95

Canada is an officially bilingual country, and federal government business can be conducted in either English or French. The government wants to preserve the bilingual nature of the country, and is well aware that, if it drops the requirement for French, then English will dominate even more than it already does. It is precisely because most people speak ...


86

This is a great question, but it's really impossible to answer for certain at this point in time. Trump's current success is defying a lot of "conventional wisdom" about how primaries go. That said, the odds are good that your reason #2 is the most likely: "Donald Trump supporters fall under a category of people with whom I have little ...


68

The obvious answer is that people get older and (presumably, hopefully) retire from the workforce. If your country's demographic is otherwise more or less stable, it means that by the time those 300,000 people age up to enter the work force, a similar number of people retire from the work force and hopefully live on their pension plan.


64

Using the Cooperative Congressional Election Study 2018, we can test your hypothesis that non-African Americans skew as far to the Republicans as African Americans do to Democrats. Let's limit ourselves firstly to voters in the deep south, which I'll define as Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, & South Carolina. This gives us a survey population ...


58

While the United States doesn't have a national religion, the US has fairly deep religious liberty roots, and it has lead to a few twists and turns in the religious sentiment Religious Refugees Every year, Americans celebrate Thanksgiving (a major US holiday), and most children could tell you some version of the story of the Pilgrims and Native Americans. ...


54

LA Times had an insightful article on the topic: "Polls may actually underestimate Trump's support, study finds", which contradicts the accepted answer's theory to an extent, and is much closer to your question's theory #1 (Having said that, I agree with @bobson that at this point we probably don't have enough hard data to be sure what the ...


52

Cocaine Coca leaf is native to South America and grows best there, so that's where the cocaine comes from. Not only does this produce a huge amount of profit for organised crime, the drug itself promotes aggression. Almost all the drug wars are primarily concerned with cocaine and secondly with marijuana which also grows well there. Colonialism, Communism ...


51

Answering this question properly would require a broad discussion of the religious tensions and transformations in England during the 16th and 17th centuries, starting with the English Reformation where the Church of England broke off from the authority of the Pope. Suffice it to say (for our purposes) that this move created a religious power vacuum in which ...


46

Image from CensusScope As almost 80% of the African American voters voted for the Democratic Party, I think the correlation is both obvious and self-explanatory. What should be held in mind is that this map is rather crude, having the darkest colour say "48.9-86%". This could explain why the "Democratic line" is slimmer than this map may implicate. ...


45

"Disproportionate representation" describes the result without making any reference to the cause. For example, States have disproportionate representation in the Senate is a perfectly reasonable description. If you want to be more specific as to what kind of proportionality you're talking about, you could specify with States have disproportionate ...


44

A combination of the Black Belt and Northeastern region What first appeared to be a long unbroken line of counties from north to south actually seems to be made of two major parts. 2016 elections[8] Northeastern The blue counties north of Virginia are actually part of a larger area that also skirts the Great Lakes. The reasons why Northeastern United States ...


43

Yes. There is a tremendous schism. To use a technical statistical term the schism is earth-shattering. Plagiarizing my own Skeptics.SE answer: Overall, American Jews tend to vote 70-90% Democrat in Presidential elections. An overwhelming majority of educated immigrants from former Soviet Union are hard-anti-progressive (technically speaking, they usually ...


38

Because they're not at war. Referencing this paper, Wikipedia clarifies the methodology: The following 50 cities have the highest murder rates in the world of all cities not at war, with a population of at least 300,000 people If cities within warring nations were including, the rankings would change. For example, in Damascus (population 1.7 million) ...


37

One of the best predictors of voting patterns in the US is population density. You can see population density by state here. Although this isn't a perfect reflection of how urban a state is (a state with most of their population concentrated in cities could have the same population density as one with their population spread across their state, and the ...


37

Economic migration (temporary or more permanent) is considered the main factor. This is quite apparent in the Eastern EU countries. Note that the official EU terminology is "mobility" not migration, inside the Single Market. (Source.) Bruegel has roughly the same info as a graph over time. Something a bit similar happens to Ukraine's workforce, even ...


23

In addition to the other answers, it should be noted that jobs don't just exist independent of people. The only reason jobs exist is that people create the need for jobs, so more people means more jobs.


23

Few countries these days make things convenient for immigrants, and many go out of their way to make it difficult, inconvenient, expensive, or even lethal. It's not as difficult as it could be; there's not a mandatory French language test to achieve residence, for example. Historically, Canada speaks French for the same reason as Latin America speaks ...


22

One very simple answer is that Colorado has a higher percentage of its population living in urban areas. Census data puts Colorado as 86% "urban" while Wyoming is only 65% urban. Likewise nearby states like Montana, Kansas, and Nebraska are 56%, 74%, and 73% respectively. Urban areas tend to vote for Democrats more than rural and suburban ones. Utah is a ...


21

The Republicans were very successful at gerrymandering in states where they started with a majority and they used racial data to do it. It's called Project REDMAP. For example, Georgia: In 2016, the overall state percentage of voters was 45.35% for Clinton and 50.44% for Trump, which seems like a moderately close race. But only 5 out of 14 representatives ...


20

Canada doesn't require bilingualism in all government posts. Firstly, the federal government provides services in both official languages, but other levels of government don't necessarily. At the provincial level, Quebec is French and New Brunswick is bilingual, while all the other provinces are English, whether officially or not, but provide at least some ...


17

Where I am nearly everyone I know around me is planning to go for Trump. I have only one friend not in the Trump camp. It sounds like Donald Trump supporters fall under a category of people with whom I have little contact, at least of the type that would be likely to talk politics. applies to you. The Joker's line in Batman applies to D.C.: "This ...


17

I'll preface this answer by saying that Initially I intended to gather data in support of my initial speculation: that population decline is due to economic migration. After gathering data I have decided however to keep this answer as pure data and let others provide answers based on any specific country's situation. This might be considered a "support" ...


15

(Previous answer deleted, new answer here.) The answer is historical. The other Western nations have a history, going back centuries, of official state churches. The United States, on the other hand, banned any hint of an official church in the First Amendment of its Constitution. The intervening years have shown the inherent weakness of state-sponsored ...


14

"300k people entered the labor pool" and "300k+ births a month" are very different things. You can get to 300k new people in labor pool, if you have 150k people reaching employment age, and 150k of previously long-term unemployed people (excluded from the labor pool by labor statistics bureau) started looking for a job (because they decided such with low ...


14

pjc50's answer is good. I would add that proximity to the world's largest gun manufacturer - the United States, makes the flow of guns to the Central Americas much easier. This opinion piece explains how the Cold War affected and the US affects gun ownership in Central and South America. During the 1980s, El Salvador was the single largest recipient of U.S. ...


14

Mississipi, for example is about 60% white 35% black (and small numbers of other racial groups) In 2016, the state was comfortably Republican, with Trump winning 57% of the vote. so let's run the numbers, assuming that 90% of the black vote was Democrat, and that there were no significant differences in voter turn out, what percentage of of the non-black ...


12

Sam Kliger, Director, Russian Affairs, American Jewish Committee (founded in 1906 by American Jews concerned about Russian Pogroms) has written about Russian-Jewish Immigrants in the U.S. He notes that there were several waves of immigration from the Soviet Union to the USA, depending on the availability of exit visas and whether Jewish people would be ...


12

Frame challenge: it doesn't matter, because those are inconsistently applied, not just by society, but frequently by the same people in many contexts, not just this one. Personhood means no killing: we execute criminals (some of whom may later turn out to be innocent), allow killings in self-defense, have military engagements (sometimes with innocent ...


12

Oh boy. This is a politics forum but I don't want to turn this into a debate. The OP's question title says "Why does Canada require mandatory bilingualism in all government posts?". The body then says, "having fluency in English and French is mandatory (In government jobs)". It then goes on with some dubious Math and unrelated conjoined ...


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