Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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How do southern european countries justify demands for financial aid when their citizens are wealthier than those in northern europe?

With the current Corona virus crisis in Europe old demands for financial help for countries in southern Europe are brought up especially by Italy and France. How do the politicians of these countries ...
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Why do Catholics support European integration more than Protestants?

In their paper Does Religion Matter?: Christianity and Public Support for the European Union, Nelsen et. al explore the effect of religious denomination, and the strength of that religious conviction ...
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Can an EU country government force its medical doctors work with SARS-CoV2 infected patients without the proper equipment?

Romania has virtually the worst public health system in EU and there is no surprise that it is far from being prepared for tackling the coronavirus infection. On major issue is that corruption (e.g. ...
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What are the benefits of the proposed Euro/Corona bonds over conventional government bonds?

This article describes the efforts of several European Union countries to agree to issue "corona bonds" or "Eurobonds", which are a joint EU mechanism to issue joint debt shared between different ...
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Can the European Central Bank “print money” to partially mitigate the economical effects of the coronavirus infection spreading?

SARS-CoV-2 infection managed to bring a significant part of the economy to a halt and it is expected for lots of companies to have cash flows problems (e.g. impossible to pay the suppliers). I have ...
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2answers
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Are there any EU/NATO/Atlantic help programs for Italy?

Italy now has the most deaths from COVID. It's even above China in that list. Italian government asked for international help, some countries responded: At first, China provided huge help then, ...
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Are there oligarchs in Western countries?

Why do I see the term 'oligarch' almost exclusively applied to Eastern European countries? Are there oligarchs in the European Union, the United States? As I understand it, an oligarch is a wealthy ...
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Has Turkey made any demands for the EU to meet so they keep the refugees?

Brief context Now lately, I have been watching the news, and the President of Turkey had a meeting in Brussels to negotiate further conditions with the NATO and EU. European Countries Stances... ...
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Enforcing Entrance into Schengen Area for EU Members

From what I understand, it is currently necessary for EU countries to join the Schengen Area (src: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen_en). I know that ...
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1answer
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Why are non-Schengen countries excluded from the Covid-19 US travel ban?

The US government suspended travel from Europe to US, except for countries which are not in the Schengen area such as the UK and Ireland. Many comments from EU leader seem to assume that this is a ...
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What has the reaction from the EU been to Trump suspending travel from the whole 26-country Schengen zone?

Breaking news US President Donald Trump has announced sweeping new travel restrictions on Europe in a bid to combat the spread of the coronavirus. In a televised address, he said travel from ...
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Are there any laws that would oblige the EU to assist an EU-member that is attacked by a non-member

Assuming either a limited conflict or a full scale war: What optional actions can the EU take to assist a member state Are there any laws that would oblige the EU to assist a member-state with ...
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1answer
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What prevented the Tampon Tax from being abolished?

Today, in his first Budget speech, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi Sunak, has announced that "now that we have left the European Union", the Tampon Tax - the controversial imposition of VAT on ...
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Why doesn't the UK want to be part of the European Convention on Human Rights?

As per recent news coming from the negotiation for a deal between the UK and the EU, Michel Barnier said: Yet the UK informs us that they do not wish to commit formally to continuing to apply the ...
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Why doesn't the EU use its economic power to deal with Turkey's demands?

Despite Turkey having a (in comparison) weak economy, the European Union seems incapable of putting them into their place. As far as I can tell, there is no reason to fear a military conflict (NATO), ...
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112 views

Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect

Is there any contradiction or incongruity between these two books' definitions? I don't grasp them, but the boldened phrases look contradictory. EU Law Concentrate (2018 6 edn). 7 edn will be ...
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How does this picture explain Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed 2018. p 79. How does Figure 3.2 beneath explain the difference between Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect? On Jul 1 2016, Claire Edwards (BA Jurisprudence, ...
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What legal recourse is available in the EU if it turns out that Greece has been doing “illegal pushbacks” of asylum seekers?

The Greek government is denying that any asylum seekers have been (illegally) pushed back to Turkey, which would contravene the UN Convention provision of non-refoulement, which is also incorporated ...
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What other EU countries (besides Romania) have raised major concerns about the “European Green Deal”?

Former Romanian president Basescu was paraphrased as saying in a recent interview that: The European Green Deal “will definitely create tensions” inside the EU, and risks pushing “two or three ...
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Why has Turkey “opened the floodgates” for migrants to the EU?

Over the past few days, Turkey has reportedly relaxed restrictions on the movement of migrants travelling through the country into the European Union via the Greek border, allowing the hundreds of ...
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1answer
138 views

Is the cap on rental prices in Berlin lower than the average price in some Eastern Europe capitals? If so, what justifies this level?

I could be wrong about this, but it seems to me that the 9.8 euros/sq.m. that appears to be recently imposed cap on rentals in Berlin is lower than the average rental price for housing in Prague 13 ...
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Why is the UK withdrawing from the European Arrest Warrant?

On Feb 27th, in a document setting out its approach to negotiations with the EU, the UK government announced its intention to withdraw from the European Arrest Warrant. (Pg. 27) Is the UK obligated ...
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Post-Brexit UK-EU trading relationship: Why (not) Canada?

While the UK seems to pushing for an FTA with the EU similar to the one between the EU and Canada (or Japan or South Korea), the EU seems to have said no to this immediately on the grounds of ...
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1answer
371 views

Democracy Index rating of EU?

Would it be difficult to measure the EU by the Democracy Index, seeing as the EU has a parliament, elections, laws, a currency, a supreme court and a central bank? What challenges are there for the ...
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How does granting immunity to an already imprisoned person fit with judicial independence?

Where I live judicial independence was a hot topic for quite a while, namely that the politics should interfere as less as possible in justice. This article shows an interesting case when getting ...
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332 views

Is today’s European Union more or less integrated than the United States under the Articles of Confederation?

As the question title suggests: as far as I know, the Articles of Confederation allows each state to make trade agreements, a right that is not available to today’s EU members. But the United States ...
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1answer
233 views

What is Article 288 in the context of Brexit?

British parliamentarian Sir Bill Cash MP writes: We now move on to the next stage of negotiations. Let it be crystal clear that, unlike under the previous administration, Boris Johnson’s ...
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1answer
110 views

What in EU rules prevents competitive currency devaluation (outside the Eurozone)?

Not every country in the EU is in the Eurozone. Given that the Single Market prevents EU countries from slapping each other with tariffs (Trump style), what prevents the countries in the EU but not in ...
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238 views

How often did the European Parliament use its optional secret ballot rule?

According to Wikipedia: If at least 20% of the Parliament requests it before voting begins, the vote will be taken by secret ballot. Citing (the 2nd para of) EP Rule 169, which is actually a bit ...
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1answer
101 views

Is there a comparison of the cost structure of residential electricity in the EU?

I can easily find the total cost of residential electricity for each country in the EU, but I would like to know/see how much of that is taxes and fixed network tariff. I could find such information ...
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468 views

DST in the EU — is the EU mandating its abolition, ending its mandatory use, or neither?

In March 2019, various news outlets reported that the European Parliament had voted to scrap EU directive 2000/84/EC, which mandates the use of Daylight Savings Time (DST) throughout the EU. For ...
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Being an EEC member, what will Norway gain and lose if it decides to join the EU? [duplicate]

Specifically, what rights does a non-EU member in the EEC not have? And what restrictions can it avoid being out of the EU but in the EEC?
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Meaning ⁠— “Advocates-General increasingly behave as if they were exclusive functionaries of the case law”

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 206. All emboldenings are mine. Transcribing everything takes too long, thus I'll transcribe just the gag line. See my red arrow. 108 It is ...
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537 views

What are the Brexit steps for 2020 and beyond?

As I understand it, Brexit and the start of the transition period on January 31st, 2020, still require the approval of the UK Parliament. This is generally assumed to be certain, given Johnson's ...
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Dependencies, autonomous territories and the EU

UK Crown Dependencies (e.g.: Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man), Overseas Territories (e.g.: The Falkland Islands) as well as Danish autonomous territories (Greenland and the Faroe Islands) are not ...
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Why are some microstates not members of the European Union (EU)?

While Luxembourg is a full-fledged member state of the EU, other European microstates (Monaco, Liechtenstein, Andorra, San Marino and the Vatican City) are not. The economies of these microstates are ...
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1answer
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Brexit deal and the EU national governments

Once the Brexit deal has finished going through the UK parliament, does it still have to be ratified by the national government of each EU member or has it already got past that stage?
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Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box"). As ...
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How would France benefit from a potential “Frexit”?

I was recently seeing this video on the French Presidential Candidate Marine le Pen by Vox, and although the video and creators are slightly biased, they make these points:- "...She's particularly ...
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1answer
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What are effective counter measures for the EU against US sanctions

There are US sanctions that have a negative impact on political and economic interests of the EU (e.g. Iran, Nord stream). Many comments on German news criticize that EU politicians do not provide ...
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Where did the withdrawal agreement extension mechanism come from?

The withdrawal agreement stipulates that the UK government or the EU have the option, before but not after 1 July 2020, to ask for an extension of the transition period for one or two years. This is ...
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Why are Amex fees allowed in the European Union?

As I was reading this answer on Travel SE, and more specifically this part: In one hotel in London I had to pay 3% extra for using Amex instead of Visa/MC. I started reading some more about this ...
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Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
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1answer
194 views

What is the position of the EU on Northern Cyprus?

Northern Cyprus is the part of the island of Cyprus that has been occupied by Turkey since its invasion of Cyprus in 1974. As far as I can tell, the Republic of Northern Cyprus is only recognized by ...
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1answer
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How has the Brexit process affected eurosceptic movements in other European countries?

The rocky and unpredictable state of the Brexit negotiations over the past three and a half years seems to have had an effect on the level of support for the EU, with 68% of respondents across the ...
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Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
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How is the European Union trying to adapt to Italian Mafia extension in other EU countries?

According to this rather old article Italian Mafia has managed to extend its operations way beyond Italian borders including in countries that were once thought to be immune to it: (..) uncover how ...
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Why doesn't “(unimplemented) directive may never directly prohibit private party actions” mean no HDE in civil disputes on legality of State actions?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p 116 scanned.       But even when directives have direct effect, they generally do not have horizontal direct effects. Why has the ...
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1answer
107 views

What's the function of Non-addressed Decisions, when Directives already existed?

I read the emboldened sentence, but I still don't get what Non-addressed Decisions' past function is? What's their function now? Aren't Directives "an instrument that was directly applicable but ...
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What are “those measures that fell outside the international market model” that justified a second justification?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 534 scanned. All emboldenings are mine. Why would the Court be strict on the express policy grounds mentioned in Article 36 and yet allow for ...

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