6

How does granting immunity to an already imprisoned person fit with judicial independence? Judicial independence is a concept that protects the judiciary from undue influence by the other branches. Parliamentary immunity is a concept that protects the legislative from undue influence by the other branches. Parliamentary immunity doesn't support judicial ...


6

The challenge would be the very fractured political culture and legal and political system. There is a supreme court, but various national supreme courts reserve some powers (even if exercising them would fracture the EU). There is no unified election system for the parliament.


5

CONSOLIDATED VERSION OF THE TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION PART SIX INSTITUTIONAL AND FINANCIAL PROVISIONS TITLE I INSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS CHAPTER 2 LEGAL ACTS OF THE UNION, ADOPTION PROCEDURES AND OTHER PROVISIONS SECTION 1 THE LEGAL ACTS OF THE UNION Article 288 (ex Article 249 TEC) To exercise ...


5

This is a somewhat broad question, but regarding one aspect, there has been some evidence of declaratory shifts towards shelving more immediate EU-exit plans in the platforms of Eurosceptic parties, as noted in a June 2019 Irish Times article: Five years ago, a core theme of every right-wing populist manifesto was withdrawal from the European Union. ...


3

If the justice system turns out not to be as independent as one would have hoped (especially relative to the executive), parliamentary immunity acts as a safeguard for the legislators' independence: a regime of parliamentary inviolability is necessary in countries that do not provide their parliamentarians with adequate means of protection, especially ...


3

The European Customs Union was a separate agreement. Here just the countries agreed to join their forces to improve their bargaining power with the rest of the world. But even though all EU countries signed it, it doesn't have a lot to do with the political union. The political union is far looser than what you have the USA. Actually there are a lot of ...


2

As far as I understand this (so I'm open to better answers), substantial currency devaluation (e.g. by lowering central bank's interest rate or by the more recently used quantitative easing) results in a substantial increase in inflation. And the Maastricht criteria sets limits to inflation in EU member countries (not just the Eurozone). No more than 1.5 ...


1

The European Union and the Articles of Confederation can not be directly compared, because they have very different focus. The Confederation was mostly about diplomatic and military cooperation. It mandated that the participating states would form a defensive pact ("assist each other, against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them") ...


1

The Articles of Confederation also had no equivalent of the later Commerce Clause. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress lacked the authority to regulate commerce, making it unable to protect or standardize trade between foreign nations and the various states. In 1784, Congress requested that the states grant it limited power over commerce for a ...


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