Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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21
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5answers
7k views

Post-Brexit UK-EU trading relationship: Why (not) Canada?

While the UK seems to pushing for an FTA with the EU similar to the one between the EU and Canada (or Japan or South Korea), the EU seems to have said no to this immediately on the grounds of ...
3
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1answer
362 views

Democracy Index rating of EU?

Would it be difficult to measure the EU by the Democracy Index, seeing as the EU has a parliament, elections, laws, a currency, a supreme court and a central bank? What challenges are there for the ...
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2answers
358 views

How does granting immunity to an already imprisoned person fit with judicial independence?

Where I live judicial independence was a hot topic for quite a while, namely that the politics should interfere as less as possible in justice. This article shows an interesting case when getting ...
8
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3answers
314 views

Is today’s European Union more or less integrated than the United States under the Articles of Confederation?

As the question title suggests: as far as I know, the Articles of Confederation allows each state to make trade agreements, a right that is not available to today’s EU members. But the United States ...
0
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1answer
221 views

What is Article 288 in the context of Brexit?

British parliamentarian Sir Bill Cash MP writes: We now move on to the next stage of negotiations. Let it be crystal clear that, unlike under the previous administration, Boris Johnson’s ...
2
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1answer
105 views

What in EU rules prevents competitive currency devaluation (outside the Eurozone)?

Not every country in the EU is in the Eurozone. Given that the Single Market prevents EU countries from slapping each other with tariffs (Trump style), what prevents the countries in the EU but not in ...
2
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1answer
99 views

Is there a comparison of the cost structure of residential electricity in the EU?

I can easily find the total cost of residential electricity for each country in the EU, but I would like to know/see how much of that is taxes and fixed network tariff. I could find such information ...
12
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1answer
419 views

DST in the EU — is the EU mandating its abolition, ending its mandatory use, or neither?

In March 2019, various news outlets reported that the European Parliament had voted to scrap EU directive 2000/84/EC, which mandates the use of Daylight Savings Time (DST) throughout the EU. For ...
3
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1answer
129 views

Being an EEC member, what will Norway gain and lose if it decides to join the EU? [duplicate]

Specifically, what rights does a non-EU member in the EEC not have? And what restrictions can it avoid being out of the EU but in the EEC?
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60 views

Meaning ⁠— “Advocates-General increasingly behave as if they were exclusive functionaries of the case law”

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 206. All emboldenings are mine. Transcribing everything takes too long, thus I'll transcribe just the gag line. See my red arrow. 108 It is ...
16
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1answer
520 views

What are the Brexit steps for 2020 and beyond?

As I understand it, Brexit and the start of the transition period on January 31st, 2020, still require the approval of the UK Parliament. This is generally assumed to be certain, given Johnson's ...
4
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2answers
783 views

Dependencies, autonomous territories and the EU

UK Crown Dependencies (e.g.: Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man), Overseas Territories (e.g.: The Falkland Islands) as well as Danish autonomous territories (Greenland and the Faroe Islands) are not ...
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4answers
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Why are some microstates not members of the European Union (EU)?

While Luxembourg is a full-fledged member state of the EU, other European microstates (Monaco, Liechtenstein, Andorra, San Marino and the Vatican City) are not. The economies of these microstates are ...
4
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1answer
445 views

Brexit deal and the EU national governments

Once the Brexit deal has finished going through the UK parliament, does it still have to be ratified by the national government of each EU member or has it already got past that stage?
8
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1answer
216 views

Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box"). As ...
12
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3answers
3k views

How would France benefit from a potential “Frexit”?

I was recently seeing this video on the French Presidential Candidate Marine le Pen by Vox, and although the video and creators are slightly biased, they make these points:- "...She's particularly ...
3
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1answer
192 views

What are effective counter measures for the EU against US sanctions

There are US sanctions that have a negative impact on political and economic interests of the EU (e.g. Iran, Nord stream). Many comments on German news criticize that EU politicians do not provide ...
6
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1answer
120 views

Where did the withdrawal agreement extension mechanism come from?

The withdrawal agreement stipulates that the UK government or the EU have the option, before but not after 1 July 2020, to ask for an extension of the transition period for one or two years. This is ...
27
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2answers
6k views

Why are Amex fees allowed in the European Union?

As I was reading this answer on Travel SE, and more specifically this part: In one hotel in London I had to pay 3% extra for using Amex instead of Visa/MC. I started reading some more about this ...
8
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1answer
220 views

Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
8
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1answer
189 views

What is the position of the EU on Northern Cyprus?

Northern Cyprus is the part of the island of Cyprus that has been occupied by Turkey since its invasion of Cyprus in 1974. As far as I can tell, the Republic of Northern Cyprus is only recognized by ...
17
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1answer
461 views

How has the Brexit process affected eurosceptic movements in other European countries?

The rocky and unpredictable state of the Brexit negotiations over the past three and a half years seems to have had an effect on the level of support for the EU, with 68% of respondents across the ...
4
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0answers
87 views

Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
5
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1answer
257 views

How is the European Union trying to adapt to Italian Mafia extension in other EU countries?

According to this rather old article Italian Mafia has managed to extend its operations way beyond Italian borders including in countries that were once thought to be immune to it: (..) uncover how ...
0
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1answer
101 views

Why doesn't “(unimplemented) directive may never directly prohibit private party actions” mean no HDE in civil disputes on legality of State actions?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p 116 scanned.       But even when directives have direct effect, they generally do not have horizontal direct effects. Why has the ...
2
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1answer
103 views

What's the function of Non-addressed Decisions, when Directives already existed?

I read the emboldened sentence, but I still don't get what Non-addressed Decisions' past function is? What's their function now? Aren't Directives "an instrument that was directly applicable but ...
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1answer
172 views

What are “those measures that fell outside the international market model” that justified a second justification?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 534 scanned. All emboldenings are mine. Why would the Court be strict on the express policy grounds mentioned in Article 36 and yet allow for ...
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1answer
94 views

In para 47 of Case C-84/94 United Kingdom v. Council (Working Time), what's the “mistaken tautology”?

Pls ELI5 the emboldened phrase? I know what a tautology is. Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. pp 261-263 scanned. Once the Council has found that it is necessary to improve the ...
3
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2answers
347 views

Is VAT on private school tuition fees against EU law?

According to a leaked source, the Labour government plans to introduce VAT on private school fees to pay for free meals for all primary school pupils. But isn’t this clearly illegal under EU law? The ...
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5answers
1k views

Can the UK and the EU delay Brexit again?

That would be the fourth delay. But is it legally possible to delay Brexit again?
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3answers
3k views

Why was ambassador Sondland involved in Ukraine?

Ambassador Sondland is ambassador to the EU. So why was he involved in Ukraine, a country that is not even in the EU? I understand that Ukraine is considering joining the EU but why was he so heavily ...
8
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6answers
720 views

Will Brexit effect a linguistic change across EU?

I was reading the requirements for the ongoing "Horizon 2020" EU grants. It explicitly indicates that the vehicular language for these grants is English. Not only the application must be written in ...
5
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2answers
341 views

Why do EU members have single or multiple parliamentary constituencies?

EU Member states can choose whether they want to have multiple constituencies for elections to the European Parliament, or not. Many EU member states have a single national constituency (like Germany)...
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6answers
14k views

Why do Muslim refugees seek asylum in Europe and not in rich countries in the Middle East?

There are several rich "Muslim" states in Middle East: Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Bahrain and so on. It seems that none of them want to receive Syrian, Iraqi, North African and other Muslim refugees. ...
5
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1answer
154 views

What is the process of transposing EU directives for Vatican?

According to Wikipedia, Holy See - EU relations are somewhat strange: Vatican is unable to join EU because it is not a free market democracy being surrounded by Italy makes it de facto within the EU ...
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2answers
1k views

Is intra-EU movement/migration of EU/EUAA citizens a sizeable contributor to illegal work?

French president Macron has recently caused controversy with his contrast of extra-EU legal immigration and intra-EU illegal movements of EU/EUAA people: Last week, the right-wing French magazine ...
4
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1answer
126 views

Are there any polls in France on further EU expansion in the Balkans?

On October 18, the BBC reported that At the EU summit, French President Emmanuel Macron led a small number of countries in rejecting the Western Balkan countries from moving forward with their ...
4
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1answer
108 views

Decisions vs recommendations in the Withdrawal Agreement

What is the distinction between a decision and a recommendation in the Withdrawal Agreement? Article 166 says decisions are legally binding. Are recommendations legal demands placed upon the ...
3
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2answers
271 views

Why has Macron/France insisted that the UK must nominate a commissioner?

According to some Elysee officials quoted by the Guardian All weekend, France took the initiative with Germany, Ireland, Donald Tusk’s team and a few other countries, to fix the terms of the ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Are EU members allowed to trade their EU council veto in a quid pro quo with a third country?

The EU council sometimes uses unanimity to decide on sensitive matters. Can a member state trade its vote in a quid pro quo with a third country? I'm specifically wondering if there is anything in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Macron seemingly opposing an article 50 extension?

Emmanuel Macron seems to be opposing Article 50 extension, according to Bloomberg: French President Emmanuel Macron blocked the European Union’s attempt to delay Brexit for three months, raising ...
9
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1answer
261 views

Are there any concrete measures taken by the European Commission to regulate the “golden passports”?

I have recently seen an older interview (end of 2017) with Ana Gomez arguing about the issues of the so called "golden citizenship" / "golden passports", the practice of giving visas and citizenship ...
1
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1answer
179 views

(UK) EU Withdrawl Act & The EU

I was reading somewhere that if the Withdrawal Act gets amended too much it's got to be referred back to the EU. Is there an arbitrary limit to the number of amendments that can be made before it has ...
5
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3answers
277 views

How can/will the EU respond to Boris Johnson's three letters? [closed]

In the words of the Guardian, The prime minister sent a total of three letters: an unsigned photocopy of the request he was obliged to send under the Benn Act, an explanatory letter from the UK’...
2
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1answer
112 views

Could the EU call bluff Turkish threat to send 3.6 milion refugees?

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened Europe with a flood of refugees on Thursday if the continent’s leaders call the Turkish invasion of Syria an “occupation.” “We will open the ...
5
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3answers
269 views

Why did the EU agree with a Stormont vote when the Assembly might not even meet?

The breaking news seems to be that Boris Johnson has struck a new deal with the EU. But the DUP is not on board. One interesting aspect is that Northern Ireland representatives will be able to ...
3
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0answers
201 views

Policing would-be immigrants away from rich countries borders: US vs EU

Apparently the EU has been increasingly conditioning funding of various programs in Africa on African countries stopping would-be immigrants to Europe far away from the actual EU borders. I've also ...
0
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1answer
129 views

Can the UK vote against a Brexit extension? [duplicate]

There is a situation now where the British PM may be forced by the U.K. parliament against his will to ask for a Brexit extension past October. I know all the EU countries have to agree to allow an ...
12
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2answers
3k views

How does the Trump administration justify tariffs on luxury goods?

This question recently asked about the justification for steel import tariffs against China - specifically on the grounds of national security. The answer is through, but also carries the implication ...
10
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2answers
548 views

Why did the EU threaten to retaliate over Airbus-related tariffs even after they were allowed by the WTO?

I'm probably missing something in the long saga of the Airbus-Boeing WTO complaints, but today the BBC reported that: The US has been given the go-ahead to impose tariffs on $7.5bn (£6.1bn) of ...

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