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1

The two answers by James K and QuantumWalnut are good, but I believe that they miss some relevant points. Despite the UN, there is no such thing as a world government. There is no effective world court, either. Nations are mostly assumed to be sovereign in the Westphalian model, and concepts like the Responsibility to Protect are only slowly making inroads. ...


5

The principle of democratic government is succinctly summarized under Article 21, Clause 3 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights: The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by ...


5

Anybody can make their own decisions. This is like asking "what is a wine glass" (to pick a random example). You can drink wine out of many different containers. Some people will be happy to drink wine from glass tumblers, tea-cups, plastic mugs, shoes(!?) If you want to accept those as "wine glasses" you can. Some people will be very ...


1

"Is democracy always the opposite of authoritarianism?" Yes, the democratic system and authoritarian are two poles that stand against each other. They are mutually exclusive. In an authoritarian state, only a single person, with or without a group of chosen elites (party), dominate the state's social-political agenda. In such state, the opposite ...


5

Defining Democracy and Authoritarianism For this we should consider Democracy to be defined as a government where citizens elect officials to represent their interests (representative democracy, which is what most people think of when they think of democracy) and Authoritarianism to be a concentration of power in the government such that any public dissent ...


0

A government is a legal (as opposed to moral) monopoly on force. The government can compel you to do what they want, backing up the instruction with brute physical force. Fines, jail, up to execution. Any form of government can produce tyranny, since power is placed under government control. A government system may work if authority and responsibility are ...


8

If we imagine a pure democracy where the government faithfully executes the decisions enacted by a majority of the people, its level of authoritarianism would necessarily be decided by the people. In theory, people could vote that the government should perform routine searches of houses for contraband without prior cause, or arrest and imprison people ...


1

In principle, yes. In practice, no, for it depends on the specific implementation of the democratic process in the structure of the government. For example, Venezuela is democratic in form (there are elections and an opposition), but authoritarian in nature (results of election are ignored or changed, opposition are persecuted, coerced, etc.). Even in the ...


-2

I would say the western developed countries prefer democracy because it is the result of a historical evolutionary/revolutionary process that took thousands of years to perfect while fighting against monarchs, emperors, dictators, dogmatic clergy, etc.


6

FDR, in part, because he was in office the longest, and in part, because the courts early in his Presidency took a crabbed view of what kinds of economic regulation were constitutional that courts later in his Presidency abandoned. A list of the number of executive orders made by President can be found in this Congressional Research Service report. FDR at ...


25

I'd expect that if you asked the framers, they would say that they were pretty clear about who can suspend habeas corpus-- Congress. The only reference to habeas corpus in the Constitution is in Article 1, which establishes the legislative branch, Section 9 (Powers Denied Congress) which reads The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be ...


0

Non-White Democrats are more conservatives than Democrats as a whole : White Democrats remain more likely than black or Hispanic Democrats to describe themselves as liberal. (...) In 2019, a majority (55%) of white Democratic and Democratic-leaning registered voters identified themselves as liberal (...) By contrast, more black Democratic voters continue to ...


3

Democracies frequently disestablish themselves, especially when they are new. A typical pattern is: (1) independence or first democratic elections in a previously non-democratic state or an interrupted democratic state (e.g. by occupation or war or coup), (2) allegations of corruption and incompetence surround the neophyte democratic political leaders, (3) ...


0

This is one of the reasons why most large societies use representative democracy rather than direct democracy. Direct democracy, where all the people vote on the laws, makes "tyranny of the majority" much easier, as in the example you describe. In a representative democracy, the theory (which may not always hold out, but often does) is that the ...


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