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54

Much of politics doesn't fit into the traditional left-right one-dimensional political spectrum. Politics is multi-dimensional. Marijuana legalisation (and the legalisation/regulation of other drugs) is a socially liberal as well as economically liberal idea. While being economically liberal, many people on the Right wing are not socially liberal. Rightly ...


43

There are three major arguments which are often brought up to justify it when societies decide to punish people for victimless crimes: The values of the society in general are considered the victim of the crime (e.g. criminalization of certain sexual acts between consenting adults) Society has the duty to protect individual citizens from harming themselves (...


42

A government could potentially benefit from increased revenue if they tax the production and sale of cannabis, the legal cannabis industry is already worth billions of dollars. Making it legal would also make criminals who supply the drug redundant, so they would make less money. The demand for cannabis is known to have driven a substantial amount of ...


28

Because many people want marijuana to be legal. In a democracy, if a policy is popular that's sufficient reason to enact it. Hell, in the US all full legalizations have been through ballot initiatives, which are entirely the voters' decision.


26

To put it into points: It lowers the cost of having the 'drug' policed. No need to have officers doing drug busts, arresting people, court cases, putting them in prison where food and 'living' costs need to be accounted for. The medical benefits compared to prescription(pharmaceutical) drugs. Tourism benefits from people who would like to experiment and ...


26

When asking this question about parties, and why they oppose legalization, there are two potential aspects to "why": reasons for the policy as an end in itself, and reasons for the policy as a means to attaining and retaining power. My answer focuses on the latter, as in my experience there does not seem to be a right-wing consensus that drugs (and ...


23

Prohibition did not come about because people were seeking to ban anything and decided to select alcohol. Rather, prohibition was the culmination of a temperance movement that had developed in the US for decades. People had been seeking to ban alcohol for well over a century because its use was widespread and so were its effects. No other substance came ...


20

I hate to say this, but incarceration is profitable, and at least in America the political class is plainly for sale: The largest private prison corporations, Core Civic and GEO Group, collectively manage over half of the private prison contracts in the United States with combined revenues of $3.5 billion as of 2015.[...] In 2017 private prison stocks for ...


18

Alcohol was banned by Congress through Amendment 18 in 1917 because of Protestant protest groups and grassroot campaigns from several Woman's Rights Movement organizations. The Wikipedia article sums everything up fairly well. LSD was discovered by a man named Albert Hofmann in 1938, so it came afterwards. Extasy was invented in 1914 in Germany, so America ...


15

Because legalisation benefits health. Here is how. Governments may want to legalise and tax marijuana in order to reduce consumption of soft-drugs and hard-drugs. For an example, look to The Netherlands. Marijuana is decriminalised, and consumption rates are significantly lower than in the United States (for example, see Reinerman, 2000). Indeed, a ...


15

The Marijuana Policy Project says: He supports legal access to medical marijuana, and he believes states should be able to set their own marijuana policies with regard to adult use. The "he" in that section refers to Donald Trump. It later quotes him as saying (on C-SPAN, June 23, 2015): I’d say [regulating marijuana] is bad. Medical marijuana is ...


15

Probably because Uruguay didn't do it either and apparently without consequences: While Canada appears set to violate these international agreements, the [International Narcotics Control] board has limited powers when it comes to forcing signatories to comply. Gélinas-Faucher said that the agency can ask countries which signed these agreements to ...


14

When something is made illegal it is then automatically pushed underground and then there is crime to commit. The problem is that making such a product illegal doesn't remove the demand for it, and people are going to insist on getting their hands on it whether the government has deemed it "legal" or not. Drugs will never disappear unless, and until, we ...


13

Our cousin site, History.SE had an answer by @Athanasius covering this in-depth. I won't copy/paste the whole answer, but the executive summary is that Constitutional amendment had the following 3 benefits: It avoided the questions of constitutionality of regulating intrastate commerce (as-is, federal law would have had constitutional difficulties with ...


13

As indicated by comments, it is very hard to evaluate the effectiveness of the fight against war on drugs. The official data is presented on Wikipedia, but they are challenged by other sources: Illegal drug use and trade: - Proliferation of drugs: 4 million drug addicts, estimated - Illegal Drug Market: ₱120 billion drug industry, estimated War on drugs: - ...


12

In the early 1900’s, many American Protestants strongly supported Prohibition, but in order to outlaw alcohol (or anything), the only option Congress had was to wait for the States to amend the Constitution. Congress obtained the power to lay and collect taxes on anything (including labor) in 1913 with the newly established 16th Amendment, and immediately ...


12

Medicaid is not prohibited from negotiating drug prices. Medicare technically is, but does so in a roundabout way. More specifically, Medicaid (a government-provided program for low-income individuals) doesn't negotiate prices for drugs; it mandates them. Medicaid produces a schedule of drugs that it will pay for, and the maximum price it will pay for them ...


12

From the 2016 (US) Republican Platform, page 40: Combatting Drug Abuse The progress made over the last three decades against drug abuse is eroding, whether for cultural reasons or for lack of national leadership. In many jurisdictions, marijuana is virtually legalized despite its illegality under federal law. At the other end of the drug ...


11

Tradition. The state tries to protect its citizens from taking drugs because they don't want them to become addicted. Drug addiction can cause people to stop working efficiently, consume resources in form of rehabilitation programs, lose their jobs and if they can't pay for drugs turn to criminal activity. I am not claiming these are good reasons - I am pro ...


11

You should note the following big differences when it comes to medical or recreational marijuana. They are legal under the state law. The amount for its sales or prescription is controlled and monitored by the state government. FBI and DEA have higher-priority and more serious problems to deal with such as cocaine, heroine, methamphetamine, etc. State-...


11

In terms of the Republican party, it's generally not something that's a major plank issue. Presently, many of the more moderate members are far more likely to support it, especially those of the Libertarian/Classic Liberal wing of the party. The chief reasons they don't press the matter in intraparty politics as those of the libertarian persuasion are ...


10

I couldn't find exact numbers, but I can give a relatively reasonable estimation. Last year marijuana use in Colorado, where it's legal, by individuals 12 and older was at 12.7 percent (specifically this is percent who used within the last month, which is pretty good estimation of those who desire and support actual use of it). This was last year before ...


10

The DEA has the power to classify new substances as Controlled Substances and seriously considered doing so with respect to Kratom in late 2016, even though it ultimately didn't do so. The process is mostly set forth at 21 U.S.C. §§ 811-814. Many of its additions to the list of controlled substances have been "designer drugs" which are chemically similar to ...


9

The one argument that I feel supersedes all others, yet is hardly discussed is that fact that other people do not have the right to tell other people what they should or should not do. Hold people responsible for the consequences of their actions. If people drive drunk or while under the influence of drugs then hold people accountable. If people steal from ...


9

That argument doesn't hold very much water. The first thing you have to ask yourself is why it is a bad thing if FARC becomes more powerful. If you have a compelling argument for that, than you also have a compelling argument for why FARC won't actually be promoted to a legitimate organization. In fact, most conventional wisdom suggests that legalization ...


9

Couldn't the FBI and DEA enforce federal law and arrest marijuana traders and consumers in Colorado and Washington? According to Gonzalez v. Raich, they can. Obama hasn't been. "It would not make sense for us to see a top priority as going after recreational users in states that have determined that it's legal," he said, invoking the same approach ...


9

The Marijuana Policy Project says: Clinton has expressed support for legal access to medical marijuana and more research into the medical benefits of marijuana. In 2014, when asked about the legalization laws approved in Colorado and Washington, she said “states are the laboratories of democracy” and that she wants to see what happens in those ...


9

Your question is extremely relevant and I was very surprised that nobody asked it earlier on Politics.SE: I was curious myself a month back, but didn't have to ask here because I got my answers from the very comprehensive Wikipedia article on this topic, which starts thusly: Opium production in Afghanistan has been on the rise since U.S. occupation ...


9

Canada's federal government's task force on cannabis legalization recommended against selling alcohol and marijuana in the same locations, citing concerns "about product promotion and exposing a larger population to cannabis products should sales be co-located, as well as the impact on cannabis consumers who are trying to avoid alcohol." From the ...


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