122

It's a tradition and the pens are given out later as souvenirs. From this TIME article: The rationale is fairly simple. The pen used to sign historic legislation itself becomes a historical artifact. The more pens a President uses, the more thank-you gifts he can offer to those who helped create that piece of history. The White House often engraves the pens,...


42

Nothing happens. Executive orders stay in place until they are revoked or changed by the new President (the former Vice President). The new President can do that as easily as the precedessor made them. But only if the new President wants to do that. Laws not vetoed by the last President stay valid until Congress makes new laws which revoke them, and they ...


32

There was no official explanation given by the Trump administration in the new executive order that he signed to revoke the ethics executive order (13770), as noted by Politico. However, the Clinton administration had issued an executive order (13184) close to the end of his term revoking a similar ethics executive order (12834). There also did not appear to ...


27

When Barack Obama was getting ready to leave office, he changed the succession with executive order 13762. That EO replaced 13557 which had replaced 13481. That EO replaced "the President's Memorandum for the Attorney General of December 8, 2006 (Designation of Officers of the Department of Justice)." It doesn't explain why it switched from a presidential ...


26

The pens are usually given to people attending the "Signing Ceremony." One for each order (or law or whatever) signed, and the pen is then given to one of the witnesses. The Wikipedia article mentions the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and that the pens used were given to people involved in making that act come into being - including Rosa ...


25

As per U.S. Code › Title 31 › Subtitle IV › Chapter 51 › Subchapter II › § 5114 ("31 U.S. Code § 5114 - Engraving and printing currency and security documents") (b) ... Only the portrait of a deceased individual may appear on United States currency and securities. ... So, a President cannot put themselves on Money, while they are alive. Now, let's ...


25

A president can issue an executive order on any subject at any time. If the executive order replaces a previous order, then the previous order has been "repealed". A trivial example would be congress passes a law to create a seal for an agency, the president (under that law) says the background would be green. Sometime later, he issues a new order that the ...


21

Yes, if the President declared a national emergency related to an unusual or extraordinary foreign threat and identified the NRA as intrinsically linked to foreign interests. President Trump's actions, in this case, come under authority granted to limit transactions with respect to foreign interests, under 50 U.S.C. 1702(a)(1): (1) At the times and to the ...


16

The president is head of the executive branch. The executive branch is the branch that executes the legislation passed by the legislative branch (hence the names of the branches). An executive order is simply a directive towards the executive branch, or some subset, regarding this execution. Only the executive branch is directly subject to the authority of ...


15

No, the old travel ban (EC 13769) is revoked and the Justice Department has dismissed its appeal of the Seattle federal court ruling. Executive Order 13769 is revoked as stated in the last few lines of the new executive order (13780): Sec. 13. Revocation. Executive Order 13769 of January 27, 2017, is revoked as of the effective date of this order. In ...


11

There are a number of inaccuracies in the reporting. First, what Trump signed was a series of presidential memorandums, not executive orders. The practical difference between the two doesn't really matter in this case, though. Second, what you describe is actually two different memorandums. The first, deferring the payment of payroll taxes, is probably ...


10

The United States Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit ruled unanimously today that President Obama did not exceed his constitutional and statutory authority in issuing the DACA executive order, and recalled precedents of similar actions to protect Hungarians who found themselves in the United States in the 1950s from being deported to that newly ...


9

Here is the full text of the order itself. According to the Washington Post: Trump’s directive now could set the stage for federal regulators to write new rules and issue new punishments for companies deemed to exhibit political bias. Depending on how the order is carried out, it poses the potential for wide-ranging consequences for a much broader ...


9

After a President signs an order, it is assigned a number by the office of the Federal Register and printed in the Federal Register. The numbering is consecutive, so it is easy to predict what number will be assigned. Publishing in the Register normally takes place within five days. So the most recent EO inn the index is EO 13926: Advancing International ...


9

Yes, but it might be difficult. There are only 2 ways to overturn an executive order issued by a President. 1. Through Congress Congress can pass laws to override an Executive Order, however the laws are subjected to the President's veto. Congress can pass laws to override executive orders, those laws are subject to presidential veto. And even if the ...


9

The report published by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) on the interim final rule with comment period (IFC) setting out the Most Favored Nation Model states on page 68 that the countries used to calculate the MFN price for the first quarter of year 1 will be Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, ...


9

India is a culturally divided country, especially along religious lines. For things like property rights, legality of marriage, and other civil matters (as opposed to criminal law), citizens are subject to different sets of laws dependent upon their religious affiliation, or other community designation. The UCC is a proposal to establish a single set of laws ...


8

Its helpful to think of Executive Orders as similar to directives issued by the CEO of a company. CEO's aren't supposed to issue orders that are contrary to the law and often the directives are at a relatively high level (i.e. lots of details are to be determined). An example, the CEO says "let's reorganize the company by March 31 to better serve our ...


8

The President's travel ban executive order, at the time of this answer, has been put on hold by the judicial branch while it decides whether the order was actually legal. It could very well decide that the order was an overreach of presidential authority and overturn it. Even the president must abide by the limits that the Constitution and federal laws grant ...


8

Is there anything stopping the US President from issuing pre-emptive pardons for officials that violate court orders? Yes. Ex parte Garland established that pardons may only concern acts undertaken before the pardon.


7

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics: Sixteen percent of state prisoners were serving sentences for drug-related offenses (206,300 prisoners). Almost 50% (92,000 prisoners) of sentenced federal prisoners on September 30, 2015 (the most recent date for which federal offense data are available) were serving time for drug offenses ...


7

No. 15 USC § 261 gives the Department of Transport the ability to define the boundaries between time zones, but it sets in law how far behind UTC the time zones themselves are.


7

As a disclaimer, this is just speculation on my part. But when politics are involved, every action should be looked at as a power play - either to gain power for the actor and their allies, or to take power from their enemies. As such, one possibility of the issuing of a "no appointees allowed to lobby" order could be to prevent appointees who ...


6

As mentioned in the linked question, DACA was originally issued through a DHS memo. A DHS memo was also used to rescind it. Both were written by the current or acting Department of Homeland Security Secretary, not the president. (The president surely had input, but officially it is the DHS which established the policy.) The text can be found at: https://www....


6

The executive order is fundamentally about Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act of 1996. Section 230 says that "No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider" (47 U.S.C. § 230). The distinction of "publisher or ...


6

An executive order isn't that complicated: it's basically just the president telling people to do something. Executive orders are simply presidential directives issued to agents of the executive department by its boss. Brian R. Dirck (2007). The Executive Branch of Federal Government: People, Process, and Politics, p.102 So could the President issue an ...


6

The other Day-One executive action was Executive Order 12834 - Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees, which was signed on 20th Jan 1993 by President Bill Clinton. It set out a pledge that Clinton's Executive Branch appointments were required to make, as well as provisions for its administration and enforcement. This order was later revoked by ...


5

the President has veto power and can overturn any federal law after it has passed Congress. A president can't overturn a law once it has passed. Once a bill has passed into law, it's law. The president does have the ability to veto a bill before it is considered passed. Congress may then override the veto with a two thirds supermajority of each chamber. ...


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