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243

I also wondered why there are homeless people in my home-country Germany even though the social safety system is legally obligated to pay the rent for people who can not afford to do so. In this case, the rent is paid directly by the municipal government to the landlord, so there is no way to misappropriate those funds. So I did some research regarding the ...


156

I know that the population of Greece is much less than in the U.S., however I do not think it matters to people "lending" money to the governments This is where you are mistaken. The lender is concerned with the ability of the borrower to pay back the debt. If I have an annual income of $100,000, then all else being equal I can borrow much more than if my ...


96

The answer is First Past The Post. The nature of the voting system is such that many people who would rather support a 3rd Party feel compelled to vote against the party that they like the least, rather than for the party they support the most, because their preferred candidate is unlikely to win the race anyway and thus they are simply removing support from ...


80

The (homeless) beggars are likely to congregate where they are most visible and likely to be successful at begging. Their visibility to tourists probably depends more on how willing the police is willing to crack down on them. And your impressions of prevalence don't seem backed by data, at least before the financial crisis of 2008. From "Homelessness ...


78

Speaking for Germany, officially they are bound to be neutral. Practically, they lean (heavily) right. Looking at the anti-lockdown protests (which are indeed right to far-right), the police has been very hands-off compared to left-wing demonstrations. In recent years, many cases of far-right extremist networks inside the police have been discovered (but as ...


75

These answers are specifically for Sweden, which you mention in your question, but at least some of it may also apply in other countries: You need to be a Swedish citizen or have a residence permit to have access to most parts of the Swedish welfare system. Most people begging on the streets in Sweden are from EU countries in southeastern Europe. EU ...


74

American political parties are essentially standing coalitions that do their coalition building before elections instead of after What is typical in Europe and other parts of the world is for a collection of smaller parties to win to varying degrees in elections, and after the elections are over, form the whatever coalition is necessary to govern. Here in ...


66

Because Pape doesn't know what he's talking about. Islamic jihadist groups Boko Haram and Al Shabbab terrorize African communities in Kenya, Nigeria, Mali, Somalia, Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Tanzania- which of those countries is engaged in military occupation? The Iraqi Yazidis are terrorized by ISIS - and they don't even have a state or army. Or how ...


66

It's going to be difficult to really choose a "best answer" here since to some extent the factors involved, and especially which ones are "most important" is going to be a matter of opinion. And this is because economics is not a settled science in the way that physics or chemistry are, such that there are "correct answers." That said, while it has already ...


64

This is a great question about both politics and history. It relates directly to the changing nature of what a "country" is. First, let me directly answer your questions: Given that France, Germany and the UK have larger economies than that of Russia, why do they spend less in defense than that of Russia and always seem to be scared of Russia? ...


54

Do European politicians typically do this too (Emphasis mine) Politicians who sport a pronoun in their profile are not typical in the US. I'm struggling to imagine how they might be more common in Europe. If we consider the Democratic candidates for 2020 as a sample, only Warren, Booker, Castro, and Steyer have a pronoun tucked into their Twitter profiles ...


54

For France, the topic has covered been by a fact-checking article of a (left-leaning) newspaper, called Libération, published in 2018. If you can read French, and if you know who the main figures of the different parties are, you could probably answer that police is most likely conservative there. (Note: blue is usually associated with the right wing parties,...


51

Homeless vs. Beggars Homeless people aren't very visible. Police chase them away from the places where tourists might see them. They end up somewhere hidden. Beggars on the other hand, are very visible. Their very job puts them in places tourists and other rich people go. Police might try to chase them away, but they come back. And the police doesn't ...


51

Yes, in September 2009, at an occasion to mark the 70th anniversary of the outbreak of WWII, then-President Lech Kaczyński gave the following speech: Two generations have passed but the Second World War still requires reflection; Poland’s participation in the reduction of territory of Czechoslovakia was not only a mistake – it was a sin, and Poland ...


49

History and Politics rarely accommodate with clear binary outcome. So, as much I would not say that the Arab Spring revolutions weren't a failure as a whole, I would also not say that the European ones were fully a success. The European/American revolutions were not fully successful... A revolution usually stem from a group of people unhappy about the ...


49

There is currently a power-play going on between the EU and Russia concerning the political influence over the countries between them. The most visible struggle is certainly the Ukraine conflict. But there are also other countries in the geographic region of not-quite-Europe-not-quite-Asia which are currently wondering whether they should side with Russia ...


47

There are at least three benefits: Influence: Some students will go on to become their country's elite and will stay in a touch with the network they build in university. Expanding the workforce: Some students will stay and work in Germany after their studies (there are actually some rules to encourage that in immigration law). Making the country attractive ...


45

Not in general. For example the Conservative party in the UK made no mention of it in their last election Manifesto, implying that they support the status quo (abortion permitted with the approval of two doctors until fetal viability = 24 weeks, or up to birth in extreme cases) And Conservative members voted to extend abortion rights to Northern Ireland. The ...


43

First of all, ISIS claims that "killing kafirs is always good". Official ISIS Announcement on Brussels Attacks First we want to make it clear to all that what makes the kafir’s blood permissiable to spill is not him fighting the Muslims, rather it is his “KUFR” that necessitates his killing. So if one asks, can you kill a Kafir (who does not fight ...


43

Different explanations for different microstates: The Vatican would not meet EU requirements on democracy. Andorra uses tax and duty differences to attract tourists. The EU would benefit from closing the loophole, not Andorra. Liechtenstein is heavily dependent on financial services outside the EU regulatory framework.


41

This is really pretty simple. Putin does not want a neighbor on his western border that is far stronger than Russia. Russia is a country of about 140 million people, and an economy about the size of Germany's. The EU collectively contains about 500 million people, and has an economy that is more than 5 times as large. Individually, no state in Europe is ...


40

It is impossible to understand Russia's preoccupation over seven decades with military power without understanding the country's experience in WW2. The war had a huge impact on the national psyche of all participants, including the US, Britain and France. But if you look at the cost in terms of lives lost, the western losses bear no comparison whatever to ...


40

Greece has a higher debt-to-GDP ratio than the United States. Greece's debt-to-GDP ratio is 182% which is the highest in Europe and 2nd highest in the world. In comparison, the US's higher debt-to-GDP ratio is 126%, according to OECD data. General government debt-to-GDP ratio is the amount of a country's total gross government debt as a percentage of its ...


38

Economic migration (temporary or more permanent) is considered the main factor. This is quite apparent in the Eastern EU countries. Note that the official EU terminology is "mobility" not migration, inside the Single Market. (Source.) Bruegel has roughly the same info as a graph over time. Something a bit similar happens to Ukraine's workforce, even ...


37

Brexit is a complicated beast that has as diverse a set of motivations as there are supporters of it. Some of the more impactful ones (in no particular order): Border Controls/Immigration - As a member of the EU, the UK is obligated to accept without reservation any person from another EU member state wishing to move to the UK to live, work, study, or ...


37

As a former non-EU student at a Czech university who studied free of charge (and in fact received a stipend from the government), I can answer this for Czech Republic. At current rates, the government spends around 50 thousand crowns per university student per year, which is around 2000 Euros. In 2016 there were 280 thousand students in total and out of ...


34

Without any stats to back my speculations, here are a few reasons why I would expect it to be that way: Stating the obvious but recent immigration to Europe included many people from countries where Islam is an important component of the culture (North Africa, West Africa, Turkey…) Christianity is on the retreat and losing ground to irreligion. To some ...


34

Interesting question. I compiled a partial answer for Sweden. Swedish is rather similar to English with regards to pronouns and genders. I assumed that if there where any pronouns on twitter pages they would be most common for politicians in the Miljöpartiet (Greens), or Vänsterpartiet (Left). Working from the list of people in the Riksdag we have Party ...


32

It seems obvious that armed forces (police, military, special services) attract more likely people who: Do not mind carrying and potentially using weapons; like to tell other people what to do; don't mind being told what to do; are not opposed to use physical coercion as a means to control behavior of others; support the government and the ruling order. ...


31

There are three interlocking reasons: Face coverings are perceived as an affront to feminism/women's liberation/etc... The fact that women (but not men) are forced to cover their face, is pretty much as naked patriarchal/opposed to feminism as you can get (heck, even most anti-third-wave-feminists agree that it's a valid reason to pro-feminism-protest and ...


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