a recommendation to the Lord Chancellor (who is usually also the Secretary ...


9

Overview Have other countries with similar supreme courts found a way to reduce this polarization within the court? It turns out that this doesn't have a simple mechanical answer. Naively similar systems with common legal roots often work very differently in practice. And, there are quite a few factors that influence the outcome. In general, the ...


7

There is a body of work in anthropology that describes anarchist societies. One of the most famous works in this tradition is "Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropologist". Although the author is principally interested in a theoretical argument, he uses some case studies of the Tsimhety culture in Madagascar. Based on their population alone (about 700,000 - 1 ...


7

In the United States and most other countries in the British political tradition, you cast your vote for an individual and a party designation is just a helpful hint. And, of course, I know of no political system anywhere in which there is actually a legal obligation for elected officials to keep the promises that they make on the campaign trail - if there ...


7

TL;DR: In the modern world, NO. Not the way Shariah is used in many Islamic countries. First of all, you need to understand that most (like, 99+%) of "Torah laws" by definition only apply to Jews. As in, non-Jews are not in any way, shape or form are required or expected to follow them. The ONLY laws that non-Jews are meant to follow that are in the Torah ...


7

Short Answer Is government shutdown US specific? In a very narrow sense, yes. Other countries don't usually shutdown due to the failure of the parliament to approve a budget (for reasons discussed here). But, in a somewhat broader sense, similar things do happen elsewhere. There are somewhat analogous situations in other systems, such as the failure to ...


7

According to this publication by Transparency International, the UK does not criminalise influence peddling as such. Rather, "the following legislation and regulation may provide some protection against aspects of the relevant corrupt behaviour: The Bribery Act 2010 would apply if the beneficiary was carrying out illegitimate activities to influence the ...


6

It's up to the voters. If the voters value knowledge of the constitution, candidates can use this as campaign material. If the voters don't care, why should there be a test?


6

For UK MPs at least, the answer sadly is no. I wrote a simple script to check bios for each MP as listed on mpsontwitter.co.uk The results are: Have pronouns: 0 Out of: 578 You can see my working here: https://github.com/thk123/bio-pronoun-counter


5

Kowloon Walled City (KWC) aka the "City of Darkness" was a Chinese territory surrounded by British land. An article entitled Kowloon Walled City: A place of anarchy from the South China Morning Post describes it as a largely ungoverned, megablock of urban/architectural configuration. It's 6.4 acres had a population of over 50,000 when it was demolished, ...


5

Given South Africa's example, which has survived 25 years including orderly transitions of power (something few other regimes in Africa have managed) it is hard to see why it couldn't work. Switzerland also has a President who is a merged head of government and head of state who is not directly elected, and it is the paragon of stability, although the body ...


5

USA The US House of representatives imposes these terms Proceedings of the House of Representatives, including any recording of such proceedings, may not be used for any political purpose or in any commercial advertisement, and may not be broadcast with commercial sponsorship except as part of a bona fide news program or public affairs documentary ...


5

The EU has a comparative document of taxi licensing across the union. Basically the UK has non-transferable taxi licenses, so that's we don't hear about insane "medallion" price over there. Also there are no quantitative restrictions on the supply of taxi licenses in the UK, perhaps with the exception of London, according to that EU document, although ...


5

"Sex stories" as you put them are usually extremely relevant to determing whether or not a politician behaves ethically. It is generally believed that people who do not act ethically in some parts of their lives will also act unethically in others, some of those being very relevant to the voting public. "Sex stories" are also embarrassing and therefore ...


5

Presumably because they seem to think that appeal is the only proper venue to fix such sentencing problems: Recent initiatives concerning cannabis legalization, along with the European Union’s authoritative ruling [this is actually incorrectly referring to an ECHR ruling, which has even broader applicability], however, have brought the doctrine of lex ...


4

So basically, a Jeffersonian Democracy isn't a form of Democracy per se, but an organization of power within a Democracy. The United States is a Federation, which means it's something akin to a series of small nations or "States" that have ceded certain powers to a larger government body (The United States, for our purposes, the Federal government). States ...


4

The party membership of executives is a common variable in political science. However, usually this is directed at either the national or sub-national unit level (in the U.S. sub-national units are states). For example, there is a plethora of scholarship which examines how Democrat or Republican presidencies have shaped the United States. A quick search ...


4

Maybe. Etymology: The word anarchy comes from the ancient Greek ἀναρχία (anarchia), which combines ἀ (a), "not, without" and ἀρχή (arkhi), "ruler, leader, authority." Thus, the term refers to a person or society "without rulers" or "without leaders" If you understand it to mean "without rulers" or "without leaders" (rather than "without laws"), then ...


4

In Belgium Pairing is mentioned in the rules for the House of representatives. It's allowed, but stipulated that they should be disclosed before the start of a vote (absent reps are expected to have a good explanation for being absent, abstaining reps are expected to have an explanation for abstaining). It is explicitly mentioned in the same rules that a ...


4

In Denmark it is set 100% into system as a practical measure to allow politicians for participating in other events throughout the day. They are called clearing agreements, and here is a link to a danish wiki that hopefully gets translated for you if you don't read danish https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clearingaftale


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